Russian foreign trade
reports and reviews

Russian trade with Finland in 2012

by Russian Foreign Trade
based on data from the Federal Customs Service of Russia
The Report on Russia’s foreign trade in goods with Finland in 2012: exports, imports, products, dynamics.

Russia’s Trade with Finland

In 2012, Russia’s trade with Finland was $17,013,156,256, down 9.83% ($1,855,428,812) from 2011.

Russia’s exports to Finland in 2012 were $12,009,248,990, down 9.00% ($1,187,438,752) from 2011.

Russia’s imports from Finland in 2012 were $5,003,907,266, down 11.78% ($667,990,060) from 2011.

Russia’s trade surplus with Finland in 2012 was $7,005,341,724, a 6.90% decrease ($519,448,692) over 2011.

Finland was Russia’s 15th largest trading partner in 2012 (just as in 2011), accounting for 2.0206% of Russia’s total trade (down from 2.2941% in 2011).

Finland was Russia’s 14th largest export market in 2012 (up from 15th in 2011), accounting for 2.2886% of Russia’s total exports (down from 2.5539% in 2011).

Finland was Russia’s 16th largest supplier in 2012 (down from 15th in 2011), accounting for 1.5772% of Russia’s total imports (down from 1.8550% in 2011).

Russia’s Exports to Finland

The major share of Russian exports to Finland in 2012 (and in 2011) was accounted for the following product types:

  • Mineral products (HS codes 25-27) - 77.82% of Russia’s total exports to Finland (75.79% in 2011);
  • Chemical products (HS codes 28-40) - 14.11% of Russia’s total exports to Finland (13.95% in 2011);
  • Wood and wood products (HS codes 44-49) - 4.18% of Russia’s total exports to Finland (4.35% in 2011);
  • Metals and products from them (HS codes 72-83) - 1.91% of Russia’s total exports to Finland (3.93% in 2011);
  • Machinery, equipment and vehicles (HS codes 84-90) - 0.66% of Russia’s total exports to Finland (1.19% in 2011).

The largest gains in Russia’s exports to Finland in 2012 over 2011 were recorded for the following product groups:

  • Fertilizers (HS code 31) - an increase of $44,345,746.

The largest declines in Russia’s exports to Finland in 2012 over 2011 were recorded for the following product groups:

  • Mineral fuels, mineral oils and products of their distillation; bituminous substances; mineral waxes (HS code 27) - a decrease of $689,949,199;
  • Articles of iron or steel (HS code 73) - a decrease of $165,418,887;
  • Organic chemicals (HS code 29) - a decrease of $159,824,081;
  • Nuclear reactors, boilers, machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof (HS code 84) - a decrease of $65,272,266;
  • Nickel and articles thereof (HS code 75) - a decrease of $64,964,688;
  • Wood and articles of wood; wood charcoal (HS code 44) - a decrease of $59,256,900.
Russia’s exports to Finland in 2012 by product groups
HS
code
Name of product group Value of exports
in 2012,
US dollars ($)
Percent share in total export Value of exports
in 2011,
US dollars ($)
Percent change
in 2012
over 2011
01 Live animals 128 0.00 0
02 Meat and edible meat offal 2,030,528 0.02 2,104,328-3.51
03 Fish and crustaceans, molluscs and other aquatic invertebrates 17,631 0.00 10,22072.51
06 Live trees and other plants; bulbs, roots and the like; cut flowers and ornamental foliage 120,271 0.00 108,36610.99
07 Edible vegetables and certain roots and tubers 0 0.00 170,928-100.00
08 Edible fruit and nuts; peel of citrus fruit or melons 6,271,334 0.05 10,299,734-39.11
09 Coffee, tea, maté and spices 0 0.00 422-100.00
10 Cereals 7,158,301 0.06 2,177,348228.76
11 Products of the milling industry; malt; starches; inulin; wheat gluten 271,283 0.00 334,091-18.80
12 Oil seeds and oleaginous fruits; miscellaneous grains, seeds and fruits; industrial or medicinal plants; straw and fodder 1,212,823 0.01 3,903,736-68.93
14 Vegetable plaiting materials; vegetable products not elsewhere specified or included 36,627 0.00 39,599-7.51
15 Animal or vegetable fats and oils and their cleavage products prepared edible fats; animal or vegetable waxes 0 0.00 50,306-100.00
17 Sugars and sugar confectionery 905,478 0.01 552,96263.75
21 Miscellaneous edible preparations 48,080 0.00 197,353-75.64
22 Beverages, spirits and vinegar 23,082,324 0.19 12,185,72289.42
23 Residues and waste from the food industries; prepared animal feed 9,709,774 0.08 2,268,828327.96
25 Salt; sulfur; earths and stone; plastering materials, lime and cement 3,937,617 0.03 4,623,860-14.84
26 Ores, slag and ash 42,208,595 0.35 6,736,769526.54
27 Mineral fuels, mineral oils and products of their distillation; bituminous substances; mineral waxes 9,299,955,958 77.44 9,989,905,157-6.91
28 Inorganic chemicals; organic or inorganic compounds of precious metals, of rare-earth metals,of radioactive elements or of isotopes 155,142,394 1.29 171,514,516-9.55
29 Organic chemicals 1,253,528,635 10.44 1,413,352,716-11.31
30 Pharmaceutical products 1,710,980 0.01 1,534,64511.49
31 Fertilizers 146,645,784 1.22 102,300,03843.35
32 Tanning or dyeing extracts; dyes, pigments, paints, varnishes, putty and mastics 34,347 0.00 5,588514.66
33 Essential oils and resinoids; perfumery, cosmetic or toilet preparations 603,224 0.01 475,74526.80
34 Soap, organic surface-active agents, washing preparations, lubricating preparations, artificial waxes, prepared waxes, polishing or scouring preparations, candles and similar articles, modeling pastes, "dental waxes" and dental preparations with a basis of plaster 67,542 0.00 725,875-90.70
35 Albuminoidal substances; modified starches; glues; enzymes 176 0.00 5,297-96.68
36 Explosives; pyrotechnic products; matches; pyrophoric alloys; certain combustible preparations 3,116,624 0.03 2,276,02436.93
38 Miscellaneous chemical products 21,188,035 0.18 32,407,927-34.62
39 Plastics and articles thereof 7,550,419 0.06 12,764,046-40.85
40 Rubber and articles thereof 105,391,860 0.88 103,711,4171.62
41 Raw hides and skins (other than furskins) and leather 360,410 0.00 418,207-13.82
42 Articles of leather; saddlery and harness; travel goods, handbags and similar containers; articles of animal gut (other than silkworm gut) 747,616 0.01 755,411-1.03
43 Furskins and artificial fur; manufactures thereof 4,159,914 0.03 1,337,424211.04
44 Wood and articles of wood; wood charcoal 460,203,954 3.83 519,460,854-11.41
46 Manufactures of straw, of esparto or of other plaiting materials; basketware and wickerwork 18,322 0.00 27,582-33.57
47 Pulp of wood or of other fibrous cellulosic material; waste and scrap of paper or paperboard 12,596,792 0.10 14,191,044-11.23
48 Paper and paperboard; articles of paper pulp, of paper or of paperboard 29,285,310 0.24 39,541,120-25.94
49 Printed books, newspapers, pictures and other products of the printing industry; manuscripts, typescripts and plans 48,471 0.00 847,208-94.28
52 Cotton 131,932 0.00 0
53 Other vegetable textile fibers; paper yarn and woven fabric of paper yarn 60,634 0.00 59,1402.53
55 Man-made staple fibers 65,650 0.00 0
56 Wadding, felt and nonwovens; special yarns, twine, cordage, ropes and cables and articles thereof 48,285 0.00 19,235151.03
57 Carpets and other textile floor coverings 4,080 0.00 837387.46
58 Special woven fabrics; tufted textile fabrics; lace, tapestries; trimmings; embroidery 221 0.00 8,343-97.35
59 Impregnated, coated, covered or laminated textile fabrics; textile articles of a kind suitable for industrial use 148,114 0.00 615,084-75.92
61 Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, knitted or crocheted 60,582 0.00 13,967333.75
62 Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, not knitted or crocheted 34,624 0.00 81,230-57.38
63 Other made up textile articles; sets; worn clothing and worn textile articles; rags 96,415 0.00 57,51967.62
64 Footwear, gaiters and the like; parts of such articles 667,073 0.01 756,960-11.87
65 Headgear and parts thereof 6 0.00 76,401-99.99
68 Articles of stone, plaster, cement, asbestos, mica or similar materials 15,691,948 0.13 16,565,944-5.28
69 Ceramic products 1,626,108 0.01 1,483,1169.64
70 Glass and glassware 5,894,101 0.05 8,380,816-29.67
71 Natural or cultured pearls, precious or semi-precious stones,precious metals, metals clad with precious metal and articles thereof; imitation jewelry; coin 226,559 0.00 131,93671.72
72 Iron and steel 124,786,158 1.04 150,525,601-17.10
73 Articles of iron or steel 25,452,075 0.21 190,870,962-86.67
74 Copper and articles thereof 15,727,071 0.13 22,206,763-29.18
75 Nickel and articles thereof 0 0.00 64,964,688-100.00
76 Aluminum and articles thereof 7,546,581 0.06 13,808,508-45.35
78 Lead and articles thereof 598 0.00 0
79 Zinc and articles thereof 21 0.00 154,120-99.99
80 Tin and articles thereof 854 0.00 8036.35
81 Other base metals; cermets; articles thereof 37,985,563 0.32 66,262,780-42.67
82 Tools, implements, cutlery, spoons and forks, of base metal; parts thereof of base metal 10,257,812 0.09 7,112,18944.23
83 Miscellaneous articles of base metal 7,034,984 0.06 2,133,766229.70
84 Nuclear reactors, boilers, machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof 41,954,614 0.35 107,226,880-60.87
85 Electrical machinery and equipment and parts thereof; sound recorders and reproducers, television image and sound recorders and reproducers, and parts and accessories of such articles 17,877,441 0.15 20,638,215-13.38
86 Railway or tramway locomotives, rolling-stock and parts thereof; railway or tramway track fixtures and fittings and parts thereof; mechanical (including electro-mechanical) traffic signalling equipment of all kinds 1,276,524 0.01 194,855555.11
87 Vehicles other than railway or tramway rolling stock, and parts and accessories thereof 13,952,718 0.12 18,731,726-25.51
89 Ships, boats and floating structures 611,962 0.01 7,097,750-91.38
90 Optical, photographic, cinematographic, measuring, checking, precision, medical or surgical instruments and apparatus; parts and accessories thereof 3,088,505 0.03 3,493,247-11.59
91 Clocks and watches and parts thereof 0 0.00 68-100.00
92 Musical instruments; parts and accessories of such articles 0 0.00 900-100.00
94 Furniture; bedding, mattresses, mattress supports, cushions and similar stuffed furnishings; lamps and lighting fittings, not elsewhere specified or included; illuminated sign illuminated nameplates and the like; prefabricated buildings 1,512,555 0.01 2,206,776-31.46
95 Toys, games and sports requisites; parts and accessories thereof 4,756,913 0.04 7,088,095-32.89
96 Miscellaneous manufactured articles 106,121 0.00 92,47314.76
97 Works of art, collectors’ pieces and antiques 1,663 0.00 3,135-46.95
SS Classified 71,194,364 0.59 30 300 501134.96

Russia’s Imports from Finland

The major share of Russian imports from Finland in 2012 (and in 2011) was accounted for the following product types:

  • Machinery, equipment and vehicles (HS codes 84-90) - 30.56% of Russia’s total imports from Finland (34.98% in 2011);
  • Chemical products (HS codes 28-40) - 20.10% of Russia’s total imports from Finland (18.33% in 2011);
  • Wood and wood products (HS codes 44-49) - 16.07% of Russia’s total imports from Finland (13.58% in 2011);
  • Metals and products from them (HS codes 72-83) - 11.07% of Russia’s total imports from Finland (13.73% in 2011);
  • Food products and agricultural raw materials (HS codes 01-24) - 10.41% of Russia’s total imports from Finland (9.33% in 2011);
  • Mineral products (HS codes 25-27) - 6.74% of Russia’s total imports from Finland (5.71% in 2011);
  • Textiles, textile products and footwear (HS codes 50-67) - 1.26% of Russia’s total imports from Finland (0.86% in 2011).

The largest gains in Russia’s imports from Finland in 2012 over 2011 were recorded for the following product groups:

  • Nickel and articles thereof (HS code 75) - an increase of $59,134,022;
  • Mineral fuels, mineral oils and products of their distillation; bituminous substances; mineral waxes (HS code 27) - an increase of $37,627,248;
  • Paper and paperboard; articles of paper pulp, of paper or of paperboard (HS code 48) - an increase of $34,576,959;
  • Vehicles other than railway or tramway rolling stock, and parts and accessories thereof (HS code 87) - an increase of $26,079,353;
  • Optical, photographic, cinematographic, measuring, checking, precision, medical or surgical instruments and apparatus; parts and accessories thereof (HS code 90) - an increase of $16,421,831.

The largest declines in Russia’s imports from Finland in 2012 over 2011 were recorded for the following product groups:

  • Electrical machinery and equipment and parts thereof; sound recorders and reproducers, television image and sound recorders and reproducers, and parts and accessories of such articles (HS code 85) - a decrease of $308,143,268;
  • Articles of iron or steel (HS code 73) - a decrease of $245,222,470;
  • Ships, boats and floating structures (HS code 89) - a decrease of $103,597,234;
  • Nuclear reactors, boilers, machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof (HS code 84) - a decrease of $83,649,299;
  • Tanning or dyeing extracts; dyes, pigments, paints, varnishes, putty and mastics (HS code 32) - a decrease of $33,916,794;
  • Plastics and articles thereof (HS code 39) - a decrease of $31,788,451;
  • Iron and steel (HS code 72) - a decrease of $28,165,542;
  • Salt; sulfur; earths and stone; plastering materials, lime and cement (HS code 25) - a decrease of $24,245,279;
  • Coffee, tea, maté and spices (HS code 09) - a decrease of $18,434,523;
  • Copper and articles thereof (HS code 74) - a decrease of $16,812,798.
Russia’s imports from Finland in 2012 by product groups
HS
code
Name of product group Value of imports in 2012,
US dollars ($)
Percent share in total import Value of imports in 2011,
US dollars ($)
Percent change
in 2012
over 2011
01 Live animals 5,728,643 0.11 5,685,6020.76
02 Meat and edible meat offal 23,580,459 0.47 26,355,223-10.53
03 Fish and crustaceans, molluscs and other aquatic invertebrates 15,244,223 0.30 12,990,98717.34
04 Dairy produce; birds eggs; natural honey; edible products of animal origin, not elsewhere specified or included 292,732,414 5.85 287,582,4181.79
05 Products of animal origin, not elsewhere specified or included 132,787 0.00 119,31411.29
06 Live trees and other plants; bulbs, roots and the like; cut flowers and ornamental foliage 79,763 0.00 198,622-59.84
07 Edible vegetables and certain roots and tubers 9,055,804 0.18 17,756,718-49.00
08 Edible fruit and nuts; peel of citrus fruit or melons 58,213 0.00 10,492454.83
09 Coffee, tea, maté and spices 3,012,914 0.06 21,447,437-85.95
10 Cereals 2,149,724 0.04 4,078,153-47.29
11 Products of the milling industry; malt; starches; inulin; wheat gluten 29,555,865 0.59 29,844,841-0.97
12 Oil seeds and oleaginous fruits; miscellaneous grains, seeds and fruits; industrial or medicinal plants; straw and fodder 13,147 0.00 5,287148.67
13 Lac; gums, resins and other vegetable saps and extracts 50,638 0.00 8,919467.75
15 Animal or vegetable fats and oils and their cleavage products prepared edible fats; animal or vegetable waxes 3,668,484 0.07 4,513,893-18.73
16 Preparations of meat, of fish or of crustaceans, molluscs or other aquatic invertebrates 1,342,050 0.03 882,40652.09
17 Sugars and sugar confectionery 3,349,655 0.07 2,617,13127.99
18 Cocoa and cocoa preparations 8,230,729 0.16 7,414,98611.00
19 Preparations of cereals, flour, starch or milk; bakers’ wares 24,236,376 0.48 20,015,29721.09
20 Preparations of vegetables, fruit, nuts or other parts of plants 3,335,790 0.07 2,641,41526.29
21 Miscellaneous edible preparations 9,648,258 0.19 11,673,120-17.35
22 Beverages, spirits and vinegar 61,107,303 1.22 49,863,25322.55
23 Residues and waste from the food industries; prepared animal feed 24,573,623 0.49 23,274,7625.58
25 Salt; sulfur; earths and stone; plastering materials, lime and cement 11,402,501 0.23 35,647,780-68.01
26 Ores, slag and ash 28,034 0.00 190,710-85.30
27 Mineral fuels, mineral oils and products of their distillation; bituminous substances; mineral waxes 325,724,015 6.51 288,096,76713.06
28 Inorganic chemicals; organic or inorganic compounds of precious metals, of rare-earth metals,of radioactive elements or of isotopes 62,489,522 1.25 56,314,54710.97
29 Organic chemicals 20,130,285 0.40 23,464,823-14.21
30 Pharmaceutical products 73,758,358 1.47 64,937,02613.58
31 Fertilizers 1,345,891 0.03 2,637,674-48.97
32 Tanning or dyeing extracts; dyes, pigments, paints, varnishes, putty and mastics 162,593,042 3.25 196,509,836-17.26
33 Essential oils and resinoids; perfumery, cosmetic or toilet preparations 24,047,121 0.48 21,600,53611.33
34 Soap, organic surface-active agents, washing preparations, lubricating preparations, artificial waxes, prepared waxes, polishing or scouring preparations, candles and similar articles, modeling pastes, "dental waxes" and dental preparations with a basis of plaster 176,387,916 3.53 168,972,3324.39
35 Albuminoidal substances; modified starches; glues; enzymes 13,953,001 0.28 14,488,173-3.69
36 Explosives; pyrotechnic products; matches; pyrophoric alloys; certain combustible preparations 55,841 0.00 17,195224.75
37 Photographic or cinematographic goods 107,326 0.00 113,962-5.82
38 Miscellaneous chemical products 57,386,041 1.15 58,334,392-1.63
39 Plastics and articles thereof 343,139,495 6.86 374,927,946-8.48
40 Rubber and articles thereof 70,163,901 1.40 57,400,53422.24
41 Raw hides and skins (other than furskins) and leather 104,729 0.00 79,23432.18
42 Articles of leather; saddlery and harness; travel goods, handbags and similar containers; articles of animal gut (other than silkworm gut) 723,326 0.01 642,56112.57
43 Furskins and artificial fur; manufactures thereof 16,572,380 0.33 23,924,168-30.73
44 Wood and articles of wood; wood charcoal 26,983,576 0.54 27,513,160-1.92
45 Cork and articles of cork 2,385 0.00 7,912-69.86
46 Manufactures of straw, of esparto or of other plaiting materials; basketware and wickerwork 54,026 0.00 43,38324.53
47 Pulp of wood or of other fibrous cellulosic material; waste and scrap of paper or paperboard 36,754,656 0.73 32,397,95013.45
48 Paper and paperboard; articles of paper pulp, of paper or of paperboard 655,899,937 13.11 621,322,9785.57
49 Printed books, newspapers, pictures and other products of the printing industry; manuscripts, typescripts and plans 84,454,478 1.69 88,974,268-5.08
50 Silk 0 0.00 33-100.00
51 Wool, fine or coarse animal hair; horsehair yarn and woven fabric 97,566 0.00 152,481-36.01
52 Cotton 30,684 0.00 39,768-22.84
53 Other vegetable textile fibers; paper yarn and woven fabric of paper yarn 10,279 0.00 18,380-44.08
54 Man-made filaments 75,908 0.00 96,987-21.73
55 Man-made staple fibers 35,938 0.00 178,794-79.90
56 Wadding, felt and nonwovens; special yarns, twine, cordage, ropes and cables and articles thereof 9,767,168 0.20 5,921,96364.93
57 Carpets and other textile floor coverings 824,631 0.02 520,58658.40
58 Special woven fabrics; tufted textile fabrics; lace, tapestries; trimmings; embroidery 528,944 0.01 762,661-30.64
59 Impregnated, coated, covered or laminated textile fabrics; textile articles of a kind suitable for industrial use 5,233,598 0.10 6,725,916-22.19
60 Knitted or crocheted fabrics 353,997 0.01 64,958444.96
61 Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, knitted or crocheted 1,720,177 0.03 1,514,78813.56
62 Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, not knitted or crocheted 17,607,399 0.35 9,675,71381.98
63 Other made up textile articles; sets; worn clothing and worn textile articles; rags 2,349,888 0.05 2,326,6811.00
64 Footwear, gaiters and the like; parts of such articles 21,920,536 0.44 18,682,94717.33
65 Headgear and parts thereof 2,310,926 0.05 1,811,84627.55
66 Umbrellas, sun umbrellas, walking sticks, seatsticks, whips, riding-crops and parts thereof 6,336 0.00 6,706-5.52
67 Prepared feathers and down and articles made of feathers or of down; artificial flowers; articles of human hair 0 0.00 6-100.00
68 Articles of stone, plaster, cement, asbestos, mica or similar materials 52,726,626 1.05 50,754,0603.89
69 Ceramic products 3,290,682 0.07 3,073,0357.08
70 Glass and glassware 8,933,941 0.18 13,540,559-34.02
71 Natural or cultured pearls, precious or semi-precious stones,precious metals, metals clad with precious metal and articles thereof; imitation jewelry; coin 610,854 0.01 620,589-1.57
72 Iron and steel 152,463,967 3.05 180,629,509-15.59
73 Articles of iron or steel 119,456,063 2.39 364,678,533-67.24
74 Copper and articles thereof 117,763,552 2.35 134,576,350-12.49
75 Nickel and articles thereof 122,097,033 2.44 62,963,01193.92
76 Aluminum and articles thereof 26,030,722 0.52 22,916,14813.59
78 Lead and articles thereof 2,540 0.00 84,868-97.01
79 Zinc and articles thereof 52,667 0.00 6,260741.33
80 Tin and articles thereof 4,882 0.00 25,755-81.04
81 Other base metals; cermets; articles thereof 270,932 0.01 188,49043.74
82 Tools, implements, cutlery, spoons and forks, of base metal; parts thereof of base metal 8,756,058 0.17 8,927,828-1.92
83 Miscellaneous articles of base metal 6,808,114 0.14 3,572,88390.55
84 Nuclear reactors, boilers, machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof 884,396,950 17.67 968,046,249-8.64
85 Electrical machinery and equipment and parts thereof; sound recorders and reproducers, television image and sound recorders and reproducers, and parts and accessories of such articles 315,668,202 6.31 623,811,470-49.40
86 Railway or tramway locomotives, rolling-stock and parts thereof; railway or tramway track fixtures and fittings and parts thereof; mechanical (including electro-mechanical) traffic signalling equipment of all kinds 15,595,676 0.31 18,022,093-13.46
87 Vehicles other than railway or tramway rolling stock, and parts and accessories thereof 214,830,587 4.29 188,751,23413.82
89 Ships, boats and floating structures 22,202,457 0.44 125,799,691-82.35
90 Optical, photographic, cinematographic, measuring, checking, precision, medical or surgical instruments and apparatus; parts and accessories thereof 76,279,498 1.52 59,857,66727.43
91 Clocks and watches and parts thereof 893,524 0.02 855,4404.45
94 Furniture; bedding, mattresses, mattress supports, cushions and similar stuffed furnishings; lamps and lighting fittings, not elsewhere specified or included; illuminated sign illuminated nameplates and the like; prefabricated buildings 90,964,541 1.82 90,634,8540.36
95 Toys, games and sports requisites; parts and accessories thereof 9,200,946 0.18 9,724,103-5.38
96 Miscellaneous manufactured articles 3,381,164 0.07 899,752275.79
97 Works of art, collectors’ pieces and antiques 33,927 0.00 29,98413.15
SS Classified 3,168,541 0.06 2 865 57410.57
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Russian foreign trade statistics
Source: Federal Customs Service of Russia