Russian foreign trade
reports and reviews

Russian trade in goods with Afghanistan in Q3 2020

by Russian Foreign Trade
based on data from the Federal Customs Service of Russia
The Report on Russia’s foreign trade in goods with Afghanistan in the third quarter of 2020: exports, imports, products, dynamics.

Russia’s Trade with Afghanistan

In the 3rd quarter of 2020, Russia’s trade with Afghanistan totaled $54,124,314, up 72.24% ($22,700,307) from the 3rd quarter of 2019.

Russia’s exports to Afghanistan in the 3rd quarter of 2020 totaled $53,579,017, up 76.01% ($23,138,418) from the 3rd quarter of 2019.

Russia’s imports from Afghanistan in the 3rd quarter of 2020 were $545,297, down 44.55% ($438,111) from the 3rd quarter of 2019.

Russia’s trade surplus with Afghanistan in the 3rd quarter of 2020 was $53,033,720, a 80.04% increase ($23,576,529) over the 3rd quarter of 2019.

Afghanistan was Russia’s 97th largest trading partner in the 3rd quarter of 2020 (up from 114th in the 3rd quarter of 2019), accounting for 0.0396% of Russia’s total trade (up from 0.0189% in the 3rd quarter of 2019).

Afghanistan was Russia’s 77th largest export market in the 3rd quarter of 2020 (up from 100th in the 3rd quarter of 2019), accounting for 0.0681% of Russia’s total exports (up from 0.0295% in the 3rd quarter of 2019).

Afghanistan was Russia’s 132nd largest supplier in the 3rd quarter of 2020 (just as in the 3rd quarter of 2019), accounting for 0.0009% of Russia’s total imports (down from 0.0016% in the 3rd quarter of 2019).

Russia’s Exports to Afghanistan

The major share of Russian exports to Afghanistan in the 3rd quarter of 2020 (and in the 3rd quarter of 2019) was accounted for the following product types:

  • Food products and agricultural raw materials (HS codes 01-24) - 41.63% of Russia’s total exports to Afghanistan (12.65% in the 3rd quarter of 2019);
  • Mineral products (HS codes 25-27) - 34.45% of Russia’s total exports to Afghanistan (51.74% in the 3rd quarter of 2019);
  • Wood and wood products (HS codes 44-49) - 15.88% of Russia’s total exports to Afghanistan (16.85% in the 3rd quarter of 2019);
  • Metals and products from them (HS codes 72-83) - 4.49% of Russia’s total exports to Afghanistan (0.61% in the 3rd quarter of 2019);
  • Chemical products (HS codes 28-40) - 1.18% of Russia’s total exports to Afghanistan (4.77% in the 3rd quarter of 2019);
  • Machinery, equipment and vehicles (HS codes 84-90) - 1.08% of Russia’s total exports to Afghanistan (4.17% in the 3rd quarter of 2019).

The largest gains in Russia’s exports to Afghanistan in the 3rd quarter of 2020 over the 3rd quarter of 2019 were recorded for the following product groups:

  • Animal or vegetable fats and oils and their cleavage products prepared edible fats; animal or vegetable waxes (HS code 15) - an increase of $15,262,542;
  • Mineral fuels, mineral oils and products of their distillation; bituminous substances; mineral waxes (HS code 27) - an increase of $2,702,812;
  • Wood and articles of wood; wood charcoal (HS code 44) - an increase of $2,330,220;
  • Iron and steel (HS code 72) - an increase of $2,075,619;
  • Sugars and sugar confectionery (HS code 17) - an increase of $1,257,807;
  • Paper and paperboard; articles of paper pulp, of paper or of paperboard (HS code 48) - an increase of $1,049,583;
  • Products of the milling industry; malt; starches; inulin; wheat gluten (HS code 11) - an increase of $634,523;
  • Cereals (HS code 10) - an increase of $603,480;
  • Preparations of cereals, flour, starch or milk; bakers’ wares (HS code 19) - an increase of $250,798;
  • Cocoa and cocoa preparations (HS code 18) - an increase of $181,065.

The largest declines in Russia’s exports to Afghanistan in the 3rd quarter of 2020 over the 3rd quarter of 2019 were recorded for the following product groups:

  • Nuclear reactors, boilers, machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof (HS code 84) - a decrease of $645,732;
  • Miscellaneous chemical products (HS code 38) - a decrease of $532,906;
  • Explosives; pyrotechnic products; matches; pyrophoric alloys; certain combustible preparations (HS code 36) - a decrease of $165,000.
Russia’s exports to Afghanistan in the 3rd quarter of 2020 by product groups
HS
code
Name of product group Value of exports
in Q3 2020,
US dollars ($)
Percent share in total export Value of exports
in Q3 2019,
US dollars ($)
Percent change
in Q3 2020
over Q3 2019
04 Dairy produce; birds eggs; natural honey; edible products of animal origin, not elsewhere specified or included 13,000 0.02 0
07 Edible vegetables and certain roots and tubers 126,159 0.24 0
09 Coffee, tea, maté and spices 95,887 0.18 0
10 Cereals 603,480 1.13 0
11 Products of the milling industry; malt; starches; inulin; wheat gluten 634,523 1.18 0
15 Animal or vegetable fats and oils and their cleavage products prepared edible fats; animal or vegetable waxes 18,606,017 34.73 3,343,475456.49
17 Sugars and sugar confectionery 1,317,023 2.46 59,2162,124.10
18 Cocoa and cocoa preparations 530,032 0.99 348,96751.89
19 Preparations of cereals, flour, starch or milk; bakers’ wares 316,492 0.59 65,694381.77
21 Miscellaneous edible preparations 64,918 0.12 18,922243.08
22 Beverages, spirits and vinegar 0 0.00 14,760-100.00
25 Salt; sulfur; earths and stone; plastering materials, lime and cement 26,909 0.05 21,28126.45
27 Mineral fuels, mineral oils and products of their distillation; bituminous substances; mineral waxes 18,430,101 34.40 15,727,28917.19
30 Pharmaceutical products 330,705 0.62 356,207-7.16
33 Essential oils and resinoids; perfumery, cosmetic or toilet preparations 0 0.00 15,773-100.00
34 Soap, organic surface-active agents, washing preparations, lubricating preparations, artificial waxes, prepared waxes, polishing or scouring preparations, candles and similar articles, modeling pastes, "dental waxes" and dental preparations with a basis of plaster 48,357 0.09 17,269180.02
36 Explosives; pyrotechnic products; matches; pyrophoric alloys; certain combustible preparations 192,500 0.36 357,500-46.15
38 Miscellaneous chemical products 0 0.00 532,906-100.00
39 Plastics and articles thereof 0 0.00 6,292-100.00
40 Rubber and articles thereof 63,192 0.12 165,830-61.89
44 Wood and articles of wood; wood charcoal 7,429,519 13.87 5,099,29945.70
48 Paper and paperboard; articles of paper pulp, of paper or of paperboard 1,078,073 2.01 28,4903,684.04
59 Impregnated, coated, covered or laminated textile fabrics; textile articles of a kind suitable for industrial use 0 0.00 17,697-100.00
70 Glass and glassware 0 0.00 128,204-100.00
72 Iron and steel 2,075,619 3.87 0
73 Articles of iron or steel 318,908 0.60 184,77872.59
76 Aluminum and articles thereof 9,800 0.02 0
82 Tools, implements, cutlery, spoons and forks, of base metal; parts thereof of base metal 0 0.00 11-100.00
83 Miscellaneous articles of base metal 0 0.00 746-100.00
84 Nuclear reactors, boilers, machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof 442,866 0.83 1,088,598-59.32
85 Electrical machinery and equipment and parts thereof; sound recorders and reproducers, television image and sound recorders and reproducers, and parts and accessories of such articles 127,930 0.24 70,19182.26
87 Vehicles other than railway or tramway rolling stock, and parts and accessories thereof 3,408 0.01 84,722-95.98
90 Optical, photographic, cinematographic, measuring, checking, precision, medical or surgical instruments and apparatus; parts and accessories thereof 6,995 0.01 26,003-73.10
91 Clocks and watches and parts thereof 0 0.00 1,780-100.00
96 Miscellaneous manufactured articles 0 0.00 124-100.00
SS Classified 686,604 1.28 2 658 575-74.17

Russia’s Imports from Afghanistan

The major share of Russian imports from Afghanistan in the 3rd quarter of 2020 (and in the 3rd quarter of 2019) was accounted for the following product types:

  • Food products and agricultural raw materials (HS codes 01-24) - 94.54% of Russia’s total imports from Afghanistan (91.49% in the 3rd quarter of 2019);
  • Precious metals and stones (HS code 71) - 0.73% of Russia’s total imports from Afghanistan (4.03% in the 3rd quarter of 2019).

The largest gains in Russia’s imports from Afghanistan in the 3rd quarter of 2020 over the 3rd quarter of 2019 were recorded for the following product groups:

  • Oil seeds and oleaginous fruits; miscellaneous grains, seeds and fruits; industrial or medicinal plants; straw and fodder (HS code 12) - an increase of $92,546.

The largest declines in Russia’s imports from Afghanistan in the 3rd quarter of 2020 over the 3rd quarter of 2019 were recorded for the following product groups:

  • Edible fruit and nuts; peel of citrus fruit or melons (HS code 08) - a decrease of $476,796;
  • Natural or cultured pearls, precious or semi-precious stones,precious metals, metals clad with precious metal and articles thereof; imitation jewelry; coin (HS code 71) - a decrease of $35,639;
  • Furskins and artificial fur; manufactures thereof (HS code 43) - a decrease of $18,336.
Russia’s imports from Afghanistan in the 3rd quarter of 2020 by product groups
HS
code
Name of product group Value of imports in Q3 2020,
US dollars ($)
Percent share in total import Value of imports in Q3 2019,
US dollars ($)
Percent change
in Q3 2020
over Q3 2019
08 Edible fruit and nuts; peel of citrus fruit or melons 376,870 69.11 853,666-55.85
12 Oil seeds and oleaginous fruits; miscellaneous grains, seeds and fruits; industrial or medicinal plants; straw and fodder 138,633 25.42 46,087200.81
43 Furskins and artificial fur; manufactures thereof 24,693 4.53 43,029-42.61
57 Carpets and other textile floor coverings 594 0.11 987-39.82
71 Natural or cultured pearls, precious or semi-precious stones,precious metals, metals clad with precious metal and articles thereof; imitation jewelry; coin 4,000 0.73 39,639-89.91
84 Nuclear reactors, boilers, machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof 496 0.09 0
85 Electrical machinery and equipment and parts thereof; sound recorders and reproducers, television image and sound recorders and reproducers, and parts and accessories of such articles 11 0.00 0
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Source: Federal Customs Service of Russia