Russian foreign trade
reports and reviews

Russian trade with Mongolia in 2012

by Russian Foreign Trade
based on data from the Federal Customs Service of Russia
The Report on Russia’s foreign trade in goods with Mongolia in 2012: exports, imports, products, dynamics.

Russia’s Trade with Mongolia

In 2012, Russia’s trade with Mongolia totaled $1,915,722,713, up 20.61% ($327,373,250) from 2011.

Russia’s exports to Mongolia in 2012 totaled $1,851,391,348, up 23.49% ($352,157,102) from 2011.

Russia’s imports from Mongolia in 2012 were $64,331,365, down 27.81% ($24,783,852) from 2011.

Russia’s trade surplus with Mongolia in 2012 was $1,787,059,983, a 26.73% increase ($376,940,954) over 2011.

Mongolia was Russia’s 50th largest trading partner in 2012 (up from 55th in 2011), accounting for 0.2275% of Russia’s total trade (up from 0.1931% in 2011).

Mongolia was Russia’s 40th largest export market in 2012 (up from 45th in 2011), accounting for 0.3528% of Russia’s total exports (up from 0.2901% in 2011).

Mongolia was Russia’s 91st largest supplier in 2012 (down from 83rd in 2011), accounting for 0.0203% of Russia’s total imports (down from 0.0291% in 2011).

Russia’s Exports to Mongolia

The major share of Russian exports to Mongolia in 2012 (and in 2011) was accounted for the following product types:

  • Mineral products (HS codes 25-27) - 73.07% of Russia’s total exports to Mongolia (61.91% in 2011);
  • Food products and agricultural raw materials (HS codes 01-24) - 8.11% of Russia’s total exports to Mongolia (9.14% in 2011);
  • Machinery, equipment and vehicles (HS codes 84-90) - 6.41% of Russia’s total exports to Mongolia (14.69% in 2011);
  • Metals and products from them (HS codes 72-83) - 5.91% of Russia’s total exports to Mongolia (6.23% in 2011);
  • Chemical products (HS codes 28-40) - 4.55% of Russia’s total exports to Mongolia (5.35% in 2011).

The largest gains in Russia’s exports to Mongolia in 2012 over 2011 were recorded for the following product groups:

  • Mineral fuels, mineral oils and products of their distillation; bituminous substances; mineral waxes (HS code 27) - an increase of $425,073,626;
  • Vehicles other than railway or tramway rolling stock, and parts and accessories thereof (HS code 87) - an increase of $23,012,992;
  • Iron and steel (HS code 72) - an increase of $10,625,598.

The largest declines in Russia’s exports to Mongolia in 2012 over 2011 were recorded for the following product groups:

  • Railway or tramway locomotives, rolling-stock and parts thereof; railway or tramway track fixtures and fittings and parts thereof; mechanical (including electro-mechanical) traffic signalling equipment of all kinds (HS code 86) - a decrease of $119,609,765;
  • Products of the milling industry; malt; starches; inulin; wheat gluten (HS code 11) - a decrease of $9,770,120;
  • Nuclear reactors, boilers, machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof (HS code 84) - a decrease of $5,768,338.
Russia’s exports to Mongolia in 2012 by product groups
HS
code
Name of product group Value of exports
in 2012,
US dollars ($)
Percent share in total export Value of exports
in 2011,
US dollars ($)
Percent change
in 2012
over 2011
01 Live animals 245,260 0.01 317,853-22.84
02 Meat and edible meat offal 0 0.00 341,665-100.00
04 Dairy produce; birds eggs; natural honey; edible products of animal origin, not elsewhere specified or included 13,492,159 0.73 11,467,45217.66
05 Products of animal origin, not elsewhere specified or included 0 0.00 2,537-100.00
06 Live trees and other plants; bulbs, roots and the like; cut flowers and ornamental foliage 76,417 0.00 49,44554.55
07 Edible vegetables and certain roots and tubers 504,613 0.03 414,10521.86
08 Edible fruit and nuts; peel of citrus fruit or melons 2,133,464 0.12 1,737,41422.80
09 Coffee, tea, maté and spices 571,352 0.03 898,050-36.38
10 Cereals 5,625,584 0.30 2,947,10690.89
11 Products of the milling industry; malt; starches; inulin; wheat gluten 13,748,383 0.74 23,518,503-41.54
12 Oil seeds and oleaginous fruits; miscellaneous grains, seeds and fruits; industrial or medicinal plants; straw and fodder 134,607 0.01 47,621182.66
13 Lac; gums, resins and other vegetable saps and extracts 136,680 0.01 70,89292.80
14 Vegetable plaiting materials; vegetable products not elsewhere specified or included 686 0.00 0
15 Animal or vegetable fats and oils and their cleavage products prepared edible fats; animal or vegetable waxes 22,483,823 1.21 19,386,82215.97
16 Preparations of meat, of fish or of crustaceans, molluscs or other aquatic invertebrates 3,256,528 0.18 2,430,73833.97
17 Sugars and sugar confectionery 7,826,338 0.42 9,102,976-14.02
18 Cocoa and cocoa preparations 25,446,458 1.37 23,022,77210.53
19 Preparations of cereals, flour, starch or milk; bakers’ wares 14,012,425 0.76 12,368,01613.30
20 Preparations of vegetables, fruit, nuts or other parts of plants 4,688,646 0.25 3,254,92444.05
21 Miscellaneous edible preparations 18,271,304 0.99 15,224,78920.01
22 Beverages, spirits and vinegar 13,440,573 0.73 8,234,34163.23
23 Residues and waste from the food industries; prepared animal feed 579,634 0.03 667,796-13.20
24 Tobacco and manufactured tobacco substitutes 3,476,559 0.19 1,596,917117.70
25 Salt; sulfur; earths and stone; plastering materials, lime and cement 1,656,049 0.09 2,117,488-21.79
26 Ores, slag and ash 43,840 0.00 0
27 Mineral fuels, mineral oils and products of their distillation; bituminous substances; mineral waxes 1,351,183,737 72.98 926,110,11145.90
28 Inorganic chemicals; organic or inorganic compounds of precious metals, of rare-earth metals,of radioactive elements or of isotopes 1,025,544 0.06 1,194,699-14.16
29 Organic chemicals 8,284,136 0.45 4,297,78792.75
30 Pharmaceutical products 17,072,367 0.92 11,956,63442.79
31 Fertilizers 20,064,876 1.08 16,382,57622.48
32 Tanning or dyeing extracts; dyes, pigments, paints, varnishes, putty and mastics 3,364,796 0.18 2,939,93614.45
33 Essential oils and resinoids; perfumery, cosmetic or toilet preparations 2,602,751 0.14 3,405,125-23.56
34 Soap, organic surface-active agents, washing preparations, lubricating preparations, artificial waxes, prepared waxes, polishing or scouring preparations, candles and similar articles, modeling pastes, "dental waxes" and dental preparations with a basis of plaster 4,510,440 0.24 3,908,48115.40
35 Albuminoidal substances; modified starches; glues; enzymes 436,700 0.02 358,95221.66
36 Explosives; pyrotechnic products; matches; pyrophoric alloys; certain combustible preparations 7,432,336 0.40 12,617,738-41.10
37 Photographic or cinematographic goods 10,480 0.00 12,261-14.53
38 Miscellaneous chemical products 8,436,235 0.46 8,841,278-4.58
39 Plastics and articles thereof 4,248,542 0.23 5,569,506-23.72
40 Rubber and articles thereof 6,744,271 0.36 8,790,183-23.27
41 Raw hides and skins (other than furskins) and leather 285,455 0.02 199,33543.20
42 Articles of leather; saddlery and harness; travel goods, handbags and similar containers; articles of animal gut (other than silkworm gut) 93,575 0.01 254,247-63.20
43 Furskins and artificial fur; manufactures thereof 3,766 0.00 0
44 Wood and articles of wood; wood charcoal 2,367,084 0.13 1,212,86895.16
45 Cork and articles of cork 7,283 0.00 997630.49
46 Manufactures of straw, of esparto or of other plaiting materials; basketware and wickerwork 886 0.00 990-10.51
48 Paper and paperboard; articles of paper pulp, of paper or of paperboard 2,682,882 0.14 3,073,386-12.71
49 Printed books, newspapers, pictures and other products of the printing industry; manuscripts, typescripts and plans 243,818 0.01 593,093-58.89
51 Wool, fine or coarse animal hair; horsehair yarn and woven fabric 105,453 0.01 230,267-54.20
52 Cotton 470,216 0.03 448,8084.77
53 Other vegetable textile fibers; paper yarn and woven fabric of paper yarn 5,191 0.00 4,25122.11
54 Man-made filaments 8,226 0.00 44,976-81.71
55 Man-made staple fibers 406,887 0.02 282,06144.25
56 Wadding, felt and nonwovens; special yarns, twine, cordage, ropes and cables and articles thereof 353,855 0.02 356,713-0.80
57 Carpets and other textile floor coverings 36,479 0.00 24,24650.45
58 Special woven fabrics; tufted textile fabrics; lace, tapestries; trimmings; embroidery 1,618 0.00 3,392-52.30
59 Impregnated, coated, covered or laminated textile fabrics; textile articles of a kind suitable for industrial use 239,993 0.01 321,119-25.26
60 Knitted or crocheted fabrics 1,436 0.00 93054.41
61 Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, knitted or crocheted 707,366 0.04 473,17849.49
62 Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, not knitted or crocheted 243,222 0.01 215,46112.88
63 Other made up textile articles; sets; worn clothing and worn textile articles; rags 216,459 0.01 158,73536.37
64 Footwear, gaiters and the like; parts of such articles 1,630,807 0.09 1,125,88244.85
65 Headgear and parts thereof 98,989 0.01 83,10519.11
66 Umbrellas, sun umbrellas, walking sticks, seatsticks, whips, riding-crops and parts thereof 791 0.00 2,538-68.83
67 Prepared feathers and down and articles made of feathers or of down; artificial flowers; articles of human hair 0 0.00 185-100.00
68 Articles of stone, plaster, cement, asbestos, mica or similar materials 10,334,764 0.56 7,990,79429.33
69 Ceramic products 1,233,510 0.07 1,100,28312.11
70 Glass and glassware 11,336,512 0.61 7,406,02653.07
71 Natural or cultured pearls, precious or semi-precious stones,precious metals, metals clad with precious metal and articles thereof; imitation jewelry; coin 162,208 0.01 165,262-1.85
72 Iron and steel 71,196,202 3.85 60,570,60417.54
73 Articles of iron or steel 33,807,349 1.83 29,072,15316.29
74 Copper and articles thereof 1,297,646 0.07 569,470127.87
75 Nickel and articles thereof 545 0.00 0
76 Aluminum and articles thereof 1,169,550 0.06 1,431,042-18.27
78 Lead and articles thereof 1,958 0.00 0
80 Tin and articles thereof 88 0.00 2,835-96.90
81 Other base metals; cermets; articles thereof 1,734 0.00 666160.36
82 Tools, implements, cutlery, spoons and forks, of base metal; parts thereof of base metal 1,126,649 0.06 1,126,5460.01
83 Miscellaneous articles of base metal 794,564 0.04 685,18215.96
84 Nuclear reactors, boilers, machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof 38,222,303 2.06 43,990,641-13.11
85 Electrical machinery and equipment and parts thereof; sound recorders and reproducers, television image and sound recorders and reproducers, and parts and accessories of such articles 26,015,509 1.41 22,124,75917.59
86 Railway or tramway locomotives, rolling-stock and parts thereof; railway or tramway track fixtures and fittings and parts thereof; mechanical (including electro-mechanical) traffic signalling equipment of all kinds 10,125,074 0.55 129,734,839-92.20
87 Vehicles other than railway or tramway rolling stock, and parts and accessories thereof 40,803,005 2.20 17,790,013129.36
89 Ships, boats and floating structures 18,999 0.00 20,040-5.19
90 Optical, photographic, cinematographic, measuring, checking, precision, medical or surgical instruments and apparatus; parts and accessories thereof 3,444,100 0.19 6,565,859-47.55
91 Clocks and watches and parts thereof 357 0.00 28,595-98.75
92 Musical instruments; parts and accessories of such articles 2,286 0.00 4,306-46.91
94 Furniture; bedding, mattresses, mattress supports, cushions and similar stuffed furnishings; lamps and lighting fittings, not elsewhere specified or included; illuminated sign illuminated nameplates and the like; prefabricated buildings 1,808,859 0.10 1,937,442-6.64
95 Toys, games and sports requisites; parts and accessories thereof 294,678 0.02 170,72172.61
96 Miscellaneous manufactured articles 84,626 0.00 86,834-2.54
SS Classified 627,943 0.03 11 943 082-94.74

Russia’s Imports from Mongolia

The major share of Russian imports from Mongolia in 2012 (and in 2011) was accounted for the following product types:

  • Mineral products (HS codes 25-27) - 86.17% of Russia’s total imports from Mongolia (72.40% in 2011);
  • Food products and agricultural raw materials (HS codes 01-24) - 10.91% of Russia’s total imports from Mongolia (24.70% in 2011);
  • Textiles, textile products and footwear (HS codes 50-67) - 2.10% of Russia’s total imports from Mongolia (2.07% in 2011).

The largest gains in Russia’s imports from Mongolia in 2012 over 2011 were recorded for the following product groups:

  • No product groups with a substantial increase.

The largest declines in Russia’s imports from Mongolia in 2012 over 2011 were recorded for the following product groups:

  • Meat and edible meat offal (HS code 02) - a decrease of $14,985,591;
  • Salt; sulfur; earths and stone; plastering materials, lime and cement (HS code 25) - a decrease of $8,891,875;
  • Railway or tramway locomotives, rolling-stock and parts thereof; railway or tramway track fixtures and fittings and parts thereof; mechanical (including electro-mechanical) traffic signalling equipment of all kinds (HS code 86) - a decrease of $464,926;
  • Wool, fine or coarse animal hair; horsehair yarn and woven fabric (HS code 51) - a decrease of $339,998;
  • Mineral fuels, mineral oils and products of their distillation; bituminous substances; mineral waxes (HS code 27) - a decrease of $326,727.
Russia’s imports from Mongolia in 2012 by product groups
HS
code
Name of product group Value of imports in 2012,
US dollars ($)
Percent share in total import Value of imports in 2011,
US dollars ($)
Percent change
in 2012
over 2011
01 Live animals 0 0.00 3,190-100.00
02 Meat and edible meat offal 6,198,885 9.64 21,184,476-70.74
08 Edible fruit and nuts; peel of citrus fruit or melons 0 0.00 12,290-100.00
10 Cereals 347,473 0.54 234,49848.18
13 Lac; gums, resins and other vegetable saps and extracts 46,803 0.07 0
16 Preparations of meat, of fish or of crustaceans, molluscs or other aquatic invertebrates 172,177 0.27 227,520-24.32
21 Miscellaneous edible preparations 16,546 0.03 15,6145.97
22 Beverages, spirits and vinegar 122,812 0.19 152,393-19.41
23 Residues and waste from the food industries; prepared animal feed 111,934 0.17 185,233-39.57
25 Salt; sulfur; earths and stone; plastering materials, lime and cement 54,768,487 85.13 63,660,362-13.97
26 Ores, slag and ash 131,100 0.20 0
27 Mineral fuels, mineral oils and products of their distillation; bituminous substances; mineral waxes 532,319 0.83 859,046-38.03
39 Plastics and articles thereof 3,376 0.01 521547.98
42 Articles of leather; saddlery and harness; travel goods, handbags and similar containers; articles of animal gut (other than silkworm gut) 0 0.00 447-100.00
44 Wood and articles of wood; wood charcoal 0 0.00 25-100.00
49 Printed books, newspapers, pictures and other products of the printing industry; manuscripts, typescripts and plans 57,678 0.09 33,23773.54
51 Wool, fine or coarse animal hair; horsehair yarn and woven fabric 440,356 0.68 780,354-43.57
57 Carpets and other textile floor coverings 143,747 0.22 200,774-28.40
61 Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, knitted or crocheted 651,193 1.01 721,309-9.72
62 Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, not knitted or crocheted 12,999 0.02 17,161-24.25
63 Other made up textile articles; sets; worn clothing and worn textile articles; rags 57,148 0.09 96,625-40.86
64 Footwear, gaiters and the like; parts of such articles 33,443 0.05 21,04258.93
65 Headgear and parts thereof 11,683 0.02 8,24941.63
68 Articles of stone, plaster, cement, asbestos, mica or similar materials 0 0.00 15,122-100.00
70 Glass and glassware 5,042 0.01 0
73 Articles of iron or steel 926 0.00 28,503-96.75
76 Aluminum and articles thereof 0 0.00 17,464-100.00
83 Miscellaneous articles of base metal 153 0.00 0
84 Nuclear reactors, boilers, machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof 111,099 0.17 40,491174.38
86 Railway or tramway locomotives, rolling-stock and parts thereof; railway or tramway track fixtures and fittings and parts thereof; mechanical (including electro-mechanical) traffic signalling equipment of all kinds 0 0.00 464,926-100.00
87 Vehicles other than railway or tramway rolling stock, and parts and accessories thereof 62 0.00 9,060-99.32
90 Optical, photographic, cinematographic, measuring, checking, precision, medical or surgical instruments and apparatus; parts and accessories thereof 110,218 0.17 0
91 Clocks and watches and parts thereof 1,725 0.00 859100.81
94 Furniture; bedding, mattresses, mattress supports, cushions and similar stuffed furnishings; lamps and lighting fittings, not elsewhere specified or included; illuminated sign illuminated nameplates and the like; prefabricated buildings 180,992 0.28 124,42045.47
95 Toys, games and sports requisites; parts and accessories thereof 300 0.00 64,900.00
97 Works of art, collectors’ pieces and antiques 60,689 0.09 0
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Russian foreign trade statistics
Source: Federal Customs Service of Russia