Russian foreign trade
reports and reviews

Russian trade with Vietnam in 2020

by Russian Foreign Trade
based on data from the Federal Customs Service of Russia
The Report on Russia’s foreign trade in goods with Vietnam in 2020: exports, imports, products, dynamics.

Russia’s Trade with Vietnam

In 2020, Russia’s trade with Vietnam totaled $5,666,734,926, up 15.20% ($747,619,109) from 2019.

Russia’s exports to Vietnam in 2020 totaled $1,621,773,466, up 42.74% ($485,624,482) from 2019.

Russia’s imports from Vietnam in 2020 totaled $4,044,961,460, up 6.93% ($261,994,627) from 2019.

Russia’s trade deficit with Vietnam in 2020 was $2,423,187,994, a 8.45% decrease ($223,629,855) over 2019.

Vietnam was Russia’s 20th largest trading partner in 2020 (up from 28th in 2019), accounting for 0.9980% of Russia’s total trade (up from 0.7380% in 2019).

Vietnam was Russia’s 41st largest export market in 2020 (up from 53rd in 2019), accounting for 0.4821% of Russia’s total exports (up from 0.2687% in 2019).

Vietnam was Russia’s 12th largest supplier in 2020 (up from 16th in 2019), accounting for 1.7478% of Russia’s total imports (up from 1.5518% in 2019).

Russia’s Exports to Vietnam

The major share of Russian exports to Vietnam in 2020 (and in 2019) was accounted for the following product types:

  • Mineral products (HS codes 25-27) - 35.60% of Russia’s total exports to Vietnam (50.53% in 2019);
  • Food products and agricultural raw materials (HS codes 01-24) - 24.67% of Russia’s total exports to Vietnam (16.55% in 2019);
  • Metals and products from them (HS codes 72-83) - 20.39% of Russia’s total exports to Vietnam (11.90% in 2019);
  • Chemical products (HS codes 28-40) - 7.46% of Russia’s total exports to Vietnam (9.77% in 2019);
  • Wood and wood products (HS codes 44-49) - 5.86% of Russia’s total exports to Vietnam (4.02% in 2019);
  • Machinery, equipment and vehicles (HS codes 84-90) - 5.60% of Russia’s total exports to Vietnam (6.78% in 2019).

The largest gains in Russia’s exports to Vietnam in 2020 over 2019 were recorded for the following product groups:

  • Iron and steel (HS code 72) - an increase of $194,894,714;
  • Meat and edible meat offal (HS code 02) - an increase of $107,680,636;
  • Cereals (HS code 10) - an increase of $87,408,499;
  • Mineral fuels, mineral oils and products of their distillation; bituminous substances; mineral waxes (HS code 27) - an increase of $60,188,363;
  • Printed books, newspapers, pictures and other products of the printing industry; manuscripts, typescripts and plans (HS code 49) - an increase of $23,005,651;
  • Plastics and articles thereof (HS code 39) - an increase of $18,357,932;
  • Fertilizers (HS code 31) - an increase of $15,516,947;
  • Ships, boats and floating structures (HS code 89) - an increase of $14,905,900;
  • Wood and articles of wood; wood charcoal (HS code 44) - an increase of $13,022,745;
  • Electrical machinery and equipment and parts thereof; sound recorders and reproducers, television image and sound recorders and reproducers, and parts and accessories of such articles (HS code 85) - an increase of $8,483,426;
  • Fish and crustaceans, molluscs and other aquatic invertebrates (HS code 03) - an increase of $6,833,464;
  • Paper and paperboard; articles of paper pulp, of paper or of paperboard (HS code 48) - an increase of $6,718,338;
  • Pulp of wood or of other fibrous cellulosic material; waste and scrap of paper or paperboard (HS code 47) - an increase of $6,568,942;
  • Miscellaneous edible preparations (HS code 21) - an increase of $6,139,306.

The largest declines in Russia’s exports to Vietnam in 2020 over 2019 were recorded for the following product groups:

  • Ores, slag and ash (HS code 26) - a decrease of $60,775,629;
  • Organic chemicals (HS code 29) - a decrease of $20,758,966;
  • Vehicles other than railway or tramway rolling stock, and parts and accessories thereof (HS code 87) - a decrease of $6,220,512;
  • Rubber and articles thereof (HS code 40) - a decrease of $6,187,969.
Russia’s exports to Vietnam in 2020 by product groups
HS
code
Name of product group Value of exports
in 2020,
US dollars ($)
Percent share in total export Value of exports
in 2019,
US dollars ($)
Percent change
in 2020
over 2019
01 Live animals 2,530 0.00 4,700-46.17
02 Meat and edible meat offal 139,480,935 8.60 31,800,299338.62
03 Fish and crustaceans, molluscs and other aquatic invertebrates 13,466,853 0.83 6,633,389103.02
04 Dairy produce; birds eggs; natural honey; edible products of animal origin, not elsewhere specified or included 0 0.00 14,805-100.00
05 Products of animal origin, not elsewhere specified or included 1,129,851 0.07 5,965,061-81.06
07 Edible vegetables and certain roots and tubers 0 0.00 1,071-100.00
08 Edible fruit and nuts; peel of citrus fruit or melons 64,080 0.00 1,2175,165.41
09 Coffee, tea, maté and spices 273,228 0.02 236,42815.56
10 Cereals 194,964,677 12.02 107,556,17881.27
11 Products of the milling industry; malt; starches; inulin; wheat gluten 83,343 0.01 123,361-32.44
12 Oil seeds and oleaginous fruits; miscellaneous grains, seeds and fruits; industrial or medicinal plants; straw and fodder 94,500 0.01 119,124-20.67
13 Lac; gums, resins and other vegetable saps and extracts 0 0.00 16,080-100.00
15 Animal or vegetable fats and oils and their cleavage products prepared edible fats; animal or vegetable waxes 10,110,807 0.62 6,443,75156.91
16 Preparations of meat, of fish or of crustaceans, molluscs or other aquatic invertebrates 1,635,529 0.10 1,201,67036.10
17 Sugars and sugar confectionery 3,514,867 0.22 3,459,1601.61
18 Cocoa and cocoa preparations 1,608,217 0.10 1,362,66218.02
19 Preparations of cereals, flour, starch or milk; bakers’ wares 17,686,730 1.09 13,423,93731.76
20 Preparations of vegetables, fruit, nuts or other parts of plants 684,667 0.04 894,264-23.44
21 Miscellaneous edible preparations 12,075,552 0.74 5,936,246103.42
22 Beverages, spirits and vinegar 665,412 0.04 906,370-26.58
23 Residues and waste from the food industries; prepared animal feed 1,640,609 0.10 1,643,904-0.20
24 Tobacco and manufactured tobacco substitutes 882,186 0.05 270,245226.44
25 Salt; sulfur; earths and stone; plastering materials, lime and cement 9,655,054 0.60 5,887,35564.00
26 Ores, slag and ash 24,650,947 1.52 85,426,576-71.14
27 Mineral fuels, mineral oils and products of their distillation; bituminous substances; mineral waxes 542,997,288 33.48 482,808,92512.47
28 Inorganic chemicals; organic or inorganic compounds of precious metals, of rare-earth metals,of radioactive elements or of isotopes 5,402,690 0.33 5,445,530-0.79
29 Organic chemicals 1,533,644 0.09 22,292,610-93.12
30 Pharmaceutical products 9,881,821 0.61 7,456,05832.53
31 Fertilizers 58,496,068 3.61 42,979,12136.10
32 Tanning or dyeing extracts; dyes, pigments, paints, varnishes, putty and mastics 1,248,831 0.08 1,641,519-23.92
33 Essential oils and resinoids; perfumery, cosmetic or toilet preparations 3,599,143 0.22 3,359,6677.13
34 Soap, organic surface-active agents, washing preparations, lubricating preparations, artificial waxes, prepared waxes, polishing or scouring preparations, candles and similar articles, modeling pastes, "dental waxes" and dental preparations with a basis of plaster 283,652 0.02 164,63372.29
35 Albuminoidal substances; modified starches; glues; enzymes 9,693 0.00 983886.06
36 Explosives; pyrotechnic products; matches; pyrophoric alloys; certain combustible preparations 228,223 0.01 52,400335.54
38 Miscellaneous chemical products 1,158,787 0.07 679,22670.60
39 Plastics and articles thereof 21,003,640 1.30 2,645,708693.88
40 Rubber and articles thereof 18,147,042 1.12 24,335,011-25.43
41 Raw hides and skins (other than furskins) and leather 336,377 0.02 665,240-49.44
42 Articles of leather; saddlery and harness; travel goods, handbags and similar containers; articles of animal gut (other than silkworm gut) 178 0.00 8,090-97.80
44 Wood and articles of wood; wood charcoal 34,537,051 2.13 21,514,30660.53
46 Manufactures of straw, of esparto or of other plaiting materials; basketware and wickerwork 18 0.00 189-90.48
47 Pulp of wood or of other fibrous cellulosic material; waste and scrap of paper or paperboard 14,720,471 0.91 8,151,52980.59
48 Paper and paperboard; articles of paper pulp, of paper or of paperboard 22,678,962 1.40 15,960,62442.09
49 Printed books, newspapers, pictures and other products of the printing industry; manuscripts, typescripts and plans 23,061,068 1.42 55,41741,513.71
51 Wool, fine or coarse animal hair; horsehair yarn and woven fabric 21,107 0.00 0
54 Man-made filaments 11,488 0.00 127,386-90.98
55 Man-made staple fibers 0 0.00 17,011-100.00
56 Wadding, felt and nonwovens; special yarns, twine, cordage, ropes and cables and articles thereof 21,701 0.00 67,785-67.99
58 Special woven fabrics; tufted textile fabrics; lace, tapestries; trimmings; embroidery 139 0.00 1,845-92.47
59 Impregnated, coated, covered or laminated textile fabrics; textile articles of a kind suitable for industrial use 131,217 0.01 59,910119.02
61 Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, knitted or crocheted 17,225 0.00 6,361170.79
62 Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, not knitted or crocheted 44,605 0.00 22,70896.43
63 Other made up textile articles; sets; worn clothing and worn textile articles; rags 48,046 0.00 12,962270.67
64 Footwear, gaiters and the like; parts of such articles 11,632 0.00 3,032283.64
65 Headgear and parts thereof 0 0.00 183-100.00
66 Umbrellas, sun umbrellas, walking sticks, seatsticks, whips, riding-crops and parts thereof 0 0.00 75-100.00
67 Prepared feathers and down and articles made of feathers or of down; artificial flowers; articles of human hair 0 0.00 2,533-100.00
68 Articles of stone, plaster, cement, asbestos, mica or similar materials 284,102 0.02 274,2013.61
69 Ceramic products 132,664 0.01 355,386-62.67
70 Glass and glassware 58,849 0.00 325,249-81.91
71 Natural or cultured pearls, precious or semi-precious stones,precious metals, metals clad with precious metal and articles thereof; imitation jewelry; coin 210,858 0.01 31,557568.18
72 Iron and steel 306,157,645 18.88 111,262,931175.17
73 Articles of iron or steel 8,694,167 0.54 7,941,0989.48
74 Copper and articles thereof 150,962 0.01 91,53364.93
75 Nickel and articles thereof 14,258 0.00 0
76 Aluminum and articles thereof 14,882,846 0.92 15,411,378-3.43
78 Lead and articles thereof 8 0.00 0
79 Zinc and articles thereof 0 0.00 92-100.00
80 Tin and articles thereof 2,430 0.00 0
81 Other base metals; cermets; articles thereof 152,504 0.01 1,35011,196.59
82 Tools, implements, cutlery, spoons and forks, of base metal; parts thereof of base metal 560,958 0.03 525,1716.81
83 Miscellaneous articles of base metal 25,277 0.00 12,596100.67
84 Nuclear reactors, boilers, machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof 11,657,743 0.72 15,813,245-26.28
85 Electrical machinery and equipment and parts thereof; sound recorders and reproducers, television image and sound recorders and reproducers, and parts and accessories of such articles 22,978,221 1.42 14,494,79558.53
86 Railway or tramway locomotives, rolling-stock and parts thereof; railway or tramway track fixtures and fittings and parts thereof; mechanical (including electro-mechanical) traffic signalling equipment of all kinds 0 0.00 11,900-100.00
87 Vehicles other than railway or tramway rolling stock, and parts and accessories thereof 34,593,853 2.13 40,814,365-15.24
89 Ships, boats and floating structures 14,906,048 0.92 14810,071,554.05
90 Optical, photographic, cinematographic, measuring, checking, precision, medical or surgical instruments and apparatus; parts and accessories thereof 6,614,507 0.41 5,948,49111.20
91 Clocks and watches and parts thereof 5,285 0.00 13,269-60.17
92 Musical instruments; parts and accessories of such articles 0 0.00 9,940-100.00
94 Furniture; bedding, mattresses, mattress supports, cushions and similar stuffed furnishings; lamps and lighting fittings, not elsewhere specified or included; illuminated sign illuminated nameplates and the like; prefabricated buildings 157,822 0.01 91,05673.32
95 Toys, games and sports requisites; parts and accessories thereof 84,462 0.01 58,79943.65
96 Miscellaneous manufactured articles 27,224 0.00 61,244-55.55
97 Works of art, collectors’ pieces and antiques 2,212 0.00 1,22480.72
SS Classified 5,416,180 0.33 2 731 53698.28

Russia’s Imports from Vietnam

The major share of Russian imports from Vietnam in 2020 (and in 2019) was accounted for the following product types:

  • Machinery, equipment and vehicles (HS codes 84-90) - 61.20% of Russia’s total imports from Vietnam (57.01% in 2019);
  • Textiles, textile products and footwear (HS codes 50-67) - 20.31% of Russia’s total imports from Vietnam (23.10% in 2019);
  • Food products and agricultural raw materials (HS codes 01-24) - 11.73% of Russia’s total imports from Vietnam (12.61% in 2019);
  • Chemical products (HS codes 28-40) - 2.16% of Russia’s total imports from Vietnam (2.69% in 2019);
  • Metals and products from them (HS codes 72-83) - 1.23% of Russia’s total imports from Vietnam (1.10% in 2019).

The largest gains in Russia’s imports from Vietnam in 2020 over 2019 were recorded for the following product groups:

  • Electrical machinery and equipment and parts thereof; sound recorders and reproducers, television image and sound recorders and reproducers, and parts and accessories of such articles (HS code 85) - an increase of $329,683,861;
  • Preparations of meat, of fish or of crustaceans, molluscs or other aquatic invertebrates (HS code 16) - an increase of $13,558,270.

The largest declines in Russia’s imports from Vietnam in 2020 over 2019 were recorded for the following product groups:

  • Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, not knitted or crocheted (HS code 62) - a decrease of $37,531,131;
  • Footwear, gaiters and the like; parts of such articles (HS code 64) - a decrease of $27,156,548;
  • Ships, boats and floating structures (HS code 89) - a decrease of $18,369,180;
  • Coffee, tea, maté and spices (HS code 09) - a decrease of $14,280,183.
Russia’s imports from Vietnam in 2020 by product groups
HS
code
Name of product group Value of imports in 2020,
US dollars ($)
Percent share in total import Value of imports in 2019,
US dollars ($)
Percent change
in 2020
over 2019
01 Live animals 0 0.00 20,000-100.00
02 Meat and edible meat offal 1,798 0.00 0
03 Fish and crustaceans, molluscs and other aquatic invertebrates 110,552,023 2.73 108,605,6981.79
05 Products of animal origin, not elsewhere specified or included 84,271 0.00 0
06 Live trees and other plants; bulbs, roots and the like; cut flowers and ornamental foliage 34,725 0.00 23,19849.69
07 Edible vegetables and certain roots and tubers 1,716,160 0.04 910,12088.56
08 Edible fruit and nuts; peel of citrus fruit or melons 60,686,024 1.50 72,249,742-16.01
09 Coffee, tea, maté and spices 182,552,849 4.51 196,833,032-7.25
10 Cereals 4,305,141 0.11 10,459,161-58.84
11 Products of the milling industry; malt; starches; inulin; wheat gluten 224,724 0.01 220,0662.12
12 Oil seeds and oleaginous fruits; miscellaneous grains, seeds and fruits; industrial or medicinal plants; straw and fodder 276,960 0.01 333,600-16.98
13 Lac; gums, resins and other vegetable saps and extracts 792,277 0.02 729,8638.55
14 Vegetable plaiting materials; vegetable products not elsewhere specified or included 13,712 0.00 3,898251.77
15 Animal or vegetable fats and oils and their cleavage products prepared edible fats; animal or vegetable waxes 364,000 0.01 166,067119.19
16 Preparations of meat, of fish or of crustaceans, molluscs or other aquatic invertebrates 14,238,684 0.35 680,4141,992.65
17 Sugars and sugar confectionery 466,701 0.01 348,93333.75
18 Cocoa and cocoa preparations 71,416 0.00 83,987-14.97
19 Preparations of cereals, flour, starch or milk; bakers’ wares 6,938,165 0.17 6,852,7851.25
20 Preparations of vegetables, fruit, nuts or other parts of plants 33,866,597 0.84 24,762,67036.76
21 Miscellaneous edible preparations 53,618,923 1.33 50,790,3615.57
22 Beverages, spirits and vinegar 3,515,631 0.09 2,786,35326.17
23 Residues and waste from the food industries; prepared animal feed 20,370 0.00 24,907-18.22
24 Tobacco and manufactured tobacco substitutes 183,960 0.00 0
25 Salt; sulfur; earths and stone; plastering materials, lime and cement 0 0.00 7,381-100.00
26 Ores, slag and ash 13,032,818 0.32 9,537,29536.65
27 Mineral fuels, mineral oils and products of their distillation; bituminous substances; mineral waxes 615,668 0.02 1,766,347-65.14
28 Inorganic chemicals; organic or inorganic compounds of precious metals, of rare-earth metals,of radioactive elements or of isotopes 1,388,676 0.03 2,091,526-33.60
29 Organic chemicals 409,612 0.01 90,788351.17
30 Pharmaceutical products 4,361,019 0.11 13,143,784-66.82
32 Tanning or dyeing extracts; dyes, pigments, paints, varnishes, putty and mastics 9,245,784 0.23 10,332,959-10.52
33 Essential oils and resinoids; perfumery, cosmetic or toilet preparations 632,656 0.02 186,171239.83
34 Soap, organic surface-active agents, washing preparations, lubricating preparations, artificial waxes, prepared waxes, polishing or scouring preparations, candles and similar articles, modeling pastes, "dental waxes" and dental preparations with a basis of plaster 4,512,977 0.11 5,866,633-23.07
35 Albuminoidal substances; modified starches; glues; enzymes 355,320 0.01 359,673-1.21
37 Photographic or cinematographic goods 13,040,607 0.32 18,154,186-28.17
38 Miscellaneous chemical products 6,636,573 0.16 6,066,5139.40
39 Plastics and articles thereof 20,493,181 0.51 20,310,3540.90
40 Rubber and articles thereof 26,306,929 0.65 25,268,4354.11
41 Raw hides and skins (other than furskins) and leather 29,567 0.00 31,923-7.38
42 Articles of leather; saddlery and harness; travel goods, handbags and similar containers; articles of animal gut (other than silkworm gut) 36,565,084 0.90 35,629,5392.63
43 Furskins and artificial fur; manufactures thereof 1,152 0.00 85,433-98.65
44 Wood and articles of wood; wood charcoal 1,911,338 0.05 1,092,21175.00
45 Cork and articles of cork 7 0.00 0
46 Manufactures of straw, of esparto or of other plaiting materials; basketware and wickerwork 2,507,899 0.06 2,381,1555.32
48 Paper and paperboard; articles of paper pulp, of paper or of paperboard 735,107 0.02 898,030-18.14
49 Printed books, newspapers, pictures and other products of the printing industry; manuscripts, typescripts and plans 29,795 0.00 14,027112.41
52 Cotton 5,977,887 0.15 5,177,18915.47
53 Other vegetable textile fibers; paper yarn and woven fabric of paper yarn 0 0.00 32-100.00
54 Man-made filaments 438,605 0.01 58,724646.89
55 Man-made staple fibers 4,170,123 0.10 5,438,066-23.32
56 Wadding, felt and nonwovens; special yarns, twine, cordage, ropes and cables and articles thereof 342,176 0.01 354,524-3.48
57 Carpets and other textile floor coverings 1,573,677 0.04 540,867190.95
58 Special woven fabrics; tufted textile fabrics; lace, tapestries; trimmings; embroidery 60,270 0.00 119,004-49.35
59 Impregnated, coated, covered or laminated textile fabrics; textile articles of a kind suitable for industrial use 6,863,779 0.17 7,926,586-13.41
60 Knitted or crocheted fabrics 608,035 0.02 276,782119.68
61 Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, knitted or crocheted 152,720,829 3.78 148,567,0002.80
62 Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, not knitted or crocheted 237,227,729 5.86 274,758,860-13.66
63 Other made up textile articles; sets; worn clothing and worn textile articles; rags 36,157,035 0.89 28,211,51828.16
64 Footwear, gaiters and the like; parts of such articles 368,347,084 9.11 395,503,632-6.87
65 Headgear and parts thereof 3,368,465 0.08 4,316,448-21.96
66 Umbrellas, sun umbrellas, walking sticks, seatsticks, whips, riding-crops and parts thereof 4,714 0.00 5,094-7.46
67 Prepared feathers and down and articles made of feathers or of down; artificial flowers; articles of human hair 3,870,979 0.10 2,433,01059.10
68 Articles of stone, plaster, cement, asbestos, mica or similar materials 5,901,728 0.15 2,474,322138.52
69 Ceramic products 3,680,326 0.09 3,533,4344.16
70 Glass and glassware 937,012 0.02 477,00696.44
71 Natural or cultured pearls, precious or semi-precious stones,precious metals, metals clad with precious metal and articles thereof; imitation jewelry; coin 1,076,376 0.03 2,235,026-51.84
72 Iron and steel 7,602,199 0.19 6,618,64014.86
73 Articles of iron or steel 14,093,185 0.35 19,123,200-26.30
74 Copper and articles thereof 13,974,832 0.35 2,679,908421.47
75 Nickel and articles thereof 54,986 0.00 34,56559.08
76 Aluminum and articles thereof 201,881 0.00 76,601163.55
79 Zinc and articles thereof 90 0.00 2,907-96.90
81 Other base metals; cermets; articles thereof 34,191 0.00 240,824-85.80
82 Tools, implements, cutlery, spoons and forks, of base metal; parts thereof of base metal 9,902,549 0.24 9,043,1139.50
83 Miscellaneous articles of base metal 3,699,051 0.09 3,854,792-4.04
84 Nuclear reactors, boilers, machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof 342,194,298 8.46 340,219,5720.58
85 Electrical machinery and equipment and parts thereof; sound recorders and reproducers, television image and sound recorders and reproducers, and parts and accessories of such articles 2,090,708,529 51.69 1,761,024,66818.72
86 Railway or tramway locomotives, rolling-stock and parts thereof; railway or tramway track fixtures and fittings and parts thereof; mechanical (including electro-mechanical) traffic signalling equipment of all kinds 6,917 0.00 0
87 Vehicles other than railway or tramway rolling stock, and parts and accessories thereof 5,601,619 0.14 4,312,37329.90
89 Ships, boats and floating structures 276,671 0.01 18,645,851-98.52
90 Optical, photographic, cinematographic, measuring, checking, precision, medical or surgical instruments and apparatus; parts and accessories thereof 36,751,616 0.91 32,304,39013.77
91 Clocks and watches and parts thereof 254,789 0.01 634,228-59.83
92 Musical instruments; parts and accessories of such articles 228,459 0.01 227,3480.49
94 Furniture; bedding, mattresses, mattress supports, cushions and similar stuffed furnishings; lamps and lighting fittings, not elsewhere specified or included; illuminated sign illuminated nameplates and the like; prefabricated buildings 19,728,915 0.49 18,371,4757.39
95 Toys, games and sports requisites; parts and accessories thereof 39,359,811 0.97 42,044,147-6.38
96 Miscellaneous manufactured articles 9,428,755 0.23 10,625,309-11.26
SS Classified 194,408 0.00 276 580-29.71
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Russian foreign trade statistics
Source: Federal Customs Service of Russia