Russian foreign trade
reports and reviews

Russian trade with Cuba in 2016

by Russian Foreign Trade
based on data from the Federal Customs Service of Russia
The Report on Russia’s foreign trade in goods with Cuba in 2016: exports, imports, products, dynamics.

Russia’s Trade with Cuba

In 2016, Russia’s trade with Cuba totaled $248,078,088, up 82.60% ($112,219,916) from 2015.

Russia’s exports to Cuba in 2016 totaled $213,583,675, up 144.52% ($126,237,241) from 2015.

Russia’s imports from Cuba in 2016 were $34,494,413, down 28.89% ($14,017,325) from 2015.

Russia’s trade surplus with Cuba in 2016 was $179,089,262, a 361.16% increase ($140,254,566) over 2015.

Cuba was Russia’s 92nd largest trading partner in 2016 (up from 107th in 2015), accounting for 0.0530% of Russia’s total trade (up from 0.0258% in 2015).

Cuba was Russia’s 77th largest export market in 2016 (up from 102nd in 2015), accounting for 0.0748% of Russia’s total exports (up from 0.0254% in 2015).

Cuba was Russia’s 95th largest supplier in 2016 (down from 93rd in 2015), accounting for 0.0189% of Russia’s total imports (down from 0.0266% in 2015).

Russia’s Exports to Cuba

The major share of Russian exports to Cuba in 2016 (and in 2015) was accounted for the following product types:

  • Machinery, equipment and vehicles (HS codes 84-90) - 63.62% of Russia’s total exports to Cuba (58.93% in 2015);
  • Food products and agricultural raw materials (HS codes 01-24) - 7.74% of Russia’s total exports to Cuba (5.88% in 2015);
  • Chemical products (HS codes 28-40) - 3.99% of Russia’s total exports to Cuba (11.24% in 2015);
  • Metals and products from them (HS codes 72-83) - 2.79% of Russia’s total exports to Cuba (10.85% in 2015);
  • Wood and wood products (HS codes 44-49) - 2.65% of Russia’s total exports to Cuba (6.92% in 2015);
  • Mineral products (HS codes 25-27) - 1.16% of Russia’s total exports to Cuba (2.60% in 2015).

The largest gains in Russia’s exports to Cuba in 2016 over 2015 were recorded for the following product groups:

  • Vehicles other than railway or tramway rolling stock, and parts and accessories thereof (HS code 87) - an increase of $46,906,620;
  • Railway or tramway locomotives, rolling-stock and parts thereof; railway or tramway track fixtures and fittings and parts thereof; mechanical (including electro-mechanical) traffic signalling equipment of all kinds (HS code 86) - an increase of $25,955,565;
  • Animal or vegetable fats and oils and their cleavage products prepared edible fats; animal or vegetable waxes (HS code 15) - an increase of $11,382,225;
  • Nuclear reactors, boilers, machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof (HS code 84) - an increase of $7,788,883;
  • Pharmaceutical products (HS code 30) - an increase of $2,208,106;
  • Electrical machinery and equipment and parts thereof; sound recorders and reproducers, television image and sound recorders and reproducers, and parts and accessories of such articles (HS code 85) - an increase of $2,076,255;
  • Optical, photographic, cinematographic, measuring, checking, precision, medical or surgical instruments and apparatus; parts and accessories thereof (HS code 90) - an increase of $1,705,455.

The largest declines in Russia’s exports to Cuba in 2016 over 2015 were recorded for the following product groups:

  • Articles of iron or steel (HS code 73) - a decrease of $4,010,018;
  • Rubber and articles thereof (HS code 40) - a decrease of $1,828,917;
  • Fertilizers (HS code 31) - a decrease of $1,799,679.
Russia’s exports to Cuba in 2016 by product groups
HS
code
Name of product group Value of exports
in 2016,
US dollars ($)
Percent share in total export Value of exports
in 2015,
US dollars ($)
Percent change
in 2016
over 2015
04 Dairy produce; birds eggs; natural honey; edible products of animal origin, not elsewhere specified or included 963 0.00 75727.21
07 Edible vegetables and certain roots and tubers 1,342 0.00 92844.61
09 Coffee, tea, maté and spices 3,888 0.00 5,010-22.40
11 Products of the milling industry; malt; starches; inulin; wheat gluten 4,934 0.00 3,10858.75
15 Animal or vegetable fats and oils and their cleavage products prepared edible fats; animal or vegetable waxes 16,448,510 7.70 5,066,285224.67
16 Preparations of meat, of fish or of crustaceans, molluscs or other aquatic invertebrates 11,969 0.01 9,08431.76
17 Sugars and sugar confectionery 2,252 0.00 2,1962.55
18 Cocoa and cocoa preparations 22,965 0.01 19,64716.89
19 Preparations of cereals, flour, starch or milk; bakers’ wares 8,774 0.00 5,76952.09
20 Preparations of vegetables, fruit, nuts or other parts of plants 17,697 0.01 13,70829.10
21 Miscellaneous edible preparations 2,959 0.00 1,329122.65
22 Beverages, spirits and vinegar 0 0.00 11,762-100.00
25 Salt; sulfur; earths and stone; plastering materials, lime and cement 1,438,142 0.67 1,834,315-21.60
27 Mineral fuels, mineral oils and products of their distillation; bituminous substances; mineral waxes 1,047,579 0.49 434,807140.93
28 Inorganic chemicals; organic or inorganic compounds of precious metals, of rare-earth metals,of radioactive elements or of isotopes 5,388 0.00 118,044-95.44
29 Organic chemicals 1,909 0.00 823,762.50
30 Pharmaceutical products 2,466,408 1.15 258,302854.85
31 Fertilizers 2,162,242 1.01 3,961,921-45.42
32 Tanning or dyeing extracts; dyes, pigments, paints, varnishes, putty and mastics 133 0.00 8,478-98.43
33 Essential oils and resinoids; perfumery, cosmetic or toilet preparations 0 0.00 6-100.00
34 Soap, organic surface-active agents, washing preparations, lubricating preparations, artificial waxes, prepared waxes, polishing or scouring preparations, candles and similar articles, modeling pastes, "dental waxes" and dental preparations with a basis of plaster 131,872 0.06 3,6563,507.00
35 Albuminoidal substances; modified starches; glues; enzymes 216 0.00 689-68.65
36 Explosives; pyrotechnic products; matches; pyrophoric alloys; certain combustible preparations 19 0.00 0
37 Photographic or cinematographic goods 3,858 0.00 1792,055.31
38 Miscellaneous chemical products 694 0.00 2,160-67.87
39 Plastics and articles thereof 351,954 0.16 231,31052.16
40 Rubber and articles thereof 3,403,430 1.59 5,232,347-34.95
42 Articles of leather; saddlery and harness; travel goods, handbags and similar containers; articles of animal gut (other than silkworm gut) 1,991 0.00 7,090-71.92
44 Wood and articles of wood; wood charcoal 474 0.00 591-19.80
45 Cork and articles of cork 344 0.00 19378.24
48 Paper and paperboard; articles of paper pulp, of paper or of paperboard 5,643,403 2.64 6,027,234-6.37
49 Printed books, newspapers, pictures and other products of the printing industry; manuscripts, typescripts and plans 18,858 0.01 19,714-4.34
55 Man-made staple fibers 929 0.00 0
56 Wadding, felt and nonwovens; special yarns, twine, cordage, ropes and cables and articles thereof 1,506 0.00 2,341-35.67
57 Carpets and other textile floor coverings 1,025 0.00 482,035.42
58 Special woven fabrics; tufted textile fabrics; lace, tapestries; trimmings; embroidery 0 0.00 4-100.00
59 Impregnated, coated, covered or laminated textile fabrics; textile articles of a kind suitable for industrial use 6,412 0.00 70,953-90.96
61 Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, knitted or crocheted 1,846 0.00 2,379-22.40
62 Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, not knitted or crocheted 129 0.00 4,401-97.07
63 Other made up textile articles; sets; worn clothing and worn textile articles; rags 23,432 0.01 28,854-18.79
64 Footwear, gaiters and the like; parts of such articles 0 0.00 4,405-100.00
65 Headgear and parts thereof 1,810 0.00 1,36732.41
66 Umbrellas, sun umbrellas, walking sticks, seatsticks, whips, riding-crops and parts thereof 293 0.00 386-24.09
68 Articles of stone, plaster, cement, asbestos, mica or similar materials 171,320 0.08 70,597142.67
69 Ceramic products 851 0.00 955-10.89
70 Glass and glassware 498,799 0.23 284,29875.45
71 Natural or cultured pearls, precious or semi-precious stones,precious metals, metals clad with precious metal and articles thereof; imitation jewelry; coin 0 0.00 6-100.00
72 Iron and steel 1,103,434 0.52 552,94699.56
73 Articles of iron or steel 4,399,179 2.06 8,409,197-47.69
74 Copper and articles thereof 20,714 0.01 29,657-30.15
75 Nickel and articles thereof 2,988 0.00 1,406112.52
76 Aluminum and articles thereof 90,696 0.04 91,864-1.27
78 Lead and articles thereof 0 0.00 902-100.00
80 Tin and articles thereof 0 0.00 175,254-100.00
81 Other base metals; cermets; articles thereof 498 0.00 68,303-99.27
82 Tools, implements, cutlery, spoons and forks, of base metal; parts thereof of base metal 135,441 0.06 24,987442.05
83 Miscellaneous articles of base metal 200,203 0.09 118,71968.64
84 Nuclear reactors, boilers, machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof 32,211,813 15.08 24,422,93031.89
85 Electrical machinery and equipment and parts thereof; sound recorders and reproducers, television image and sound recorders and reproducers, and parts and accessories of such articles 8,290,523 3.88 6,214,26833.41
86 Railway or tramway locomotives, rolling-stock and parts thereof; railway or tramway track fixtures and fittings and parts thereof; mechanical (including electro-mechanical) traffic signalling equipment of all kinds 26,293,917 12.31 338,3527,671.17
87 Vehicles other than railway or tramway rolling stock, and parts and accessories thereof 65,773,598 30.80 18,866,978248.62
89 Ships, boats and floating structures 61,943 0.03 87,111-28.89
90 Optical, photographic, cinematographic, measuring, checking, precision, medical or surgical instruments and apparatus; parts and accessories thereof 3,244,878 1.52 1,539,423110.79
91 Clocks and watches and parts thereof 2,544 0.00 7,650-66.75
94 Furniture; bedding, mattresses, mattress supports, cushions and similar stuffed furnishings; lamps and lighting fittings, not elsewhere specified or included; illuminated sign illuminated nameplates and the like; prefabricated buildings 306,547 0.14 616,410-50.27
95 Toys, games and sports requisites; parts and accessories thereof 1,215 0.00 2,231-45.54
96 Miscellaneous manufactured articles 10,604 0.00 26,856-60.52
SS Classified 37,519,421 17.57 1 999 3691,776.56

Russia’s Imports from Cuba

The major share of Russian imports from Cuba in 2016 (and in 2015) was accounted for the following product types:

  • Food products and agricultural raw materials (HS codes 01-24) - 90.67% of Russia’s total imports from Cuba (99.79% in 2015);
  • Chemical products (HS codes 28-40) - 9.17% of Russia’s total imports from Cuba (0.02% in 2015).

The largest gains in Russia’s imports from Cuba in 2016 over 2015 were recorded for the following product groups:

  • Pharmaceutical products (HS code 30) - an increase of $3,150,983;
  • Tobacco and manufactured tobacco substitutes (HS code 24) - an increase of $2,272,126;
  • Beverages, spirits and vinegar (HS code 22) - an increase of $602,988;
  • Cocoa and cocoa preparations (HS code 18) - an increase of $290,872;
  • Coffee, tea, maté and spices (HS code 09) - an increase of $225,237.

The largest declines in Russia’s imports from Cuba in 2016 over 2015 were recorded for the following product groups:

  • Sugars and sugar confectionery (HS code 17) - a decrease of $20,503,214.
Russia’s imports from Cuba in 2016 by product groups
HS
code
Name of product group Value of imports in 2016,
US dollars ($)
Percent share in total import Value of imports in 2015,
US dollars ($)
Percent change
in 2016
over 2015
06 Live trees and other plants; bulbs, roots and the like; cut flowers and ornamental foliage 0 0.00 2,691-100.00
08 Edible fruit and nuts; peel of citrus fruit or melons 7,533 0.02 0
09 Coffee, tea, maté and spices 443,075 1.28 217,838103.40
17 Sugars and sugar confectionery 23,371,839 67.76 43,875,053-46.73
18 Cocoa and cocoa preparations 295,671 0.86 4,7996,061.10
20 Preparations of vegetables, fruit, nuts or other parts of plants 13,841 0.04 42,993-67.81
22 Beverages, spirits and vinegar 3,001,532 8.70 2,398,54425.14
24 Tobacco and manufactured tobacco substitutes 4,140,971 12.00 1,868,845121.58
27 Mineral fuels, mineral oils and products of their distillation; bituminous substances; mineral waxes 1,354 0.00 78173.37
30 Pharmaceutical products 3,162,705 9.17 11,72226,880.93
40 Rubber and articles thereof 4 0.00 0
49 Printed books, newspapers, pictures and other products of the printing industry; manuscripts, typescripts and plans 0 0.00 1,245-100.00
64 Footwear, gaiters and the like; parts of such articles 5,210 0.02 0
68 Articles of stone, plaster, cement, asbestos, mica or similar materials 559 0.00 0
73 Articles of iron or steel 195 0.00 1,935-89.92
82 Tools, implements, cutlery, spoons and forks, of base metal; parts thereof of base metal 3,711 0.01 0
84 Nuclear reactors, boilers, machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof 9,878 0.03 66,892-85.23
85 Electrical machinery and equipment and parts thereof; sound recorders and reproducers, television image and sound recorders and reproducers, and parts and accessories of such articles 7,387 0.02 13,642-45.85
86 Railway or tramway locomotives, rolling-stock and parts thereof; railway or tramway track fixtures and fittings and parts thereof; mechanical (including electro-mechanical) traffic signalling equipment of all kinds 0 0.00 4,000-100.00
90 Optical, photographic, cinematographic, measuring, checking, precision, medical or surgical instruments and apparatus; parts and accessories thereof 28,948 0.08 7583,719.00

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Russian foreign trade statistics
Source: Federal Customs Service of Russia