Russian foreign trade
reports and reviews

Russian trade in goods with Turkey in Q1 2020

by Russian Foreign Trade
based on data from the Federal Customs Service of Russia
The Report on Russia’s foreign trade in goods with Turkey in the first quarter of 2020: exports, imports, products, dynamics.

Russia’s Trade with Turkey

In the 1st quarter of 2020, Russia’s trade with Turkey was $5,576,308,395, down 8.47% ($516,068,936) from the 1st quarter of 2019.

Russia’s exports to Turkey in the 1st quarter of 2020 were $4,366,736,017, down 13.14% ($660,737,287) from the 1st quarter of 2019.

Russia’s imports from Turkey in the 1st quarter of 2020 totaled $1,209,572,378, up 13.59% ($144,668,351) from the 1st quarter of 2019.

Russia’s trade surplus with Turkey in the 1st quarter of 2020 was $3,157,163,639, a 20.33% decrease ($805,405,638) over the 1st quarter of 2019.

Turkey was Russia’s 6th largest trading partner in the 1st quarter of 2020 (just as in the 1st quarter of 2019), accounting for 3.9231% of Russia’s total trade (up from 3.8700% in the 1st quarter of 2019).

Turkey was Russia’s 4th largest export market in the 1st quarter of 2020 (just as in the 1st quarter of 2019), accounting for 4.9075% of Russia’s total exports (up from 4.8164% in the 1st quarter of 2019).

Turkey was Russia’s 9th largest supplier in the 1st quarter of 2020 (up from 12th in the 1st quarter of 2019), accounting for 2.2754% of Russia’s total imports (up from 2.0076% in the 1st quarter of 2019).

Russia’s Exports to Turkey

The major share of Russian exports to Turkey in the 1st quarter of 2020 (and in the 1st quarter of 2019) was accounted for the following product types:

  • Mineral products (HS codes 25-27) - 57.72% of Russia’s total exports to Turkey (65.54% in the 1st quarter of 2019);
  • Food products and agricultural raw materials (HS codes 01-24) - 19.87% of Russia’s total exports to Turkey (11.76% in the 1st quarter of 2019);
  • Metals and products from them (HS codes 72-83) - 15.07% of Russia’s total exports to Turkey (17.51% in the 1st quarter of 2019);
  • Chemical products (HS codes 28-40) - 4.16% of Russia’s total exports to Turkey (3.47% in the 1st quarter of 2019).

The largest gains in Russia’s exports to Turkey in the 1st quarter of 2020 over the 1st quarter of 2019 were recorded for the following product groups:

  • Cereals (HS code 10) - an increase of $140,796,968;
  • Oil seeds and oleaginous fruits; miscellaneous grains, seeds and fruits; industrial or medicinal plants; straw and fodder (HS code 12) - an increase of $138,783,918;
  • Copper and articles thereof (HS code 74) - an increase of $53,607,558;
  • Plastics and articles thereof (HS code 39) - an increase of $21,206,712.

The largest declines in Russia’s exports to Turkey in the 1st quarter of 2020 over the 1st quarter of 2019 were recorded for the following product groups:

  • Mineral fuels, mineral oils and products of their distillation; bituminous substances; mineral waxes (HS code 27) - a decrease of $755,571,028;
  • Iron and steel (HS code 72) - a decrease of $294,060,961;
  • Ores, slag and ash (HS code 26) - a decrease of $19,833,592.
Russia’s exports to Turkey in the 1st quarter of 2020 by product groups
HS
code
Name of product group Value of exports
in Q1 2020,
US dollars ($)
Percent share in total export Value of exports
in Q1 2019,
US dollars ($)
Percent change
in Q1 2020
over Q1 2019
03 Fish and crustaceans, molluscs and other aquatic invertebrates 25,159 0.00 40,459-37.82
05 Products of animal origin, not elsewhere specified or included 234,844 0.01 94,402148.77
06 Live trees and other plants; bulbs, roots and the like; cut flowers and ornamental foliage 13,718 0.00 11,20022.48
07 Edible vegetables and certain roots and tubers 11,085,017 0.25 14,925,520-25.73
08 Edible fruit and nuts; peel of citrus fruit or melons 388 0.00 0
09 Coffee, tea, maté and spices 0 0.00 20,097-100.00
10 Cereals 506,350,364 11.60 365,553,39638.52
11 Products of the milling industry; malt; starches; inulin; wheat gluten 4,161,826 0.10 4,111,3431.23
12 Oil seeds and oleaginous fruits; miscellaneous grains, seeds and fruits; industrial or medicinal plants; straw and fodder 147,612,825 3.38 8,828,9071,571.93
14 Vegetable plaiting materials; vegetable products not elsewhere specified or included 1,873,335 0.04 281,518565.44
15 Animal or vegetable fats and oils and their cleavage products prepared edible fats; animal or vegetable waxes 106,623,571 2.44 107,856,992-1.14
16 Preparations of meat, of fish or of crustaceans, molluscs or other aquatic invertebrates 11,117 0.00 0
17 Sugars and sugar confectionery 13,012,280 0.30 7,492,14573.68
18 Cocoa and cocoa preparations 134,127 0.00 164,846-18.63
19 Preparations of cereals, flour, starch or milk; bakers’ wares 403,621 0.01 249,92261.50
20 Preparations of vegetables, fruit, nuts or other parts of plants 195,385 0.00 57,500239.80
21 Miscellaneous edible preparations 3,075,825 0.07 1,442,573113.22
22 Beverages, spirits and vinegar 752,585 0.02 2,009,963-62.56
23 Residues and waste from the food industries; prepared animal feed 68,829,603 1.58 73,189,743-5.96
24 Tobacco and manufactured tobacco substitutes 3,222,219 0.07 4,795,251-32.80
25 Salt; sulfur; earths and stone; plastering materials, lime and cement 1,529,288 0.04 326,823367.93
26 Ores, slag and ash 34,503,046 0.79 54,336,638-36.50
27 Mineral fuels, mineral oils and products of their distillation; bituminous substances; mineral waxes 2,484,532,047 56.90 3,240,103,075-23.32
28 Inorganic chemicals; organic or inorganic compounds of precious metals, of rare-earth metals,of radioactive elements or of isotopes 35,449,322 0.81 39,739,287-10.80
29 Organic chemicals 64,946,831 1.49 69,059,448-5.96
30 Pharmaceutical products 247,878 0.01 264,614-6.32
31 Fertilizers 15,294,147 0.35 25,684,832-40.45
32 Tanning or dyeing extracts; dyes, pigments, paints, varnishes, putty and mastics 9,583,159 0.22 7,249,27932.19
33 Essential oils and resinoids; perfumery, cosmetic or toilet preparations 2,187,164 0.05 831,323163.09
34 Soap, organic surface-active agents, washing preparations, lubricating preparations, artificial waxes, prepared waxes, polishing or scouring preparations, candles and similar articles, modeling pastes, "dental waxes" and dental preparations with a basis of plaster 1,160,789 0.03 706,83664.22
35 Albuminoidal substances; modified starches; glues; enzymes 353 0.00 532-33.65
38 Miscellaneous chemical products 3,945,045 0.09 1,626,874142.49
39 Plastics and articles thereof 28,894,209 0.66 7,687,497275.86
40 Rubber and articles thereof 19,778,774 0.45 21,355,145-7.38
41 Raw hides and skins (other than furskins) and leather 152,901 0.00 0
42 Articles of leather; saddlery and harness; travel goods, handbags and similar containers; articles of animal gut (other than silkworm gut) 486 0.00 36533.15
43 Furskins and artificial fur; manufactures thereof 0 0.00 2,698-100.00
44 Wood and articles of wood; wood charcoal 10,338,180 0.24 3,854,626168.20
47 Pulp of wood or of other fibrous cellulosic material; waste and scrap of paper or paperboard 1,153,057 0.03 1,449,701-20.46
48 Paper and paperboard; articles of paper pulp, of paper or of paperboard 28,639,121 0.66 27,229,0925.18
49 Printed books, newspapers, pictures and other products of the printing industry; manuscripts, typescripts and plans 12,126 0.00 30,160-59.79
52 Cotton 0 0.00 15,351-100.00
54 Man-made filaments 732,314 0.02 2,356,318-68.92
55 Man-made staple fibers 563,725 0.01 1,594,674-64.65
56 Wadding, felt and nonwovens; special yarns, twine, cordage, ropes and cables and articles thereof 553,860 0.01 564,916-1.96
57 Carpets and other textile floor coverings 329 0.00 143130.07
58 Special woven fabrics; tufted textile fabrics; lace, tapestries; trimmings; embroidery 4,202 0.00 2,91044.40
59 Impregnated, coated, covered or laminated textile fabrics; textile articles of a kind suitable for industrial use 12,566 0.00 12,714-1.16
61 Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, knitted or crocheted 4,499 0.00 856,137.50
62 Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, not knitted or crocheted 2,545 0.00 12,275-79.27
63 Other made up textile articles; sets; worn clothing and worn textile articles; rags 15,185 0.00 37,529-59.54
64 Footwear, gaiters and the like; parts of such articles 15,552 0.00 10,23451.96
65 Headgear and parts thereof 325 0.00 1,738-81.30
67 Prepared feathers and down and articles made of feathers or of down; artificial flowers; articles of human hair 0 0.00 18-100.00
68 Articles of stone, plaster, cement, asbestos, mica or similar materials 261,101 0.01 72,949257.92
69 Ceramic products 48,696 0.00 89,885-45.82
70 Glass and glassware 6,698,312 0.15 2,159,719210.15
71 Natural or cultured pearls, precious or semi-precious stones,precious metals, metals clad with precious metal and articles thereof; imitation jewelry; coin 4,841,879 0.11 4,191,48615.52
72 Iron and steel 427,285,292 9.79 721,346,253-40.77
73 Articles of iron or steel 13,716,928 0.31 2,192,200525.72
74 Copper and articles thereof 72,459,776 1.66 18,852,218284.36
75 Nickel and articles thereof 5,561 0.00 0
76 Aluminum and articles thereof 135,828,432 3.11 130,459,0424.12
78 Lead and articles thereof 5,704,748 0.13 3,859,02047.83
79 Zinc and articles thereof 702 0.00 0
80 Tin and articles thereof 1,685 0.00 512229.10
81 Other base metals; cermets; articles thereof 14,176 0.00 332,292-95.73
82 Tools, implements, cutlery, spoons and forks, of base metal; parts thereof of base metal 2,265,017 0.05 2,984,320-24.10
83 Miscellaneous articles of base metal 894,871 0.02 370,505141.53
84 Nuclear reactors, boilers, machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof 3,607,767 0.08 1,591,986126.62
85 Electrical machinery and equipment and parts thereof; sound recorders and reproducers, television image and sound recorders and reproducers, and parts and accessories of such articles 5,663,795 0.13 3,138,84580.44
87 Vehicles other than railway or tramway rolling stock, and parts and accessories thereof 3,777,798 0.09 435,498767.47
89 Ships, boats and floating structures 18,303,859 0.42 5,395,102239.27
90 Optical, photographic, cinematographic, measuring, checking, precision, medical or surgical instruments and apparatus; parts and accessories thereof 899,345 0.02 1,130,151-20.42
91 Clocks and watches and parts thereof 0 0.00 10,577-100.00
92 Musical instruments; parts and accessories of such articles 80 0.00 200-60.00
94 Furniture; bedding, mattresses, mattress supports, cushions and similar stuffed furnishings; lamps and lighting fittings, not elsewhere specified or included; illuminated sign illuminated nameplates and the like; prefabricated buildings 12,052 0.00 20,014-39.78
95 Toys, games and sports requisites; parts and accessories thereof 6,450 0.00 33,683-80.85
96 Miscellaneous manufactured articles 350,890 0.01 287,40622.09
SS Classified 52,215,971 1.20 31 245 99167.11

Russia’s Imports from Turkey

The major share of Russian imports from Turkey in the 1st quarter of 2020 (and in the 1st quarter of 2019) was accounted for the following product types:

  • Food products and agricultural raw materials (HS codes 01-24) - 32.13% of Russia’s total imports from Turkey (31.51% in the 1st quarter of 2019);
  • Machinery, equipment and vehicles (HS codes 84-90) - 25.81% of Russia’s total imports from Turkey (23.95% in the 1st quarter of 2019);
  • Textiles, textile products and footwear (HS codes 50-67) - 18.71% of Russia’s total imports from Turkey (20.24% in the 1st quarter of 2019);
  • Chemical products (HS codes 28-40) - 10.79% of Russia’s total imports from Turkey (11.56% in the 1st quarter of 2019);
  • Metals and products from them (HS codes 72-83) - 6.87% of Russia’s total imports from Turkey (7.26% in the 1st quarter of 2019);
  • Mineral products (HS codes 25-27) - 1.06% of Russia’s total imports from Turkey (1.62% in the 1st quarter of 2019).

The largest gains in Russia’s imports from Turkey in the 1st quarter of 2020 over the 1st quarter of 2019 were recorded for the following product groups:

  • Edible fruit and nuts; peel of citrus fruit or melons (HS code 08) - an increase of $77,492,376;
  • Nuclear reactors, boilers, machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof (HS code 84) - an increase of $48,647,621;
  • Glass and glassware (HS code 70) - an increase of $10,819,643;
  • Articles of iron or steel (HS code 73) - an increase of $7,774,020;
  • Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, knitted or crocheted (HS code 61) - an increase of $6,539,607;
  • Rubber and articles thereof (HS code 40) - an increase of $6,203,989;
  • Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, not knitted or crocheted (HS code 62) - an increase of $4,134,844;
  • Vehicles other than railway or tramway rolling stock, and parts and accessories thereof (HS code 87) - an increase of $3,877,618;
  • Fish and crustaceans, molluscs and other aquatic invertebrates (HS code 03) - an increase of $3,725,200.

The largest declines in Russia’s imports from Turkey in the 1st quarter of 2020 over the 1st quarter of 2019 were recorded for the following product groups:

  • Oil seeds and oleaginous fruits; miscellaneous grains, seeds and fruits; industrial or medicinal plants; straw and fodder (HS code 12) - a decrease of $21,704,595;
  • Cocoa and cocoa preparations (HS code 18) - a decrease of $5,321,237;
  • Tools, implements, cutlery, spoons and forks, of base metal; parts thereof of base metal (HS code 82) - a decrease of $4,787,999;
  • Footwear, gaiters and the like; parts of such articles (HS code 64) - a decrease of $4,220,570.
Russia’s imports from Turkey in the 1st quarter of 2020 by product groups
HS
code
Name of product group Value of imports in Q1 2020,
US dollars ($)
Percent share in total import Value of imports in Q1 2019,
US dollars ($)
Percent change
in Q1 2020
over Q1 2019
01 Live animals 237,253 0.02 126,49787.56
02 Meat and edible meat offal 294,917 0.02 3,327,101-91.14
03 Fish and crustaceans, molluscs and other aquatic invertebrates 19,048,077 1.57 15,322,87724.31
04 Dairy produce; birds eggs; natural honey; edible products of animal origin, not elsewhere specified or included 1,594,169 0.13 3,928,535-59.42
06 Live trees and other plants; bulbs, roots and the like; cut flowers and ornamental foliage 101,970 0.01 72,94339.79
07 Edible vegetables and certain roots and tubers 70,868,675 5.86 74,124,207-4.39
08 Edible fruit and nuts; peel of citrus fruit or melons 208,939,054 17.27 131,446,67858.95
09 Coffee, tea, maté and spices 876,205 0.07 753,64916.26
10 Cereals 1,873,557 0.15 2,014,441-6.99
11 Products of the milling industry; malt; starches; inulin; wheat gluten 194,556 0.02 85,393127.84
12 Oil seeds and oleaginous fruits; miscellaneous grains, seeds and fruits; industrial or medicinal plants; straw and fodder 56,406,138 4.66 78,110,733-27.79
13 Lac; gums, resins and other vegetable saps and extracts 481,677 0.04 223,754115.27
15 Animal or vegetable fats and oils and their cleavage products prepared edible fats; animal or vegetable waxes 9,964 0.00 73,104-86.37
17 Sugars and sugar confectionery 4,286,554 0.35 4,320,209-0.78
18 Cocoa and cocoa preparations 912,239 0.08 6,233,476-85.37
19 Preparations of cereals, flour, starch or milk; bakers’ wares 3,213,699 0.27 1,537,021109.09
20 Preparations of vegetables, fruit, nuts or other parts of plants 3,968,825 0.33 3,909,4981.52
21 Miscellaneous edible preparations 6,465,575 0.53 3,099,654108.59
22 Beverages, spirits and vinegar 596 0.00 52,758-98.87
23 Residues and waste from the food industries; prepared animal feed 740,364 0.06 0
24 Tobacco and manufactured tobacco substitutes 8,102,436 0.67 6,736,05720.28
25 Salt; sulfur; earths and stone; plastering materials, lime and cement 10,893,468 0.90 10,939,819-0.42
26 Ores, slag and ash 19,463 0.00 3,370,849-99.42
27 Mineral fuels, mineral oils and products of their distillation; bituminous substances; mineral waxes 1,874,229 0.15 2,980,521-37.12
28 Inorganic chemicals; organic or inorganic compounds of precious metals, of rare-earth metals,of radioactive elements or of isotopes 7,408,062 0.61 7,544,645-1.81
29 Organic chemicals 1,467,742 0.12 1,699,299-13.63
30 Pharmaceutical products 6,452,290 0.53 7,726,458-16.49
31 Fertilizers 505,737 0.04 645,504-21.65
32 Tanning or dyeing extracts; dyes, pigments, paints, varnishes, putty and mastics 5,247,318 0.43 4,725,47411.04
33 Essential oils and resinoids; perfumery, cosmetic or toilet preparations 9,133,505 0.76 10,637,138-14.14
34 Soap, organic surface-active agents, washing preparations, lubricating preparations, artificial waxes, prepared waxes, polishing or scouring preparations, candles and similar articles, modeling pastes, "dental waxes" and dental preparations with a basis of plaster 11,472,946 0.95 11,204,8412.39
35 Albuminoidal substances; modified starches; glues; enzymes 2,030,240 0.17 1,558,08930.30
36 Explosives; pyrotechnic products; matches; pyrophoric alloys; certain combustible preparations 7,263 0.00 0
37 Photographic or cinematographic goods 88,672 0.01 0
38 Miscellaneous chemical products 8,813,033 0.73 8,259,6096.70
39 Plastics and articles thereof 47,868,796 3.96 45,246,3245.80
40 Rubber and articles thereof 30,066,398 2.49 23,862,40926.00
41 Raw hides and skins (other than furskins) and leather 978,800 0.08 883,41910.80
42 Articles of leather; saddlery and harness; travel goods, handbags and similar containers; articles of animal gut (other than silkworm gut) 5,101,466 0.42 5,636,198-9.49
43 Furskins and artificial fur; manufactures thereof 856,002 0.07 701,23722.07
44 Wood and articles of wood; wood charcoal 2,228,856 0.18 1,380,07261.50
45 Cork and articles of cork 427 0.00 25,081-98.30
46 Manufactures of straw, of esparto or of other plaiting materials; basketware and wickerwork 0 0.00 313-100.00
48 Paper and paperboard; articles of paper pulp, of paper or of paperboard 3,793,588 0.31 3,265,82416.16
49 Printed books, newspapers, pictures and other products of the printing industry; manuscripts, typescripts and plans 564,569 0.05 413,86236.41
51 Wool, fine or coarse animal hair; horsehair yarn and woven fabric 423,595 0.04 150,748181.00
52 Cotton 7,309,513 0.60 6,940,6305.31
53 Other vegetable textile fibers; paper yarn and woven fabric of paper yarn 60,141 0.00 59,1161.73
54 Man-made filaments 6,458,717 0.53 6,193,3844.28
55 Man-made staple fibers 8,960,394 0.74 8,937,5660.26
56 Wadding, felt and nonwovens; special yarns, twine, cordage, ropes and cables and articles thereof 4,054,419 0.34 3,009,71634.71
57 Carpets and other textile floor coverings 3,259,164 0.27 3,436,819-5.17
58 Special woven fabrics; tufted textile fabrics; lace, tapestries; trimmings; embroidery 3,468,442 0.29 2,961,82317.10
59 Impregnated, coated, covered or laminated textile fabrics; textile articles of a kind suitable for industrial use 1,969,576 0.16 2,588,935-23.92
60 Knitted or crocheted fabrics 12,799,090 1.06 11,338,41012.88
61 Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, knitted or crocheted 66,264,999 5.48 59,725,39210.95
62 Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, not knitted or crocheted 67,644,190 5.59 63,509,3466.51
63 Other made up textile articles; sets; worn clothing and worn textile articles; rags 7,495,714 0.62 6,269,28019.56
64 Footwear, gaiters and the like; parts of such articles 35,889,374 2.97 40,109,944-10.52
65 Headgear and parts thereof 292,396 0.02 246,96018.40
66 Umbrellas, sun umbrellas, walking sticks, seatsticks, whips, riding-crops and parts thereof 1,789 0.00 276,525.93
67 Prepared feathers and down and articles made of feathers or of down; artificial flowers; articles of human hair 15,759 0.00 41,054-61.61
68 Articles of stone, plaster, cement, asbestos, mica or similar materials 4,627,649 0.38 4,056,19214.09
69 Ceramic products 4,836,034 0.40 4,082,11218.47
70 Glass and glassware 14,952,064 1.24 4,132,421261.82
71 Natural or cultured pearls, precious or semi-precious stones,precious metals, metals clad with precious metal and articles thereof; imitation jewelry; coin 274,995 0.02 632,934-56.55
72 Iron and steel 6,899,677 0.57 4,352,67558.52
73 Articles of iron or steel 40,537,515 3.35 32,763,49523.73
74 Copper and articles thereof 9,661,293 0.80 10,248,662-5.73
75 Nickel and articles thereof 222,727 0.02 72,811205.90
76 Aluminum and articles thereof 5,948,326 0.49 7,078,097-15.96
79 Zinc and articles thereof 21,226 0.00 38,907-45.44
81 Other base metals; cermets; articles thereof 1,119 0.00 5,216-78.55
82 Tools, implements, cutlery, spoons and forks, of base metal; parts thereof of base metal 3,888,953 0.32 8,676,952-55.18
83 Miscellaneous articles of base metal 15,928,228 1.32 14,114,91912.85
84 Nuclear reactors, boilers, machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof 148,942,267 12.31 100,294,64648.50
85 Electrical machinery and equipment and parts thereof; sound recorders and reproducers, television image and sound recorders and reproducers, and parts and accessories of such articles 44,003,499 3.64 40,510,2498.62
86 Railway or tramway locomotives, rolling-stock and parts thereof; railway or tramway track fixtures and fittings and parts thereof; mechanical (including electro-mechanical) traffic signalling equipment of all kinds 1,471,835 0.12 3,03048,475.41
87 Vehicles other than railway or tramway rolling stock, and parts and accessories thereof 114,140,323 9.44 110,262,7053.52
89 Ships, boats and floating structures 129,180 0.01 28,101359.70
90 Optical, photographic, cinematographic, measuring, checking, precision, medical or surgical instruments and apparatus; parts and accessories thereof 3,485,312 0.29 3,952,198-11.81
91 Clocks and watches and parts thereof 14,070 0.00 13,0927.47
92 Musical instruments; parts and accessories of such articles 44,696 0.00 4,379920.69
94 Furniture; bedding, mattresses, mattress supports, cushions and similar stuffed furnishings; lamps and lighting fittings, not elsewhere specified or included; illuminated sign illuminated nameplates and the like; prefabricated buildings 9,666,333 0.80 11,883,118-18.65
95 Toys, games and sports requisites; parts and accessories thereof 508,888 0.04 482,5025.47
96 Miscellaneous manufactured articles 5,565,111 0.46 2,222,938150.35
97 Works of art, collectors’ pieces and antiques 2,761 0.00 0
SS Classified 1,941,655 0.16 1 266 95653.25
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Russian foreign trade statistics
Source: Federal Customs Service of Russia