Russian foreign trade
reports and reviews

Russian trade with Romania in 2016

by Russian Foreign Trade
based on data from the Federal Customs Service of Russia
The Report on Russia’s foreign trade in goods with Romania in 2016: exports, imports, products, dynamics.

Russia’s Trade with Romania

In 2016, Russia’s trade with Romania totaled $3,076,455,112, up 3.33% ($99,169,087) from 2015.

Russia’s exports to Romania in 2016 totaled $1,845,485,361, up 9.91% ($166,324,777) from 2015.

Russia’s imports from Romania in 2016 were $1,230,969,751, down 5.17% ($67,155,690) from 2015.

Russia’s trade surplus with Romania in 2016 was $614,515,610, a 61.28% increase ($233,480,467) over 2015.

Romania was Russia’s 30th largest trading partner in 2016 (up from 32nd in 2015), accounting for 0.6577% of Russia’s total trade (up from 0.5657% in 2015).

Romania was Russia’s 35th largest export market in 2016 (up from 40th in 2015), accounting for 0.6464% of Russia’s total exports (up from 0.4887% in 2015).

Romania was Russia’s 29th largest supplier in 2016 (up from 31st in 2015), accounting for 0.6754% of Russia’s total imports (down from 0.7106% in 2015).

Russia’s Exports to Romania

The major share of Russian exports to Romania in 2016 (and in 2015) was accounted for the following product types:

  • Mineral products (HS codes 25-27) - 75.89% of Russia’s total exports to Romania (80.50% in 2015);
  • Chemical products (HS codes 28-40) - 11.08% of Russia’s total exports to Romania (8.75% in 2015);
  • Wood and wood products (HS codes 44-49) - 3.77% of Russia’s total exports to Romania (2.25% in 2015);
  • Metals and products from them (HS codes 72-83) - 2.92% of Russia’s total exports to Romania (3.48% in 2015);
  • Machinery, equipment and vehicles (HS codes 84-90) - 2.77% of Russia’s total exports to Romania (2.96% in 2015);
  • Food products and agricultural raw materials (HS codes 01-24) - 1.83% of Russia’s total exports to Romania (1.12% in 2015).

The largest gains in Russia’s exports to Romania in 2016 over 2015 were recorded for the following product groups:

  • Fertilizers (HS code 31) - an increase of $72,894,262;
  • Mineral fuels, mineral oils and products of their distillation; bituminous substances; mineral waxes (HS code 27) - an increase of $49,742,456;
  • Wood and articles of wood; wood charcoal (HS code 44) - an increase of $31,538,399;
  • Cereals (HS code 10) - an increase of $18,407,036;
  • Articles of iron or steel (HS code 73) - an increase of $6,731,828;
  • Salt; sulfur; earths and stone; plastering materials, lime and cement (HS code 25) - an increase of $5,624,563.

The largest declines in Russia’s exports to Romania in 2016 over 2015 were recorded for the following product groups:

  • Organic chemicals (HS code 29) - a decrease of $13,755,496;
  • Iron and steel (HS code 72) - a decrease of $10,780,533;
  • Electrical machinery and equipment and parts thereof; sound recorders and reproducers, television image and sound recorders and reproducers, and parts and accessories of such articles (HS code 85) - a decrease of $6,690,876;
  • Ores, slag and ash (HS code 26) - a decrease of $6,606,600.
Russia’s exports to Romania in 2016 by product groups
HS
code
Name of product group Value of exports
in 2016,
US dollars ($)
Percent share in total export Value of exports
in 2015,
US dollars ($)
Percent change
in 2016
over 2015
04 Dairy produce; birds eggs; natural honey; edible products of animal origin, not elsewhere specified or included 117 0.00 0
05 Products of animal origin, not elsewhere specified or included 24,871 0.00 0
07 Edible vegetables and certain roots and tubers 606,375 0.03 3,958,198-84.68
09 Coffee, tea, maté and spices 25,569 0.00 64,390-60.29
10 Cereals 24,027,952 1.30 5,620,916327.47
11 Products of the milling industry; malt; starches; inulin; wheat gluten 541,822 0.03 18,5712,817.57
12 Oil seeds and oleaginous fruits; miscellaneous grains, seeds and fruits; industrial or medicinal plants; straw and fodder 2,553,653 0.14 3,363,060-24.07
13 Lac; gums, resins and other vegetable saps and extracts 39,157 0.00 0
15 Animal or vegetable fats and oils and their cleavage products prepared edible fats; animal or vegetable waxes 16,149 0.00 44,681-63.86
19 Preparations of cereals, flour, starch or milk; bakers’ wares 11,495 0.00 0
20 Preparations of vegetables, fruit, nuts or other parts of plants 35,102 0.00 0
21 Miscellaneous edible preparations 238,459 0.01 343,829-30.65
22 Beverages, spirits and vinegar 203,562 0.01 195,7763.98
23 Residues and waste from the food industries; prepared animal feed 2,657 0.00 1951,262.56
24 Tobacco and manufactured tobacco substitutes 5,370,114 0.29 5,128,3674.71
25 Salt; sulfur; earths and stone; plastering materials, lime and cement 20,302,269 1.10 14,677,70638.32
26 Ores, slag and ash 8,797,983 0.48 15,404,583-42.89
27 Mineral fuels, mineral oils and products of their distillation; bituminous substances; mineral waxes 1,371,383,778 74.31 1,321,641,3223.76
28 Inorganic chemicals; organic or inorganic compounds of precious metals, of rare-earth metals,of radioactive elements or of isotopes 9,133,742 0.49 9,750,589-6.33
29 Organic chemicals 25,055,331 1.36 38,810,827-35.44
30 Pharmaceutical products 1,019,058 0.06 421,015142.05
31 Fertilizers 100,178,130 5.43 27,283,868267.17
32 Tanning or dyeing extracts; dyes, pigments, paints, varnishes, putty and mastics 87,741 0.00 25,974237.80
33 Essential oils and resinoids; perfumery, cosmetic or toilet preparations 3,286,468 0.18 2,215,09248.37
34 Soap, organic surface-active agents, washing preparations, lubricating preparations, artificial waxes, prepared waxes, polishing or scouring preparations, candles and similar articles, modeling pastes, "dental waxes" and dental preparations with a basis of plaster 222,795 0.01 131,69169.18
35 Albuminoidal substances; modified starches; glues; enzymes 4,198 0.00 4,594-8.62
36 Explosives; pyrotechnic products; matches; pyrophoric alloys; certain combustible preparations 39,800 0.00 45,200-11.95
38 Miscellaneous chemical products 1,062,192 0.06 1,137,251-6.60
39 Plastics and articles thereof 9,247,292 0.50 7,414,23124.72
40 Rubber and articles thereof 55,161,917 2.99 59,701,307-7.60
41 Raw hides and skins (other than furskins) and leather 489 0.00 0
42 Articles of leather; saddlery and harness; travel goods, handbags and similar containers; articles of animal gut (other than silkworm gut) 55,701 0.00 8846,201.02
44 Wood and articles of wood; wood charcoal 38,792,899 2.10 7,254,500434.74
46 Manufactures of straw, of esparto or of other plaiting materials; basketware and wickerwork 0 0.00 168-100.00
47 Pulp of wood or of other fibrous cellulosic material; waste and scrap of paper or paperboard 5,618,751 0.30 3,243,23073.25
48 Paper and paperboard; articles of paper pulp, of paper or of paperboard 25,015,477 1.36 27,266,155-8.25
49 Printed books, newspapers, pictures and other products of the printing industry; manuscripts, typescripts and plans 57,110 0.00 49,52715.31
51 Wool, fine or coarse animal hair; horsehair yarn and woven fabric 286 0.00 0
52 Cotton 291,330 0.02 298,944-2.55
53 Other vegetable textile fibers; paper yarn and woven fabric of paper yarn 21,244 0.00 0
54 Man-made filaments 79,382 0.00 1,3815,648.15
55 Man-made staple fibers 54,778 0.00 87,981-37.74
56 Wadding, felt and nonwovens; special yarns, twine, cordage, ropes and cables and articles thereof 1,229,139 0.07 963,34927.59
57 Carpets and other textile floor coverings 18,868 0.00 5,005276.98
58 Special woven fabrics; tufted textile fabrics; lace, tapestries; trimmings; embroidery 1,853 0.00 199,652.63
59 Impregnated, coated, covered or laminated textile fabrics; textile articles of a kind suitable for industrial use 9,572 0.00 20,195-52.60
61 Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, knitted or crocheted 1,986 0.00 2,063-3.73
62 Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, not knitted or crocheted 10,253 0.00 4,740116.31
63 Other made up textile articles; sets; worn clothing and worn textile articles; rags 9,537 0.00 75,530-87.37
64 Footwear, gaiters and the like; parts of such articles 20,925 0.00 3,607480.12
65 Headgear and parts thereof 96 0.00 363-73.55
66 Umbrellas, sun umbrellas, walking sticks, seatsticks, whips, riding-crops and parts thereof 0 0.00 441-100.00
68 Articles of stone, plaster, cement, asbestos, mica or similar materials 7,720,944 0.42 4,941,02456.26
69 Ceramic products 683,521 0.04 18,1403,668.03
70 Glass and glassware 5,547,801 0.30 992,455459.00
71 Natural or cultured pearls, precious or semi-precious stones,precious metals, metals clad with precious metal and articles thereof; imitation jewelry; coin 0 0.00 6-100.00
72 Iron and steel 41,412,282 2.24 52,192,815-20.66
73 Articles of iron or steel 9,393,703 0.51 2,661,875252.90
74 Copper and articles thereof 66,415 0.00 15,569326.58
76 Aluminum and articles thereof 1,044,902 0.06 2,455,919-57.45
78 Lead and articles thereof 13,577 0.00 8169,612.50
79 Zinc and articles thereof 623 0.00 189229.63
80 Tin and articles thereof 11,351 0.00 0
81 Other base metals; cermets; articles thereof 724,511 0.04 7,4769,591.16
82 Tools, implements, cutlery, spoons and forks, of base metal; parts thereof of base metal 220,513 0.01 305,986-27.93
83 Miscellaneous articles of base metal 966,847 0.05 810,49219.29
84 Nuclear reactors, boilers, machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof 32,142,185 1.74 28,694,51112.02
85 Electrical machinery and equipment and parts thereof; sound recorders and reproducers, television image and sound recorders and reproducers, and parts and accessories of such articles 9,719,453 0.53 16,410,329-40.77
86 Railway or tramway locomotives, rolling-stock and parts thereof; railway or tramway track fixtures and fittings and parts thereof; mechanical (including electro-mechanical) traffic signalling equipment of all kinds 78,533 0.00 59,30532.42
87 Vehicles other than railway or tramway rolling stock, and parts and accessories thereof 7,830,456 0.42 3,925,33599.49
89 Ships, boats and floating structures 0 0.00 1,800-100.00
90 Optical, photographic, cinematographic, measuring, checking, precision, medical or surgical instruments and apparatus; parts and accessories thereof 1,364,784 0.07 672,350102.99
91 Clocks and watches and parts thereof 0 0.00 1,038-100.00
92 Musical instruments; parts and accessories of such articles 17,560 0.00 0
94 Furniture; bedding, mattresses, mattress supports, cushions and similar stuffed furnishings; lamps and lighting fittings, not elsewhere specified or included; illuminated sign illuminated nameplates and the like; prefabricated buildings 626,302 0.03 727,347-13.89
95 Toys, games and sports requisites; parts and accessories thereof 183,743 0.01 35,385419.27
96 Miscellaneous manufactured articles 1,304,595 0.07 47,8422,626.88
97 Works of art, collectors’ pieces and antiques 10,907 0.00 0
SS Classified 14,430,429 0.78 7 502 07392.35

Russia’s Imports from Romania

The major share of Russian imports from Romania in 2016 (and in 2015) was accounted for the following product types:

  • Machinery, equipment and vehicles (HS codes 84-90) - 53.67% of Russia’s total imports from Romania (55.69% in 2015);
  • Chemical products (HS codes 28-40) - 20.44% of Russia’s total imports from Romania (21.41% in 2015);
  • Textiles, textile products and footwear (HS codes 50-67) - 8.90% of Russia’s total imports from Romania (7.79% in 2015);
  • Metals and products from them (HS codes 72-83) - 6.28% of Russia’s total imports from Romania (5.13% in 2015);
  • Food products and agricultural raw materials (HS codes 01-24) - 5.74% of Russia’s total imports from Romania (4.10% in 2015);
  • Wood and wood products (HS codes 44-49) - 1.74% of Russia’s total imports from Romania (1.95% in 2015).

The largest gains in Russia’s imports from Romania in 2016 over 2015 were recorded for the following product groups:

  • Electrical machinery and equipment and parts thereof; sound recorders and reproducers, television image and sound recorders and reproducers, and parts and accessories of such articles (HS code 85) - an increase of $24,011,720;
  • Oil seeds and oleaginous fruits; miscellaneous grains, seeds and fruits; industrial or medicinal plants; straw and fodder (HS code 12) - an increase of $21,092,375;
  • Articles of iron or steel (HS code 73) - an increase of $11,268,225;
  • Optical, photographic, cinematographic, measuring, checking, precision, medical or surgical instruments and apparatus; parts and accessories thereof (HS code 90) - an increase of $7,139,135.

The largest declines in Russia’s imports from Romania in 2016 over 2015 were recorded for the following product groups:

  • Nuclear reactors, boilers, machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof (HS code 84) - a decrease of $54,129,304;
  • Ships, boats and floating structures (HS code 89) - a decrease of $26,263,713;
  • Pharmaceutical products (HS code 30) - a decrease of $20,567,946;
  • Vehicles other than railway or tramway rolling stock, and parts and accessories thereof (HS code 87) - a decrease of $12,978,816;
  • Furniture; bedding, mattresses, mattress supports, cushions and similar stuffed furnishings; lamps and lighting fittings, not elsewhere specified or included; illuminated sign illuminated nameplates and the like; prefabricated buildings (HS code 94) - a decrease of $9,603,394;
  • Miscellaneous chemical products (HS code 38) - a decrease of $5,129,154;
  • Wood and articles of wood; wood charcoal (HS code 44) - a decrease of $4,348,894;
  • Plastics and articles thereof (HS code 39) - a decrease of $4,305,959.
Russia’s imports from Romania in 2016 by product groups
HS
code
Name of product group Value of imports in 2016,
US dollars ($)
Percent share in total import Value of imports in 2015,
US dollars ($)
Percent change
in 2016
over 2015
06 Live trees and other plants; bulbs, roots and the like; cut flowers and ornamental foliage 367 0.00 0
10 Cereals 43,835,254 3.56 47,242,667-7.21
12 Oil seeds and oleaginous fruits; miscellaneous grains, seeds and fruits; industrial or medicinal plants; straw and fodder 22,876,653 1.86 1,784,2781,182.12
13 Lac; gums, resins and other vegetable saps and extracts 0 0.00 4,133-100.00
15 Animal or vegetable fats and oils and their cleavage products prepared edible fats; animal or vegetable waxes 96,983 0.01 81,38919.16
17 Sugars and sugar confectionery 279,453 0.02 413,418-32.40
18 Cocoa and cocoa preparations 190,269 0.02 302,814-37.17
19 Preparations of cereals, flour, starch or milk; bakers’ wares 621,311 0.05 520,78319.30
20 Preparations of vegetables, fruit, nuts or other parts of plants 844,763 0.07 921,672-8.34
21 Miscellaneous edible preparations 857,959 0.07 607,52641.22
22 Beverages, spirits and vinegar 375,317 0.03 554,785-32.35
24 Tobacco and manufactured tobacco substitutes 636,305 0.05 745,109-14.60
25 Salt; sulfur; earths and stone; plastering materials, lime and cement 20,308 0.00 21,328-4.78
27 Mineral fuels, mineral oils and products of their distillation; bituminous substances; mineral waxes 10,775,448 0.88 12,777,354-15.67
28 Inorganic chemicals; organic or inorganic compounds of precious metals, of rare-earth metals,of radioactive elements or of isotopes 706,842 0.06 2,020,005-65.01
29 Organic chemicals 2,123,376 0.17 1,461,99445.24
30 Pharmaceutical products 102,190,165 8.30 122,758,111-16.75
31 Fertilizers 137,719 0.01 90,18452.71
32 Tanning or dyeing extracts; dyes, pigments, paints, varnishes, putty and mastics 2,300,631 0.19 2,060,03211.68
33 Essential oils and resinoids; perfumery, cosmetic or toilet preparations 69,281,662 5.63 66,874,7093.60
34 Soap, organic surface-active agents, washing preparations, lubricating preparations, artificial waxes, prepared waxes, polishing or scouring preparations, candles and similar articles, modeling pastes, "dental waxes" and dental preparations with a basis of plaster 239,221 0.02 414,347-42.27
35 Albuminoidal substances; modified starches; glues; enzymes 427 0.00 1,214-64.83
38 Miscellaneous chemical products 525,747 0.04 5,654,901-90.70
39 Plastics and articles thereof 28,114,547 2.28 32,420,506-13.28
40 Rubber and articles thereof 45,981,988 3.74 44,111,6784.24
41 Raw hides and skins (other than furskins) and leather 100,120 0.01 0
42 Articles of leather; saddlery and harness; travel goods, handbags and similar containers; articles of animal gut (other than silkworm gut) 6,066,527 0.49 4,911,54223.52
43 Furskins and artificial fur; manufactures thereof 84,387 0.01 66,26827.34
44 Wood and articles of wood; wood charcoal 6,068,671 0.49 10,417,565-41.75
46 Manufactures of straw, of esparto or of other plaiting materials; basketware and wickerwork 157 0.00 491-68.02
48 Paper and paperboard; articles of paper pulp, of paper or of paperboard 14,687,662 1.19 14,179,2143.59
49 Printed books, newspapers, pictures and other products of the printing industry; manuscripts, typescripts and plans 681,625 0.06 656,1433.88
51 Wool, fine or coarse animal hair; horsehair yarn and woven fabric 35,451 0.00 5,597533.39
52 Cotton 22,974 0.00 1,6641,280.65
53 Other vegetable textile fibers; paper yarn and woven fabric of paper yarn 0 0.00 51-100.00
54 Man-made filaments 1,101,451 0.09 778,67641.45
55 Man-made staple fibers 1,489,897 0.12 413,976259.90
56 Wadding, felt and nonwovens; special yarns, twine, cordage, ropes and cables and articles thereof 486,503 0.04 364,51033.47
57 Carpets and other textile floor coverings 41,749 0.00 75,188-44.47
58 Special woven fabrics; tufted textile fabrics; lace, tapestries; trimmings; embroidery 475,044 0.04 498,421-4.69
59 Impregnated, coated, covered or laminated textile fabrics; textile articles of a kind suitable for industrial use 2,807,411 0.23 3,313,315-15.27
60 Knitted or crocheted fabrics 24,765 0.00 84,231-70.60
61 Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, knitted or crocheted 20,523,594 1.67 17,200,77319.32
62 Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, not knitted or crocheted 51,656,665 4.20 48,626,9556.23
63 Other made up textile articles; sets; worn clothing and worn textile articles; rags 1,832,173 0.15 2,401,409-23.70
64 Footwear, gaiters and the like; parts of such articles 28,428,933 2.31 26,864,7105.82
65 Headgear and parts thereof 248,468 0.02 133,87485.60
67 Prepared feathers and down and articles made of feathers or of down; artificial flowers; articles of human hair 387,038 0.03 396,988-2.51
68 Articles of stone, plaster, cement, asbestos, mica or similar materials 16,055 0.00 823,876-98.05
69 Ceramic products 4,887,748 0.40 4,758,2812.72
70 Glass and glassware 3,831,353 0.31 5,057,144-24.24
71 Natural or cultured pearls, precious or semi-precious stones,precious metals, metals clad with precious metal and articles thereof; imitation jewelry; coin 1,967 0.00 6,559-70.01
72 Iron and steel 4,806,864 0.39 3,369,42542.66
73 Articles of iron or steel 46,160,285 3.75 34,892,06032.29
74 Copper and articles thereof 14,888 0.00 9,12863.10
76 Aluminum and articles thereof 5,472,553 0.44 6,699,789-18.32
79 Zinc and articles thereof 217,112 0.02 226,916-4.32
81 Other base metals; cermets; articles thereof 291,266 0.02 317,402-8.23
82 Tools, implements, cutlery, spoons and forks, of base metal; parts thereof of base metal 503,869 0.04 3,802,653-86.75
83 Miscellaneous articles of base metal 19,801,595 1.61 17,244,09614.83
84 Nuclear reactors, boilers, machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof 161,234,492 13.10 215,363,796-25.13
85 Electrical machinery and equipment and parts thereof; sound recorders and reproducers, television image and sound recorders and reproducers, and parts and accessories of such articles 133,497,075 10.84 109,485,35521.93
87 Vehicles other than railway or tramway rolling stock, and parts and accessories thereof 309,256,623 25.12 322,235,439-4.03
89 Ships, boats and floating structures 37,127,500 3.02 63,391,213-41.43
90 Optical, photographic, cinematographic, measuring, checking, precision, medical or surgical instruments and apparatus; parts and accessories thereof 19,547,164 1.59 12,408,02957.54
91 Clocks and watches and parts thereof 21,914 0.00 46,319-52.69
92 Musical instruments; parts and accessories of such articles 115,911 0.01 59,48794.85
94 Furniture; bedding, mattresses, mattress supports, cushions and similar stuffed furnishings; lamps and lighting fittings, not elsewhere specified or included; illuminated sign illuminated nameplates and the like; prefabricated buildings 12,081,578 0.98 21,684,972-44.29
95 Toys, games and sports requisites; parts and accessories thereof 831,975 0.07 582,90542.73
96 Miscellaneous manufactured articles 985,984 0.08 424,099132.49

Reports and reviews archive

2017 г.:JanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNov
2016 г.:JulAugSepOctNovDec
Russian foreign trade statistics
Source: Federal Customs Service of Russia