Russian foreign trade
reports and reviews

Russian trade in goods with Romania in Q1 2020

by Russian Foreign Trade
based on data from the Federal Customs Service of Russia
The Report on Russia’s foreign trade in goods with Romania in the first quarter of 2020: exports, imports, products, dynamics.

Russia’s Trade with Romania

In the 1st quarter of 2020, Russia’s trade with Romania totaled $1,117,022,181, up 0.52% ($5,817,625) from the 1st quarter of 2019.

Russia’s exports to Romania in the 1st quarter of 2020 totaled $768,082,847, up 3.44% ($25,564,600) from the 1st quarter of 2019.

Russia’s imports from Romania in the 1st quarter of 2020 were $348,939,334, down 5.36% ($19,746,975) from the 1st quarter of 2019.

Russia’s trade surplus with Romania in the 1st quarter of 2020 was $419,143,513, a 12.12% increase ($45,311,575) over the 1st quarter of 2019.

Romania was Russia’s 27th largest trading partner in the 1st quarter of 2020 (up from 29th in the 1st quarter of 2019), accounting for 0.7859% of Russia’s total trade (up from 0.7059% in the 1st quarter of 2019).

Romania was Russia’s 26th largest export market in the 1st quarter of 2020 (up from 33rd in the 1st quarter of 2019), accounting for 0.8632% of Russia’s total exports (up from 0.7113% in the 1st quarter of 2019).

Romania was Russia’s 33rd largest supplier in the 1st quarter of 2020 (down from 30th in the 1st quarter of 2019), accounting for 0.6564% of Russia’s total imports (down from 0.6951% in the 1st quarter of 2019).

Russia’s Exports to Romania

The major share of Russian exports to Romania in the 1st quarter of 2020 (and in the 1st quarter of 2019) was accounted for the following product types:

  • Mineral products (HS codes 25-27) - 77.57% of Russia’s total exports to Romania (75.25% in the 1st quarter of 2019);
  • Chemical products (HS codes 28-40) - 9.44% of Russia’s total exports to Romania (11.35% in the 1st quarter of 2019);
  • Food products and agricultural raw materials (HS codes 01-24) - 4.53% of Russia’s total exports to Romania (0.50% in the 1st quarter of 2019);
  • Machinery, equipment and vehicles (HS codes 84-90) - 2.67% of Russia’s total exports to Romania (5.04% in the 1st quarter of 2019);
  • Metals and products from them (HS codes 72-83) - 2.49% of Russia’s total exports to Romania (4.13% in the 1st quarter of 2019);
  • Wood and wood products (HS codes 44-49) - 2.34% of Russia’s total exports to Romania (2.62% in the 1st quarter of 2019).

The largest gains in Russia’s exports to Romania in the 1st quarter of 2020 over the 1st quarter of 2019 were recorded for the following product groups:

  • Mineral fuels, mineral oils and products of their distillation; bituminous substances; mineral waxes (HS code 27) - an increase of $43,917,229;
  • Oil seeds and oleaginous fruits; miscellaneous grains, seeds and fruits; industrial or medicinal plants; straw and fodder (HS code 12) - an increase of $33,885,191.

The largest declines in Russia’s exports to Romania in the 1st quarter of 2020 over the 1st quarter of 2019 were recorded for the following product groups:

  • Iron and steel (HS code 72) - a decrease of $12,713,226;
  • Nuclear reactors, boilers, machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof (HS code 84) - a decrease of $8,830,588;
  • Rubber and articles thereof (HS code 40) - a decrease of $6,434,434;
  • Vehicles other than railway or tramway rolling stock, and parts and accessories thereof (HS code 87) - a decrease of $5,559,985;
  • Salt; sulfur; earths and stone; plastering materials, lime and cement (HS code 25) - a decrease of $3,917,182;
  • Ores, slag and ash (HS code 26) - a decrease of $2,986,144.
Russia’s exports to Romania in the 1st quarter of 2020 by product groups
HS
code
Name of product group Value of exports
in Q1 2020,
US dollars ($)
Percent share in total export Value of exports
in Q1 2019,
US dollars ($)
Percent change
in Q1 2020
over Q1 2019
03 Fish and crustaceans, molluscs and other aquatic invertebrates 0 0.00 25,737-100.00
05 Products of animal origin, not elsewhere specified or included 87,578 0.01 135,437-35.34
07 Edible vegetables and certain roots and tubers 146,517 0.02 954,434-84.65
09 Coffee, tea, maté and spices 0 0.00 12,432-100.00
11 Products of the milling industry; malt; starches; inulin; wheat gluten 160,312 0.02 88,04882.07
12 Oil seeds and oleaginous fruits; miscellaneous grains, seeds and fruits; industrial or medicinal plants; straw and fodder 33,919,084 4.42 33,89399,976.96
13 Lac; gums, resins and other vegetable saps and extracts 3,058 0.00 3,0580.00
14 Vegetable plaiting materials; vegetable products not elsewhere specified or included 2,638 0.00 0
15 Animal or vegetable fats and oils and their cleavage products prepared edible fats; animal or vegetable waxes 71,410 0.01 51139,919.61
17 Sugars and sugar confectionery 323,942 0.04 215,55850.28
18 Cocoa and cocoa preparations 15,651 0.00 20,260-22.75
19 Preparations of cereals, flour, starch or milk; bakers’ wares 0 0.00 44,103-100.00
21 Miscellaneous edible preparations 25,887 0.00 129,044-79.94
22 Beverages, spirits and vinegar 5,859 0.00 6,997-16.26
24 Tobacco and manufactured tobacco substitutes 0 0.00 2,039,001-100.00
25 Salt; sulfur; earths and stone; plastering materials, lime and cement 624,448 0.08 4,541,630-86.25
26 Ores, slag and ash 3,333 0.00 2,989,477-99.89
27 Mineral fuels, mineral oils and products of their distillation; bituminous substances; mineral waxes 595,159,992 77.49 551,242,7637.97
28 Inorganic chemicals; organic or inorganic compounds of precious metals, of rare-earth metals,of radioactive elements or of isotopes 3,344,801 0.44 4,949,274-32.42
29 Organic chemicals 6,854,828 0.89 9,035,491-24.13
30 Pharmaceutical products 14,410 0.00 2,655442.75
31 Fertilizers 40,837,812 5.32 41,887,497-2.51
32 Tanning or dyeing extracts; dyes, pigments, paints, varnishes, putty and mastics 52,473 0.01 32,03563.80
33 Essential oils and resinoids; perfumery, cosmetic or toilet preparations 906,892 0.12 1,027,509-11.74
34 Soap, organic surface-active agents, washing preparations, lubricating preparations, artificial waxes, prepared waxes, polishing or scouring preparations, candles and similar articles, modeling pastes, "dental waxes" and dental preparations with a basis of plaster 241,491 0.03 201,57419.80
35 Albuminoidal substances; modified starches; glues; enzymes 5,802 0.00 20,100-71.13
36 Explosives; pyrotechnic products; matches; pyrophoric alloys; certain combustible preparations 20,710 0.00 0
38 Miscellaneous chemical products 101,016 0.01 195,576-48.35
39 Plastics and articles thereof 2,561,970 0.33 2,938,910-12.83
40 Rubber and articles thereof 17,568,249 2.29 24,002,683-26.81
41 Raw hides and skins (other than furskins) and leather 119,302 0.02 107,88810.58
42 Articles of leather; saddlery and harness; travel goods, handbags and similar containers; articles of animal gut (other than silkworm gut) 67,647 0.01 16441,148.17
44 Wood and articles of wood; wood charcoal 8,919,193 1.16 10,302,174-13.42
46 Manufactures of straw, of esparto or of other plaiting materials; basketware and wickerwork 6 0.00 37-83.78
47 Pulp of wood or of other fibrous cellulosic material; waste and scrap of paper or paperboard 61,614 0.01 613,104-89.95
48 Paper and paperboard; articles of paper pulp, of paper or of paperboard 8,996,111 1.17 8,563,4405.05
49 Printed books, newspapers, pictures and other products of the printing industry; manuscripts, typescripts and plans 34,364 0.00 4,688633.02
52 Cotton 37,607 0.00 0
53 Other vegetable textile fibers; paper yarn and woven fabric of paper yarn 41,439 0.01 0
54 Man-made filaments 55,824 0.01 98,834-43.52
56 Wadding, felt and nonwovens; special yarns, twine, cordage, ropes and cables and articles thereof 78,721 0.01 122,204-35.58
57 Carpets and other textile floor coverings 27,510 0.00 2939,289.08
58 Special woven fabrics; tufted textile fabrics; lace, tapestries; trimmings; embroidery 92 0.00 527-82.54
59 Impregnated, coated, covered or laminated textile fabrics; textile articles of a kind suitable for industrial use 3,617 0.00 914295.73
61 Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, knitted or crocheted 6,513 0.00 18,192-64.20
62 Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, not knitted or crocheted 12,449 0.00 17,653-29.48
63 Other made up textile articles; sets; worn clothing and worn textile articles; rags 471,125 0.06 26,4261,682.81
64 Footwear, gaiters and the like; parts of such articles 0 0.00 3,209-100.00
67 Prepared feathers and down and articles made of feathers or of down; artificial flowers; articles of human hair 0 0.00 3,049-100.00
68 Articles of stone, plaster, cement, asbestos, mica or similar materials 1,258,507 0.16 1,473,227-14.57
69 Ceramic products 645,417 0.08 608,6796.04
70 Glass and glassware 1,923,345 0.25 3,550,819-45.83
71 Natural or cultured pearls, precious or semi-precious stones,precious metals, metals clad with precious metal and articles thereof; imitation jewelry; coin 89,471 0.01 0
72 Iron and steel 16,710,721 2.18 29,423,947-43.21
73 Articles of iron or steel 2,116,785 0.28 982,309115.49
74 Copper and articles thereof 18,558 0.00 12,53048.11
75 Nickel and articles thereof 4,866 0.00 1,428240.76
76 Aluminum and articles thereof 126,692 0.02 132,975-4.72
81 Other base metals; cermets; articles thereof 654 0.00 3,067-78.68
82 Tools, implements, cutlery, spoons and forks, of base metal; parts thereof of base metal 27,475 0.00 67,960-59.57
83 Miscellaneous articles of base metal 154,245 0.02 44,068250.02
84 Nuclear reactors, boilers, machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof 5,467,234 0.71 14,297,822-61.76
85 Electrical machinery and equipment and parts thereof; sound recorders and reproducers, television image and sound recorders and reproducers, and parts and accessories of such articles 9,725,438 1.27 11,025,956-11.80
86 Railway or tramway locomotives, rolling-stock and parts thereof; railway or tramway track fixtures and fittings and parts thereof; mechanical (including electro-mechanical) traffic signalling equipment of all kinds 64,608 0.01 226,468-71.47
87 Vehicles other than railway or tramway rolling stock, and parts and accessories thereof 4,901,879 0.64 10,461,864-53.15
89 Ships, boats and floating structures 38,784 0.01 357,320-89.15
90 Optical, photographic, cinematographic, measuring, checking, precision, medical or surgical instruments and apparatus; parts and accessories thereof 324,925 0.04 1,020,888-68.17
91 Clocks and watches and parts thereof 966 0.00 0
94 Furniture; bedding, mattresses, mattress supports, cushions and similar stuffed furnishings; lamps and lighting fittings, not elsewhere specified or included; illuminated sign illuminated nameplates and the like; prefabricated buildings 701,596 0.09 585,23119.88
95 Toys, games and sports requisites; parts and accessories thereof 41,771 0.01 25,81061.84
96 Miscellaneous manufactured articles 1,717,087 0.22 1,542,61311.31
97 Works of art, collectors’ pieces and antiques 28,526 0.00 15,24387.14

Russia’s Imports from Romania

The major share of Russian imports from Romania in the 1st quarter of 2020 (and in the 1st quarter of 2019) was accounted for the following product types:

  • Machinery, equipment and vehicles (HS codes 84-90) - 49.58% of Russia’s total imports from Romania (52.40% in the 1st quarter of 2019);
  • Chemical products (HS codes 28-40) - 18.00% of Russia’s total imports from Romania (18.67% in the 1st quarter of 2019);
  • Food products and agricultural raw materials (HS codes 01-24) - 15.83% of Russia’s total imports from Romania (10.67% in the 1st quarter of 2019);
  • Textiles, textile products and footwear (HS codes 50-67) - 7.39% of Russia’s total imports from Romania (8.07% in the 1st quarter of 2019);
  • Metals and products from them (HS codes 72-83) - 5.40% of Russia’s total imports from Romania (5.73% in the 1st quarter of 2019).

The largest gains in Russia’s imports from Romania in the 1st quarter of 2020 over the 1st quarter of 2019 were recorded for the following product groups:

  • Tobacco and manufactured tobacco substitutes (HS code 24) - an increase of $7,340,146;
  • Oil seeds and oleaginous fruits; miscellaneous grains, seeds and fruits; industrial or medicinal plants; straw and fodder (HS code 12) - an increase of $6,638,532;
  • Nuclear reactors, boilers, machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof (HS code 84) - an increase of $4,584,701;
  • Cereals (HS code 10) - an increase of $2,732,223;
  • Rubber and articles thereof (HS code 40) - an increase of $2,619,010;
  • Tools, implements, cutlery, spoons and forks, of base metal; parts thereof of base metal (HS code 82) - an increase of $2,013,222.

The largest declines in Russia’s imports from Romania in the 1st quarter of 2020 over the 1st quarter of 2019 were recorded for the following product groups:

  • Vehicles other than railway or tramway rolling stock, and parts and accessories thereof (HS code 87) - a decrease of $22,054,960;
  • Essential oils and resinoids; perfumery, cosmetic or toilet preparations (HS code 33) - a decrease of $6,017,186;
  • Articles of iron or steel (HS code 73) - a decrease of $2,837,991;
  • Natural or cultured pearls, precious or semi-precious stones,precious metals, metals clad with precious metal and articles thereof; imitation jewelry; coin (HS code 71) - a decrease of $1,991,001;
  • Electrical machinery and equipment and parts thereof; sound recorders and reproducers, television image and sound recorders and reproducers, and parts and accessories of such articles (HS code 85) - a decrease of $1,803,789;
  • Plastics and articles thereof (HS code 39) - a decrease of $1,452,167;
  • Miscellaneous articles of base metal (HS code 83) - a decrease of $1,429,722;
  • Footwear, gaiters and the like; parts of such articles (HS code 64) - a decrease of $1,406,810;
  • Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, not knitted or crocheted (HS code 62) - a decrease of $1,090,601;
  • Furniture; bedding, mattresses, mattress supports, cushions and similar stuffed furnishings; lamps and lighting fittings, not elsewhere specified or included; illuminated sign illuminated nameplates and the like; prefabricated buildings (HS code 94) - a decrease of $1,047,951.
Russia’s imports from Romania in the 1st quarter of 2020 by product groups
HS
code
Name of product group Value of imports in Q1 2020,
US dollars ($)
Percent share in total import Value of imports in Q1 2019,
US dollars ($)
Percent change
in Q1 2020
over Q1 2019
10 Cereals 17,714,239 5.08 14,982,01618.24
12 Oil seeds and oleaginous fruits; miscellaneous grains, seeds and fruits; industrial or medicinal plants; straw and fodder 29,270,701 8.39 22,632,16929.33
15 Animal or vegetable fats and oils and their cleavage products prepared edible fats; animal or vegetable waxes 103,133 0.03 31,767224.65
17 Sugars and sugar confectionery 1,366 0.00 97,625-98.60
18 Cocoa and cocoa preparations 52,521 0.02 101,181-48.09
19 Preparations of cereals, flour, starch or milk; bakers’ wares 8,889 0.00 32,199-72.39
20 Preparations of vegetables, fruit, nuts or other parts of plants 248,127 0.07 172,54643.80
21 Miscellaneous edible preparations 286,820 0.08 1,049,151-72.66
22 Beverages, spirits and vinegar 55,579 0.02 60,535-8.19
24 Tobacco and manufactured tobacco substitutes 7,509,285 2.15 169,1394,339.71
27 Mineral fuels, mineral oils and products of their distillation; bituminous substances; mineral waxes 559,045 0.16 350,73559.39
28 Inorganic chemicals; organic or inorganic compounds of precious metals, of rare-earth metals,of radioactive elements or of isotopes 272,730 0.08 210,67929.45
29 Organic chemicals 760,586 0.22 1,348,674-43.60
30 Pharmaceutical products 23,474,927 6.73 24,211,239-3.04
31 Fertilizers 4,083 0.00 29,421-86.12
32 Tanning or dyeing extracts; dyes, pigments, paints, varnishes, putty and mastics 601,263 0.17 462,47130.01
33 Essential oils and resinoids; perfumery, cosmetic or toilet preparations 15,377,857 4.41 21,395,043-28.12
34 Soap, organic surface-active agents, washing preparations, lubricating preparations, artificial waxes, prepared waxes, polishing or scouring preparations, candles and similar articles, modeling pastes, "dental waxes" and dental preparations with a basis of plaster 192,002 0.06 219,116-12.37
35 Albuminoidal substances; modified starches; glues; enzymes 18,186 0.01 2,850538.11
38 Miscellaneous chemical products 169,936 0.05 157,1238.15
39 Plastics and articles thereof 6,907,965 1.98 8,360,132-17.37
40 Rubber and articles thereof 15,041,039 4.31 12,422,02921.08
41 Raw hides and skins (other than furskins) and leather 0 0.00 18,614-100.00
42 Articles of leather; saddlery and harness; travel goods, handbags and similar containers; articles of animal gut (other than silkworm gut) 1,740,615 0.50 1,153,19150.94
44 Wood and articles of wood; wood charcoal 2,090,758 0.60 2,114,083-1.10
46 Manufactures of straw, of esparto or of other plaiting materials; basketware and wickerwork 202 0.00 0
48 Paper and paperboard; articles of paper pulp, of paper or of paperboard 104,757 0.03 773,665-86.46
49 Printed books, newspapers, pictures and other products of the printing industry; manuscripts, typescripts and plans 297,634 0.09 228,77830.10
51 Wool, fine or coarse animal hair; horsehair yarn and woven fabric 90,542 0.03 15,181496.42
52 Cotton 14,867 0.00 9,21461.35
53 Other vegetable textile fibers; paper yarn and woven fabric of paper yarn 0 0.00 359-100.00
54 Man-made filaments 125,103 0.04 248,295-49.62
55 Man-made staple fibers 513,456 0.15 561,602-8.57
56 Wadding, felt and nonwovens; special yarns, twine, cordage, ropes and cables and articles thereof 182,438 0.05 303,703-39.93
57 Carpets and other textile floor coverings 4,684 0.00 8,732-46.36
58 Special woven fabrics; tufted textile fabrics; lace, tapestries; trimmings; embroidery 150,371 0.04 142,7105.37
59 Impregnated, coated, covered or laminated textile fabrics; textile articles of a kind suitable for industrial use 723,703 0.21 1,419,281-49.01
60 Knitted or crocheted fabrics 4,117 0.00 0
61 Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, knitted or crocheted 4,200,102 1.20 4,675,061-10.16
62 Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, not knitted or crocheted 14,717,958 4.22 15,808,559-6.90
63 Other made up textile articles; sets; worn clothing and worn textile articles; rags 391,367 0.11 439,781-11.01
64 Footwear, gaiters and the like; parts of such articles 4,374,291 1.25 5,781,101-24.33
65 Headgear and parts thereof 4,446 0.00 38,688-88.51
67 Prepared feathers and down and articles made of feathers or of down; artificial flowers; articles of human hair 295,549 0.08 288,3402.50
68 Articles of stone, plaster, cement, asbestos, mica or similar materials 744 0.00 1,001-25.67
69 Ceramic products 888,304 0.25 1,671,196-46.85
70 Glass and glassware 1,852,883 0.53 1,440,82428.60
71 Natural or cultured pearls, precious or semi-precious stones,precious metals, metals clad with precious metal and articles thereof; imitation jewelry; coin 856 0.00 1,991,857-99.96
72 Iron and steel 1,872,365 0.54 1,672,52611.95
73 Articles of iron or steel 7,913,376 2.27 10,751,367-26.40
74 Copper and articles thereof 20,613 0.01 5,225294.51
75 Nickel and articles thereof 55,481 0.02 29218,900.34
76 Aluminum and articles thereof 629,543 0.18 949,113-33.67
79 Zinc and articles thereof 24,153 0.01 38,591-37.41
81 Other base metals; cermets; articles thereof 33,778 0.01 2,9581,041.92
82 Tools, implements, cutlery, spoons and forks, of base metal; parts thereof of base metal 2,400,002 0.69 386,780520.51
83 Miscellaneous articles of base metal 5,900,251 1.69 7,329,973-19.51
84 Nuclear reactors, boilers, machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof 51,933,644 14.88 47,348,9439.68
85 Electrical machinery and equipment and parts thereof; sound recorders and reproducers, television image and sound recorders and reproducers, and parts and accessories of such articles 47,408,735 13.59 49,212,524-3.67
86 Railway or tramway locomotives, rolling-stock and parts thereof; railway or tramway track fixtures and fittings and parts thereof; mechanical (including electro-mechanical) traffic signalling equipment of all kinds 1,804 0.00 0
87 Vehicles other than railway or tramway rolling stock, and parts and accessories thereof 65,123,469 18.66 87,178,429-25.30
89 Ships, boats and floating structures 495,702 0.14 1,176,369-57.86
90 Optical, photographic, cinematographic, measuring, checking, precision, medical or surgical instruments and apparatus; parts and accessories thereof 8,029,107 2.30 8,287,032-3.11
91 Clocks and watches and parts thereof 1,869 0.00 5,110-63.42
92 Musical instruments; parts and accessories of such articles 38,729 0.01 0
94 Furniture; bedding, mattresses, mattress supports, cushions and similar stuffed furnishings; lamps and lighting fittings, not elsewhere specified or included; illuminated sign illuminated nameplates and the like; prefabricated buildings 4,895,304 1.40 5,943,255-17.63
95 Toys, games and sports requisites; parts and accessories thereof 325,682 0.09 220,30647.83
96 Miscellaneous manufactured articles 435,701 0.12 545,860-20.18
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Russian foreign trade statistics
Source: Federal Customs Service of Russia