Russian foreign trade
reports and reviews

Russian foreign trade in 2013

by Russian Foreign Trade
based on data from the Federal Customs Service of Russia
The Report on Russia’s foreign trade in goods in 2013: turnover, exports, imports, products, dynamics.

Russia’s Trade

In 2013, Russia’s trade totaled $842,233 million, up 0.03% ($235 million) from 2012.

Russia’s exports in 2013 totaled $527,266 million, up 0.48% ($2,531 million) from 2012.

Russia’s imports in 2013 were $314,967 million, down 0.72% ($2,296 million) from 2012.

Russia’s trade surplus in 2013 was $212,299 million, a 2.33% increase ($4,827 million) over 2012.

Russia’s Exports

The major share of Russian exports in 2013 (and in 2012) was accounted for the following product types:

  • Mineral products (HS codes 25-27) - 71.52% of Russia’s total exports (71.27% in 2012);
  • Metals and products from them (HS codes 72-83) - 7.75% of Russia’s total exports (8.47% in 2012);
  • Chemical products (HS codes 28-40) - 5.84% of Russia’s total exports (6.12% in 2012);
  • Machinery, equipment and vehicles (HS codes 84-90) - 4.43% of Russia’s total exports (4.23% in 2012);
  • Food products and agricultural raw materials (HS codes 01-24) - 3.08% of Russia’s total exports (3.20% in 2012);
  • Precious metals and stones (HS code 71) - 2.71% of Russia’s total exports (2.63% in 2012);
  • Wood and wood products (HS codes 44-49) - 2.08% of Russia’s total exports (1.94% in 2012).

The largest gains in Russia’s exports in 2013 over 2012 were recorded for the following product groups:

  • Mineral fuels, mineral oils and products of their distillation; bituminous substances; mineral waxes (HS code 27) - an increase of $3,668 million.

The largest declines in Russia’s exports in 2013 over 2012 were recorded for the following product groups:

  • Iron and steel (HS code 72) - a decrease of $2,571 million;
  • Fertilizers (HS code 31) - a decrease of $2,059 million.
Russia’s exports in 2013 by product groups
HS
code
Name of product group Value of exports
in 2013,
million US dollars
Percent share in total export Value of exports
in 2012,
million US dollars
Percent change
in 2013
over 2012
01 Live animals 16 0.00 1236.49
02 Meat and edible meat offal 86 0.02 6631.13
03 Fish and crustaceans, molluscs and other aquatic invertebrates 2,819 0.53 2,50512.56
04 Dairy produce; birds eggs; natural honey; edible products of animal origin, not elsewhere specified or included 325 0.06 2998.61
05 Products of animal origin, not elsewhere specified or included 79 0.02 4865.63
06 Live trees and other plants; bulbs, roots and the like; cut flowers and ornamental foliage 3 0.00 184.59
07 Edible vegetables and certain roots and tubers 249 0.05 341-27.01
08 Edible fruit and nuts; peel of citrus fruit or melons 83 0.02 108-23.46
09 Coffee, tea, maté and spices 161 0.03 13618.08
10 Cereals 4,752 0.90 6,253-24.00
11 Products of the milling industry; malt; starches; inulin; wheat gluten 165 0.03 1583.83
12 Oil seeds and oleaginous fruits; miscellaneous grains, seeds and fruits; industrial or medicinal plants; straw and fodder 343 0.06 405-15.32
13 Lac; gums, resins and other vegetable saps and extracts 5 0.00 426.59
14 Vegetable plaiting materials; vegetable products not elsewhere specified or included 12 0.00 13-10.10
15 Animal or vegetable fats and oils and their cleavage products prepared edible fats; animal or vegetable waxes 2,185 0.41 2,259-3.25
16 Preparations of meat, of fish or of crustaceans, molluscs or other aquatic invertebrates 207 0.04 18512.36
17 Sugars and sugar confectionery 275 0.05 280-1.96
18 Cocoa and cocoa preparations 669 0.13 56119.36
19 Preparations of cereals, flour, starch or milk; bakers’ wares 577 0.11 44330.38
20 Preparations of vegetables, fruit, nuts or other parts of plants 244 0.05 17440.40
21 Miscellaneous edible preparations 612 0.12 48526.05
22 Beverages, spirits and vinegar 585 0.11 5339.65
23 Residues and waste from the food industries; prepared animal feed 1,042 0.20 82725.92
24 Tobacco and manufactured tobacco substitutes 735 0.14 6749.07
25 Salt; sulfur; earths and stone; plastering materials, lime and cement 1,429 0.27 1,733-17.54
26 Ores, slag and ash 3,616 0.69 3,897-7.21
27 Mineral fuels, mineral oils and products of their distillation; bituminous substances; mineral waxes 372,036 70.56 368,3681.00
28 Inorganic chemicals; organic or inorganic compounds of precious metals, of rare-earth metals,of radioactive elements or of isotopes 8,035 1.52 7,8522.33
29 Organic chemicals 4,600 0.87 4,5201.77
30 Pharmaceutical products 586 0.11 644-9.14
31 Fertilizers 9,121 1.73 11,180-18.42
32 Tanning or dyeing extracts; dyes, pigments, paints, varnishes, putty and mastics 212 0.04 219-3.03
33 Essential oils and resinoids; perfumery, cosmetic or toilet preparations 560 0.11 47418.03
34 Soap, organic surface-active agents, washing preparations, lubricating preparations, artificial waxes, prepared waxes, polishing or scouring preparations, candles and similar articles, modeling pastes, "dental waxes" and dental preparations with a basis of plaster 500 0.09 45210.42
35 Albuminoidal substances; modified starches; glues; enzymes 33 0.01 2721.15
36 Explosives; pyrotechnic products; matches; pyrophoric alloys; certain combustible preparations 135 0.03 138-2.19
37 Photographic or cinematographic goods 6 0.00 7-3.13
38 Miscellaneous chemical products 642 0.12 53819.31
39 Plastics and articles thereof 2,570 0.49 2,11821.37
40 Rubber and articles thereof 3,788 0.72 3,959-4.31
41 Raw hides and skins (other than furskins) and leather 236 0.04 2331.32
42 Articles of leather; saddlery and harness; travel goods, handbags and similar containers; articles of animal gut (other than silkworm gut) 36 0.01 2448.08
43 Furskins and artificial fur; manufactures thereof 337 0.06 26129.17
44 Wood and articles of wood; wood charcoal 7,330 1.39 6,7518.58
45 Cork and articles of cork 0 0.00 020.81
46 Manufactures of straw, of esparto or of other plaiting materials; basketware and wickerwork 0 0.00 0-3.94
47 Pulp of wood or of other fibrous cellulosic material; waste and scrap of paper or paperboard 1,125 0.21 1,218-7.59
48 Paper and paperboard; articles of paper pulp, of paper or of paperboard 2,055 0.39 1,9395.99
49 Printed books, newspapers, pictures and other products of the printing industry; manuscripts, typescripts and plans 469 0.09 28365.76
50 Silk 0 0.00 0441.31
51 Wool, fine or coarse animal hair; horsehair yarn and woven fabric 33 0.01 2341.69
52 Cotton 62 0.01 611.92
53 Other vegetable textile fibers; paper yarn and woven fabric of paper yarn 18 0.00 22-17.14
54 Man-made filaments 48 0.01 465.11
55 Man-made staple fibers 54 0.01 499.10
56 Wadding, felt and nonwovens; special yarns, twine, cordage, ropes and cables and articles thereof 110 0.02 9911.10
57 Carpets and other textile floor coverings 9 0.00 639.63
58 Special woven fabrics; tufted textile fabrics; lace, tapestries; trimmings; embroidery 9 0.00 811.29
59 Impregnated, coated, covered or laminated textile fabrics; textile articles of a kind suitable for industrial use 57 0.01 63-9.38
60 Knitted or crocheted fabrics 9 0.00 89.43
61 Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, knitted or crocheted 118 0.02 7851.69
62 Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, not knitted or crocheted 165 0.03 12927.58
63 Other made up textile articles; sets; worn clothing and worn textile articles; rags 69 0.01 5917.33
64 Footwear, gaiters and the like; parts of such articles 149 0.03 10738.54
65 Headgear and parts thereof 17 0.00 1066.22
66 Umbrellas, sun umbrellas, walking sticks, seatsticks, whips, riding-crops and parts thereof 1 0.00 057.75
67 Prepared feathers and down and articles made of feathers or of down; artificial flowers; articles of human hair 1 0.00 0198.75
68 Articles of stone, plaster, cement, asbestos, mica or similar materials 491 0.09 4675.11
69 Ceramic products 258 0.05 290-11.18
70 Glass and glassware 604 0.11 49222.77
71 Natural or cultured pearls, precious or semi-precious stones,precious metals, metals clad with precious metal and articles thereof; imitation jewelry; coin 14,301 2.71 13,8253.45
72 Iron and steel 20,070 3.81 22,641-11.35
73 Articles of iron or steel 3,440 0.65 3,1578.95
74 Copper and articles thereof 4,965 0.94 5,800-14.40
75 Nickel and articles thereof 3,775 0.72 3,951-4.44
76 Aluminum and articles thereof 7,125 1.35 7,139-0.21
78 Lead and articles thereof 196 0.04 202-2.97
79 Zinc and articles thereof 41 0.01 107-61.23
80 Tin and articles thereof 20 0.00 1529.76
81 Other base metals; cermets; articles thereof 800 0.15 895-10.65
82 Tools, implements, cutlery, spoons and forks, of base metal; parts thereof of base metal 252 0.05 398-36.66
83 Miscellaneous articles of base metal 162 0.03 12628.82
84 Nuclear reactors, boilers, machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof 8,868 1.68 7,71814.89
85 Electrical machinery and equipment and parts thereof; sound recorders and reproducers, television image and sound recorders and reproducers, and parts and accessories of such articles 4,977 0.94 4,6357.39
86 Railway or tramway locomotives, rolling-stock and parts thereof; railway or tramway track fixtures and fittings and parts thereof; mechanical (including electro-mechanical) traffic signalling equipment of all kinds 833 0.16 1,531-45.60
87 Vehicles other than railway or tramway rolling stock, and parts and accessories thereof 4,822 0.91 4,6653.36
89 Ships, boats and floating structures 2,301 0.44 2,1497.08
90 Optical, photographic, cinematographic, measuring, checking, precision, medical or surgical instruments and apparatus; parts and accessories thereof 1,550 0.29 1,4814.71
91 Clocks and watches and parts thereof 16 0.00 889.79
92 Musical instruments; parts and accessories of such articles 1 0.00 2-57.66
94 Furniture; bedding, mattresses, mattress supports, cushions and similar stuffed furnishings; lamps and lighting fittings, not elsewhere specified or included; illuminated sign illuminated nameplates and the like; prefabricated buildings 468 0.09 4572.35
95 Toys, games and sports requisites; parts and accessories thereof 107 0.02 110-2.07
96 Miscellaneous manufactured articles 192 0.04 14235.30
97 Works of art, collectors’ pieces and antiques 5 0.00 335.08
SS Classified 10,011 1.90 7 95325.87

Russia’s Imports

The major share of Russian imports in 2013 (and in 2012) was accounted for the following product types:

  • Machinery, equipment and vehicles (HS codes 84-90) - 46.61% of Russia’s total imports (48.38% in 2012);
  • Chemical products (HS codes 28-40) - 15.88% of Russia’s total imports (15.32% in 2012);
  • Food products and agricultural raw materials (HS codes 01-24) - 13.70% of Russia’s total imports (12.81% in 2012);
  • Metals and products from them (HS codes 72-83) - 6.88% of Russia’s total imports (7.09% in 2012);
  • Textiles, textile products and footwear (HS codes 50-67) - 5.73% of Russia’s total imports (5.69% in 2012);
  • Mineral products (HS codes 25-27) - 2.20% of Russia’s total imports (2.37% in 2012);
  • Wood and wood products (HS codes 44-49) - 2.10% of Russia’s total imports (1.97% in 2012).

The largest gains in Russia’s imports in 2013 over 2012 were recorded for the following product groups:

  • Pharmaceutical products (HS code 30) - an increase of $1,157 million;
  • Dairy produce; birds eggs; natural honey; edible products of animal origin, not elsewhere specified or included (HS code 04) - an increase of $1,116 million.

The largest declines in Russia’s imports in 2013 over 2012 were recorded for the following product groups:

  • Vehicles other than railway or tramway rolling stock, and parts and accessories thereof (HS code 87) - a decrease of $4,518 million;
  • Optical, photographic, cinematographic, measuring, checking, precision, medical or surgical instruments and apparatus; parts and accessories thereof (HS code 90) - a decrease of $1,578 million.
Russia’s imports in 2013 by product groups
HS
code
Name of product group Value of imports in 2013,
million US dollars
Percent share in total import Value of imports in 2012,
million US dollars
Percent change
in 2013
over 2012
01 Live animals 413 0.13 663-37.67
02 Meat and edible meat offal 6,748 2.14 7,412-8.96
03 Fish and crustaceans, molluscs and other aquatic invertebrates 2,863 0.91 2,37920.34
04 Dairy produce; birds eggs; natural honey; edible products of animal origin, not elsewhere specified or included 4,408 1.40 3,29133.92
05 Products of animal origin, not elsewhere specified or included 97 0.03 117-16.84
06 Live trees and other plants; bulbs, roots and the like; cut flowers and ornamental foliage 961 0.31 989-2.81
07 Edible vegetables and certain roots and tubers 2,882 0.91 2,48615.91
08 Edible fruit and nuts; peel of citrus fruit or melons 6,402 2.03 6,2801.94
09 Coffee, tea, maté and spices 1,262 0.40 1,2471.18
10 Cereals 632 0.20 50225.79
11 Products of the milling industry; malt; starches; inulin; wheat gluten 186 0.06 1775.23
12 Oil seeds and oleaginous fruits; miscellaneous grains, seeds and fruits; industrial or medicinal plants; straw and fodder 1,357 0.43 1,12220.89
13 Lac; gums, resins and other vegetable saps and extracts 150 0.05 158-5.16
14 Vegetable plaiting materials; vegetable products not elsewhere specified or included 3 0.00 3-10.34
15 Animal or vegetable fats and oils and their cleavage products prepared edible fats; animal or vegetable waxes 1,236 0.39 1,303-5.13
16 Preparations of meat, of fish or of crustaceans, molluscs or other aquatic invertebrates 715 0.23 6628.08
17 Sugars and sugar confectionery 657 0.21 670-2.06
18 Cocoa and cocoa preparations 1,404 0.45 1,3960.59
19 Preparations of cereals, flour, starch or milk; bakers’ wares 1,228 0.39 1,00522.24
20 Preparations of vegetables, fruit, nuts or other parts of plants 1,600 0.51 1,5533.06
21 Miscellaneous edible preparations 1,818 0.58 1,63211.37
22 Beverages, spirits and vinegar 3,407 1.08 3,09810.00
23 Residues and waste from the food industries; prepared animal feed 1,406 0.45 1,21415.77
24 Tobacco and manufactured tobacco substitutes 1,330 0.42 1,2952.70
25 Salt; sulfur; earths and stone; plastering materials, lime and cement 1,519 0.48 1,4862.22
26 Ores, slag and ash 1,754 0.56 1,961-10.54
27 Mineral fuels, mineral oils and products of their distillation; bituminous substances; mineral waxes 3,643 1.16 4,084-10.78
28 Inorganic chemicals; organic or inorganic compounds of precious metals, of rare-earth metals,of radioactive elements or of isotopes 3,508 1.11 3,597-2.46
29 Organic chemicals 3,329 1.06 3,370-1.20
30 Pharmaceutical products 14,552 4.62 13,3958.64
31 Fertilizers 69 0.02 648.17
32 Tanning or dyeing extracts; dyes, pigments, paints, varnishes, putty and mastics 2,607 0.83 2,689-3.05
33 Essential oils and resinoids; perfumery, cosmetic or toilet preparations 3,901 1.24 3,6586.64
34 Soap, organic surface-active agents, washing preparations, lubricating preparations, artificial waxes, prepared waxes, polishing or scouring preparations, candles and similar articles, modeling pastes, "dental waxes" and dental preparations with a basis of plaster 1,735 0.55 1,6525.02
35 Albuminoidal substances; modified starches; glues; enzymes 696 0.22 62511.42
36 Explosives; pyrotechnic products; matches; pyrophoric alloys; certain combustible preparations 63 0.02 597.18
37 Photographic or cinematographic goods 249 0.08 259-3.86
38 Miscellaneous chemical products 3,080 0.98 2,8567.84
39 Plastics and articles thereof 11,467 3.64 11,532-0.57
40 Rubber and articles thereof 4,769 1.51 4,855-1.77
41 Raw hides and skins (other than furskins) and leather 65 0.02 69-5.06
42 Articles of leather; saddlery and harness; travel goods, handbags and similar containers; articles of animal gut (other than silkworm gut) 1,183 0.38 1,1235.41
43 Furskins and artificial fur; manufactures thereof 276 0.09 472-41.57
44 Wood and articles of wood; wood charcoal 1,653 0.52 1,45313.76
45 Cork and articles of cork 56 0.02 64-12.26
46 Manufactures of straw, of esparto or of other plaiting materials; basketware and wickerwork 27 0.01 249.59
47 Pulp of wood or of other fibrous cellulosic material; waste and scrap of paper or paperboard 154 0.05 13811.71
48 Paper and paperboard; articles of paper pulp, of paper or of paperboard 3,814 1.21 3,7521.66
49 Printed books, newspapers, pictures and other products of the printing industry; manuscripts, typescripts and plans 907 0.29 81011.92
50 Silk 9 0.00 24-62.52
51 Wool, fine or coarse animal hair; horsehair yarn and woven fabric 35 0.01 54-36.06
52 Cotton 563 0.18 599-6.00
53 Other vegetable textile fibers; paper yarn and woven fabric of paper yarn 54 0.02 63-14.75
54 Man-made filaments 549 0.17 5460.52
55 Man-made staple fibers 754 0.24 858-12.10
56 Wadding, felt and nonwovens; special yarns, twine, cordage, ropes and cables and articles thereof 547 0.17 48113.68
57 Carpets and other textile floor coverings 286 0.09 293-2.70
58 Special woven fabrics; tufted textile fabrics; lace, tapestries; trimmings; embroidery 149 0.05 204-26.63
59 Impregnated, coated, covered or laminated textile fabrics; textile articles of a kind suitable for industrial use 396 0.13 411-3.83
60 Knitted or crocheted fabrics 562 0.18 49114.51
61 Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, knitted or crocheted 4,066 1.29 4,104-0.91
62 Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, not knitted or crocheted 4,125 1.31 4,1060.47
63 Other made up textile articles; sets; worn clothing and worn textile articles; rags 1,093 0.35 1,266-13.68
64 Footwear, gaiters and the like; parts of such articles 4,578 1.45 4,2338.14
65 Headgear and parts thereof 184 0.06 213-13.39
66 Umbrellas, sun umbrellas, walking sticks, seatsticks, whips, riding-crops and parts thereof 40 0.01 54-25.91
67 Prepared feathers and down and articles made of feathers or of down; artificial flowers; articles of human hair 47 0.01 461.37
68 Articles of stone, plaster, cement, asbestos, mica or similar materials 1,341 0.43 1,3092.42
69 Ceramic products 1,521 0.48 1,4494.98
70 Glass and glassware 1,254 0.40 1,2331.71
71 Natural or cultured pearls, precious or semi-precious stones,precious metals, metals clad with precious metal and articles thereof; imitation jewelry; coin 880 0.28 75915.92
72 Iron and steel 5,892 1.87 6,435-8.45
73 Articles of iron or steel 8,185 2.60 7,8224.64
74 Copper and articles thereof 826 0.26 888-6.97
75 Nickel and articles thereof 289 0.09 374-22.76
76 Aluminum and articles thereof 1,782 0.57 1,7332.87
78 Lead and articles thereof 9 0.00 726.57
79 Zinc and articles thereof 90 0.03 7028.97
80 Tin and articles thereof 47 0.01 3920.01
81 Other base metals; cermets; articles thereof 330 0.10 3154.88
82 Tools, implements, cutlery, spoons and forks, of base metal; parts thereof of base metal 2,524 0.80 3,100-18.58
83 Miscellaneous articles of base metal 1,704 0.54 1,715-0.67
84 Nuclear reactors, boilers, machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof 56,965 18.09 57,810-1.46
85 Electrical machinery and equipment and parts thereof; sound recorders and reproducers, television image and sound recorders and reproducers, and parts and accessories of such articles 35,547 11.29 35,613-0.18
86 Railway or tramway locomotives, rolling-stock and parts thereof; railway or tramway track fixtures and fittings and parts thereof; mechanical (including electro-mechanical) traffic signalling equipment of all kinds 3,031 0.96 3,416-11.29
87 Vehicles other than railway or tramway rolling stock, and parts and accessories thereof 40,194 12.76 44,711-10.10
89 Ships, boats and floating structures 2,114 0.67 1,41349.55
90 Optical, photographic, cinematographic, measuring, checking, precision, medical or surgical instruments and apparatus; parts and accessories thereof 8,943 2.84 10,521-15.00
91 Clocks and watches and parts thereof 362 0.11 3522.87
92 Musical instruments; parts and accessories of such articles 112 0.04 1047.50
94 Furniture; bedding, mattresses, mattress supports, cushions and similar stuffed furnishings; lamps and lighting fittings, not elsewhere specified or included; illuminated sign illuminated nameplates and the like; prefabricated buildings 4,672 1.48 4,5153.50
95 Toys, games and sports requisites; parts and accessories thereof 2,438 0.77 2,3583.38
96 Miscellaneous manufactured articles 1,479 0.47 1,4224.06
97 Works of art, collectors’ pieces and antiques 18 0.01 1618.29
SS Classified 6,137 1.95 5 01522.37
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Russian foreign trade statistics
Source: Federal Customs Service of Russia