Russian foreign trade
reports and reviews

Russian trade with Romania in 2012

by Russian Foreign Trade
based on data from the Federal Customs Service of Russia
The Report on Russia’s foreign trade in goods with Romania in 2012: exports, imports, products, dynamics.

Russia’s Trade with Romania

In 2012, Russia’s trade with Romania totaled $3,612,575,910, up 1.70% ($60,300,041) from 2011.

Russia’s exports to Romania in 2012 totaled $1,876,596,840, up 2.68% ($48,978,631) from 2011.

Russia’s imports from Romania in 2012 totaled $1,735,979,070, up 0.66% ($11,321,410) from 2011.

Russia’s trade surplus with Romania in 2012 was $140,617,770, a 36.57% increase ($37,657,221) over 2011.

Romania was Russia’s 35th largest trading partner in 2012 (up from 36th in 2011), accounting for 0.4290% of Russia’s total trade (down from 0.4319% in 2011).

Romania was Russia’s 39th largest export market in 2012 (up from 40th in 2011), accounting for 0.3576% of Russia’s total exports (up from 0.3537% in 2011).

Romania was Russia’s 32nd largest supplier in 2012 (just as in 2011), accounting for 0.5472% of Russia’s total imports (down from 0.5641% in 2011).

Russia’s Exports to Romania

The major share of Russian exports to Romania in 2012 (and in 2011) was accounted for the following product types:

  • Mineral products (HS codes 25-27) - 81.27% of Russia’s total exports to Romania (83.00% in 2011);
  • Chemical products (HS codes 28-40) - 10.27% of Russia’s total exports to Romania (6.07% in 2011);
  • Machinery, equipment and vehicles (HS codes 84-90) - 3.12% of Russia’s total exports to Romania (2.61% in 2011);
  • Wood and wood products (HS codes 44-49) - 1.88% of Russia’s total exports to Romania (1.80% in 2011);
  • Metals and products from them (HS codes 72-83) - 1.85% of Russia’s total exports to Romania (5.28% in 2011);
  • Food products and agricultural raw materials (HS codes 01-24) - 1.27% of Russia’s total exports to Romania (0.56% in 2011).

The largest gains in Russia’s exports to Romania in 2012 over 2011 were recorded for the following product groups:

  • Rubber and articles thereof (HS code 40) - an increase of $46,061,061;
  • Fertilizers (HS code 31) - an increase of $31,602,617;
  • Ores, slag and ash (HS code 26) - an increase of $24,173,159;
  • Cereals (HS code 10) - an increase of $15,529,584;
  • Nuclear reactors, boilers, machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof (HS code 84) - an increase of $14,710,279;
  • Organic chemicals (HS code 29) - an increase of $5,756,004.

The largest declines in Russia’s exports to Romania in 2012 over 2011 were recorded for the following product groups:

  • Iron and steel (HS code 72) - a decrease of $55,688,395;
  • Mineral fuels, mineral oils and products of their distillation; bituminous substances; mineral waxes (HS code 27) - a decrease of $16,250,507.
Russia’s exports to Romania in 2012 by product groups
HS
code
Name of product group Value of exports
in 2012,
US dollars ($)
Percent share in total export Value of exports
in 2011,
US dollars ($)
Percent change
in 2012
over 2011
07 Edible vegetables and certain roots and tubers 26,589 0.00 0
09 Coffee, tea, maté and spices 54,709 0.00 208,463-73.76
10 Cereals 16,093,587 0.86 564,0032,753.46
11 Products of the milling industry; malt; starches; inulin; wheat gluten 145,003 0.01 0
12 Oil seeds and oleaginous fruits; miscellaneous grains, seeds and fruits; industrial or medicinal plants; straw and fodder 41,141 0.00 0
15 Animal or vegetable fats and oils and their cleavage products prepared edible fats; animal or vegetable waxes 5,525,948 0.29 6,077,316-9.07
16 Preparations of meat, of fish or of crustaceans, molluscs or other aquatic invertebrates 104,952 0.01 118,601-11.51
17 Sugars and sugar confectionery 134,459 0.01 135,959-1.10
18 Cocoa and cocoa preparations 1,350 0.00 0
20 Preparations of vegetables, fruit, nuts or other parts of plants 18,765 0.00 13,51538.85
21 Miscellaneous edible preparations 1,292,109 0.07 3,045,419-57.57
22 Beverages, spirits and vinegar 377,213 0.02 162,563132.04
24 Tobacco and manufactured tobacco substitutes 56,480 0.00 0
25 Salt; sulfur; earths and stone; plastering materials, lime and cement 3,907,781 0.21 3,798,7562.87
26 Ores, slag and ash 48,916,769 2.61 24,743,61097.69
27 Mineral fuels, mineral oils and products of their distillation; bituminous substances; mineral waxes 1,472,206,926 78.45 1,488,457,433-1.09
28 Inorganic chemicals; organic or inorganic compounds of precious metals, of rare-earth metals,of radioactive elements or of isotopes 10,628,537 0.57 12,684,025-16.21
29 Organic chemicals 33,938,742 1.81 28,182,73820.42
30 Pharmaceutical products 432,528 0.02 757,307-42.89
31 Fertilizers 47,536,189 2.53 15,933,572198.34
32 Tanning or dyeing extracts; dyes, pigments, paints, varnishes, putty and mastics 32,618 0.00 95,480-65.84
33 Essential oils and resinoids; perfumery, cosmetic or toilet preparations 2,718,546 0.14 2,705,3960.49
34 Soap, organic surface-active agents, washing preparations, lubricating preparations, artificial waxes, prepared waxes, polishing or scouring preparations, candles and similar articles, modeling pastes, "dental waxes" and dental preparations with a basis of plaster 359,911 0.02 116,084210.04
35 Albuminoidal substances; modified starches; glues; enzymes 27,245 0.00 8,633215.59
36 Explosives; pyrotechnic products; matches; pyrophoric alloys; certain combustible preparations 278,279 0.01 523,000-46.79
37 Photographic or cinematographic goods 1,212 0.00 0
38 Miscellaneous chemical products 185,343 0.01 38,119386.22
39 Plastics and articles thereof 6,720,956 0.36 6,105,62410.08
40 Rubber and articles thereof 89,882,733 4.79 43,821,672105.11
41 Raw hides and skins (other than furskins) and leather 6,429 0.00 73,261-91.22
42 Articles of leather; saddlery and harness; travel goods, handbags and similar containers; articles of animal gut (other than silkworm gut) 32 0.00 4,109-99.22
44 Wood and articles of wood; wood charcoal 2,046,510 0.11 2,002,4222.20
47 Pulp of wood or of other fibrous cellulosic material; waste and scrap of paper or paperboard 6,236,384 0.33 7,834,666-20.40
48 Paper and paperboard; articles of paper pulp, of paper or of paperboard 26,569,224 1.42 23,010,50715.47
49 Printed books, newspapers, pictures and other products of the printing industry; manuscripts, typescripts and plans 510,108 0.03 85,260498.30
52 Cotton 68,137 0.00 36,83784.97
54 Man-made filaments 76,422 0.00 0
55 Man-made staple fibers 0 0.00 66,939-100.00
56 Wadding, felt and nonwovens; special yarns, twine, cordage, ropes and cables and articles thereof 1,432,670 0.08 2,676,062-46.46
57 Carpets and other textile floor coverings 812 0.00 0
58 Special woven fabrics; tufted textile fabrics; lace, tapestries; trimmings; embroidery 0 0.00 7-100.00
59 Impregnated, coated, covered or laminated textile fabrics; textile articles of a kind suitable for industrial use 66,709 0.00 34,30794.45
61 Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, knitted or crocheted 2,835 0.00 2,6656.38
62 Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, not knitted or crocheted 19,848 0.00 1,3701,348.76
63 Other made up textile articles; sets; worn clothing and worn textile articles; rags 75,984 0.00 1,9933,712.54
64 Footwear, gaiters and the like; parts of such articles 0 0.00 4,768-100.00
68 Articles of stone, plaster, cement, asbestos, mica or similar materials 1,805,785 0.10 1,606,83312.38
69 Ceramic products 108 0.00 1,955-94.48
70 Glass and glassware 1,950,876 0.10 2,382,194-18.11
72 Iron and steel 27,195,929 1.45 82,884,324-67.19
73 Articles of iron or steel 2,197,925 0.12 1,974,74611.30
74 Copper and articles thereof 878,179 0.05 3,405,277-74.21
75 Nickel and articles thereof 143 0.00 418,705-99.97
76 Aluminum and articles thereof 3,974,393 0.21 7,139,998-44.34
78 Lead and articles thereof 6 0.00 450.00
80 Tin and articles thereof 0 0.00 8-100.00
81 Other base metals; cermets; articles thereof 0 0.00 280,146-100.00
82 Tools, implements, cutlery, spoons and forks, of base metal; parts thereof of base metal 379,898 0.02 337,52212.56
83 Miscellaneous articles of base metal 93,083 0.00 146,264-36.36
84 Nuclear reactors, boilers, machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof 37,659,968 2.01 22,949,68964.10
85 Electrical machinery and equipment and parts thereof; sound recorders and reproducers, television image and sound recorders and reproducers, and parts and accessories of such articles 19,846,402 1.06 22,671,843-12.46
86 Railway or tramway locomotives, rolling-stock and parts thereof; railway or tramway track fixtures and fittings and parts thereof; mechanical (including electro-mechanical) traffic signalling equipment of all kinds 103,498 0.01 816,620-87.33
87 Vehicles other than railway or tramway rolling stock, and parts and accessories thereof 508,553 0.03 367,75438.29
89 Ships, boats and floating structures 4,538 0.00 613,709-99.26
90 Optical, photographic, cinematographic, measuring, checking, precision, medical or surgical instruments and apparatus; parts and accessories thereof 495,999 0.03 342,85444.67
91 Clocks and watches and parts thereof 0 0.00 5,583-100.00
92 Musical instruments; parts and accessories of such articles 0 0.00 22,197-100.00
94 Furniture; bedding, mattresses, mattress supports, cushions and similar stuffed furnishings; lamps and lighting fittings, not elsewhere specified or included; illuminated sign illuminated nameplates and the like; prefabricated buildings 249,468 0.01 4,988,083-95.00
95 Toys, games and sports requisites; parts and accessories thereof 392,486 0.02 103,593278.87
96 Miscellaneous manufactured articles 1,650 0.00 5,194-68.23
97 Works of art, collectors’ pieces and antiques 17,107 0.00 4533,676.38
SS Classified 82,122 0.00 20 200306.54

Russia’s Imports from Romania

The major share of Russian imports from Romania in 2012 (and in 2011) was accounted for the following product types:

  • Machinery, equipment and vehicles (HS codes 84-90) - 48.82% of Russia’s total imports from Romania (55.42% in 2011);
  • Chemical products (HS codes 28-40) - 23.32% of Russia’s total imports from Romania (22.97% in 2011);
  • Textiles, textile products and footwear (HS codes 50-67) - 8.34% of Russia’s total imports from Romania (6.63% in 2011);
  • Metals and products from them (HS codes 72-83) - 6.09% of Russia’s total imports from Romania (6.46% in 2011);
  • Wood and wood products (HS codes 44-49) - 4.27% of Russia’s total imports from Romania (1.12% in 2011);
  • Food products and agricultural raw materials (HS codes 01-24) - 2.79% of Russia’s total imports from Romania (2.75% in 2011);
  • Mineral products (HS codes 25-27) - 1.05% of Russia’s total imports from Romania (0.40% in 2011).

The largest gains in Russia’s imports from Romania in 2012 over 2011 were recorded for the following product groups:

  • Vehicles other than railway or tramway rolling stock, and parts and accessories thereof (HS code 87) - an increase of $146,903,194;
  • Nuclear reactors, boilers, machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof (HS code 84) - an increase of $48,382,494;
  • Wood and articles of wood; wood charcoal (HS code 44) - an increase of $34,954,221;
  • Essential oils and resinoids; perfumery, cosmetic or toilet preparations (HS code 33) - an increase of $22,225,769;
  • Paper and paperboard; articles of paper pulp, of paper or of paperboard (HS code 48) - an increase of $20,252,814;
  • Furniture; bedding, mattresses, mattress supports, cushions and similar stuffed furnishings; lamps and lighting fittings, not elsewhere specified or included; illuminated sign illuminated nameplates and the like; prefabricated buildings (HS code 94) - an increase of $14,699,207;
  • Footwear, gaiters and the like; parts of such articles (HS code 64) - an increase of $11,499,368;
  • Salt; sulfur; earths and stone; plastering materials, lime and cement (HS code 25) - an increase of $9,402,011;
  • Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, not knitted or crocheted (HS code 62) - an increase of $8,849,672;
  • Cereals (HS code 10) - an increase of $7,211,972;
  • Miscellaneous articles of base metal (HS code 83) - an increase of $5,813,724.

The largest declines in Russia’s imports from Romania in 2012 over 2011 were recorded for the following product groups:

  • Electrical machinery and equipment and parts thereof; sound recorders and reproducers, television image and sound recorders and reproducers, and parts and accessories of such articles (HS code 85) - a decrease of $278,388,669;
  • Pharmaceutical products (HS code 30) - a decrease of $24,261,988;
  • Ships, boats and floating structures (HS code 89) - a decrease of $21,430,388;
  • Iron and steel (HS code 72) - a decrease of $17,214,146.
Russia’s imports from Romania in 2012 by product groups
HS
code
Name of product group Value of imports in 2012,
US dollars ($)
Percent share in total import Value of imports in 2011,
US dollars ($)
Percent change
in 2012
over 2011
07 Edible vegetables and certain roots and tubers 262,229 0.02 515,468-49.13
08 Edible fruit and nuts; peel of citrus fruit or melons 2,348,283 0.14 3,292,865-28.69
10 Cereals 31,970,116 1.84 24,758,14429.13
12 Oil seeds and oleaginous fruits; miscellaneous grains, seeds and fruits; industrial or medicinal plants; straw and fodder 6,484,736 0.37 10,713,884-39.47
15 Animal or vegetable fats and oils and their cleavage products prepared edible fats; animal or vegetable waxes 0 0.00 4,903-100.00
17 Sugars and sugar confectionery 707,103 0.04 418,90568.80
18 Cocoa and cocoa preparations 719,323 0.04 587,43322.45
19 Preparations of cereals, flour, starch or milk; bakers’ wares 95,704 0.01 158,307-39.55
20 Preparations of vegetables, fruit, nuts or other parts of plants 622,058 0.04 94,089561.14
21 Miscellaneous edible preparations 3,156,875 0.18 4,516,575-30.10
22 Beverages, spirits and vinegar 353,752 0.02 305,02515.97
24 Tobacco and manufactured tobacco substitutes 1,757,025 0.10 1,997,439-12.04
25 Salt; sulfur; earths and stone; plastering materials, lime and cement 15,980,650 0.92 6,578,639142.92
27 Mineral fuels, mineral oils and products of their distillation; bituminous substances; mineral waxes 2,311,538 0.13 242,165854.53
28 Inorganic chemicals; organic or inorganic compounds of precious metals, of rare-earth metals,of radioactive elements or of isotopes 4,493,113 0.26 76,4365,778.27
29 Organic chemicals 1,588,406 0.09 3,060,956-48.11
30 Pharmaceutical products 201,234,455 11.59 225,496,443-10.76
31 Fertilizers 112,347 0.01 74,01551.79
32 Tanning or dyeing extracts; dyes, pigments, paints, varnishes, putty and mastics 2,747,111 0.16 2,317,67618.53
33 Essential oils and resinoids; perfumery, cosmetic or toilet preparations 71,408,503 4.11 49,182,73445.19
34 Soap, organic surface-active agents, washing preparations, lubricating preparations, artificial waxes, prepared waxes, polishing or scouring preparations, candles and similar articles, modeling pastes, "dental waxes" and dental preparations with a basis of plaster 294,524 0.02 209,48540.59
35 Albuminoidal substances; modified starches; glues; enzymes 7,521 0.00 0
37 Photographic or cinematographic goods 10,567 0.00 3393,017.11
38 Miscellaneous chemical products 220,147 0.01 200,05510.04
39 Plastics and articles thereof 40,438,972 2.33 35,798,64812.96
40 Rubber and articles thereof 82,316,159 4.74 79,747,6033.22
41 Raw hides and skins (other than furskins) and leather 90,695 0.01 0
42 Articles of leather; saddlery and harness; travel goods, handbags and similar containers; articles of animal gut (other than silkworm gut) 6,198,640 0.36 4,446,12139.42
43 Furskins and artificial fur; manufactures thereof 182,364 0.01 224,521-18.78
44 Wood and articles of wood; wood charcoal 46,605,023 2.68 11,650,802300.02
46 Manufactures of straw, of esparto or of other plaiting materials; basketware and wickerwork 39 0.00 0
48 Paper and paperboard; articles of paper pulp, of paper or of paperboard 25,972,319 1.50 5,719,505354.10
49 Printed books, newspapers, pictures and other products of the printing industry; manuscripts, typescripts and plans 1,562,258 0.09 1,994,475-21.67
50 Silk 103 0.00 0
51 Wool, fine or coarse animal hair; horsehair yarn and woven fabric 166,628 0.01 15,996941.69
52 Cotton 66,703 0.00 7,316811.74
53 Other vegetable textile fibers; paper yarn and woven fabric of paper yarn 45 0.00 0
54 Man-made filaments 511,932 0.03 355,11744.16
55 Man-made staple fibers 271,145 0.02 1,691,497-83.97
56 Wadding, felt and nonwovens; special yarns, twine, cordage, ropes and cables and articles thereof 619,406 0.04 453,11136.70
57 Carpets and other textile floor coverings 1,570,799 0.09 652,710140.66
58 Special woven fabrics; tufted textile fabrics; lace, tapestries; trimmings; embroidery 216,435 0.01 14,3951,403.54
59 Impregnated, coated, covered or laminated textile fabrics; textile articles of a kind suitable for industrial use 7,850,040 0.45 5,169,03751.87
60 Knitted or crocheted fabrics 83,446 0.00 50,64664.76
61 Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, knitted or crocheted 25,540,702 1.47 20,739,65323.15
62 Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, not knitted or crocheted 55,169,894 3.18 46,320,22219.11
63 Other made up textile articles; sets; worn clothing and worn textile articles; rags 4,460,810 0.26 1,901,169134.64
64 Footwear, gaiters and the like; parts of such articles 47,835,776 2.76 36,336,40831.65
65 Headgear and parts thereof 343,264 0.02 475,604-27.83
66 Umbrellas, sun umbrellas, walking sticks, seatsticks, whips, riding-crops and parts thereof 0 0.00 27-100.00
67 Prepared feathers and down and articles made of feathers or of down; artificial flowers; articles of human hair 0 0.00 115,207-100.00
68 Articles of stone, plaster, cement, asbestos, mica or similar materials 1,079,710 0.06 1,056,9012.16
69 Ceramic products 10,400,298 0.60 9,606,8898.26
70 Glass and glassware 5,433,565 0.31 2,868,87589.40
71 Natural or cultured pearls, precious or semi-precious stones,precious metals, metals clad with precious metal and articles thereof; imitation jewelry; coin 27,225 0.00 27,728-1.81
72 Iron and steel 25,818,801 1.49 43,032,947-40.00
73 Articles of iron or steel 40,185,284 2.31 36,997,7118.62
74 Copper and articles thereof 12,870 0.00 3,694248.40
76 Aluminum and articles thereof 16,911,624 0.97 14,919,04813.36
78 Lead and articles thereof 898 0.00 811,008.64
79 Zinc and articles thereof 219,677 0.01 138,40258.72
81 Other base metals; cermets; articles thereof 64,249 0.00 72,031-10.80
82 Tools, implements, cutlery, spoons and forks, of base metal; parts thereof of base metal 894,477 0.05 551,55262.17
83 Miscellaneous articles of base metal 21,532,539 1.24 15,718,81536.99
84 Nuclear reactors, boilers, machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof 233,453,278 13.45 185,070,78426.14
85 Electrical machinery and equipment and parts thereof; sound recorders and reproducers, television image and sound recorders and reproducers, and parts and accessories of such articles 137,407,808 7.92 415,796,477-66.95
86 Railway or tramway locomotives, rolling-stock and parts thereof; railway or tramway track fixtures and fittings and parts thereof; mechanical (including electro-mechanical) traffic signalling equipment of all kinds 86,630 0.00 34,020154.64
87 Vehicles other than railway or tramway rolling stock, and parts and accessories thereof 439,975,870 25.34 293,072,67650.13
89 Ships, boats and floating structures 25,277,111 1.46 46,707,499-45.88
90 Optical, photographic, cinematographic, measuring, checking, precision, medical or surgical instruments and apparatus; parts and accessories thereof 11,219,827 0.65 15,069,677-25.55
91 Clocks and watches and parts thereof 455,345 0.03 532,387-14.47
92 Musical instruments; parts and accessories of such articles 303,220 0.02 222,60336.22
94 Furniture; bedding, mattresses, mattress supports, cushions and similar stuffed furnishings; lamps and lighting fittings, not elsewhere specified or included; illuminated sign illuminated nameplates and the like; prefabricated buildings 65,758,450 3.79 51,059,24328.79
95 Toys, games and sports requisites; parts and accessories thereof 1,768,489 0.10 2,423,037-27.01
96 Miscellaneous manufactured articles 675,030 0.04 685,878-1.58
97 Works of art, collectors’ pieces and antiques 0 0.00 2,695-100.00
SS Classified 57,112 0.00 304 240-81.23
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Russian foreign trade statistics
Source: Federal Customs Service of Russia