Russian foreign trade
reports and reviews

Russian trade with Georgia in 2012

by Russian Foreign Trade
based on data from the Federal Customs Service of Russia
The Report on Russia’s foreign trade in goods with Georgia in 2012: exports, imports, products, dynamics.

Russia’s Trade with Georgia

In 2012, Russia’s trade with Georgia totaled $438,297,657, up 53.42% ($152,607,481) from 2011.

Russia’s exports to Georgia in 2012 totaled $399,210,368, up 61.60% ($152,178,237) from 2011.

Russia’s imports from Georgia in 2012 totaled $39,087,289, up 1.11% ($429,244) from 2011.

Russia’s trade surplus with Georgia in 2012 was $360,123,079, a 72.83% increase ($151,748,993) over 2011.

Georgia was Russia’s 84th largest trading partner in 2012 (up from 94th in 2011), accounting for 0.0521% of Russia’s total trade (up from 0.0347% in 2011).

Georgia was Russia’s 68th largest export market in 2012 (up from 80th in 2011), accounting for 0.0761% of Russia’s total exports (up from 0.0478% in 2011).

Georgia was Russia’s 98th largest supplier in 2012 (up from 100th in 2011), accounting for 0.0123% of Russia’s total imports (down from 0.0126% in 2011).

Russia’s Exports to Georgia

The major share of Russian exports to Georgia in 2012 (and in 2011) was accounted for the following product types:

  • Food products and agricultural raw materials (HS codes 01-24) - 56.00% of Russia’s total exports to Georgia (60.87% in 2011);
  • Mineral products (HS codes 25-27) - 23.87% of Russia’s total exports to Georgia (12.39% in 2011);
  • Chemical products (HS codes 28-40) - 8.55% of Russia’s total exports to Georgia (12.43% in 2011);
  • Machinery, equipment and vehicles (HS codes 84-90) - 7.24% of Russia’s total exports to Georgia (7.97% in 2011);
  • Wood and wood products (HS codes 44-49) - 1.06% of Russia’s total exports to Georgia (1.98% in 2011);
  • Metals and products from them (HS codes 72-83) - 0.98% of Russia’s total exports to Georgia (2.38% in 2011).

The largest gains in Russia’s exports to Georgia in 2012 over 2011 were recorded for the following product groups:

  • Mineral fuels, mineral oils and products of their distillation; bituminous substances; mineral waxes (HS code 27) - an increase of $64,612,333;
  • Cereals (HS code 10) - an increase of $54,697,474;
  • Animal or vegetable fats and oils and their cleavage products prepared edible fats; animal or vegetable waxes (HS code 15) - an increase of $9,515,288;
  • Nuclear reactors, boilers, machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof (HS code 84) - an increase of $4,988,240;
  • Tobacco and manufactured tobacco substitutes (HS code 24) - an increase of $3,982,612;
  • Electrical machinery and equipment and parts thereof; sound recorders and reproducers, television image and sound recorders and reproducers, and parts and accessories of such articles (HS code 85) - an increase of $3,008,211;
  • Miscellaneous edible preparations (HS code 21) - an increase of $2,512,123;
  • Vehicles other than railway or tramway rolling stock, and parts and accessories thereof (HS code 87) - an increase of $2,496,231;
  • Residues and waste from the food industries; prepared animal feed (HS code 23) - an increase of $2,411,066;
  • Glass and glassware (HS code 70) - an increase of $2,133,485;
  • Preparations of meat, of fish or of crustaceans, molluscs or other aquatic invertebrates (HS code 16) - an increase of $1,607,343;
  • Essential oils and resinoids; perfumery, cosmetic or toilet preparations (HS code 33) - an increase of $1,517,360.

The largest declines in Russia’s exports to Georgia in 2012 over 2011 were recorded for the following product groups:

  • Products of the milling industry; malt; starches; inulin; wheat gluten (HS code 11) - a decrease of $4,325,517;
  • Railway or tramway locomotives, rolling-stock and parts thereof; railway or tramway track fixtures and fittings and parts thereof; mechanical (including electro-mechanical) traffic signalling equipment of all kinds (HS code 86) - a decrease of $2,009,538;
  • Aluminum and articles thereof (HS code 76) - a decrease of $1,282,720.
Russia’s exports to Georgia in 2012 by product groups
HS
code
Name of product group Value of exports
in 2012,
US dollars ($)
Percent share in total export Value of exports
in 2011,
US dollars ($)
Percent change
in 2012
over 2011
01 Live animals 0 0.00 30,500-100.00
03 Fish and crustaceans, molluscs and other aquatic invertebrates 255,243 0.06 273,607-6.71
04 Dairy produce; birds eggs; natural honey; edible products of animal origin, not elsewhere specified or included 4,751,289 1.19 4,207,07612.94
06 Live trees and other plants; bulbs, roots and the like; cut flowers and ornamental foliage 10,731 0.00 0
07 Edible vegetables and certain roots and tubers 38,142 0.01 33,58213.58
08 Edible fruit and nuts; peel of citrus fruit or melons 0 0.00 8-100.00
09 Coffee, tea, maté and spices 1,862,460 0.47 1,299,88343.28
10 Cereals 124,702,444 31.24 70,004,97078.13
11 Products of the milling industry; malt; starches; inulin; wheat gluten 2,223,246 0.56 6,548,763-66.05
12 Oil seeds and oleaginous fruits; miscellaneous grains, seeds and fruits; industrial or medicinal plants; straw and fodder 213,102 0.05 46,921354.17
13 Lac; gums, resins and other vegetable saps and extracts 2,014 0.00 0
14 Vegetable plaiting materials; vegetable products not elsewhere specified or included 0 0.00 68-100.00
15 Animal or vegetable fats and oils and their cleavage products prepared edible fats; animal or vegetable waxes 14,622,433 3.66 5,107,145186.31
16 Preparations of meat, of fish or of crustaceans, molluscs or other aquatic invertebrates 4,871,436 1.22 3,264,09349.24
17 Sugars and sugar confectionery 2,690,251 0.67 2,549,4785.52
18 Cocoa and cocoa preparations 16,615,574 4.16 15,602,7066.49
19 Preparations of cereals, flour, starch or milk; bakers’ wares 9,978,531 2.50 10,343,884-3.53
20 Preparations of vegetables, fruit, nuts or other parts of plants 578,822 0.14 643,287-10.02
21 Miscellaneous edible preparations 21,900,163 5.49 19,388,04012.96
22 Beverages, spirits and vinegar 6,263,322 1.57 5,443,05615.07
23 Residues and waste from the food industries; prepared animal feed 3,487,286 0.87 1,076,220224.03
24 Tobacco and manufactured tobacco substitutes 8,488,297 2.13 4,505,68588.39
25 Salt; sulfur; earths and stone; plastering materials, lime and cement 175,327 0.04 89,86695.10
27 Mineral fuels, mineral oils and products of their distillation; bituminous substances; mineral waxes 95,119,801 23.83 30,507,468211.79
28 Inorganic chemicals; organic or inorganic compounds of precious metals, of rare-earth metals,of radioactive elements or of isotopes 749,718 0.19 307,189144.06
29 Organic chemicals 116,549 0.03 55,037111.76
30 Pharmaceutical products 8,628,201 2.16 9,280,416-7.03
31 Fertilizers 21,894 0.01 10,007118.79
32 Tanning or dyeing extracts; dyes, pigments, paints, varnishes, putty and mastics 2,606,729 0.65 1,515,27372.03
33 Essential oils and resinoids; perfumery, cosmetic or toilet preparations 6,559,864 1.64 5,042,50430.09
34 Soap, organic surface-active agents, washing preparations, lubricating preparations, artificial waxes, prepared waxes, polishing or scouring preparations, candles and similar articles, modeling pastes, "dental waxes" and dental preparations with a basis of plaster 6,595,899 1.65 6,043,9079.13
35 Albuminoidal substances; modified starches; glues; enzymes 213,860 0.05 154,01338.86
36 Explosives; pyrotechnic products; matches; pyrophoric alloys; certain combustible preparations 960,202 0.24 867,66110.67
37 Photographic or cinematographic goods 0 0.00 95,955-100.00
38 Miscellaneous chemical products 1,413,007 0.35 1,210,38416.74
39 Plastics and articles thereof 1,592,952 0.40 2,141,408-25.61
40 Rubber and articles thereof 4,661,796 1.17 3,986,64416.94
42 Articles of leather; saddlery and harness; travel goods, handbags and similar containers; articles of animal gut (other than silkworm gut) 75,481 0.02 257,837-70.73
44 Wood and articles of wood; wood charcoal 379,953 0.10 356,6096.55
45 Cork and articles of cork 0 0.00 545-100.00
47 Pulp of wood or of other fibrous cellulosic material; waste and scrap of paper or paperboard 12,024 0.00 0
48 Paper and paperboard; articles of paper pulp, of paper or of paperboard 2,950,143 0.74 3,672,112-19.66
49 Printed books, newspapers, pictures and other products of the printing industry; manuscripts, typescripts and plans 871,060 0.22 852,4392.18
51 Wool, fine or coarse animal hair; horsehair yarn and woven fabric 212 0.00 0
52 Cotton 19,172 0.00 49,909-61.59
53 Other vegetable textile fibers; paper yarn and woven fabric of paper yarn 3,092 0.00 1,99055.38
54 Man-made filaments 7,022 0.00 1,149511.14
55 Man-made staple fibers 4,658 0.00 4,4614.42
56 Wadding, felt and nonwovens; special yarns, twine, cordage, ropes and cables and articles thereof 8,819 0.00 6,86528.46
57 Carpets and other textile floor coverings 65 0.00 0
58 Special woven fabrics; tufted textile fabrics; lace, tapestries; trimmings; embroidery 1,790 0.00 16,168-88.93
59 Impregnated, coated, covered or laminated textile fabrics; textile articles of a kind suitable for industrial use 304,815 0.08 3,8417,835.82
60 Knitted or crocheted fabrics 0 0.00 886-100.00
61 Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, knitted or crocheted 524,986 0.13 369,46742.09
62 Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, not knitted or crocheted 392,373 0.10 11,7183,248.46
63 Other made up textile articles; sets; worn clothing and worn textile articles; rags 69,917 0.02 77,422-9.69
64 Footwear, gaiters and the like; parts of such articles 1,939,541 0.49 1,800,3577.73
65 Headgear and parts thereof 27,034 0.01 6594,002.28
66 Umbrellas, sun umbrellas, walking sticks, seatsticks, whips, riding-crops and parts thereof 7,283 0.00 6451,029.15
67 Prepared feathers and down and articles made of feathers or of down; artificial flowers; articles of human hair 0 0.00 1,371-100.00
68 Articles of stone, plaster, cement, asbestos, mica or similar materials 1,317,443 0.33 677,88594.35
69 Ceramic products 298,511 0.07 802,118-62.78
70 Glass and glassware 2,380,031 0.60 246,546865.35
71 Natural or cultured pearls, precious or semi-precious stones,precious metals, metals clad with precious metal and articles thereof; imitation jewelry; coin 19,917 0.00 49,252-59.56
72 Iron and steel 1,019,551 0.26 581,35475.38
73 Articles of iron or steel 1,529,344 0.38 2,281,193-32.96
74 Copper and articles thereof 23,138 0.01 23,277-0.60
75 Nickel and articles thereof 47,198 0.01 0
76 Aluminum and articles thereof 42,238 0.01 1,324,958-96.81
78 Lead and articles thereof 56,095 0.01 132,910-57.79
80 Tin and articles thereof 86,888 0.02 4,5691,801.69
81 Other base metals; cermets; articles thereof 1,014 0.00 3,187-68.18
82 Tools, implements, cutlery, spoons and forks, of base metal; parts thereof of base metal 239,052 0.06 578,031-58.64
83 Miscellaneous articles of base metal 853,143 0.21 951,719-10.36
84 Nuclear reactors, boilers, machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof 11,018,645 2.76 6,030,40582.72
85 Electrical machinery and equipment and parts thereof; sound recorders and reproducers, television image and sound recorders and reproducers, and parts and accessories of such articles 9,776,283 2.45 6,768,07244.45
86 Railway or tramway locomotives, rolling-stock and parts thereof; railway or tramway track fixtures and fittings and parts thereof; mechanical (including electro-mechanical) traffic signalling equipment of all kinds 1,027,908 0.26 3,037,446-66.16
87 Vehicles other than railway or tramway rolling stock, and parts and accessories thereof 4,956,223 1.24 2,459,992101.47
90 Optical, photographic, cinematographic, measuring, checking, precision, medical or surgical instruments and apparatus; parts and accessories thereof 2,138,474 0.54 1,385,92454.30
91 Clocks and watches and parts thereof 1,289 0.00 1,07519.91
92 Musical instruments; parts and accessories of such articles 4,672 0.00 0
94 Furniture; bedding, mattresses, mattress supports, cushions and similar stuffed furnishings; lamps and lighting fittings, not elsewhere specified or included; illuminated sign illuminated nameplates and the like; prefabricated buildings 450,996 0.11 254,03877.53
95 Toys, games and sports requisites; parts and accessories thereof 295,519 0.07 235,66425.40
96 Miscellaneous manufactured articles 1,056,771 0.26 35,0022,919.17
SS Classified 0 0.00 4 360-100.00

Russia’s Imports from Georgia

The major share of Russian imports from Georgia in 2012 (and in 2011) was accounted for the following product types:

  • Mineral products (HS codes 25-27) - 37.26% of Russia’s total imports from Georgia (56.65% in 2011);
  • Metals and products from them (HS codes 72-83) - 36.22% of Russia’s total imports from Georgia (21.40% in 2011);
  • Food products and agricultural raw materials (HS codes 01-24) - 9.88% of Russia’s total imports from Georgia (4.03% in 2011);
  • Chemical products (HS codes 28-40) - 8.14% of Russia’s total imports from Georgia (7.50% in 2011);
  • Machinery, equipment and vehicles (HS codes 84-90) - 5.75% of Russia’s total imports from Georgia (7.54% in 2011);
  • Textiles, textile products and footwear (HS codes 50-67) - 1.94% of Russia’s total imports from Georgia (1.94% in 2011).

The largest gains in Russia’s imports from Georgia in 2012 over 2011 were recorded for the following product groups:

  • Iron and steel (HS code 72) - an increase of $5,179,199;
  • Beverages, spirits and vinegar (HS code 22) - an increase of $1,525,607;
  • Miscellaneous edible preparations (HS code 21) - an increase of $898,676;
  • Articles of iron or steel (HS code 73) - an increase of $682,110;
  • Salt; sulfur; earths and stone; plastering materials, lime and cement (HS code 25) - an increase of $317,319;
  • Edible fruit and nuts; peel of citrus fruit or melons (HS code 08) - an increase of $196,028;
  • Nuclear reactors, boilers, machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof (HS code 84) - an increase of $167,189;
  • Inorganic chemicals; organic or inorganic compounds of precious metals, of rare-earth metals,of radioactive elements or of isotopes (HS code 28) - an increase of $117,379.

The largest declines in Russia’s imports from Georgia in 2012 over 2011 were recorded for the following product groups:

  • Mineral fuels, mineral oils and products of their distillation; bituminous substances; mineral waxes (HS code 27) - a decrease of $6,544,043;
  • Ores, slag and ash (HS code 26) - a decrease of $1,109,194;
  • Electrical machinery and equipment and parts thereof; sound recorders and reproducers, television image and sound recorders and reproducers, and parts and accessories of such articles (HS code 85) - a decrease of $742,509;
  • Preparations of vegetables, fruit, nuts or other parts of plants (HS code 20) - a decrease of $218,432;
  • Railway or tramway locomotives, rolling-stock and parts thereof; railway or tramway track fixtures and fittings and parts thereof; mechanical (including electro-mechanical) traffic signalling equipment of all kinds (HS code 86) - a decrease of $179,245.
Russia’s imports from Georgia in 2012 by product groups
HS
code
Name of product group Value of imports in 2012,
US dollars ($)
Percent share in total import Value of imports in 2011,
US dollars ($)
Percent change
in 2012
over 2011
08 Edible fruit and nuts; peel of citrus fruit or melons 444,581 1.14 248,55378.87
09 Coffee, tea, maté and spices 62,256 0.16 167,161-62.76
12 Oil seeds and oleaginous fruits; miscellaneous grains, seeds and fruits; industrial or medicinal plants; straw and fodder 28,491 0.07 3857,300.26
13 Lac; gums, resins and other vegetable saps and extracts 7,200 0.02 9,760-26.23
14 Vegetable plaiting materials; vegetable products not elsewhere specified or included 0 0.00 18,835-100.00
20 Preparations of vegetables, fruit, nuts or other parts of plants 214,393 0.55 432,825-50.47
21 Miscellaneous edible preparations 1,431,295 3.66 532,619168.73
22 Beverages, spirits and vinegar 1,673,771 4.28 148,1641,029.67
25 Salt; sulfur; earths and stone; plastering materials, lime and cement 379,988 0.97 62,669506.34
26 Ores, slag and ash 2,742,907 7.02 3,852,101-28.79
27 Mineral fuels, mineral oils and products of their distillation; bituminous substances; mineral waxes 11,442,003 29.27 17,986,046-36.38
28 Inorganic chemicals; organic or inorganic compounds of precious metals, of rare-earth metals,of radioactive elements or of isotopes 2,443,950 6.25 2,326,5715.05
29 Organic chemicals 595,000 1.52 509,01516.89
30 Pharmaceutical products 51,000 0.13 41,96021.54
33 Essential oils and resinoids; perfumery, cosmetic or toilet preparations 41,175 0.11 32128,571.88
34 Soap, organic surface-active agents, washing preparations, lubricating preparations, artificial waxes, prepared waxes, polishing or scouring preparations, candles and similar articles, modeling pastes, "dental waxes" and dental preparations with a basis of plaster 474 0.00 0
39 Plastics and articles thereof 19,933 0.05 8,007148.94
40 Rubber and articles thereof 30,581 0.08 15,50797.21
48 Paper and paperboard; articles of paper pulp, of paper or of paperboard 330 0.00 0
49 Printed books, newspapers, pictures and other products of the printing industry; manuscripts, typescripts and plans 46,253 0.12 32,85740.77
56 Wadding, felt and nonwovens; special yarns, twine, cordage, ropes and cables and articles thereof 892 0.00 0
61 Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, knitted or crocheted 275,400 0.70 356,481-22.74
62 Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, not knitted or crocheted 481,420 1.23 393,74822.27
63 Other made up textile articles; sets; worn clothing and worn textile articles; rags 0 0.00 101-100.00
64 Footwear, gaiters and the like; parts of such articles 0 0.00 158-100.00
68 Articles of stone, plaster, cement, asbestos, mica or similar materials 220,711 0.56 326,288-32.36
69 Ceramic products 41,415 0.11 0
70 Glass and glassware 180 0.00 395-54.43
71 Natural or cultured pearls, precious or semi-precious stones,precious metals, metals clad with precious metal and articles thereof; imitation jewelry; coin 4,544 0.01 0
72 Iron and steel 12,425,235 31.79 7,246,03671.48
73 Articles of iron or steel 1,686,041 4.31 1,003,93167.94
74 Copper and articles thereof 46,776 0.12 18,767149.25
76 Aluminum and articles thereof 0 0.00 1-100.00
79 Zinc and articles thereof 67 0.00 644.69
81 Other base metals; cermets; articles thereof 0 0.00 645-100.00
82 Tools, implements, cutlery, spoons and forks, of base metal; parts thereof of base metal 172 0.00 1,208-85.76
83 Miscellaneous articles of base metal 292 0.00 465-37.20
84 Nuclear reactors, boilers, machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof 448,143 1.15 280,95459.51
85 Electrical machinery and equipment and parts thereof; sound recorders and reproducers, television image and sound recorders and reproducers, and parts and accessories of such articles 1,505,160 3.85 2,247,669-33.03
86 Railway or tramway locomotives, rolling-stock and parts thereof; railway or tramway track fixtures and fittings and parts thereof; mechanical (including electro-mechanical) traffic signalling equipment of all kinds 171,838 0.44 351,083-51.05
87 Vehicles other than railway or tramway rolling stock, and parts and accessories thereof 7,276 0.02 14,072-48.29
89 Ships, boats and floating structures 52,017 0.13 0
90 Optical, photographic, cinematographic, measuring, checking, precision, medical or surgical instruments and apparatus; parts and accessories thereof 63,575 0.16 20,022217.53
94 Furniture; bedding, mattresses, mattress supports, cushions and similar stuffed furnishings; lamps and lighting fittings, not elsewhere specified or included; illuminated sign illuminated nameplates and the like; prefabricated buildings 554 0.00 2,890-80.83
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Russian foreign trade statistics
Source: Federal Customs Service of Russia