Russian foreign trade
reports and reviews

Russian trade with Romania in 2015

by Russian Foreign Trade
based on data from the Federal Customs Service of Russia
The Report on Russia’s foreign trade in goods with Romania in 2015: exports, imports, products, dynamics.

Russia’s Trade with Romania

In 2015, Russia’s trade with Romania was $2,977,286,025, down 18.89% ($693,514,319) from 2014.

Russia’s exports to Romania in 2015 totaled $1,679,160,584, up 14.92% ($218,032,990) from 2014.

Russia’s imports from Romania in 2015 were $1,298,125,441, down 41.25% ($911,547,309) from 2014.

Russia’s trade balance with Romania went from a deficit of $748,545,156 in 2014, to a surplus of $381,035,143 in 2015.

Romania was Russia’s 32nd largest trading partner in 2015 (up from 38th in 2014), accounting for 0.5657% of Russia’s total trade (up from 0.4689% in 2014).

Romania was Russia’s 40th largest export market in 2015 (up from 45th in 2014), accounting for 0.4887% of Russia’s total exports (up from 0.2940% in 2014).

Romania was Russia’s 31st largest supplier in 2015 (down from 28th in 2014), accounting for 0.7106% of Russia’s total imports (down from 0.7727% in 2014).

Russia’s Exports to Romania

The major share of Russian exports to Romania in 2015 (and in 2014) was accounted for the following product types:

  • Mineral products (HS codes 25-27) - 80.50% of Russia’s total exports to Romania (74.56% in 2014);
  • Chemical products (HS codes 28-40) - 8.75% of Russia’s total exports to Romania (14.35% in 2014);
  • Metals and products from them (HS codes 72-83) - 3.48% of Russia’s total exports to Romania (3.88% in 2014);
  • Machinery, equipment and vehicles (HS codes 84-90) - 2.96% of Russia’s total exports to Romania (3.88% in 2014);
  • Wood and wood products (HS codes 44-49) - 2.25% of Russia’s total exports to Romania (2.43% in 2014);
  • Food products and agricultural raw materials (HS codes 01-24) - 1.12% of Russia’s total exports to Romania (0.25% in 2014).

The largest gains in Russia’s exports to Romania in 2015 over 2014 were recorded for the following product groups:

  • Mineral fuels, mineral oils and products of their distillation; bituminous substances; mineral waxes (HS code 27) - an increase of $291,130,647;
  • Cereals (HS code 10) - an increase of $5,620,916.

The largest declines in Russia’s exports to Romania in 2015 over 2014 were recorded for the following product groups:

  • Rubber and articles thereof (HS code 40) - a decrease of $28,788,450;
  • Ores, slag and ash (HS code 26) - a decrease of $28,017,226;
  • Organic chemicals (HS code 29) - a decrease of $21,547,193;
  • Fertilizers (HS code 31) - a decrease of $7,035,679.
Russia’s exports to Romania in 2015 by product groups
HS
code
Name of product group Value of exports
in 2015,
US dollars ($)
Percent share in total export Value of exports
in 2014,
US dollars ($)
Percent change
in 2015
over 2014
07 Edible vegetables and certain roots and tubers 3,958,198 0.24 128,0122,992.05
09 Coffee, tea, maté and spices 64,390 0.00 21,188203.90
10 Cereals 5,620,916 0.33 0
11 Products of the milling industry; malt; starches; inulin; wheat gluten 18,571 0.00 0
12 Oil seeds and oleaginous fruits; miscellaneous grains, seeds and fruits; industrial or medicinal plants; straw and fodder 3,363,060 0.20 13,54724,725.13
15 Animal or vegetable fats and oils and their cleavage products prepared edible fats; animal or vegetable waxes 44,681 0.00 85,042-47.46
21 Miscellaneous edible preparations 343,829 0.02 687,079-49.96
22 Beverages, spirits and vinegar 195,776 0.01 175,91911.29
23 Residues and waste from the food industries; prepared animal feed 195 0.00 1,115-82.51
24 Tobacco and manufactured tobacco substitutes 5,128,367 0.31 2,505,469104.69
25 Salt; sulfur; earths and stone; plastering materials, lime and cement 14,677,706 0.87 15,487,474-5.23
26 Ores, slag and ash 15,404,583 0.92 43,421,809-64.52
27 Mineral fuels, mineral oils and products of their distillation; bituminous substances; mineral waxes 1,321,641,322 78.71 1,030,510,67528.25
28 Inorganic chemicals; organic or inorganic compounds of precious metals, of rare-earth metals,of radioactive elements or of isotopes 9,750,589 0.58 13,120,841-25.69
29 Organic chemicals 38,810,827 2.31 60,358,020-35.70
30 Pharmaceutical products 421,015 0.03 222,33489.36
31 Fertilizers 27,283,868 1.62 34,319,547-20.50
32 Tanning or dyeing extracts; dyes, pigments, paints, varnishes, putty and mastics 25,974 0.00 26,417-1.68
33 Essential oils and resinoids; perfumery, cosmetic or toilet preparations 2,215,092 0.13 2,345,263-5.55
34 Soap, organic surface-active agents, washing preparations, lubricating preparations, artificial waxes, prepared waxes, polishing or scouring preparations, candles and similar articles, modeling pastes, "dental waxes" and dental preparations with a basis of plaster 131,691 0.01 169,750-22.42
35 Albuminoidal substances; modified starches; glues; enzymes 4,594 0.00 5,824-21.12
36 Explosives; pyrotechnic products; matches; pyrophoric alloys; certain combustible preparations 45,200 0.00 94,350-52.09
37 Photographic or cinematographic goods 0 0.00 1,634-100.00
38 Miscellaneous chemical products 1,137,251 0.07 1,394,848-18.47
39 Plastics and articles thereof 7,414,231 0.44 9,130,035-18.79
40 Rubber and articles thereof 59,701,307 3.56 88,489,757-32.53
41 Raw hides and skins (other than furskins) and leather 0 0.00 386,144-100.00
42 Articles of leather; saddlery and harness; travel goods, handbags and similar containers; articles of animal gut (other than silkworm gut) 884 0.00 1,078-18.00
44 Wood and articles of wood; wood charcoal 7,254,500 0.43 3,629,34299.88
46 Manufactures of straw, of esparto or of other plaiting materials; basketware and wickerwork 168 0.00 0
47 Pulp of wood or of other fibrous cellulosic material; waste and scrap of paper or paperboard 3,243,230 0.19 4,980,714-34.88
48 Paper and paperboard; articles of paper pulp, of paper or of paperboard 27,266,155 1.62 26,904,1061.35
49 Printed books, newspapers, pictures and other products of the printing industry; manuscripts, typescripts and plans 49,527 0.00 16,791194.96
52 Cotton 298,944 0.02 123,789141.49
54 Man-made filaments 1,381 0.00 104,571-98.68
55 Man-made staple fibers 87,981 0.01 139,780-37.06
56 Wadding, felt and nonwovens; special yarns, twine, cordage, ropes and cables and articles thereof 963,349 0.06 1,912,595-49.63
57 Carpets and other textile floor coverings 5,005 0.00 3,59039.42
58 Special woven fabrics; tufted textile fabrics; lace, tapestries; trimmings; embroidery 19 0.00 433-95.61
59 Impregnated, coated, covered or laminated textile fabrics; textile articles of a kind suitable for industrial use 20,195 0.00 37,645-46.35
60 Knitted or crocheted fabrics 0 0.00 62,020-100.00
61 Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, knitted or crocheted 2,063 0.00 7,552-72.68
62 Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, not knitted or crocheted 4,740 0.00 21,561-78.02
63 Other made up textile articles; sets; worn clothing and worn textile articles; rags 75,530 0.00 14,432423.35
64 Footwear, gaiters and the like; parts of such articles 3,607 0.00 1,604124.88
65 Headgear and parts thereof 363 0.00 0
66 Umbrellas, sun umbrellas, walking sticks, seatsticks, whips, riding-crops and parts thereof 441 0.00 0
68 Articles of stone, plaster, cement, asbestos, mica or similar materials 4,941,024 0.29 4,421,24911.76
69 Ceramic products 18,140 0.00 0
70 Glass and glassware 992,455 0.06 600,91665.16
71 Natural or cultured pearls, precious or semi-precious stones,precious metals, metals clad with precious metal and articles thereof; imitation jewelry; coin 6 0.00 3,441-99.83
72 Iron and steel 52,192,815 3.11 49,639,7505.14
73 Articles of iron or steel 2,661,875 0.16 4,024,287-33.85
74 Copper and articles thereof 15,569 0.00 14,1699.88
76 Aluminum and articles thereof 2,455,919 0.15 1,868,35131.45
78 Lead and articles thereof 8 0.00 165-95.15
79 Zinc and articles thereof 189 0.00 77145.45
80 Tin and articles thereof 0 0.00 178-100.00
81 Other base metals; cermets; articles thereof 7,476 0.00 478,195-98.44
82 Tools, implements, cutlery, spoons and forks, of base metal; parts thereof of base metal 305,986 0.02 368,910-17.06
83 Miscellaneous articles of base metal 810,492 0.05 288,627180.81
84 Nuclear reactors, boilers, machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof 28,694,511 1.71 31,755,868-9.64
85 Electrical machinery and equipment and parts thereof; sound recorders and reproducers, television image and sound recorders and reproducers, and parts and accessories of such articles 16,410,329 0.98 16,888,486-2.83
86 Railway or tramway locomotives, rolling-stock and parts thereof; railway or tramway track fixtures and fittings and parts thereof; mechanical (including electro-mechanical) traffic signalling equipment of all kinds 59,305 0.00 0
87 Vehicles other than railway or tramway rolling stock, and parts and accessories thereof 3,925,335 0.23 1,304,941200.81
89 Ships, boats and floating structures 1,800 0.00 5,012,179-99.96
90 Optical, photographic, cinematographic, measuring, checking, precision, medical or surgical instruments and apparatus; parts and accessories thereof 672,350 0.04 1,734,857-61.24
91 Clocks and watches and parts thereof 1,038 0.00 500107.60
92 Musical instruments; parts and accessories of such articles 0 0.00 3,828-100.00
94 Furniture; bedding, mattresses, mattress supports, cushions and similar stuffed furnishings; lamps and lighting fittings, not elsewhere specified or included; illuminated sign illuminated nameplates and the like; prefabricated buildings 727,347 0.04 483,40350.46
95 Toys, games and sports requisites; parts and accessories thereof 35,385 0.00 140,954-74.90
96 Miscellaneous manufactured articles 47,842 0.00 42111,263.90
SS Classified 7,502,073 0.45 1 030 146628.25

Russia’s Imports from Romania

The major share of Russian imports from Romania in 2015 (and in 2014) was accounted for the following product types:

  • Machinery, equipment and vehicles (HS codes 84-90) - 55.69% of Russia’s total imports from Romania (54.65% in 2014);
  • Chemical products (HS codes 28-40) - 21.41% of Russia’s total imports from Romania (18.90% in 2014);
  • Textiles, textile products and footwear (HS codes 50-67) - 7.79% of Russia’s total imports from Romania (7.68% in 2014);
  • Metals and products from them (HS codes 72-83) - 5.13% of Russia’s total imports from Romania (4.85% in 2014);
  • Food products and agricultural raw materials (HS codes 01-24) - 4.10% of Russia’s total imports from Romania (3.60% in 2014);
  • Wood and wood products (HS codes 44-49) - 1.95% of Russia’s total imports from Romania (3.91% in 2014);
  • Mineral products (HS codes 25-27) - 0.99% of Russia’s total imports from Romania (2.30% in 2014).

The largest gains in Russia’s imports from Romania in 2015 over 2014 were recorded for the following product groups:

  • Ships, boats and floating structures (HS code 89) - an increase of $43,341,610.

The largest declines in Russia’s imports from Romania in 2015 over 2014 were recorded for the following product groups:

  • Nuclear reactors, boilers, machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof (HS code 84) - a decrease of $250,909,171;
  • Vehicles other than railway or tramway rolling stock, and parts and accessories thereof (HS code 87) - a decrease of $213,039,777;
  • Electrical machinery and equipment and parts thereof; sound recorders and reproducers, television image and sound recorders and reproducers, and parts and accessories of such articles (HS code 85) - a decrease of $61,992,731;
  • Pharmaceutical products (HS code 30) - a decrease of $60,495,800;
  • Wood and articles of wood; wood charcoal (HS code 44) - a decrease of $43,159,939;
  • Mineral fuels, mineral oils and products of their distillation; bituminous substances; mineral waxes (HS code 27) - a decrease of $37,922,744;
  • Furniture; bedding, mattresses, mattress supports, cushions and similar stuffed furnishings; lamps and lighting fittings, not elsewhere specified or included; illuminated sign illuminated nameplates and the like; prefabricated buildings (HS code 94) - a decrease of $32,299,942;
  • Rubber and articles thereof (HS code 40) - a decrease of $30,084,757;
  • Essential oils and resinoids; perfumery, cosmetic or toilet preparations (HS code 33) - a decrease of $29,478,604;
  • Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, not knitted or crocheted (HS code 62) - a decrease of $26,138,869;
  • Footwear, gaiters and the like; parts of such articles (HS code 64) - a decrease of $23,422,508;
  • Plastics and articles thereof (HS code 39) - a decrease of $21,839,710;
  • Cereals (HS code 10) - a decrease of $20,025,058;
  • Paper and paperboard; articles of paper pulp, of paper or of paperboard (HS code 48) - a decrease of $16,822,052;
  • Articles of iron or steel (HS code 73) - a decrease of $13,714,372;
  • Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, knitted or crocheted (HS code 61) - a decrease of $12,183,184;
  • Miscellaneous articles of base metal (HS code 83) - a decrease of $10,877,954;
  • Iron and steel (HS code 72) - a decrease of $9,482,479;
  • Glass and glassware (HS code 70) - a decrease of $8,990,671;
  • Aluminum and articles thereof (HS code 76) - a decrease of $6,354,332;
  • Ceramic products (HS code 69) - a decrease of $5,167,439;
  • Other made up textile articles; sets; worn clothing and worn textile articles; rags (HS code 63) - a decrease of $3,971,451.
Russia’s imports from Romania in 2015 by product groups
HS
code
Name of product group Value of imports in 2015,
US dollars ($)
Percent share in total import Value of imports in 2014,
US dollars ($)
Percent change
in 2015
over 2014
04 Dairy produce; birds eggs; natural honey; edible products of animal origin, not elsewhere specified or included 0 0.00 10,372-100.00
07 Edible vegetables and certain roots and tubers 0 0.00 58,800-100.00
08 Edible fruit and nuts; peel of citrus fruit or melons 0 0.00 2,150,513-100.00
10 Cereals 47,242,667 3.64 67,267,725-29.77
12 Oil seeds and oleaginous fruits; miscellaneous grains, seeds and fruits; industrial or medicinal plants; straw and fodder 1,784,278 0.14 1,338,95433.26
13 Lac; gums, resins and other vegetable saps and extracts 4,133 0.00 0
15 Animal or vegetable fats and oils and their cleavage products prepared edible fats; animal or vegetable waxes 81,389 0.01 0
17 Sugars and sugar confectionery 413,418 0.03 914,041-54.77
18 Cocoa and cocoa preparations 302,814 0.02 919,703-67.07
19 Preparations of cereals, flour, starch or milk; bakers’ wares 520,783 0.04 994,850-47.65
20 Preparations of vegetables, fruit, nuts or other parts of plants 921,672 0.07 1,011,291-8.86
21 Miscellaneous edible preparations 607,526 0.05 2,912,377-79.14
22 Beverages, spirits and vinegar 554,785 0.04 775,982-28.51
24 Tobacco and manufactured tobacco substitutes 745,109 0.06 1,233,880-39.61
25 Salt; sulfur; earths and stone; plastering materials, lime and cement 21,328 0.00 25,683-16.96
27 Mineral fuels, mineral oils and products of their distillation; bituminous substances; mineral waxes 12,777,354 0.98 50,700,098-74.80
28 Inorganic chemicals; organic or inorganic compounds of precious metals, of rare-earth metals,of radioactive elements or of isotopes 2,020,005 0.16 1,105,06682.79
29 Organic chemicals 1,461,994 0.11 1,892,430-22.75
30 Pharmaceutical products 122,758,111 9.46 183,253,911-33.01
31 Fertilizers 90,184 0.01 128,328-29.72
32 Tanning or dyeing extracts; dyes, pigments, paints, varnishes, putty and mastics 2,060,032 0.16 2,585,137-20.31
33 Essential oils and resinoids; perfumery, cosmetic or toilet preparations 66,874,709 5.15 96,353,313-30.59
34 Soap, organic surface-active agents, washing preparations, lubricating preparations, artificial waxes, prepared waxes, polishing or scouring preparations, candles and similar articles, modeling pastes, "dental waxes" and dental preparations with a basis of plaster 414,347 0.03 625,887-33.80
35 Albuminoidal substances; modified starches; glues; enzymes 1,214 0.00 549121.13
37 Photographic or cinematographic goods 0 0.00 311-100.00
38 Miscellaneous chemical products 5,654,901 0.44 3,190,05477.27
39 Plastics and articles thereof 32,420,506 2.50 54,260,216-40.25
40 Rubber and articles thereof 44,111,678 3.40 74,196,435-40.55
41 Raw hides and skins (other than furskins) and leather 0 0.00 14,950-100.00
42 Articles of leather; saddlery and harness; travel goods, handbags and similar containers; articles of animal gut (other than silkworm gut) 4,911,542 0.38 8,260,902-40.54
43 Furskins and artificial fur; manufactures thereof 66,268 0.01 160,329-58.67
44 Wood and articles of wood; wood charcoal 10,417,565 0.80 53,577,504-80.56
46 Manufactures of straw, of esparto or of other plaiting materials; basketware and wickerwork 491 0.00 204140.69
48 Paper and paperboard; articles of paper pulp, of paper or of paperboard 14,179,214 1.09 31,001,266-54.26
49 Printed books, newspapers, pictures and other products of the printing industry; manuscripts, typescripts and plans 656,143 0.05 1,822,814-64.00
50 Silk 0 0.00 109-100.00
51 Wool, fine or coarse animal hair; horsehair yarn and woven fabric 5,597 0.00 22,925-75.59
52 Cotton 1,664 0.00 6,969-76.12
53 Other vegetable textile fibers; paper yarn and woven fabric of paper yarn 51 0.00 0
54 Man-made filaments 778,676 0.06 764,7381.82
55 Man-made staple fibers 413,976 0.03 231,50578.82
56 Wadding, felt and nonwovens; special yarns, twine, cordage, ropes and cables and articles thereof 364,510 0.03 403,657-9.70
57 Carpets and other textile floor coverings 75,188 0.01 68,4939.77
58 Special woven fabrics; tufted textile fabrics; lace, tapestries; trimmings; embroidery 498,421 0.04 322,14554.72
59 Impregnated, coated, covered or laminated textile fabrics; textile articles of a kind suitable for industrial use 3,313,315 0.26 6,434,960-48.51
60 Knitted or crocheted fabrics 84,231 0.01 56,72748.48
61 Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, knitted or crocheted 17,200,773 1.33 29,383,957-41.46
62 Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, not knitted or crocheted 48,626,955 3.75 74,765,824-34.96
63 Other made up textile articles; sets; worn clothing and worn textile articles; rags 2,401,409 0.18 6,372,860-62.32
64 Footwear, gaiters and the like; parts of such articles 26,864,710 2.07 50,287,218-46.58
65 Headgear and parts thereof 133,874 0.01 175,994-23.93
66 Umbrellas, sun umbrellas, walking sticks, seatsticks, whips, riding-crops and parts thereof 0 0.00 12-100.00
67 Prepared feathers and down and articles made of feathers or of down; artificial flowers; articles of human hair 396,988 0.03 352,75012.54
68 Articles of stone, plaster, cement, asbestos, mica or similar materials 823,876 0.06 1,643,950-49.88
69 Ceramic products 4,758,281 0.37 9,925,720-52.06
70 Glass and glassware 5,057,144 0.39 14,047,815-64.00
71 Natural or cultured pearls, precious or semi-precious stones,precious metals, metals clad with precious metal and articles thereof; imitation jewelry; coin 6,559 0.00 35,870-81.71
72 Iron and steel 3,369,425 0.26 12,851,904-73.78
73 Articles of iron or steel 34,892,060 2.69 48,606,432-28.22
74 Copper and articles thereof 9,128 0.00 23,837-61.71
76 Aluminum and articles thereof 6,699,789 0.52 13,054,121-48.68
78 Lead and articles thereof 0 0.00 873-100.00
79 Zinc and articles thereof 226,916 0.02 405,381-44.02
81 Other base metals; cermets; articles thereof 317,402 0.02 318,622-0.38
82 Tools, implements, cutlery, spoons and forks, of base metal; parts thereof of base metal 3,802,653 0.29 3,836,631-0.89
83 Miscellaneous articles of base metal 17,244,096 1.33 28,122,050-38.68
84 Nuclear reactors, boilers, machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof 215,363,796 16.59 466,272,967-53.81
85 Electrical machinery and equipment and parts thereof; sound recorders and reproducers, television image and sound recorders and reproducers, and parts and accessories of such articles 109,485,355 8.43 171,478,086-36.15
87 Vehicles other than railway or tramway rolling stock, and parts and accessories thereof 322,235,439 24.82 535,275,216-39.80
89 Ships, boats and floating structures 63,391,213 4.88 20,049,603216.17
90 Optical, photographic, cinematographic, measuring, checking, precision, medical or surgical instruments and apparatus; parts and accessories thereof 12,408,029 0.96 14,400,830-13.84
91 Clocks and watches and parts thereof 46,319 0.00 210,957-78.04
92 Musical instruments; parts and accessories of such articles 59,487 0.00 203,919-70.83
94 Furniture; bedding, mattresses, mattress supports, cushions and similar stuffed furnishings; lamps and lighting fittings, not elsewhere specified or included; illuminated sign illuminated nameplates and the like; prefabricated buildings 21,684,972 1.67 53,984,914-59.83
95 Toys, games and sports requisites; parts and accessories thereof 582,905 0.04 1,241,983-53.07
96 Miscellaneous manufactured articles 424,099 0.03 1,028,062-58.75
97 Works of art, collectors’ pieces and antiques 0 0.00 222,813-100.00
SS Classified 0 0.00 35 476-100.00

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Russian foreign trade statistics
Source: Federal Customs Service of Russia