Russian foreign trade
reports and reviews

Russian trade with Romania in 2014

by Russian Foreign Trade
based on data from the Federal Customs Service of Russia
The Report on Russia’s foreign trade in goods with Romania in 2014: exports, imports, products, dynamics.

Russia’s Trade with Romania

In 2014, Russia’s trade with Romania totaled $3,670,800,344, up 0.24% ($8,667,079) from 2013.

Russia’s exports to Romania in 2014 were $1,461,127,594, down 9.56% ($154,413,479) from 2013.

Russia’s imports from Romania in 2014 totaled $2,209,672,750, up 7.97% ($163,080,558) from 2013.

Russia’s trade deficit with Romania in 2014 was $748,545,156, a 73.66% increase ($317,494,037) over 2013.

Romania was Russia’s 38th largest trading partner in 2014 (down from 34th in 2013), accounting for 0.4689% of Russia’s total trade (up from 0.4348% in 2013).

Romania was Russia’s 45th largest export market in 2014 (down from 42nd in 2013), accounting for 0.2940% of Russia’s total exports (down from 0.3064% in 2013).

Romania was Russia’s 28th largest supplier in 2014 (up from 29th in 2013), accounting for 0.7727% of Russia’s total imports (up from 0.6498% in 2013).

Russia’s Exports to Romania

The major share of Russian exports to Romania in 2014 (and in 2013) was accounted for the following product types:

  • Mineral products (HS codes 25-27) - 74.56% of Russia’s total exports to Romania (78.03% in 2013);
  • Chemical products (HS codes 28-40) - 14.35% of Russia’s total exports to Romania (12.82% in 2013);
  • Machinery, equipment and vehicles (HS codes 84-90) - 3.88% of Russia’s total exports to Romania (3.52% in 2013);
  • Metals and products from them (HS codes 72-83) - 3.88% of Russia’s total exports to Romania (1.59% in 2013);
  • Wood and wood products (HS codes 44-49) - 2.43% of Russia’s total exports to Romania (2.40% in 2013);
  • Food products and agricultural raw materials (HS codes 01-24) - 0.25% of Russia’s total exports to Romania (1.24% in 2013).

The largest gains in Russia’s exports to Romania in 2014 over 2013 were recorded for the following product groups:

  • Iron and steel (HS code 72) - an increase of $31,488,835;
  • Rubber and articles thereof (HS code 40) - an increase of $7,793,711;
  • Ships, boats and floating structures (HS code 89) - an increase of $5,012,179.

The largest declines in Russia’s exports to Romania in 2014 over 2013 were recorded for the following product groups:

  • Mineral fuels, mineral oils and products of their distillation; bituminous substances; mineral waxes (HS code 27) - a decrease of $152,520,084;
  • Animal or vegetable fats and oils and their cleavage products prepared edible fats; animal or vegetable waxes (HS code 15) - a decrease of $18,232,729;
  • Ores, slag and ash (HS code 26) - a decrease of $15,800,822;
  • Fertilizers (HS code 31) - a decrease of $12,997,098;
  • Electrical machinery and equipment and parts thereof; sound recorders and reproducers, television image and sound recorders and reproducers, and parts and accessories of such articles (HS code 85) - a decrease of $5,850,919.
Russia’s exports to Romania in 2014 by product groups
HS
code
Name of product group Value of exports
in 2014,
US dollars ($)
Percent share in total export Value of exports
in 2013,
US dollars ($)
Percent change
in 2014
over 2013
07 Edible vegetables and certain roots and tubers 128,012 0.01 121,7665.13
09 Coffee, tea, maté and spices 21,188 0.00 68,272-68.97
11 Products of the milling industry; malt; starches; inulin; wheat gluten 0 0.00 204,039-100.00
12 Oil seeds and oleaginous fruits; miscellaneous grains, seeds and fruits; industrial or medicinal plants; straw and fodder 13,547 0.00 67,942-80.06
15 Animal or vegetable fats and oils and their cleavage products prepared edible fats; animal or vegetable waxes 85,042 0.01 18,317,771-99.54
21 Miscellaneous edible preparations 687,079 0.05 874,646-21.44
22 Beverages, spirits and vinegar 175,919 0.01 196,867-10.64
23 Residues and waste from the food industries; prepared animal feed 1,115 0.00 21,748-94.87
24 Tobacco and manufactured tobacco substitutes 2,505,469 0.17 108,8332,202.12
25 Salt; sulfur; earths and stone; plastering materials, lime and cement 15,487,474 1.06 18,297,633-15.36
26 Ores, slag and ash 43,421,809 2.97 59,222,631-26.68
27 Mineral fuels, mineral oils and products of their distillation; bituminous substances; mineral waxes 1,030,510,675 70.53 1,183,030,759-12.89
28 Inorganic chemicals; organic or inorganic compounds of precious metals, of rare-earth metals,of radioactive elements or of isotopes 13,120,841 0.90 14,125,009-7.11
29 Organic chemicals 60,358,020 4.13 56,115,8337.56
30 Pharmaceutical products 222,334 0.02 106,286109.18
31 Fertilizers 34,319,547 2.35 47,316,645-27.47
32 Tanning or dyeing extracts; dyes, pigments, paints, varnishes, putty and mastics 26,417 0.00 126,002-79.03
33 Essential oils and resinoids; perfumery, cosmetic or toilet preparations 2,345,263 0.16 2,484,643-5.61
34 Soap, organic surface-active agents, washing preparations, lubricating preparations, artificial waxes, prepared waxes, polishing or scouring preparations, candles and similar articles, modeling pastes, "dental waxes" and dental preparations with a basis of plaster 169,750 0.01 434,294-60.91
35 Albuminoidal substances; modified starches; glues; enzymes 5,824 0.00 4,92818.18
36 Explosives; pyrotechnic products; matches; pyrophoric alloys; certain combustible preparations 94,350 0.01 0
37 Photographic or cinematographic goods 1,634 0.00 1,735-5.82
38 Miscellaneous chemical products 1,394,848 0.10 277,695402.29
39 Plastics and articles thereof 9,130,035 0.62 5,492,82866.22
40 Rubber and articles thereof 88,489,757 6.06 80,696,0469.66
41 Raw hides and skins (other than furskins) and leather 386,144 0.03 0
42 Articles of leather; saddlery and harness; travel goods, handbags and similar containers; articles of animal gut (other than silkworm gut) 1,078 0.00 215401.40
44 Wood and articles of wood; wood charcoal 3,629,342 0.25 3,514,4333.27
47 Pulp of wood or of other fibrous cellulosic material; waste and scrap of paper or paperboard 4,980,714 0.34 8,476,537-41.24
48 Paper and paperboard; articles of paper pulp, of paper or of paperboard 26,904,106 1.84 26,686,4220.82
49 Printed books, newspapers, pictures and other products of the printing industry; manuscripts, typescripts and plans 16,791 0.00 96,971-82.68
52 Cotton 123,789 0.01 55,782121.92
54 Man-made filaments 104,571 0.01 17,653492.37
55 Man-made staple fibers 139,780 0.01 94,09248.56
56 Wadding, felt and nonwovens; special yarns, twine, cordage, ropes and cables and articles thereof 1,912,595 0.13 2,049,508-6.68
57 Carpets and other textile floor coverings 3,590 0.00 1,476143.22
58 Special woven fabrics; tufted textile fabrics; lace, tapestries; trimmings; embroidery 433 0.00 85,312.50
59 Impregnated, coated, covered or laminated textile fabrics; textile articles of a kind suitable for industrial use 37,645 0.00 113,671-66.88
60 Knitted or crocheted fabrics 62,020 0.00 0
61 Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, knitted or crocheted 7,552 0.00 6511,518.46
62 Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, not knitted or crocheted 21,561 0.00 3,242565.05
63 Other made up textile articles; sets; worn clothing and worn textile articles; rags 14,432 0.00 77,334-81.34
64 Footwear, gaiters and the like; parts of such articles 1,604 0.00 1,26327.00
65 Headgear and parts thereof 0 0.00 113-100.00
66 Umbrellas, sun umbrellas, walking sticks, seatsticks, whips, riding-crops and parts thereof 0 0.00 394-100.00
68 Articles of stone, plaster, cement, asbestos, mica or similar materials 4,421,249 0.30 2,235,07797.81
69 Ceramic products 0 0.00 2,774-100.00
70 Glass and glassware 600,916 0.04 790,295-23.96
71 Natural or cultured pearls, precious or semi-precious stones,precious metals, metals clad with precious metal and articles thereof; imitation jewelry; coin 3,441 0.00 534544.38
72 Iron and steel 49,639,750 3.40 18,150,915173.48
73 Articles of iron or steel 4,024,287 0.28 1,894,268112.45
74 Copper and articles thereof 14,169 0.00 2,214,699-99.36
76 Aluminum and articles thereof 1,868,351 0.13 2,829,722-33.97
78 Lead and articles thereof 165 0.00 41302.44
79 Zinc and articles thereof 77 0.00 0
80 Tin and articles thereof 178 0.00 117,700.00
81 Other base metals; cermets; articles thereof 478,195 0.03 33,3131,335.46
82 Tools, implements, cutlery, spoons and forks, of base metal; parts thereof of base metal 368,910 0.03 372,192-0.88
83 Miscellaneous articles of base metal 288,627 0.02 170,55269.23
84 Nuclear reactors, boilers, machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof 31,755,868 2.17 29,983,6825.91
85 Electrical machinery and equipment and parts thereof; sound recorders and reproducers, television image and sound recorders and reproducers, and parts and accessories of such articles 16,888,486 1.16 22,739,405-25.73
86 Railway or tramway locomotives, rolling-stock and parts thereof; railway or tramway track fixtures and fittings and parts thereof; mechanical (including electro-mechanical) traffic signalling equipment of all kinds 0 0.00 25,333-100.00
87 Vehicles other than railway or tramway rolling stock, and parts and accessories thereof 1,304,941 0.09 2,805,934-53.49
89 Ships, boats and floating structures 5,012,179 0.34 0
90 Optical, photographic, cinematographic, measuring, checking, precision, medical or surgical instruments and apparatus; parts and accessories thereof 1,734,857 0.12 1,289,21034.57
91 Clocks and watches and parts thereof 500 0.00 18,843-97.35
92 Musical instruments; parts and accessories of such articles 3,828 0.00 3,30315.89
94 Furniture; bedding, mattresses, mattress supports, cushions and similar stuffed furnishings; lamps and lighting fittings, not elsewhere specified or included; illuminated sign illuminated nameplates and the like; prefabricated buildings 483,403 0.03 913,904-47.11
95 Toys, games and sports requisites; parts and accessories thereof 140,954 0.01 126,49711.43
96 Miscellaneous manufactured articles 421 0.00 26956.51
SS Classified 1,030,146 0.07 36 2802,739.43

Russia’s Imports from Romania

The major share of Russian imports from Romania in 2014 (and in 2013) was accounted for the following product types:

  • Machinery, equipment and vehicles (HS codes 84-90) - 54.65% of Russia’s total imports from Romania (53.16% in 2013);
  • Chemical products (HS codes 28-40) - 18.90% of Russia’s total imports from Romania (19.94% in 2013);
  • Textiles, textile products and footwear (HS codes 50-67) - 7.68% of Russia’s total imports from Romania (8.04% in 2013);
  • Metals and products from them (HS codes 72-83) - 4.85% of Russia’s total imports from Romania (5.62% in 2013);
  • Wood and wood products (HS codes 44-49) - 3.91% of Russia’s total imports from Romania (5.42% in 2013);
  • Food products and agricultural raw materials (HS codes 01-24) - 3.60% of Russia’s total imports from Romania (2.52% in 2013);
  • Mineral products (HS codes 25-27) - 2.30% of Russia’s total imports from Romania (0.37% in 2013).

The largest gains in Russia’s imports from Romania in 2014 over 2013 were recorded for the following product groups:

  • Nuclear reactors, boilers, machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof (HS code 84) - an increase of $83,279,390;
  • Mineral fuels, mineral oils and products of their distillation; bituminous substances; mineral waxes (HS code 27) - an increase of $43,252,597;
  • Cereals (HS code 10) - an increase of $32,935,325;
  • Electrical machinery and equipment and parts thereof; sound recorders and reproducers, television image and sound recorders and reproducers, and parts and accessories of such articles (HS code 85) - an increase of $28,997,209;
  • Vehicles other than railway or tramway rolling stock, and parts and accessories thereof (HS code 87) - an increase of $22,854,034;
  • Pharmaceutical products (HS code 30) - an increase of $11,338,638;
  • Plastics and articles thereof (HS code 39) - an increase of $9,786,955;
  • Articles of iron or steel (HS code 73) - an increase of $9,002,786;
  • Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, not knitted or crocheted (HS code 62) - an increase of $8,967,238.

The largest declines in Russia’s imports from Romania in 2014 over 2013 were recorded for the following product groups:

  • Wood and articles of wood; wood charcoal (HS code 44) - a decrease of $28,789,353;
  • Ships, boats and floating structures (HS code 89) - a decrease of $15,752,524;
  • Furniture; bedding, mattresses, mattress supports, cushions and similar stuffed furnishings; lamps and lighting fittings, not elsewhere specified or included; illuminated sign illuminated nameplates and the like; prefabricated buildings (HS code 94) - a decrease of $13,413,702;
  • Iron and steel (HS code 72) - a decrease of $7,683,395.
Russia’s imports from Romania in 2014 by product groups
HS
code
Name of product group Value of imports in 2014,
US dollars ($)
Percent share in total import Value of imports in 2013,
US dollars ($)
Percent change
in 2014
over 2013
04 Dairy produce; birds eggs; natural honey; edible products of animal origin, not elsewhere specified or included 10,372 0.00 0
07 Edible vegetables and certain roots and tubers 58,800 0.00 251,475-76.62
08 Edible fruit and nuts; peel of citrus fruit or melons 2,150,513 0.10 2,369,599-9.25
10 Cereals 67,267,725 3.04 34,332,40095.93
12 Oil seeds and oleaginous fruits; miscellaneous grains, seeds and fruits; industrial or medicinal plants; straw and fodder 1,338,954 0.06 4,089,432-67.26
13 Lac; gums, resins and other vegetable saps and extracts 0 0.00 4,057-100.00
17 Sugars and sugar confectionery 914,041 0.04 823,66010.97
18 Cocoa and cocoa preparations 919,703 0.04 1,131,454-18.71
19 Preparations of cereals, flour, starch or milk; bakers’ wares 994,850 0.05 605,69364.25
20 Preparations of vegetables, fruit, nuts or other parts of plants 1,011,291 0.05 587,66472.09
21 Miscellaneous edible preparations 2,912,377 0.13 4,771,529-38.96
22 Beverages, spirits and vinegar 775,982 0.04 403,32992.39
24 Tobacco and manufactured tobacco substitutes 1,233,880 0.06 2,223,324-44.50
25 Salt; sulfur; earths and stone; plastering materials, lime and cement 25,683 0.00 196,521-86.93
27 Mineral fuels, mineral oils and products of their distillation; bituminous substances; mineral waxes 50,700,098 2.29 7,447,501580.77
28 Inorganic chemicals; organic or inorganic compounds of precious metals, of rare-earth metals,of radioactive elements or of isotopes 1,105,066 0.05 6,104,796-81.90
29 Organic chemicals 1,892,430 0.09 6,208,840-69.52
30 Pharmaceutical products 183,253,911 8.29 171,915,2736.60
31 Fertilizers 128,328 0.01 115,45811.15
32 Tanning or dyeing extracts; dyes, pigments, paints, varnishes, putty and mastics 2,585,137 0.12 2,870,834-9.95
33 Essential oils and resinoids; perfumery, cosmetic or toilet preparations 96,353,313 4.36 93,908,7572.60
34 Soap, organic surface-active agents, washing preparations, lubricating preparations, artificial waxes, prepared waxes, polishing or scouring preparations, candles and similar articles, modeling pastes, "dental waxes" and dental preparations with a basis of plaster 625,887 0.03 508,49523.09
35 Albuminoidal substances; modified starches; glues; enzymes 549 0.00 0
37 Photographic or cinematographic goods 311 0.00 47561.70
38 Miscellaneous chemical products 3,190,054 0.14 1,651,76693.13
39 Plastics and articles thereof 54,260,216 2.46 44,473,26122.01
40 Rubber and articles thereof 74,196,435 3.36 80,406,296-7.72
41 Raw hides and skins (other than furskins) and leather 14,950 0.00 56,733-73.65
42 Articles of leather; saddlery and harness; travel goods, handbags and similar containers; articles of animal gut (other than silkworm gut) 8,260,902 0.37 7,757,2246.49
43 Furskins and artificial fur; manufactures thereof 160,329 0.01 273,050-41.28
44 Wood and articles of wood; wood charcoal 53,577,504 2.42 82,366,857-34.95
46 Manufactures of straw, of esparto or of other plaiting materials; basketware and wickerwork 204 0.00 32537.50
48 Paper and paperboard; articles of paper pulp, of paper or of paperboard 31,001,266 1.40 27,357,38813.32
49 Printed books, newspapers, pictures and other products of the printing industry; manuscripts, typescripts and plans 1,822,814 0.08 1,268,29343.72
50 Silk 109 0.00 0
51 Wool, fine or coarse animal hair; horsehair yarn and woven fabric 22,925 0.00 7,903190.08
52 Cotton 6,969 0.00 25,824-73.01
54 Man-made filaments 764,738 0.03 905,495-15.54
55 Man-made staple fibers 231,505 0.01 242,673-4.60
56 Wadding, felt and nonwovens; special yarns, twine, cordage, ropes and cables and articles thereof 403,657 0.02 237,87869.69
57 Carpets and other textile floor coverings 68,493 0.00 287,204-76.15
58 Special woven fabrics; tufted textile fabrics; lace, tapestries; trimmings; embroidery 322,145 0.01 263,71222.16
59 Impregnated, coated, covered or laminated textile fabrics; textile articles of a kind suitable for industrial use 6,434,960 0.29 10,718,014-39.96
60 Knitted or crocheted fabrics 56,727 0.00 35,94757.81
61 Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, knitted or crocheted 29,383,957 1.33 26,550,97510.67
62 Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, not knitted or crocheted 74,765,824 3.38 65,798,58613.63
63 Other made up textile articles; sets; worn clothing and worn textile articles; rags 6,372,860 0.29 7,112,461-10.40
64 Footwear, gaiters and the like; parts of such articles 50,287,218 2.28 52,216,836-3.70
65 Headgear and parts thereof 175,994 0.01 150,10017.25
66 Umbrellas, sun umbrellas, walking sticks, seatsticks, whips, riding-crops and parts thereof 12 0.00 0
67 Prepared feathers and down and articles made of feathers or of down; artificial flowers; articles of human hair 352,750 0.02 57,451514.00
68 Articles of stone, plaster, cement, asbestos, mica or similar materials 1,643,950 0.07 1,261,52630.31
69 Ceramic products 9,925,720 0.45 10,854,796-8.56
70 Glass and glassware 14,047,815 0.64 9,224,46752.29
71 Natural or cultured pearls, precious or semi-precious stones,precious metals, metals clad with precious metal and articles thereof; imitation jewelry; coin 35,870 0.00 75,537-52.51
72 Iron and steel 12,851,904 0.58 20,535,299-37.42
73 Articles of iron or steel 48,606,432 2.20 39,603,64622.73
74 Copper and articles thereof 23,837 0.00 29,674-19.67
76 Aluminum and articles thereof 13,054,121 0.59 16,320,360-20.01
78 Lead and articles thereof 873 0.00 0
79 Zinc and articles thereof 405,381 0.02 360,35112.50
81 Other base metals; cermets; articles thereof 318,622 0.01 154,357106.42
82 Tools, implements, cutlery, spoons and forks, of base metal; parts thereof of base metal 3,836,631 0.17 5,430,403-29.35
83 Miscellaneous articles of base metal 28,122,050 1.27 32,551,317-13.61
84 Nuclear reactors, boilers, machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof 466,272,967 21.10 382,993,57721.74
85 Electrical machinery and equipment and parts thereof; sound recorders and reproducers, television image and sound recorders and reproducers, and parts and accessories of such articles 171,478,086 7.76 142,480,87720.35
86 Railway or tramway locomotives, rolling-stock and parts thereof; railway or tramway track fixtures and fittings and parts thereof; mechanical (including electro-mechanical) traffic signalling equipment of all kinds 0 0.00 446,336-100.00
87 Vehicles other than railway or tramway rolling stock, and parts and accessories thereof 535,275,216 24.22 512,421,1824.46
89 Ships, boats and floating structures 20,049,603 0.91 35,802,127-44.00
90 Optical, photographic, cinematographic, measuring, checking, precision, medical or surgical instruments and apparatus; parts and accessories thereof 14,400,830 0.65 13,855,0313.94
91 Clocks and watches and parts thereof 210,957 0.01 287,714-26.68
92 Musical instruments; parts and accessories of such articles 203,919 0.01 258,552-21.13
94 Furniture; bedding, mattresses, mattress supports, cushions and similar stuffed furnishings; lamps and lighting fittings, not elsewhere specified or included; illuminated sign illuminated nameplates and the like; prefabricated buildings 53,984,914 2.44 67,398,616-19.90
95 Toys, games and sports requisites; parts and accessories thereof 1,241,983 0.06 1,965,306-36.80
96 Miscellaneous manufactured articles 1,028,062 0.05 995,9503.22
97 Works of art, collectors’ pieces and antiques 222,813 0.01 160,29439.00
SS Classified 35,476 0.00 32 8008.16
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Russian foreign trade statistics
Source: Federal Customs Service of Russia