Russian foreign trade
reports and reviews

Russian trade with the United Kingdom in 2019

by Russian Foreign Trade
based on data from the Federal Customs Service of Russia
The Report on Russia’s foreign trade in goods with the United Kingdom in 2019: exports, imports, products, dynamics.

Russia’s Trade with the United Kingdom

In 2019, Russia’s trade with the United Kingdom totaled $17,296,801,158, up 25.86% ($3,554,190,908) from 2018.

Russia’s exports to the United Kingdom in 2019 totaled $13,260,475,707, up 36.63% ($3,554,906,089) from 2018.

Russia’s imports from the United Kingdom in 2019 were $4,036,325,451, down 0.02% ($715,181) from 2018.

Russia’s trade surplus with the United Kingdom in 2019 was $9,224,150,256, a 62.73% increase ($3,555,621,270) over 2018.

The United Kingdom was Russia’s 12th largest trading partner in 2019 (up from 15th in 2018), accounting for 2.5949% of Russia’s total trade (up from 1.9971% in 2018).

The United Kingdom was Russia’s 9th largest export market in 2019 (up from 13th in 2018), accounting for 3.1365% of Russia’s total exports (up from 2.1570% in 2018).

The United Kingdom was Russia’s 13th largest supplier in 2019 (just as in 2018), accounting for 1.6557% of Russia’s total imports (down from 1.6952% in 2018).

Russia’s Exports to the United Kingdom

The major share of Russian exports to the United Kingdom in 2019 (and in 2018) was accounted for the following product types:

  • Precious metals and stones (HS code 71) - 48.07% of Russia’s total exports to the United Kingdom (9.40% in 2018);
  • Mineral products (HS codes 25-27) - 45.46% of Russia’s total exports to the United Kingdom (78.47% in 2018);
  • Chemical products (HS codes 28-40) - 1.89% of Russia’s total exports to the United Kingdom (3.67% in 2018);
  • Metals and products from them (HS codes 72-83) - 1.34% of Russia’s total exports to the United Kingdom (3.74% in 2018);
  • Wood and wood products (HS codes 44-49) - 1.32% of Russia’s total exports to the United Kingdom (2.02% in 2018);
  • Machinery, equipment and vehicles (HS codes 84-90) - 0.62% of Russia’s total exports to the United Kingdom (1.08% in 2018).

The largest gains in Russia’s exports to the United Kingdom in 2019 over 2018 were recorded for the following product groups:

  • Natural or cultured pearls, precious or semi-precious stones,precious metals, metals clad with precious metal and articles thereof; imitation jewelry; coin (HS code 71) - an increase of $5,462,347,108.

The largest declines in Russia’s exports to the United Kingdom in 2019 over 2018 were recorded for the following product groups:

  • Mineral fuels, mineral oils and products of their distillation; bituminous substances; mineral waxes (HS code 27) - a decrease of $1,591,013,482;
  • Copper and articles thereof (HS code 74) - a decrease of $149,196,703;
  • Inorganic chemicals; organic or inorganic compounds of precious metals, of rare-earth metals,of radioactive elements or of isotopes (HS code 28) - a decrease of $89,870,950;
  • Iron and steel (HS code 72) - a decrease of $62,518,539.
Russia’s exports to the United Kingdom in 2019 by product groups
HS
code
Name of product group Value of exports
in 2019,
US dollars ($)
Percent share in total export Value of exports
in 2018,
US dollars ($)
Percent change
in 2019
over 2018
01 Live animals 224 0.00 11,993-98.13
03 Fish and crustaceans, molluscs and other aquatic invertebrates 38,973,398 0.29 22,358,49474.31
06 Live trees and other plants; bulbs, roots and the like; cut flowers and ornamental foliage 3,600 0.00 0
07 Edible vegetables and certain roots and tubers 3,097,469 0.02 1,695,85182.65
08 Edible fruit and nuts; peel of citrus fruit or melons 3,821 0.00 0
09 Coffee, tea, maté and spices 598,452 0.00 266,863124.25
10 Cereals 1,807,764 0.01 1,909,458-5.33
11 Products of the milling industry; malt; starches; inulin; wheat gluten 81,609 0.00 94,152-13.32
12 Oil seeds and oleaginous fruits; miscellaneous grains, seeds and fruits; industrial or medicinal plants; straw and fodder 868,302 0.01 96,021804.28
13 Lac; gums, resins and other vegetable saps and extracts 1,606 0.00 0
14 Vegetable plaiting materials; vegetable products not elsewhere specified or included 284,045 0.00 8,6293,191.75
15 Animal or vegetable fats and oils and their cleavage products prepared edible fats; animal or vegetable waxes 9,520,439 0.07 3,262,250191.84
16 Preparations of meat, of fish or of crustaceans, molluscs or other aquatic invertebrates 1,364,401 0.01 2,031,293-32.83
17 Sugars and sugar confectionery 276,614 0.00 303,534-8.87
18 Cocoa and cocoa preparations 2,890,692 0.02 3,36585,804.67
19 Preparations of cereals, flour, starch or milk; bakers’ wares 1,677,439 0.01 934,17379.56
20 Preparations of vegetables, fruit, nuts or other parts of plants 452,205 0.00 542,131-16.59
21 Miscellaneous edible preparations 2,682,638 0.02 2,084,88728.67
22 Beverages, spirits and vinegar 26,287,817 0.20 23,040,40714.09
23 Residues and waste from the food industries; prepared animal feed 17,987,033 0.14 21,349,965-15.75
25 Salt; sulfur; earths and stone; plastering materials, lime and cement 12,354 0.00 149,831-91.75
26 Ores, slag and ash 55,910,382 0.42 52,924,6085.64
27 Mineral fuels, mineral oils and products of their distillation; bituminous substances; mineral waxes 5,971,794,124 45.03 7,562,807,606-21.04
28 Inorganic chemicals; organic or inorganic compounds of precious metals, of rare-earth metals,of radioactive elements or of isotopes 116,322,460 0.88 206,193,410-43.59
29 Organic chemicals 10,037,185 0.08 31,994,335-68.63
30 Pharmaceutical products 5,127,392 0.04 4,253,11920.56
31 Fertilizers 66,130,783 0.50 57,368,81615.27
32 Tanning or dyeing extracts; dyes, pigments, paints, varnishes, putty and mastics 320,474 0.00 205,74055.77
33 Essential oils and resinoids; perfumery, cosmetic or toilet preparations 5,859,679 0.04 3,750,58256.23
34 Soap, organic surface-active agents, washing preparations, lubricating preparations, artificial waxes, prepared waxes, polishing or scouring preparations, candles and similar articles, modeling pastes, "dental waxes" and dental preparations with a basis of plaster 3,259,644 0.02 948,450243.68
35 Albuminoidal substances; modified starches; glues; enzymes 70,098 0.00 61,69313.62
37 Photographic or cinematographic goods 7,979 0.00 3172,417.03
38 Miscellaneous chemical products 989,572 0.01 5,397,219-81.67
39 Plastics and articles thereof 34,164,739 0.26 36,544,858-6.51
40 Rubber and articles thereof 7,959,461 0.06 9,008,037-11.64
42 Articles of leather; saddlery and harness; travel goods, handbags and similar containers; articles of animal gut (other than silkworm gut) 267,711 0.00 482,159-44.48
43 Furskins and artificial fur; manufactures thereof 365,269 0.00 1,114,282-67.22
44 Wood and articles of wood; wood charcoal 137,230,670 1.03 156,217,221-12.15
45 Cork and articles of cork 1 0.00 8,566-99.99
47 Pulp of wood or of other fibrous cellulosic material; waste and scrap of paper or paperboard 2,344,490 0.02 3,495,502-32.93
48 Paper and paperboard; articles of paper pulp, of paper or of paperboard 34,876,637 0.26 35,369,718-1.39
49 Printed books, newspapers, pictures and other products of the printing industry; manuscripts, typescripts and plans 512,943 0.00 516,347-0.66
50 Silk 1,140 0.00 3,754-69.63
51 Wool, fine or coarse animal hair; horsehair yarn and woven fabric 18,288 0.00 27,504-33.51
52 Cotton 1,296 0.00 525146.86
53 Other vegetable textile fibers; paper yarn and woven fabric of paper yarn 362 0.00 20477.45
54 Man-made filaments 1,396 0.00 355293.24
55 Man-made staple fibers 48,644 0.00 5,233829.56
56 Wadding, felt and nonwovens; special yarns, twine, cordage, ropes and cables and articles thereof 9,244 0.00 6,16849.87
57 Carpets and other textile floor coverings 44,445 0.00 9,036391.87
58 Special woven fabrics; tufted textile fabrics; lace, tapestries; trimmings; embroidery 2,275 0.00 694227.81
59 Impregnated, coated, covered or laminated textile fabrics; textile articles of a kind suitable for industrial use 0 0.00 3,741-100.00
60 Knitted or crocheted fabrics 4 0.00 0
61 Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, knitted or crocheted 1,277,429 0.01 1,228,5923.98
62 Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, not knitted or crocheted 3,595,909 0.03 3,934,185-8.60
63 Other made up textile articles; sets; worn clothing and worn textile articles; rags 278,113 0.00 301,916-7.88
64 Footwear, gaiters and the like; parts of such articles 494,961 0.00 562,647-12.03
65 Headgear and parts thereof 50,920 0.00 58,889-13.53
66 Umbrellas, sun umbrellas, walking sticks, seatsticks, whips, riding-crops and parts thereof 4,609 0.00 2,50284.21
67 Prepared feathers and down and articles made of feathers or of down; artificial flowers; articles of human hair 2,812 0.00 0
68 Articles of stone, plaster, cement, asbestos, mica or similar materials 4,361,686 0.03 7,689,803-43.28
69 Ceramic products 1,727,319 0.01 1,568,04510.16
70 Glass and glassware 15,504,497 0.12 8,420,67284.12
71 Natural or cultured pearls, precious or semi-precious stones,precious metals, metals clad with precious metal and articles thereof; imitation jewelry; coin 6,374,189,291 48.07 911,842,183599.05
72 Iron and steel 53,472,984 0.40 115,991,523-53.90
73 Articles of iron or steel 9,925,624 0.07 6,876,70744.34
74 Copper and articles thereof 407,281 0.00 149,603,984-99.73
75 Nickel and articles thereof 221,469 0.00 58,048281.53
76 Aluminum and articles thereof 59,495,124 0.45 37,340,75759.33
78 Lead and articles thereof 8,063,126 0.06 4,281,28088.33
79 Zinc and articles thereof 46,136 0.00 0
81 Other base metals; cermets; articles thereof 45,674,596 0.34 47,798,370-4.44
82 Tools, implements, cutlery, spoons and forks, of base metal; parts thereof of base metal 556,529 0.00 473,07617.64
83 Miscellaneous articles of base metal 84,018 0.00 403,202-79.16
84 Nuclear reactors, boilers, machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof 35,609,699 0.27 44,309,027-19.63
85 Electrical machinery and equipment and parts thereof; sound recorders and reproducers, television image and sound recorders and reproducers, and parts and accessories of such articles 11,308,233 0.09 17,256,838-34.47
86 Railway or tramway locomotives, rolling-stock and parts thereof; railway or tramway track fixtures and fittings and parts thereof; mechanical (including electro-mechanical) traffic signalling equipment of all kinds 189,030 0.00 196,048-3.58
87 Vehicles other than railway or tramway rolling stock, and parts and accessories thereof 6,568,214 0.05 10,570,140-37.86
89 Ships, boats and floating structures 12,712,623 0.10 10,270,03823.78
90 Optical, photographic, cinematographic, measuring, checking, precision, medical or surgical instruments and apparatus; parts and accessories thereof 15,632,114 0.12 22,647,604-30.98
91 Clocks and watches and parts thereof 936,113 0.01 569,41064.40
92 Musical instruments; parts and accessories of such articles 53,851 0.00 111,954-51.90
94 Furniture; bedding, mattresses, mattress supports, cushions and similar stuffed furnishings; lamps and lighting fittings, not elsewhere specified or included; illuminated sign illuminated nameplates and the like; prefabricated buildings 5,114,767 0.04 5,092,8630.43
95 Toys, games and sports requisites; parts and accessories thereof 3,870,086 0.03 3,765,7712.77
96 Miscellaneous manufactured articles 881,904 0.01 202,650335.19
97 Works of art, collectors’ pieces and antiques 104,626 0.00 396,328-73.60
SS Classified 25,509,305 0.19 42 881 470-40.51

Russia’s Imports from the United Kingdom

The major share of Russian imports from the United Kingdom in 2019 (and in 2018) was accounted for the following product types:

  • Machinery, equipment and vehicles (HS codes 84-90) - 44.69% of Russia’s total imports from the United Kingdom (48.15% in 2018);
  • Chemical products (HS codes 28-40) - 33.28% of Russia’s total imports from the United Kingdom (31.70% in 2018);
  • Food products and agricultural raw materials (HS codes 01-24) - 11.91% of Russia’s total imports from the United Kingdom (10.42% in 2018);
  • Metals and products from them (HS codes 72-83) - 3.04% of Russia’s total imports from the United Kingdom (3.17% in 2018);
  • Precious metals and stones (HS code 71) - 1.99% of Russia’s total imports from the United Kingdom (0.85% in 2018);
  • Wood and wood products (HS codes 44-49) - 1.43% of Russia’s total imports from the United Kingdom (1.58% in 2018);
  • Textiles, textile products and footwear (HS codes 50-67) - 1.26% of Russia’s total imports from the United Kingdom (1.30% in 2018).

The largest gains in Russia’s imports from the United Kingdom in 2019 over 2018 were recorded for the following product groups:

  • Pharmaceutical products (HS code 30) - an increase of $84,108,512;
  • Natural or cultured pearls, precious or semi-precious stones,precious metals, metals clad with precious metal and articles thereof; imitation jewelry; coin (HS code 71) - an increase of $46,240,853;
  • Beverages, spirits and vinegar (HS code 22) - an increase of $43,312,963;
  • Essential oils and resinoids; perfumery, cosmetic or toilet preparations (HS code 33) - an increase of $22,980,186;
  • Miscellaneous chemical products (HS code 38) - an increase of $17,226,603.

The largest declines in Russia’s imports from the United Kingdom in 2019 over 2018 were recorded for the following product groups:

  • Vehicles other than railway or tramway rolling stock, and parts and accessories thereof (HS code 87) - a decrease of $101,799,772;
  • Nuclear reactors, boilers, machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof (HS code 84) - a decrease of $47,021,062;
  • Organic chemicals (HS code 29) - a decrease of $24,460,878;
  • Plastics and articles thereof (HS code 39) - a decrease of $21,057,841;
  • Inorganic chemicals; organic or inorganic compounds of precious metals, of rare-earth metals,of radioactive elements or of isotopes (HS code 28) - a decrease of $16,688,596.
Russia’s imports from the United Kingdom in 2019 by product groups
HS
code
Name of product group Value of imports in 2019,
US dollars ($)
Percent share in total import Value of imports in 2018,
US dollars ($)
Percent change
in 2019
over 2018
01 Live animals 3,134,710 0.08 3,764,776-16.74
03 Fish and crustaceans, molluscs and other aquatic invertebrates 0 0.00 3,375-100.00
04 Dairy produce; birds eggs; natural honey; edible products of animal origin, not elsewhere specified or included 10,785,325 0.27 5,230,946106.18
05 Products of animal origin, not elsewhere specified or included 391,381 0.01 104,067276.09
06 Live trees and other plants; bulbs, roots and the like; cut flowers and ornamental foliage 218,623 0.01 118,81384.01
07 Edible vegetables and certain roots and tubers 26,855 0.00 82,782-67.56
09 Coffee, tea, maté and spices 8,910,592 0.22 5,915,18750.64
10 Cereals 2,345 0.00 2,758-14.97
11 Products of the milling industry; malt; starches; inulin; wheat gluten 1,081,225 0.03 581,54185.92
12 Oil seeds and oleaginous fruits; miscellaneous grains, seeds and fruits; industrial or medicinal plants; straw and fodder 768,005 0.02 1,213,153-36.69
13 Lac; gums, resins and other vegetable saps and extracts 4,515,857 0.11 5,681,715-20.52
15 Animal or vegetable fats and oils and their cleavage products prepared edible fats; animal or vegetable waxes 3,639,187 0.09 3,883,650-6.29
17 Sugars and sugar confectionery 4,235,119 0.10 5,093,696-16.86
18 Cocoa and cocoa preparations 7,999,065 0.20 4,753,47268.28
19 Preparations of cereals, flour, starch or milk; bakers’ wares 16,505,180 0.41 15,567,0676.03
20 Preparations of vegetables, fruit, nuts or other parts of plants 13,716,195 0.34 9,727,65441.00
21 Miscellaneous edible preparations 58,837,520 1.46 56,939,4973.33
22 Beverages, spirits and vinegar 303,238,556 7.51 259,925,59316.66
23 Residues and waste from the food industries; prepared animal feed 28,239,048 0.70 26,086,9978.25
24 Tobacco and manufactured tobacco substitutes 14,368,150 0.36 15,908,278-9.68
25 Salt; sulfur; earths and stone; plastering materials, lime and cement 4,204,747 0.10 4,273,670-1.61
26 Ores, slag and ash 16,976 0.00 27,972-39.31
27 Mineral fuels, mineral oils and products of their distillation; bituminous substances; mineral waxes 13,905,087 0.34 23,617,281-41.12
28 Inorganic chemicals; organic or inorganic compounds of precious metals, of rare-earth metals,of radioactive elements or of isotopes 12,057,888 0.30 28,746,484-58.05
29 Organic chemicals 65,408,503 1.62 89,869,381-27.22
30 Pharmaceutical products 544,347,705 13.49 460,239,19318.27
31 Fertilizers 2,395,747 0.06 1,778,76934.69
32 Tanning or dyeing extracts; dyes, pigments, paints, varnishes, putty and mastics 95,103,436 2.36 86,812,9879.55
33 Essential oils and resinoids; perfumery, cosmetic or toilet preparations 173,406,968 4.30 150,426,78215.28
34 Soap, organic surface-active agents, washing preparations, lubricating preparations, artificial waxes, prepared waxes, polishing or scouring preparations, candles and similar articles, modeling pastes, "dental waxes" and dental preparations with a basis of plaster 64,622,609 1.60 65,702,654-1.64
35 Albuminoidal substances; modified starches; glues; enzymes 11,051,773 0.27 10,620,2104.06
36 Explosives; pyrotechnic products; matches; pyrophoric alloys; certain combustible preparations 124,243 0.00 115,7987.29
37 Photographic or cinematographic goods 3,908,708 0.10 7,850,066-50.21
38 Miscellaneous chemical products 156,357,234 3.87 139,130,63112.38
39 Plastics and articles thereof 162,864,797 4.03 183,922,638-11.45
40 Rubber and articles thereof 51,464,580 1.28 54,333,327-5.28
41 Raw hides and skins (other than furskins) and leather 295,053 0.01 171,52972.01
42 Articles of leather; saddlery and harness; travel goods, handbags and similar containers; articles of animal gut (other than silkworm gut) 1,604,297 0.04 1,112,24944.24
43 Furskins and artificial fur; manufactures thereof 241,073 0.01 644,181-62.58
44 Wood and articles of wood; wood charcoal 771,830 0.02 983,310-21.51
45 Cork and articles of cork 7,411 0.00 18,880-60.75
46 Manufactures of straw, of esparto or of other plaiting materials; basketware and wickerwork 80,838 0.00 29,241176.45
47 Pulp of wood or of other fibrous cellulosic material; waste and scrap of paper or paperboard 0 0.00 320-100.00
48 Paper and paperboard; articles of paper pulp, of paper or of paperboard 35,164,544 0.87 45,656,749-22.98
49 Printed books, newspapers, pictures and other products of the printing industry; manuscripts, typescripts and plans 21,624,501 0.54 16,922,10827.79
50 Silk 189,676 0.00 164,65515.20
51 Wool, fine or coarse animal hair; horsehair yarn and woven fabric 432,568 0.01 586,662-26.27
52 Cotton 5,271,703 0.13 5,806,402-9.21
53 Other vegetable textile fibers; paper yarn and woven fabric of paper yarn 177,010 0.00 219,072-19.20
54 Man-made filaments 9,429,739 0.23 9,609,195-1.87
55 Man-made staple fibers 1,870,333 0.05 995,67487.85
56 Wadding, felt and nonwovens; special yarns, twine, cordage, ropes and cables and articles thereof 4,530,320 0.11 4,181,0888.35
57 Carpets and other textile floor coverings 7,170,088 0.18 7,736,845-7.33
58 Special woven fabrics; tufted textile fabrics; lace, tapestries; trimmings; embroidery 507,813 0.01 502,3251.09
59 Impregnated, coated, covered or laminated textile fabrics; textile articles of a kind suitable for industrial use 1,919,399 0.05 1,710,15112.24
60 Knitted or crocheted fabrics 663,782 0.02 311,589113.03
61 Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, knitted or crocheted 2,662,897 0.07 3,383,771-21.30
62 Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, not knitted or crocheted 3,910,759 0.10 4,357,715-10.26
63 Other made up textile articles; sets; worn clothing and worn textile articles; rags 8,612,054 0.21 9,493,440-9.28
64 Footwear, gaiters and the like; parts of such articles 2,722,143 0.07 2,670,9101.92
65 Headgear and parts thereof 641,329 0.02 630,2001.77
66 Umbrellas, sun umbrellas, walking sticks, seatsticks, whips, riding-crops and parts thereof 26,383 0.00 29,371-10.17
67 Prepared feathers and down and articles made of feathers or of down; artificial flowers; articles of human hair 5,925 0.00 81,373-92.72
68 Articles of stone, plaster, cement, asbestos, mica or similar materials 13,140,496 0.33 12,055,3679.00
69 Ceramic products 7,353,283 0.18 4,792,79353.42
70 Glass and glassware 9,268,240 0.23 10,703,119-13.41
71 Natural or cultured pearls, precious or semi-precious stones,precious metals, metals clad with precious metal and articles thereof; imitation jewelry; coin 80,435,046 1.99 34,194,193135.23
72 Iron and steel 9,141,885 0.23 12,935,782-29.33
73 Articles of iron or steel 66,553,992 1.65 67,743,090-1.76
74 Copper and articles thereof 7,987,326 0.20 5,954,51334.14
75 Nickel and articles thereof 6,204,478 0.15 7,573,991-18.08
76 Aluminum and articles thereof 9,636,892 0.24 9,322,5763.37
78 Lead and articles thereof 357,803 0.01 389,435-8.12
79 Zinc and articles thereof 1,745,194 0.04 444,718292.43
80 Tin and articles thereof 18,422 0.00 19,636-6.18
81 Other base metals; cermets; articles thereof 4,402,319 0.11 6,805,413-35.31
82 Tools, implements, cutlery, spoons and forks, of base metal; parts thereof of base metal 8,425,405 0.21 8,239,0932.26
83 Miscellaneous articles of base metal 8,083,265 0.20 8,381,889-3.56
84 Nuclear reactors, boilers, machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof 725,936,685 17.99 772,957,747-6.08
85 Electrical machinery and equipment and parts thereof; sound recorders and reproducers, television image and sound recorders and reproducers, and parts and accessories of such articles 197,733,915 4.90 200,589,019-1.42
86 Railway or tramway locomotives, rolling-stock and parts thereof; railway or tramway track fixtures and fittings and parts thereof; mechanical (including electro-mechanical) traffic signalling equipment of all kinds 944,293 0.02 1,006,224-6.15
87 Vehicles other than railway or tramway rolling stock, and parts and accessories thereof 693,213,456 17.17 795,013,228-12.80
89 Ships, boats and floating structures 23,429,154 0.58 18,335,69327.78
90 Optical, photographic, cinematographic, measuring, checking, precision, medical or surgical instruments and apparatus; parts and accessories thereof 162,731,819 4.03 155,757,8474.48
91 Clocks and watches and parts thereof 328,548 0.01 262,92024.96
92 Musical instruments; parts and accessories of such articles 347,267 0.01 218,73158.76
94 Furniture; bedding, mattresses, mattress supports, cushions and similar stuffed furnishings; lamps and lighting fittings, not elsewhere specified or included; illuminated sign illuminated nameplates and the like; prefabricated buildings 26,649,341 0.66 31,745,861-16.05
95 Toys, games and sports requisites; parts and accessories thereof 3,789,625 0.09 4,330,071-12.48
96 Miscellaneous manufactured articles 4,449,940 0.11 4,066,7109.42
97 Works of art, collectors’ pieces and antiques 2,110,429 0.05 1,568,03134.59
SS Classified 9,519,526 0.24 15 571 077-38.86
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Russian foreign trade statistics
Source: Federal Customs Service of Russia