Russian foreign trade
reports and reviews

Russian trade with Abkhazia in 2013

by Russian Foreign Trade
based on data from the Federal Customs Service of Russia
The Report on Russia’s foreign trade in goods with Abkhazia in 2013: exports, imports, products, dynamics.

Russia’s Trade with Abkhazia

In 2013, Russia’s trade with Abkhazia totaled $311,450,369, up 6.59% ($19,245,875) from 2012.

Russia’s exports to Abkhazia in 2013 totaled $243,244,108, up 3.76% ($8,823,383) from 2012.

Russia’s imports from Abkhazia in 2013 totaled $68,206,261, up 18.04% ($10,422,492) from 2012.

Russia’s trade surplus with Abkhazia in 2013 was $175,037,847, a 0.91% decrease ($1,599,109) over 2012.

Abkhazia was Russia’s 92nd largest trading partner in 2013 (down from 86th in 2012), accounting for 0.0370% of Russia’s total trade (up from 0.0347% in 2012).

Abkhazia was Russia’s 82nd largest export market in 2013 (down from 81st in 2012), accounting for 0.0461% of Russia’s total exports (up from 0.0447% in 2012).

Abkhazia was Russia’s 89th largest supplier in 2013 (up from 92nd in 2012), accounting for 0.0217% of Russia’s total imports (up from 0.0182% in 2012).

Russia’s Exports to Abkhazia

The major share of Russian exports to Abkhazia in 2013 (and in 2012) was accounted for the following product types:

  • Food products and agricultural raw materials (HS codes 01-24) - 34.30% of Russia’s total exports to Abkhazia (32.63% in 2012);
  • Mineral products (HS codes 25-27) - 19.72% of Russia’s total exports to Abkhazia (22.55% in 2012);
  • Machinery, equipment and vehicles (HS codes 84-90) - 12.18% of Russia’s total exports to Abkhazia (14.32% in 2012);
  • Chemical products (HS codes 28-40) - 11.03% of Russia’s total exports to Abkhazia (10.61% in 2012);
  • Metals and products from them (HS codes 72-83) - 10.62% of Russia’s total exports to Abkhazia (10.00% in 2012);
  • Wood and wood products (HS codes 44-49) - 4.50% of Russia’s total exports to Abkhazia (4.08% in 2012).

The largest gains in Russia’s exports to Abkhazia in 2013 over 2012 were recorded for the following product groups:

  • Articles of iron or steel (HS code 73) - an increase of $4,067,625;
  • Products of the milling industry; malt; starches; inulin; wheat gluten (HS code 11) - an increase of $2,821,864;
  • Pharmaceutical products (HS code 30) - an increase of $1,965,897;
  • Articles of stone, plaster, cement, asbestos, mica or similar materials (HS code 68) - an increase of $1,727,028;
  • Preparations of cereals, flour, starch or milk; bakers’ wares (HS code 19) - an increase of $1,455,080;
  • Furniture; bedding, mattresses, mattress supports, cushions and similar stuffed furnishings; lamps and lighting fittings, not elsewhere specified or included; illuminated sign illuminated nameplates and the like; prefabricated buildings (HS code 94) - an increase of $1,407,889;
  • Nuclear reactors, boilers, machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof (HS code 84) - an increase of $1,323,347;
  • Dairy produce; birds eggs; natural honey; edible products of animal origin, not elsewhere specified or included (HS code 04) - an increase of $1,312,215;
  • Coffee, tea, maté and spices (HS code 09) - an increase of $1,300,626;
  • Natural or cultured pearls, precious or semi-precious stones,precious metals, metals clad with precious metal and articles thereof; imitation jewelry; coin (HS code 71) - an increase of $1,151,240;
  • Ships, boats and floating structures (HS code 89) - an increase of $955,204;
  • Paper and paperboard; articles of paper pulp, of paper or of paperboard (HS code 48) - an increase of $796,679;
  • Glass and glassware (HS code 70) - an increase of $760,339.

The largest declines in Russia’s exports to Abkhazia in 2013 over 2012 were recorded for the following product groups:

  • Mineral fuels, mineral oils and products of their distillation; bituminous substances; mineral waxes (HS code 27) - a decrease of $3,732,128;
  • Electrical machinery and equipment and parts thereof; sound recorders and reproducers, television image and sound recorders and reproducers, and parts and accessories of such articles (HS code 85) - a decrease of $3,123,243;
  • Optical, photographic, cinematographic, measuring, checking, precision, medical or surgical instruments and apparatus; parts and accessories thereof (HS code 90) - a decrease of $1,797,633;
  • Iron and steel (HS code 72) - a decrease of $1,297,975;
  • Salt; sulfur; earths and stone; plastering materials, lime and cement (HS code 25) - a decrease of $1,149,669;
  • Railway or tramway locomotives, rolling-stock and parts thereof; railway or tramway track fixtures and fittings and parts thereof; mechanical (including electro-mechanical) traffic signalling equipment of all kinds (HS code 86) - a decrease of $920,194.
Russia’s exports to Abkhazia in 2013 by product groups
HS
code
Name of product group Value of exports
in 2013,
US dollars ($)
Percent share in total export Value of exports
in 2012,
US dollars ($)
Percent change
in 2013
over 2012
01 Live animals 0 0.00 192,568-100.00
02 Meat and edible meat offal 2,755,503 1.13 3,350,657-17.76
03 Fish and crustaceans, molluscs and other aquatic invertebrates 59,060 0.02 0
04 Dairy produce; birds eggs; natural honey; edible products of animal origin, not elsewhere specified or included 9,528,459 3.92 8,216,24415.97
07 Edible vegetables and certain roots and tubers 221,498 0.09 183,80620.51
08 Edible fruit and nuts; peel of citrus fruit or melons 84,631 0.03 70,05120.81
09 Coffee, tea, maté and spices 3,414,783 1.40 2,114,15761.52
10 Cereals 282,052 0.12 377,076-25.20
11 Products of the milling industry; malt; starches; inulin; wheat gluten 10,917,907 4.49 8,096,04334.85
12 Oil seeds and oleaginous fruits; miscellaneous grains, seeds and fruits; industrial or medicinal plants; straw and fodder 3,428 0.00 808324.26
13 Lac; gums, resins and other vegetable saps and extracts 196 0.00 0
14 Vegetable plaiting materials; vegetable products not elsewhere specified or included 0 0.00 16-100.00
15 Animal or vegetable fats and oils and their cleavage products prepared edible fats; animal or vegetable waxes 1,930,190 0.79 1,816,4656.26
16 Preparations of meat, of fish or of crustaceans, molluscs or other aquatic invertebrates 9,020,341 3.71 8,942,6480.87
17 Sugars and sugar confectionery 1,797,249 0.74 2,235,811-19.62
18 Cocoa and cocoa preparations 4,898,695 2.01 4,301,70913.88
19 Preparations of cereals, flour, starch or milk; bakers’ wares 5,303,914 2.18 3,848,83437.81
20 Preparations of vegetables, fruit, nuts or other parts of plants 2,310,575 0.95 2,058,58112.24
21 Miscellaneous edible preparations 3,446,900 1.42 3,307,2764.22
22 Beverages, spirits and vinegar 13,774,245 5.66 13,510,7231.95
23 Residues and waste from the food industries; prepared animal feed 450,262 0.19 589,067-23.56
24 Tobacco and manufactured tobacco substitutes 13,232,155 5.44 13,281,539-0.37
25 Salt; sulfur; earths and stone; plastering materials, lime and cement 270,092 0.11 1,419,761-80.98
27 Mineral fuels, mineral oils and products of their distillation; bituminous substances; mineral waxes 47,704,228 19.61 51,436,356-7.26
28 Inorganic chemicals; organic or inorganic compounds of precious metals, of rare-earth metals,of radioactive elements or of isotopes 108,825 0.04 200,337-45.68
29 Organic chemicals 110,297 0.05 61,79678.49
30 Pharmaceutical products 10,490,795 4.31 8,524,89823.06
31 Fertilizers 1,058,416 0.44 1,053,1590.50
32 Tanning or dyeing extracts; dyes, pigments, paints, varnishes, putty and mastics 2,021,956 0.83 1,977,3552.26
33 Essential oils and resinoids; perfumery, cosmetic or toilet preparations 2,086,481 0.86 1,682,89123.98
34 Soap, organic surface-active agents, washing preparations, lubricating preparations, artificial waxes, prepared waxes, polishing or scouring preparations, candles and similar articles, modeling pastes, "dental waxes" and dental preparations with a basis of plaster 3,564,669 1.47 3,065,95516.27
35 Albuminoidal substances; modified starches; glues; enzymes 133,406 0.05 80,17266.40
36 Explosives; pyrotechnic products; matches; pyrophoric alloys; certain combustible preparations 306,736 0.13 1,024,040-70.05
37 Photographic or cinematographic goods 16,248 0.01 15,4365.26
38 Miscellaneous chemical products 627,791 0.26 371,40069.03
39 Plastics and articles thereof 5,545,893 2.28 6,110,206-9.24
40 Rubber and articles thereof 751,767 0.31 711,0595.72
42 Articles of leather; saddlery and harness; travel goods, handbags and similar containers; articles of animal gut (other than silkworm gut) 52,304 0.02 49,3126.07
44 Wood and articles of wood; wood charcoal 6,360,377 2.61 6,266,3851.50
45 Cork and articles of cork 73,893 0.03 64,43214.68
46 Manufactures of straw, of esparto or of other plaiting materials; basketware and wickerwork 1,286 0.00 213503.76
48 Paper and paperboard; articles of paper pulp, of paper or of paperboard 3,622,918 1.49 2,826,23928.19
49 Printed books, newspapers, pictures and other products of the printing industry; manuscripts, typescripts and plans 885,473 0.36 399,474121.66
54 Man-made filaments 39,516 0.02 132,692-70.22
55 Man-made staple fibers 23,130 0.01 0
56 Wadding, felt and nonwovens; special yarns, twine, cordage, ropes and cables and articles thereof 171,298 0.07 145,63017.63
57 Carpets and other textile floor coverings 259,315 0.11 101,718154.94
58 Special woven fabrics; tufted textile fabrics; lace, tapestries; trimmings; embroidery 70,833 0.03 10269,344.12
59 Impregnated, coated, covered or laminated textile fabrics; textile articles of a kind suitable for industrial use 148,163 0.06 155,076-4.46
60 Knitted or crocheted fabrics 0 0.00 343-100.00
61 Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, knitted or crocheted 45,849 0.02 43,2915.91
62 Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, not knitted or crocheted 433,922 0.18 132,579227.29
63 Other made up textile articles; sets; worn clothing and worn textile articles; rags 979,092 0.40 735,82533.06
64 Footwear, gaiters and the like; parts of such articles 59,755 0.02 93,084-35.81
65 Headgear and parts thereof 49,576 0.02 344,054-85.59
66 Umbrellas, sun umbrellas, walking sticks, seatsticks, whips, riding-crops and parts thereof 24,294 0.01 11,969102.97
68 Articles of stone, plaster, cement, asbestos, mica or similar materials 2,867,916 1.18 1,140,888151.38
69 Ceramic products 2,060,687 0.85 2,738,919-24.76
70 Glass and glassware 2,764,115 1.14 2,003,77637.95
71 Natural or cultured pearls, precious or semi-precious stones,precious metals, metals clad with precious metal and articles thereof; imitation jewelry; coin 1,757,618 0.72 606,378189.86
72 Iron and steel 12,271,092 5.04 13,569,067-9.57
73 Articles of iron or steel 11,488,071 4.72 7,420,44654.82
74 Copper and articles thereof 286,698 0.12 27,890927.96
76 Aluminum and articles thereof 405,446 0.17 585,258-30.72
79 Zinc and articles thereof 2,182 0.00 0
80 Tin and articles thereof 40 0.00 0
81 Other base metals; cermets; articles thereof 10,098 0.00 9,5685.54
82 Tools, implements, cutlery, spoons and forks, of base metal; parts thereof of base metal 525,323 0.22 1,148,201-54.25
83 Miscellaneous articles of base metal 849,562 0.35 682,82924.42
84 Nuclear reactors, boilers, machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof 10,833,761 4.45 9,510,41413.91
85 Electrical machinery and equipment and parts thereof; sound recorders and reproducers, television image and sound recorders and reproducers, and parts and accessories of such articles 9,530,118 3.92 12,653,361-24.68
86 Railway or tramway locomotives, rolling-stock and parts thereof; railway or tramway track fixtures and fittings and parts thereof; mechanical (including electro-mechanical) traffic signalling equipment of all kinds 0 0.00 920,194-100.00
87 Vehicles other than railway or tramway rolling stock, and parts and accessories thereof 5,951,327 2.45 6,310,834-5.70
89 Ships, boats and floating structures 957,004 0.39 1,80053,066.89
90 Optical, photographic, cinematographic, measuring, checking, precision, medical or surgical instruments and apparatus; parts and accessories thereof 2,365,945 0.97 4,163,578-43.18
91 Clocks and watches and parts thereof 21,996 0.01 5823,679.38
92 Musical instruments; parts and accessories of such articles 1,396 0.00 6,971-79.97
94 Furniture; bedding, mattresses, mattress supports, cushions and similar stuffed furnishings; lamps and lighting fittings, not elsewhere specified or included; illuminated sign illuminated nameplates and the like; prefabricated buildings 4,875,025 2.00 3,467,13640.61
95 Toys, games and sports requisites; parts and accessories thereof 450,599 0.19 572,153-21.25
96 Miscellaneous manufactured articles 1,288,107 0.53 861,83749.46
97 Works of art, collectors’ pieces and antiques 23,372 0.01 57,941-59.66
SS Classified 125,973 0.05 229 386-45.08

Russia’s Imports from Abkhazia

The major share of Russian imports from Abkhazia in 2013 (and in 2012) was accounted for the following product types:

  • Food products and agricultural raw materials (HS codes 01-24) - 91.30% of Russia’s total imports from Abkhazia (82.63% in 2012);
  • Machinery, equipment and vehicles (HS codes 84-90) - 5.08% of Russia’s total imports from Abkhazia (4.65% in 2012);
  • Mineral products (HS codes 25-27) - 3.29% of Russia’s total imports from Abkhazia (11.95% in 2012).

The largest gains in Russia’s imports from Abkhazia in 2013 over 2012 were recorded for the following product groups:

  • Beverages, spirits and vinegar (HS code 22) - an increase of $10,035,725;
  • Edible fruit and nuts; peel of citrus fruit or melons (HS code 08) - an increase of $3,696,897;
  • Railway or tramway locomotives, rolling-stock and parts thereof; railway or tramway track fixtures and fittings and parts thereof; mechanical (including electro-mechanical) traffic signalling equipment of all kinds (HS code 86) - an increase of $3,319,824;
  • Miscellaneous edible preparations (HS code 21) - an increase of $334,325;
  • Residues and waste from the food industries; prepared animal feed (HS code 23) - an increase of $297,052.

The largest declines in Russia’s imports from Abkhazia in 2013 over 2012 were recorded for the following product groups:

  • Salt; sulfur; earths and stone; plastering materials, lime and cement (HS code 25) - a decrease of $4,665,888;
  • Nuclear reactors, boilers, machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof (HS code 84) - a decrease of $2,261,172;
  • Articles of iron or steel (HS code 73) - a decrease of $293,951;
  • Vehicles other than railway or tramway rolling stock, and parts and accessories thereof (HS code 87) - a decrease of $272,313.
Russia’s imports from Abkhazia in 2013 by product groups
HS
code
Name of product group Value of imports in 2013,
US dollars ($)
Percent share in total import Value of imports in 2012,
US dollars ($)
Percent change
in 2013
over 2012
02 Meat and edible meat offal 121,333 0.18 0
04 Dairy produce; birds eggs; natural honey; edible products of animal origin, not elsewhere specified or included 92,570 0.14 116,677-20.66
06 Live trees and other plants; bulbs, roots and the like; cut flowers and ornamental foliage 56,010 0.08 0
07 Edible vegetables and certain roots and tubers 0 0.00 5,614-100.00
08 Edible fruit and nuts; peel of citrus fruit or melons 18,540,612 27.18 14,843,71524.91
09 Coffee, tea, maté and spices 71,465 0.10 16,762326.35
14 Vegetable plaiting materials; vegetable products not elsewhere specified or included 71,073 0.10 97,962-27.45
20 Preparations of vegetables, fruit, nuts or other parts of plants 0 0.00 12,189-100.00
21 Miscellaneous edible preparations 978,351 1.43 644,02651.91
22 Beverages, spirits and vinegar 41,903,365 61.44 31,867,64031.49
23 Residues and waste from the food industries; prepared animal feed 438,461 0.64 141,409210.07
25 Salt; sulfur; earths and stone; plastering materials, lime and cement 2,241,546 3.29 6,907,434-67.55
61 Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, knitted or crocheted 0 0.00 115,225-100.00
68 Articles of stone, plaster, cement, asbestos, mica or similar materials 208,347 0.31 26,125697.50
73 Articles of iron or steel 0 0.00 293,951-100.00
84 Nuclear reactors, boilers, machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof 57,960 0.08 2,319,132-97.50
85 Electrical machinery and equipment and parts thereof; sound recorders and reproducers, television image and sound recorders and reproducers, and parts and accessories of such articles 2,626 0.00 9,771-73.12
86 Railway or tramway locomotives, rolling-stock and parts thereof; railway or tramway track fixtures and fittings and parts thereof; mechanical (including electro-mechanical) traffic signalling equipment of all kinds 3,403,360 4.99 83,5363,974.12
87 Vehicles other than railway or tramway rolling stock, and parts and accessories thereof 0 0.00 272,313-100.00
94 Furniture; bedding, mattresses, mattress supports, cushions and similar stuffed furnishings; lamps and lighting fittings, not elsewhere specified or included; illuminated sign illuminated nameplates and the like; prefabricated buildings 19,182 0.03 10,28886.45
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Source: Federal Customs Service of Russia