Russian foreign trade
reports and reviews

Russian trade in goods with Afghanistan in Q2 2020

by Russian Foreign Trade
based on data from the Federal Customs Service of Russia
The Report on Russia’s foreign trade in goods with Afghanistan in the second quarter of 2020: exports, imports, products, dynamics.

Russia’s Trade with Afghanistan

In the 2nd quarter of 2020, Russia’s trade with Afghanistan totaled $50,455,895, up 92.26% ($24,211,701) from the 2nd quarter of 2019.

Russia’s exports to Afghanistan in the 2nd quarter of 2020 totaled $49,821,959, up 99.23% ($24,814,499) from the 2nd quarter of 2019.

Russia’s imports from Afghanistan in the 2nd quarter of 2020 were $633,936, down 48.74% ($602,798) from the 2nd quarter of 2019.

Russia’s trade surplus with Afghanistan in the 2nd quarter of 2020 was $49,188,023, a 106.93% increase ($25,417,297) over the 2nd quarter of 2019.

Afghanistan was Russia’s 95th largest trading partner in the 2nd quarter of 2020 (up from 111th in the 2nd quarter of 2019), accounting for 0.0414% of Russia’s total trade (up from 0.0164% in the 2nd quarter of 2019).

Afghanistan was Russia’s 80th largest export market in the 2nd quarter of 2020 (up from 97th in the 2nd quarter of 2019), accounting for 0.0713% of Russia’s total exports (up from 0.0248% in the 2nd quarter of 2019).

Afghanistan was Russia’s 127th largest supplier in the 2nd quarter of 2020 (up from 130th in the 2nd quarter of 2019), accounting for 0.0012% of Russia’s total imports (down from 0.0021% in the 2nd quarter of 2019).

Russia’s Exports to Afghanistan

The major share of Russian exports to Afghanistan in the 2nd quarter of 2020 (and in the 2nd quarter of 2019) was accounted for the following product types:

  • Food products and agricultural raw materials (HS codes 01-24) - 67.77% of Russia’s total exports to Afghanistan (35.55% in the 2nd quarter of 2019);
  • Wood and wood products (HS codes 44-49) - 15.73% of Russia’s total exports to Afghanistan (18.39% in the 2nd quarter of 2019);
  • Mineral products (HS codes 25-27) - 9.74% of Russia’s total exports to Afghanistan (39.91% in the 2nd quarter of 2019);
  • Metals and products from them (HS codes 72-83) - 4.14% of Russia’s total exports to Afghanistan (1.60% in the 2nd quarter of 2019);
  • Chemical products (HS codes 28-40) - 1.35% of Russia’s total exports to Afghanistan (3.03% in the 2nd quarter of 2019);
  • Machinery, equipment and vehicles (HS codes 84-90) - 0.85% of Russia’s total exports to Afghanistan (1.41% in the 2nd quarter of 2019).

The largest gains in Russia’s exports to Afghanistan in the 2nd quarter of 2020 over the 2nd quarter of 2019 were recorded for the following product groups:

  • Animal or vegetable fats and oils and their cleavage products prepared edible fats; animal or vegetable waxes (HS code 15) - an increase of $21,637,478;
  • Wood and articles of wood; wood charcoal (HS code 44) - an increase of $2,361,110;
  • Iron and steel (HS code 72) - an increase of $2,028,585;
  • Products of the milling industry; malt; starches; inulin; wheat gluten (HS code 11) - an increase of $1,305,989;
  • Paper and paperboard; articles of paper pulp, of paper or of paperboard (HS code 48) - an increase of $903,057;
  • Sugars and sugar confectionery (HS code 17) - an increase of $769,835;
  • Edible vegetables and certain roots and tubers (HS code 07) - an increase of $496,948;
  • Cereals (HS code 10) - an increase of $464,933;
  • Nuclear reactors, boilers, machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof (HS code 84) - an increase of $286,979;
  • Soap, organic surface-active agents, washing preparations, lubricating preparations, artificial waxes, prepared waxes, polishing or scouring preparations, candles and similar articles, modeling pastes, "dental waxes" and dental preparations with a basis of plaster (HS code 34) - an increase of $160,853.

The largest declines in Russia’s exports to Afghanistan in the 2nd quarter of 2020 over the 2nd quarter of 2019 were recorded for the following product groups:

  • Mineral fuels, mineral oils and products of their distillation; bituminous substances; mineral waxes (HS code 27) - a decrease of $5,129,362;
  • Articles of iron or steel (HS code 73) - a decrease of $362,403;
  • Electrical machinery and equipment and parts thereof; sound recorders and reproducers, television image and sound recorders and reproducers, and parts and accessories of such articles (HS code 85) - a decrease of $213,331;
  • Cocoa and cocoa preparations (HS code 18) - a decrease of $213,151;
  • Miscellaneous chemical products (HS code 38) - a decrease of $183,475;
  • Pharmaceutical products (HS code 30) - a decrease of $163,315.
Russia’s exports to Afghanistan in the 2nd quarter of 2020 by product groups
HS
code
Name of product group Value of exports
in Q2 2020,
US dollars ($)
Percent share in total export Value of exports
in Q2 2019,
US dollars ($)
Percent change
in Q2 2020
over Q2 2019
04 Dairy produce; birds eggs; natural honey; edible products of animal origin, not elsewhere specified or included 104,659 0.21 0
07 Edible vegetables and certain roots and tubers 496,948 1.00 0
08 Edible fruit and nuts; peel of citrus fruit or melons 42,665 0.09 0
09 Coffee, tea, maté and spices 42,826 0.09 0
10 Cereals 464,933 0.93 0
11 Products of the milling industry; malt; starches; inulin; wheat gluten 1,305,989 2.62 0
15 Animal or vegetable fats and oils and their cleavage products prepared edible fats; animal or vegetable waxes 30,243,251 60.70 8,605,773251.43
17 Sugars and sugar confectionery 829,474 1.66 59,6391,290.82
18 Cocoa and cocoa preparations 3,024 0.01 216,175-98.60
19 Preparations of cereals, flour, starch or milk; bakers’ wares 57,483 0.12 8,729558.53
21 Miscellaneous edible preparations 31,900 0.06 0
22 Beverages, spirits and vinegar 142,063 0.29 0
27 Mineral fuels, mineral oils and products of their distillation; bituminous substances; mineral waxes 4,852,221 9.74 9,981,583-51.39
30 Pharmaceutical products 57,120 0.11 220,435-74.09
33 Essential oils and resinoids; perfumery, cosmetic or toilet preparations 0 0.00 26,330-100.00
34 Soap, organic surface-active agents, washing preparations, lubricating preparations, artificial waxes, prepared waxes, polishing or scouring preparations, candles and similar articles, modeling pastes, "dental waxes" and dental preparations with a basis of plaster 211,431 0.42 50,578318.03
36 Explosives; pyrotechnic products; matches; pyrophoric alloys; certain combustible preparations 165,000 0.33 165,0000.00
38 Miscellaneous chemical products 0 0.00 183,475-100.00
39 Plastics and articles thereof 92,724 0.19 3,2382,763.62
40 Rubber and articles thereof 148,426 0.30 107,76337.73
44 Wood and articles of wood; wood charcoal 6,855,722 13.76 4,494,61252.53
47 Pulp of wood or of other fibrous cellulosic material; waste and scrap of paper or paperboard 0 0.00 26,224-100.00
48 Paper and paperboard; articles of paper pulp, of paper or of paperboard 980,106 1.97 77,0491,172.06
56 Wadding, felt and nonwovens; special yarns, twine, cordage, ropes and cables and articles thereof 799 0.00 0
59 Impregnated, coated, covered or laminated textile fabrics; textile articles of a kind suitable for industrial use 0 0.00 510-100.00
63 Other made up textile articles; sets; worn clothing and worn textile articles; rags 110 0.00 0
69 Ceramic products 9,783 0.02 0
70 Glass and glassware 0 0.00 14,894-100.00
72 Iron and steel 2,028,585 4.07 0
73 Articles of iron or steel 27,021 0.05 389,424-93.06
76 Aluminum and articles thereof 8,600 0.02 0
81 Other base metals; cermets; articles thereof 0 0.00 1,300-100.00
83 Miscellaneous articles of base metal 0 0.00 8,977-100.00
84 Nuclear reactors, boilers, machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof 408,195 0.82 121,216236.75
85 Electrical machinery and equipment and parts thereof; sound recorders and reproducers, television image and sound recorders and reproducers, and parts and accessories of such articles 14,743 0.03 228,074-93.54
90 Optical, photographic, cinematographic, measuring, checking, precision, medical or surgical instruments and apparatus; parts and accessories thereof 0 0.00 3,909-100.00
94 Furniture; bedding, mattresses, mattress supports, cushions and similar stuffed furnishings; lamps and lighting fittings, not elsewhere specified or included; illuminated sign illuminated nameplates and the like; prefabricated buildings 0 0.00 200-100.00
SS Classified 196,158 0.39 12 3531,487.94

Russia’s Imports from Afghanistan

The major share of Russian imports from Afghanistan in the 2nd quarter of 2020 (and in the 2nd quarter of 2019) was accounted for the following product types:

  • Food products and agricultural raw materials (HS codes 01-24) - 98.89% of Russia’s total imports from Afghanistan (91.30% in the 2nd quarter of 2019);
  • Mineral products (HS codes 25-27) - 0.00% of Russia’s total imports from Afghanistan (1.37% in the 2nd quarter of 2019).

The largest gains in Russia’s imports from Afghanistan in the 2nd quarter of 2020 over the 2nd quarter of 2019 were recorded for the following product groups:

  • No product groups with a substantial increase.

The largest declines in Russia’s imports from Afghanistan in the 2nd quarter of 2020 over the 2nd quarter of 2019 were recorded for the following product groups:

  • Edible fruit and nuts; peel of citrus fruit or melons (HS code 08) - a decrease of $443,130;
  • Furskins and artificial fur; manufactures thereof (HS code 43) - a decrease of $81,292;
  • Oil seeds and oleaginous fruits; miscellaneous grains, seeds and fruits; industrial or medicinal plants; straw and fodder (HS code 12) - a decrease of $59,057;
  • Salt; sulfur; earths and stone; plastering materials, lime and cement (HS code 25) - a decrease of $16,949;
  • Optical, photographic, cinematographic, measuring, checking, precision, medical or surgical instruments and apparatus; parts and accessories thereof (HS code 90) - a decrease of $2,592.
Russia’s imports from Afghanistan in the 2nd quarter of 2020 by product groups
HS
code
Name of product group Value of imports in Q2 2020,
US dollars ($)
Percent share in total import Value of imports in Q2 2019,
US dollars ($)
Percent change
in Q2 2020
over Q2 2019
08 Edible fruit and nuts; peel of citrus fruit or melons 626,925 98.89 1,070,055-41.41
12 Oil seeds and oleaginous fruits; miscellaneous grains, seeds and fruits; industrial or medicinal plants; straw and fodder 0 0.00 59,057-100.00
25 Salt; sulfur; earths and stone; plastering materials, lime and cement 0 0.00 16,949-100.00
43 Furskins and artificial fur; manufactures thereof 0 0.00 81,292-100.00
82 Tools, implements, cutlery, spoons and forks, of base metal; parts thereof of base metal 0 0.00 1,270-100.00
84 Nuclear reactors, boilers, machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof 1,923 0.30 523267.69
85 Electrical machinery and equipment and parts thereof; sound recorders and reproducers, television image and sound recorders and reproducers, and parts and accessories of such articles 604 0.10 702-13.96
90 Optical, photographic, cinematographic, measuring, checking, precision, medical or surgical instruments and apparatus; parts and accessories thereof 0 0.00 2,592-100.00
SS Classified 4,484 0.71 4 2944.42
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Russian foreign trade statistics
Source: Federal Customs Service of Russia