Russian foreign trade
reports and reviews

Russian trade with Finland in 2016

by Russian Foreign Trade
based on data from the Federal Customs Service of Russia
The Report on Russia’s foreign trade in goods with Finland in 2016: exports, imports, products, dynamics.

Russia’s Trade with Finland

In 2016, Russia’s trade with Finland was $9,013,320,833, down 7.67% ($748,659,048) from 2015.

Russia’s exports to Finland in 2016 were $6,535,275,145, down 7.85% ($557,074,052) from 2015.

Russia’s imports from Finland in 2016 were $2,478,045,688, down 7.18% ($191,584,996) from 2015.

Russia’s trade surplus with Finland in 2016 was $4,057,229,457, a 8.26% decrease ($365,489,056) over 2015.

Finland was Russia’s 15th largest trading partner in 2016 (just as in 2015), accounting for 1.9269% of Russia’s total trade (up from 1.8549% in 2015).

Finland was Russia’s 13th largest export market in 2016 (up from 14th in 2015), accounting for 2.2891% of Russia’s total exports (up from 2.0641% in 2015).

Finland was Russia’s 16th largest supplier in 2016 (up from 18th in 2015), accounting for 1.3596% of Russia’s total imports (down from 1.4614% in 2015).

Russia’s Exports to Finland

The major share of Russian exports to Finland in 2016 (and in 2015) was accounted for the following product types:

  • Mineral products (HS codes 25-27) - 66.03% of Russia’s total exports to Finland (73.32% in 2015);
  • Chemical products (HS codes 28-40) - 13.26% of Russia’s total exports to Finland (14.95% in 2015);
  • Metals and products from them (HS codes 72-83) - 9.50% of Russia’s total exports to Finland (2.50% in 2015);
  • Wood and wood products (HS codes 44-49) - 6.73% of Russia’s total exports to Finland (6.18% in 2015);
  • Machinery, equipment and vehicles (HS codes 84-90) - 2.88% of Russia’s total exports to Finland (1.64% in 2015).

The largest gains in Russia’s exports to Finland in 2016 over 2015 were recorded for the following product groups:

  • Nickel and articles thereof (HS code 75) - an increase of $253,544,555;
  • Articles of iron or steel (HS code 73) - an increase of $210,351,361;
  • Electrical machinery and equipment and parts thereof; sound recorders and reproducers, television image and sound recorders and reproducers, and parts and accessories of such articles (HS code 85) - an increase of $53,393,674.

The largest declines in Russia’s exports to Finland in 2016 over 2015 were recorded for the following product groups:

  • Mineral fuels, mineral oils and products of their distillation; bituminous substances; mineral waxes (HS code 27) - a decrease of $901,070,332;
  • Organic chemicals (HS code 29) - a decrease of $124,374,823;
  • Inorganic chemicals; organic or inorganic compounds of precious metals, of rare-earth metals,of radioactive elements or of isotopes (HS code 28) - a decrease of $41,248,102;
  • Fertilizers (HS code 31) - a decrease of $36,977,109.
Russia’s exports to Finland in 2016 by product groups
HS
code
Name of product group Value of exports
in 2016,
US dollars ($)
Percent share in total export Value of exports
in 2015,
US dollars ($)
Percent change
in 2016
over 2015
01 Live animals 500 0.00 0
02 Meat and edible meat offal 2,786,202 0.04 2,228,23925.04
03 Fish and crustaceans, molluscs and other aquatic invertebrates 17,813 0.00 11,43055.84
04 Dairy produce; birds eggs; natural honey; edible products of animal origin, not elsewhere specified or included 0 0.00 7,485-100.00
05 Products of animal origin, not elsewhere specified or included 12 0.00 0
06 Live trees and other plants; bulbs, roots and the like; cut flowers and ornamental foliage 94,513 0.00 111,305-15.09
07 Edible vegetables and certain roots and tubers 29,022 0.00 231,971-87.49
08 Edible fruit and nuts; peel of citrus fruit or melons 2,429,392 0.04 2,919,902-16.80
09 Coffee, tea, maté and spices 110,474 0.00 122,728-9.98
10 Cereals 0 0.00 890,201-100.00
11 Products of the milling industry; malt; starches; inulin; wheat gluten 129,673 0.00 50,240158.11
12 Oil seeds and oleaginous fruits; miscellaneous grains, seeds and fruits; industrial or medicinal plants; straw and fodder 128,228 0.00 202,094-36.55
13 Lac; gums, resins and other vegetable saps and extracts 0 0.00 2-100.00
14 Vegetable plaiting materials; vegetable products not elsewhere specified or included 39,480 0.00 88,277-55.28
15 Animal or vegetable fats and oils and their cleavage products prepared edible fats; animal or vegetable waxes 2,271,048 0.03 2,935,546-22.64
17 Sugars and sugar confectionery 635,990 0.01 732,476-13.17
19 Preparations of cereals, flour, starch or milk; bakers’ wares 36,138 0.00 58,551-38.28
20 Preparations of vegetables, fruit, nuts or other parts of plants 827 0.00 10,271-91.95
21 Miscellaneous edible preparations 97,524 0.00 475,333-79.48
22 Beverages, spirits and vinegar 13,491,960 0.21 18,928,577-28.72
23 Residues and waste from the food industries; prepared animal feed 29,610,703 0.45 38,596,015-23.28
24 Tobacco and manufactured tobacco substitutes 3,679 0.00 0
25 Salt; sulfur; earths and stone; plastering materials, lime and cement 6,723,705 0.10 2,386,943181.69
26 Ores, slag and ash 66,096,034 1.01 54,101,78922.17
27 Mineral fuels, mineral oils and products of their distillation; bituminous substances; mineral waxes 4,242,484,043 64.92 5,143,554,375-17.52
28 Inorganic chemicals; organic or inorganic compounds of precious metals, of rare-earth metals,of radioactive elements or of isotopes 74,812,120 1.14 116,060,222-35.54
29 Organic chemicals 546,794,537 8.37 671,169,360-18.53
30 Pharmaceutical products 3,759,520 0.06 3,295,42814.08
31 Fertilizers 111,424,191 1.70 148,401,300-24.92
32 Tanning or dyeing extracts; dyes, pigments, paints, varnishes, putty and mastics 55,219 0.00 28,44394.14
33 Essential oils and resinoids; perfumery, cosmetic or toilet preparations 254,148 0.00 167,91451.36
34 Soap, organic surface-active agents, washing preparations, lubricating preparations, artificial waxes, prepared waxes, polishing or scouring preparations, candles and similar articles, modeling pastes, "dental waxes" and dental preparations with a basis of plaster 13,709 0.00 189,448-92.76
35 Albuminoidal substances; modified starches; glues; enzymes 129 0.00 0
36 Explosives; pyrotechnic products; matches; pyrophoric alloys; certain combustible preparations 5,529,811 0.08 2,663,171107.64
37 Photographic or cinematographic goods 14,848 0.00 0
38 Miscellaneous chemical products 14,346,858 0.22 19,310,322-25.70
39 Plastics and articles thereof 15,973,523 0.24 9,783,94563.26
40 Rubber and articles thereof 93,438,588 1.43 89,354,9164.57
41 Raw hides and skins (other than furskins) and leather 384,712 0.01 320,18520.15
42 Articles of leather; saddlery and harness; travel goods, handbags and similar containers; articles of animal gut (other than silkworm gut) 634,811 0.01 810,976-21.72
43 Furskins and artificial fur; manufactures thereof 10,798,255 0.17 4,049,101166.68
44 Wood and articles of wood; wood charcoal 408,919,407 6.26 415,346,591-1.55
46 Manufactures of straw, of esparto or of other plaiting materials; basketware and wickerwork 12,827 0.00 11,44712.06
47 Pulp of wood or of other fibrous cellulosic material; waste and scrap of paper or paperboard 2,988,654 0.05 4,475,113-33.22
48 Paper and paperboard; articles of paper pulp, of paper or of paperboard 20,521,825 0.31 16,963,64820.98
49 Printed books, newspapers, pictures and other products of the printing industry; manuscripts, typescripts and plans 7,395,119 0.11 1,410,732424.20
52 Cotton 0 0.00 1,059-100.00
53 Other vegetable textile fibers; paper yarn and woven fabric of paper yarn 0 0.00 8,604-100.00
56 Wadding, felt and nonwovens; special yarns, twine, cordage, ropes and cables and articles thereof 59,104 0.00 10,238477.30
57 Carpets and other textile floor coverings 0 0.00 22-100.00
58 Special woven fabrics; tufted textile fabrics; lace, tapestries; trimmings; embroidery 546 0.00 35553.80
59 Impregnated, coated, covered or laminated textile fabrics; textile articles of a kind suitable for industrial use 2,109,743 0.03 1,119188,438.25
61 Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, knitted or crocheted 55,505 0.00 92,299-39.86
62 Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, not knitted or crocheted 520,472 0.01 1,307,294-60.19
63 Other made up textile articles; sets; worn clothing and worn textile articles; rags 50,189 0.00 41,23821.71
64 Footwear, gaiters and the like; parts of such articles 11,935 0.00 73,853-83.84
65 Headgear and parts thereof 2,147 0.00 8,332-74.23
66 Umbrellas, sun umbrellas, walking sticks, seatsticks, whips, riding-crops and parts thereof 0 0.00 59-100.00
68 Articles of stone, plaster, cement, asbestos, mica or similar materials 12,499,468 0.19 9,141,75036.73
69 Ceramic products 897,447 0.01 986,936-9.07
70 Glass and glassware 19,513,266 0.30 8,960,514117.77
71 Natural or cultured pearls, precious or semi-precious stones,precious metals, metals clad with precious metal and articles thereof; imitation jewelry; coin 79,882 0.00 104,944-23.88
72 Iron and steel 56,796,183 0.87 54,738,5683.76
73 Articles of iron or steel 228,725,298 3.50 18,373,9371,144.84
74 Copper and articles thereof 7,767,219 0.12 19,232,769-59.61
75 Nickel and articles thereof 265,085,380 4.06 11,540,8252,196.94
76 Aluminum and articles thereof 52,100,058 0.80 57,935,576-10.07
80 Tin and articles thereof 0 0.00 1-100.00
81 Other base metals; cermets; articles thereof 1,937,241 0.03 2,901,254-33.23
82 Tools, implements, cutlery, spoons and forks, of base metal; parts thereof of base metal 574,488 0.01 819,162-29.87
83 Miscellaneous articles of base metal 8,091,325 0.12 11,736,666-31.06
84 Nuclear reactors, boilers, machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof 83,556,324 1.28 76,487,9149.24
85 Electrical machinery and equipment and parts thereof; sound recorders and reproducers, television image and sound recorders and reproducers, and parts and accessories of such articles 77,229,125 1.18 23,835,451224.01
86 Railway or tramway locomotives, rolling-stock and parts thereof; railway or tramway track fixtures and fittings and parts thereof; mechanical (including electro-mechanical) traffic signalling equipment of all kinds 168,228 0.00 16,198938.57
87 Vehicles other than railway or tramway rolling stock, and parts and accessories thereof 23,703,081 0.36 11,580,699104.68
89 Ships, boats and floating structures 1,629,575 0.02 2,268,709-28.17
90 Optical, photographic, cinematographic, measuring, checking, precision, medical or surgical instruments and apparatus; parts and accessories thereof 1,611,477 0.02 2,109,093-23.59
91 Clocks and watches and parts thereof 0 0.00 22,931-100.00
94 Furniture; bedding, mattresses, mattress supports, cushions and similar stuffed furnishings; lamps and lighting fittings, not elsewhere specified or included; illuminated sign illuminated nameplates and the like; prefabricated buildings 1,249,900 0.02 802,93255.67
95 Toys, games and sports requisites; parts and accessories thereof 3,840,066 0.06 4,670,394-17.78
96 Miscellaneous manufactured articles 90,819 0.00 63,74442.47
97 Works of art, collectors’ pieces and antiques 16,124 0.00 17,026-5.30
SS Classified 13,759 0.00 7201,810.97

Russia’s Imports from Finland

The major share of Russian imports from Finland in 2016 (and in 2015) was accounted for the following product types:

  • Machinery, equipment and vehicles (HS codes 84-90) - 36.26% of Russia’s total imports from Finland (37.34% in 2015);
  • Chemical products (HS codes 28-40) - 23.43% of Russia’s total imports from Finland (22.38% in 2015);
  • Wood and wood products (HS codes 44-49) - 18.16% of Russia’s total imports from Finland (17.44% in 2015);
  • Metals and products from them (HS codes 72-83) - 8.94% of Russia’s total imports from Finland (8.58% in 2015);
  • Mineral products (HS codes 25-27) - 5.52% of Russia’s total imports from Finland (5.96% in 2015);
  • Food products and agricultural raw materials (HS codes 01-24) - 4.23% of Russia’s total imports from Finland (4.35% in 2015);
  • Textiles, textile products and footwear (HS codes 50-67) - 1.07% of Russia’s total imports from Finland (1.01% in 2015).

The largest gains in Russia’s imports from Finland in 2016 over 2015 were recorded for the following product groups:

  • Nuclear reactors, boilers, machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof (HS code 84) - an increase of $64,701,326;
  • Pharmaceutical products (HS code 30) - an increase of $16,125,254;
  • Copper and articles thereof (HS code 74) - an increase of $15,222,391;
  • Vehicles other than railway or tramway rolling stock, and parts and accessories thereof (HS code 87) - an increase of $10,299,901.

The largest declines in Russia’s imports from Finland in 2016 over 2015 were recorded for the following product groups:

  • Ships, boats and floating structures (HS code 89) - a decrease of $147,761,239;
  • Electrical machinery and equipment and parts thereof; sound recorders and reproducers, television image and sound recorders and reproducers, and parts and accessories of such articles (HS code 85) - a decrease of $31,472,907;
  • Articles of iron or steel (HS code 73) - a decrease of $22,818,584;
  • Plastics and articles thereof (HS code 39) - a decrease of $20,271,985;
  • Mineral fuels, mineral oils and products of their distillation; bituminous substances; mineral waxes (HS code 27) - a decrease of $19,833,188;
  • Printed books, newspapers, pictures and other products of the printing industry; manuscripts, typescripts and plans (HS code 49) - a decrease of $13,799,085;
  • Tanning or dyeing extracts; dyes, pigments, paints, varnishes, putty and mastics (HS code 32) - a decrease of $10,098,122;
  • Beverages, spirits and vinegar (HS code 22) - a decrease of $8,678,996.
Russia’s imports from Finland in 2016 by product groups
HS
code
Name of product group Value of imports in 2016,
US dollars ($)
Percent share in total import Value of imports in 2015,
US dollars ($)
Percent change
in 2016
over 2015
01 Live animals 1,328,887 0.05 1,740,726-23.66
03 Fish and crustaceans, molluscs and other aquatic invertebrates 1,270,298 0.05 434,768192.18
04 Dairy produce; birds eggs; natural honey; edible products of animal origin, not elsewhere specified or included 80,780 0.00 680,285-88.13
05 Products of animal origin, not elsewhere specified or included 69,886 0.00 46,87349.10
06 Live trees and other plants; bulbs, roots and the like; cut flowers and ornamental foliage 1,842,194 0.07 446,852312.26
07 Edible vegetables and certain roots and tubers 1,397,871 0.06 1,694,343-17.50
09 Coffee, tea, maté and spices 2,865,316 0.12 2,320,06923.50
10 Cereals 1,435,592 0.06 113,9601,159.73
11 Products of the milling industry; malt; starches; inulin; wheat gluten 14,619,001 0.59 16,895,638-13.47
12 Oil seeds and oleaginous fruits; miscellaneous grains, seeds and fruits; industrial or medicinal plants; straw and fodder 107,360 0.00 7,3751,355.73
13 Lac; gums, resins and other vegetable saps and extracts 140,379 0.01 14,195888.93
14 Vegetable plaiting materials; vegetable products not elsewhere specified or included 2,058 0.00 255707.06
15 Animal or vegetable fats and oils and their cleavage products prepared edible fats; animal or vegetable waxes 841,826 0.03 1,049,980-19.82
16 Preparations of meat, of fish or of crustaceans, molluscs or other aquatic invertebrates 2,052,452 0.08 1,575,59930.26
17 Sugars and sugar confectionery 2,498,272 0.10 2,612,836-4.38
18 Cocoa and cocoa preparations 6,230,381 0.25 8,409,684-25.91
19 Preparations of cereals, flour, starch or milk; bakers’ wares 17,199,894 0.69 17,359,235-0.92
20 Preparations of vegetables, fruit, nuts or other parts of plants 2,333,982 0.09 2,086,15111.88
21 Miscellaneous edible preparations 5,094,194 0.21 4,734,6187.59
22 Beverages, spirits and vinegar 22,368,771 0.90 31,047,767-27.95
23 Residues and waste from the food industries; prepared animal feed 21,097,078 0.85 22,819,837-7.55
24 Tobacco and manufactured tobacco substitutes 699 0.00 2,142-67.37
25 Salt; sulfur; earths and stone; plastering materials, lime and cement 6,221,023 0.25 8,605,290-27.71
26 Ores, slag and ash 0 0.00 16,273-100.00
27 Mineral fuels, mineral oils and products of their distillation; bituminous substances; mineral waxes 130,685,019 5.27 150,518,207-13.18
28 Inorganic chemicals; organic or inorganic compounds of precious metals, of rare-earth metals,of radioactive elements or of isotopes 53,306,911 2.15 53,582,159-0.51
29 Organic chemicals 18,148,159 0.73 17,086,3256.21
30 Pharmaceutical products 64,847,112 2.62 48,721,85833.10
31 Fertilizers 583,867 0.02 463,75925.90
32 Tanning or dyeing extracts; dyes, pigments, paints, varnishes, putty and mastics 74,443,576 3.00 84,541,698-11.94
33 Essential oils and resinoids; perfumery, cosmetic or toilet preparations 10,542,945 0.43 10,409,1531.29
34 Soap, organic surface-active agents, washing preparations, lubricating preparations, artificial waxes, prepared waxes, polishing or scouring preparations, candles and similar articles, modeling pastes, "dental waxes" and dental preparations with a basis of plaster 72,546,893 2.93 76,276,295-4.89
35 Albuminoidal substances; modified starches; glues; enzymes 13,786,134 0.56 13,568,6831.60
36 Explosives; pyrotechnic products; matches; pyrophoric alloys; certain combustible preparations 0 0.00 9,134-100.00
37 Photographic or cinematographic goods 29,089 0.00 0
38 Miscellaneous chemical products 37,972,056 1.53 38,740,240-1.98
39 Plastics and articles thereof 206,830,710 8.35 227,102,695-8.93
40 Rubber and articles thereof 27,499,117 1.11 27,056,6351.64
41 Raw hides and skins (other than furskins) and leather 0 0.00 20-100.00
42 Articles of leather; saddlery and harness; travel goods, handbags and similar containers; articles of animal gut (other than silkworm gut) 192,018 0.01 318,074-39.63
43 Furskins and artificial fur; manufactures thereof 5,507,309 0.22 4,691,59217.39
44 Wood and articles of wood; wood charcoal 8,099,972 0.33 11,700,192-30.77
45 Cork and articles of cork 30,048 0.00 2,6331,041.21
46 Manufactures of straw, of esparto or of other plaiting materials; basketware and wickerwork 38,313 0.00 7,948382.05
47 Pulp of wood or of other fibrous cellulosic material; waste and scrap of paper or paperboard 17,988,909 0.73 21,113,468-14.80
48 Paper and paperboard; articles of paper pulp, of paper or of paperboard 411,633,794 16.61 406,659,8221.22
49 Printed books, newspapers, pictures and other products of the printing industry; manuscripts, typescripts and plans 12,262,259 0.49 26,061,344-52.95
51 Wool, fine or coarse animal hair; horsehair yarn and woven fabric 74,735 0.00 61,76121.01
52 Cotton 16,774 0.00 9,71572.66
53 Other vegetable textile fibers; paper yarn and woven fabric of paper yarn 0 0.00 327-100.00
54 Man-made filaments 11,000 0.00 20,020-45.05
55 Man-made staple fibers 26,072 0.00 59,701-56.33
56 Wadding, felt and nonwovens; special yarns, twine, cordage, ropes and cables and articles thereof 1,120,384 0.05 1,911,581-41.39
57 Carpets and other textile floor coverings 363,684 0.01 173,574109.53
58 Special woven fabrics; tufted textile fabrics; lace, tapestries; trimmings; embroidery 462,016 0.02 528,822-12.63
59 Impregnated, coated, covered or laminated textile fabrics; textile articles of a kind suitable for industrial use 4,049,524 0.16 3,429,15818.09
60 Knitted or crocheted fabrics 473,791 0.02 323,18646.60
61 Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, knitted or crocheted 1,186,003 0.05 1,768,965-32.95
62 Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, not knitted or crocheted 6,675,158 0.27 9,111,270-26.74
63 Other made up textile articles; sets; worn clothing and worn textile articles; rags 2,411,285 0.10 765,271215.09
64 Footwear, gaiters and the like; parts of such articles 8,361,905 0.34 7,459,34612.10
65 Headgear and parts thereof 1,285,655 0.05 1,326,988-3.11
66 Umbrellas, sun umbrellas, walking sticks, seatsticks, whips, riding-crops and parts thereof 221 0.00 1,450-84.76
67 Prepared feathers and down and articles made of feathers or of down; artificial flowers; articles of human hair 3,371 0.00 38,904-91.34
68 Articles of stone, plaster, cement, asbestos, mica or similar materials 17,744,231 0.72 22,688,389-21.79
69 Ceramic products 1,081,796 0.04 3,653,895-70.39
70 Glass and glassware 3,130,633 0.13 6,272,371-50.09
71 Natural or cultured pearls, precious or semi-precious stones,precious metals, metals clad with precious metal and articles thereof; imitation jewelry; coin 3,063 0.00 2741,017.88
72 Iron and steel 58,175,526 2.35 63,686,064-8.65
73 Articles of iron or steel 46,138,302 1.86 68,956,886-33.09
74 Copper and articles thereof 76,145,972 3.07 60,923,58124.99
75 Nickel and articles thereof 4,823 0.00 71,411-93.25
76 Aluminum and articles thereof 28,461,695 1.15 22,448,30526.79
79 Zinc and articles thereof 242,265 0.01 400,036-39.44
80 Tin and articles thereof 4,147 0.00 4,538-8.62
81 Other base metals; cermets; articles thereof 254,866 0.01 329,144-22.57
82 Tools, implements, cutlery, spoons and forks, of base metal; parts thereof of base metal 7,429,026 0.30 7,056,8945.27
83 Miscellaneous articles of base metal 4,672,971 0.19 5,226,949-10.60
84 Nuclear reactors, boilers, machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof 440,766,698 17.79 376,065,37217.20
85 Electrical machinery and equipment and parts thereof; sound recorders and reproducers, television image and sound recorders and reproducers, and parts and accessories of such articles 280,082,510 11.30 311,555,417-10.10
86 Railway or tramway locomotives, rolling-stock and parts thereof; railway or tramway track fixtures and fittings and parts thereof; mechanical (including electro-mechanical) traffic signalling equipment of all kinds 1,630,846 0.07 1,403,31216.21
87 Vehicles other than railway or tramway rolling stock, and parts and accessories thereof 114,222,674 4.61 103,922,7739.91
89 Ships, boats and floating structures 17,360,493 0.70 165,121,732-89.49
90 Optical, photographic, cinematographic, measuring, checking, precision, medical or surgical instruments and apparatus; parts and accessories thereof 44,355,438 1.79 38,698,34514.62
91 Clocks and watches and parts thereof 1,018,525 0.04 830,97422.57
94 Furniture; bedding, mattresses, mattress supports, cushions and similar stuffed furnishings; lamps and lighting fittings, not elsewhere specified or included; illuminated sign illuminated nameplates and the like; prefabricated buildings 25,549,559 1.03 32,606,178-21.64
95 Toys, games and sports requisites; parts and accessories thereof 4,343,121 0.18 5,005,777-13.24
96 Miscellaneous manufactured articles 542,768 0.02 876,044-38.04
97 Works of art, collectors’ pieces and antiques 17,263 0.00 2,122713.52
SS Classified 72,495 0.00 1 487 177-95.13

Reports and reviews archive

2017 г.:JanFebMar
2016 г.:JulAugSepOctNovDec
Russian foreign trade statistics
Source: Federal Customs Service of Russia