Russian foreign trade
reports and reviews

Russian trade with Afghanistan in 2012

by Russian Foreign Trade
based on data from the Federal Customs Service of Russia
The Report on Russia’s foreign trade in goods with Afghanistan in 2012: exports, imports, products, dynamics.

Russia’s Trade with Afghanistan

In 2012, Russia’s trade with Afghanistan was $949,975,545, down 3.60% ($35,449,674) from 2011.

Russia’s exports to Afghanistan in 2012 were $938,671,366, down 1.65% ($15,728,344) from 2011.

Russia’s imports from Afghanistan in 2012 were $11,304,179, down 63.56% ($19,721,330) from 2011.

Russia’s trade surplus with Afghanistan in 2012 was $927,367,187, a 0.43% increase ($3,992,986) over 2011.

Afghanistan was Russia’s 69th largest trading partner in 2012 (just as in 2011), accounting for 0.1128% of Russia’s total trade (down from 0.1198% in 2011).

Afghanistan was Russia’s 56th largest export market in 2012 (up from 58th in 2011), accounting for 0.1789% of Russia’s total exports (down from 0.1847% in 2011).

Afghanistan was Russia’s 115th largest supplier in 2012 (down from 104th in 2011), accounting for 0.0036% of Russia’s total imports (down from 0.0101% in 2011).

Russia’s Exports to Afghanistan

The major share of Russian exports to Afghanistan in 2012 (and in 2011) was accounted for the following product types:

  • Mineral products (HS codes 25-27) - 61.82% of Russia’s total exports to Afghanistan (67.30% in 2011);
  • Wood and wood products (HS codes 44-49) - 6.80% of Russia’s total exports to Afghanistan (8.28% in 2011);
  • Metals and products from them (HS codes 72-83) - 3.48% of Russia’s total exports to Afghanistan (3.05% in 2011);
  • Machinery, equipment and vehicles (HS codes 84-90) - 2.76% of Russia’s total exports to Afghanistan (2.12% in 2011);
  • Food products and agricultural raw materials (HS codes 01-24) - 1.90% of Russia’s total exports to Afghanistan (1.64% in 2011).

The largest gains in Russia’s exports to Afghanistan in 2012 over 2011 were recorded for the following product groups:

  • Animal or vegetable fats and oils and their cleavage products prepared edible fats; animal or vegetable waxes (HS code 15) - an increase of $8,181,196;
  • Nuclear reactors, boilers, machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof (HS code 84) - an increase of $5,209,440;
  • Iron and steel (HS code 72) - an increase of $3,511,120.

The largest declines in Russia’s exports to Afghanistan in 2012 over 2011 were recorded for the following product groups:

  • Mineral fuels, mineral oils and products of their distillation; bituminous substances; mineral waxes (HS code 27) - a decrease of $62,044,312;
  • Wood and articles of wood; wood charcoal (HS code 44) - a decrease of $15,247,370.
Russia’s exports to Afghanistan in 2012 by product groups
HS
code
Name of product group Value of exports
in 2012,
US dollars ($)
Percent share in total export Value of exports
in 2011,
US dollars ($)
Percent change
in 2012
over 2011
04 Dairy produce; birds eggs; natural honey; edible products of animal origin, not elsewhere specified or included 36,076 0.00 0
05 Products of animal origin, not elsewhere specified or included 0 0.00 51,260-100.00
07 Edible vegetables and certain roots and tubers 200,533 0.02 52,329283.22
11 Products of the milling industry; malt; starches; inulin; wheat gluten 0 0.00 2,805,987-100.00
12 Oil seeds and oleaginous fruits; miscellaneous grains, seeds and fruits; industrial or medicinal plants; straw and fodder 74,708 0.01 2,405,750-96.89
15 Animal or vegetable fats and oils and their cleavage products prepared edible fats; animal or vegetable waxes 16,988,101 1.81 8,806,90592.90
17 Sugars and sugar confectionery 430,049 0.05 1,456,996-70.48
18 Cocoa and cocoa preparations 103,615 0.01 18,884448.69
19 Preparations of cereals, flour, starch or milk; bakers’ wares 9,702 0.00 0
20 Preparations of vegetables, fruit, nuts or other parts of plants 0 0.00 4,574-100.00
21 Miscellaneous edible preparations 0 0.00 49,500-100.00
22 Beverages, spirits and vinegar 522 0.00 22,869-97.72
27 Mineral fuels, mineral oils and products of their distillation; bituminous substances; mineral waxes 580,258,070 61.82 642,302,382-9.66
28 Inorganic chemicals; organic or inorganic compounds of precious metals, of rare-earth metals,of radioactive elements or of isotopes 15,382 0.00 11,34635.57
29 Organic chemicals 195,145 0.02 0
30 Pharmaceutical products 117,508 0.01 283,501-58.55
32 Tanning or dyeing extracts; dyes, pigments, paints, varnishes, putty and mastics 335,568 0.04 0
34 Soap, organic surface-active agents, washing preparations, lubricating preparations, artificial waxes, prepared waxes, polishing or scouring preparations, candles and similar articles, modeling pastes, "dental waxes" and dental preparations with a basis of plaster 3,182,487 0.34 4,306,948-26.11
35 Albuminoidal substances; modified starches; glues; enzymes 1,546 0.00 0
36 Explosives; pyrotechnic products; matches; pyrophoric alloys; certain combustible preparations 1,947,550 0.21 546,434256.41
38 Miscellaneous chemical products 382,691 0.04 404,126-5.30
39 Plastics and articles thereof 254,061 0.03 26,549856.95
40 Rubber and articles thereof 1,872,251 0.20 1,633,99714.58
42 Articles of leather; saddlery and harness; travel goods, handbags and similar containers; articles of animal gut (other than silkworm gut) 0 0.00 1,000-100.00
43 Furskins and artificial fur; manufactures thereof 205,806 0.02 0
44 Wood and articles of wood; wood charcoal 63,692,896 6.79 78,940,266-19.32
48 Paper and paperboard; articles of paper pulp, of paper or of paperboard 1,627 0.00 40,400-95.97
49 Printed books, newspapers, pictures and other products of the printing industry; manuscripts, typescripts and plans 127,795 0.01 0
52 Cotton 3,760 0.00 2,44953.53
56 Wadding, felt and nonwovens; special yarns, twine, cordage, ropes and cables and articles thereof 205 0.00 211-2.84
59 Impregnated, coated, covered or laminated textile fabrics; textile articles of a kind suitable for industrial use 1,377 0.00 5,394-74.47
61 Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, knitted or crocheted 1,000 0.00 0
62 Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, not knitted or crocheted 30,250 0.00 1,5881,804.91
63 Other made up textile articles; sets; worn clothing and worn textile articles; rags 1,733 0.00 6,443-73.10
64 Footwear, gaiters and the like; parts of such articles 8,800 0.00 0
65 Headgear and parts thereof 0 0.00 351-100.00
68 Articles of stone, plaster, cement, asbestos, mica or similar materials 11,531 0.00 39,559-70.85
70 Glass and glassware 130,991 0.01 51,242155.63
72 Iron and steel 31,200,344 3.32 27,689,22412.68
73 Articles of iron or steel 726,444 0.08 499,68745.38
74 Copper and articles thereof 0 0.00 300-100.00
76 Aluminum and articles thereof 167,688 0.02 9,1611,730.46
80 Tin and articles thereof 162 0.00 0
81 Other base metals; cermets; articles thereof 42,624 0.00 0
82 Tools, implements, cutlery, spoons and forks, of base metal; parts thereof of base metal 476,092 0.05 889,507-46.48
83 Miscellaneous articles of base metal 9,028 0.00 24,518-63.18
84 Nuclear reactors, boilers, machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof 12,784,504 1.36 7,575,06468.77
85 Electrical machinery and equipment and parts thereof; sound recorders and reproducers, television image and sound recorders and reproducers, and parts and accessories of such articles 4,155,662 0.44 2,024,727105.25
87 Vehicles other than railway or tramway rolling stock, and parts and accessories thereof 6,886,111 0.73 9,406,359-26.79
89 Ships, boats and floating structures 0 0.00 6,600-100.00
90 Optical, photographic, cinematographic, measuring, checking, precision, medical or surgical instruments and apparatus; parts and accessories thereof 2,071,391 0.22 1,267,08863.48
91 Clocks and watches and parts thereof 0 0.00 21,384-100.00
94 Furniture; bedding, mattresses, mattress supports, cushions and similar stuffed furnishings; lamps and lighting fittings, not elsewhere specified or included; illuminated sign illuminated nameplates and the like; prefabricated buildings 284,557 0.03 32,332780.11
95 Toys, games and sports requisites; parts and accessories thereof 0 0.00 20,000-100.00
96 Miscellaneous manufactured articles 2,563 0.00 938173.24
SS Classified 209,240,860 22.29 160 653 58130.24

Russia’s Imports from Afghanistan

The major share of Russian imports from Afghanistan in 2012 (and in 2011) was accounted for the following product types:

  • Food products and agricultural raw materials (HS codes 01-24) - 97.90% of Russia’s total imports from Afghanistan (84.08% in 2011);
  • Machinery, equipment and vehicles (HS codes 84-90) - 1.45% of Russia’s total imports from Afghanistan (4.92% in 2011);
  • Textiles, textile products and footwear (HS codes 50-67) - 0.19% of Russia’s total imports from Afghanistan (1.36% in 2011).

The largest gains in Russia’s imports from Afghanistan in 2012 over 2011 were recorded for the following product groups:

  • No product groups with a substantial increase.

The largest declines in Russia’s imports from Afghanistan in 2012 over 2011 were recorded for the following product groups:

  • Edible vegetables and certain roots and tubers (HS code 07) - a decrease of $10,904,555;
  • Edible fruit and nuts; peel of citrus fruit or melons (HS code 08) - a decrease of $4,061,546;
  • Nuclear reactors, boilers, machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof (HS code 84) - a decrease of $1,334,365;
  • Cotton (HS code 52) - a decrease of $377,417;
  • Natural or cultured pearls, precious or semi-precious stones,precious metals, metals clad with precious metal and articles thereof; imitation jewelry; coin (HS code 71) - a decrease of $67,579;
  • Oil seeds and oleaginous fruits; miscellaneous grains, seeds and fruits; industrial or medicinal plants; straw and fodder (HS code 12) - a decrease of $51,814.
Russia’s imports from Afghanistan in 2012 by product groups
HS
code
Name of product group Value of imports in 2012,
US dollars ($)
Percent share in total import Value of imports in 2011,
US dollars ($)
Percent change
in 2012
over 2011
07 Edible vegetables and certain roots and tubers 0 0.00 10,904,555-100.00
08 Edible fruit and nuts; peel of citrus fruit or melons 10,842,463 95.92 14,904,009-27.25
12 Oil seeds and oleaginous fruits; miscellaneous grains, seeds and fruits; industrial or medicinal plants; straw and fodder 224,476 1.99 276,290-18.75
39 Plastics and articles thereof 77 0.00 0
43 Furskins and artificial fur; manufactures thereof 0 0.00 12,854-100.00
44 Wood and articles of wood; wood charcoal 0 0.00 5,745-100.00
52 Cotton 0 0.00 377,417-100.00
57 Carpets and other textile floor coverings 20,949 0.19 45,683-54.14
71 Natural or cultured pearls, precious or semi-precious stones,precious metals, metals clad with precious metal and articles thereof; imitation jewelry; coin 40,890 0.36 108,469-62.30
73 Articles of iron or steel 0 0.00 1,213-100.00
84 Nuclear reactors, boilers, machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof 154,504 1.37 1,488,869-89.62
85 Electrical machinery and equipment and parts thereof; sound recorders and reproducers, television image and sound recorders and reproducers, and parts and accessories of such articles 522 0.00 20,099-97.40
87 Vehicles other than railway or tramway rolling stock, and parts and accessories thereof 485 0.00 0
90 Optical, photographic, cinematographic, measuring, checking, precision, medical or surgical instruments and apparatus; parts and accessories thereof 8,813 0.08 16,415-46.31
91 Clocks and watches and parts thereof 0 0.00 20-100.00
SS Classified 11,000 0.10 2 863 871-99.62
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Russian foreign trade statistics
Source: Federal Customs Service of Russia