Russian foreign trade
reports and reviews

Russian trade with Saudi Arabia in 2016

by Russian Foreign Trade
based on data from the Federal Customs Service of Russia
The Report on Russia’s foreign trade in goods with Saudi Arabia in 2016: exports, imports, products, dynamics.

Russia’s Trade with Saudi Arabia

In 2016, Russia’s trade with Saudi Arabia was $491,676,921, down 46.91% ($434,371,860) from 2015.

Russia’s exports to Saudi Arabia in 2016 were $350,914,657, down 54.47% ($419,783,262) from 2015.

Russia’s imports from Saudi Arabia in 2016 were $140,762,264, down 9.39% ($14,588,598) from 2015.

Russia’s trade surplus with Saudi Arabia in 2016 was $210,152,393, a 65.85% decrease ($405,194,664) over 2015.

Saudi Arabia was Russia’s 75th largest trading partner in 2016 (down from 65th in 2015), accounting for 0.1051% of Russia’s total trade (down from 0.1760% in 2015).

Saudi Arabia was Russia’s 70th largest export market in 2016 (down from 55th in 2015), accounting for 0.1229% of Russia’s total exports (down from 0.2243% in 2015).

Saudi Arabia was Russia’s 75th largest supplier in 2016 (down from 71st in 2015), accounting for 0.0772% of Russia’s total imports (down from 0.0850% in 2015).

Russia’s Exports to Saudi Arabia

The major share of Russian exports to Saudi Arabia in 2016 (and in 2015) was accounted for the following product types:

  • Food products and agricultural raw materials (HS codes 01-24) - 70.29% of Russia’s total exports to Saudi Arabia (75.06% in 2015);
  • Chemical products (HS codes 28-40) - 13.08% of Russia’s total exports to Saudi Arabia (6.88% in 2015);
  • Wood and wood products (HS codes 44-49) - 7.35% of Russia’s total exports to Saudi Arabia (4.98% in 2015);
  • Metals and products from them (HS codes 72-83) - 6.16% of Russia’s total exports to Saudi Arabia (10.51% in 2015);
  • Machinery, equipment and vehicles (HS codes 84-90) - 1.45% of Russia’s total exports to Saudi Arabia (0.96% in 2015);
  • Mineral products (HS codes 25-27) - 1.22% of Russia’s total exports to Saudi Arabia (1.19% in 2015).

The largest gains in Russia’s exports to Saudi Arabia in 2016 over 2015 were recorded for the following product groups:

  • Articles of iron or steel (HS code 73) - an increase of $7,713,481;
  • Animal or vegetable fats and oils and their cleavage products prepared edible fats; animal or vegetable waxes (HS code 15) - an increase of $4,714,263;
  • Cocoa and cocoa preparations (HS code 18) - an increase of $2,173,015;
  • Nuclear reactors, boilers, machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof (HS code 84) - an increase of $1,299,013.

The largest declines in Russia’s exports to Saudi Arabia in 2016 over 2015 were recorded for the following product groups:

  • Cereals (HS code 10) - a decrease of $339,057,107;
  • Iron and steel (HS code 72) - a decrease of $67,007,053;
  • Paper and paperboard; articles of paper pulp, of paper or of paperboard (HS code 48) - a decrease of $6,565,863;
  • Wood and articles of wood; wood charcoal (HS code 44) - a decrease of $6,404,066;
  • Mineral fuels, mineral oils and products of their distillation; bituminous substances; mineral waxes (HS code 27) - a decrease of $4,927,872;
  • Rubber and articles thereof (HS code 40) - a decrease of $3,500,528;
  • Pharmaceutical products (HS code 30) - a decrease of $2,461,668;
  • Glass and glassware (HS code 70) - a decrease of $1,677,038;
  • Miscellaneous chemical products (HS code 38) - a decrease of $1,480,207;
  • Optical, photographic, cinematographic, measuring, checking, precision, medical or surgical instruments and apparatus; parts and accessories thereof (HS code 90) - a decrease of $1,439,524;
  • Vehicles other than railway or tramway rolling stock, and parts and accessories thereof (HS code 87) - a decrease of $1,374,509.
Russia’s exports to Saudi Arabia in 2016 by product groups
HS
code
Name of product group Value of exports
in 2016,
US dollars ($)
Percent share in total export Value of exports
in 2015,
US dollars ($)
Percent change
in 2016
over 2015
03 Fish and crustaceans, molluscs and other aquatic invertebrates 1,802 0.00 0
04 Dairy produce; birds eggs; natural honey; edible products of animal origin, not elsewhere specified or included 5,526 0.00 42,274-86.93
07 Edible vegetables and certain roots and tubers 1,076,546 0.31 454,543136.84
09 Coffee, tea, maté and spices 24,610 0.01 12,71093.63
10 Cereals 208,498,536 59.42 547,555,643-61.92
11 Products of the milling industry; malt; starches; inulin; wheat gluten 4,337 0.00 0
12 Oil seeds and oleaginous fruits; miscellaneous grains, seeds and fruits; industrial or medicinal plants; straw and fodder 12,500 0.00 154,000-91.88
15 Animal or vegetable fats and oils and their cleavage products prepared edible fats; animal or vegetable waxes 34,687,527 9.88 29,973,26415.73
17 Sugars and sugar confectionery 3,698 0.00 0
18 Cocoa and cocoa preparations 2,173,015 0.62 0
19 Preparations of cereals, flour, starch or milk; bakers’ wares 153,897 0.04 157,491-2.28
21 Miscellaneous edible preparations 20,502 0.01 27,005-24.08
22 Beverages, spirits and vinegar 1,902 0.00 1,8244.28
24 Tobacco and manufactured tobacco substitutes 0 0.00 81,872-100.00
27 Mineral fuels, mineral oils and products of their distillation; bituminous substances; mineral waxes 4,274,535 1.22 9,202,407-53.55
28 Inorganic chemicals; organic or inorganic compounds of precious metals, of rare-earth metals,of radioactive elements or of isotopes 622,154 0.18 1,324,447-53.03
29 Organic chemicals 529,787 0.15 82,104545.26
30 Pharmaceutical products 295,753 0.08 2,757,421-89.27
31 Fertilizers 610,620 0.17 800,354-23.71
32 Tanning or dyeing extracts; dyes, pigments, paints, varnishes, putty and mastics 209,075 0.06 10,2201,945.74
33 Essential oils and resinoids; perfumery, cosmetic or toilet preparations 1,445 0.00 0
34 Soap, organic surface-active agents, washing preparations, lubricating preparations, artificial waxes, prepared waxes, polishing or scouring preparations, candles and similar articles, modeling pastes, "dental waxes" and dental preparations with a basis of plaster 67,714 0.02 16,771,300.00
35 Albuminoidal substances; modified starches; glues; enzymes 640 0.00 0
38 Miscellaneous chemical products 40,044,231 11.41 41,524,438-3.56
39 Plastics and articles thereof 795,003 0.23 328,666141.89
40 Rubber and articles thereof 2,708,528 0.77 6,209,056-56.38
42 Articles of leather; saddlery and harness; travel goods, handbags and similar containers; articles of animal gut (other than silkworm gut) 271 0.00 0
44 Wood and articles of wood; wood charcoal 15,201,607 4.33 21,605,673-29.64
47 Pulp of wood or of other fibrous cellulosic material; waste and scrap of paper or paperboard 2,434,627 0.69 2,057,12618.35
48 Paper and paperboard; articles of paper pulp, of paper or of paperboard 8,160,395 2.33 14,726,258-44.59
49 Printed books, newspapers, pictures and other products of the printing industry; manuscripts, typescripts and plans 10,525 0.00 4,644126.64
52 Cotton 0 0.00 24,591-100.00
54 Man-made filaments 73,764 0.02 551,905-86.63
55 Man-made staple fibers 0 0.00 26-100.00
56 Wadding, felt and nonwovens; special yarns, twine, cordage, ropes and cables and articles thereof 399,208 0.11 466,903-14.50
58 Special woven fabrics; tufted textile fabrics; lace, tapestries; trimmings; embroidery 0 0.00 73,944-100.00
59 Impregnated, coated, covered or laminated textile fabrics; textile articles of a kind suitable for industrial use 476,979 0.14 14,2963,236.45
61 Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, knitted or crocheted 0 0.00 2,068-100.00
62 Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, not knitted or crocheted 57,189 0.02 75,396-24.15
63 Other made up textile articles; sets; worn clothing and worn textile articles; rags 1,672 0.00 533,340.00
64 Footwear, gaiters and the like; parts of such articles 567 0.00 40739.31
68 Articles of stone, plaster, cement, asbestos, mica or similar materials 3,155 0.00 622407.23
69 Ceramic products 0 0.00 3,562-100.00
70 Glass and glassware 6,977 0.00 1,684,015-99.59
72 Iron and steel 12,912,510 3.68 79,919,563-83.84
73 Articles of iron or steel 8,508,509 2.42 795,028970.22
74 Copper and articles thereof 6,280 0.00 19,085-67.09
75 Nickel and articles thereof 1,269 0.00 70280.77
76 Aluminum and articles thereof 1,809 0.00 331446.53
81 Other base metals; cermets; articles thereof 1,215 0.00 2,489-51.19
82 Tools, implements, cutlery, spoons and forks, of base metal; parts thereof of base metal 143,708 0.04 271,329-47.04
83 Miscellaneous articles of base metal 26,450 0.01 11,743125.24
84 Nuclear reactors, boilers, machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof 3,440,718 0.98 2,141,70560.65
85 Electrical machinery and equipment and parts thereof; sound recorders and reproducers, television image and sound recorders and reproducers, and parts and accessories of such articles 993,808 0.28 1,820,270-45.40
87 Vehicles other than railway or tramway rolling stock, and parts and accessories thereof 32,291 0.01 1,406,800-97.70
90 Optical, photographic, cinematographic, measuring, checking, precision, medical or surgical instruments and apparatus; parts and accessories thereof 612,142 0.17 2,051,666-70.16
94 Furniture; bedding, mattresses, mattress supports, cushions and similar stuffed furnishings; lamps and lighting fittings, not elsewhere specified or included; illuminated sign illuminated nameplates and the like; prefabricated buildings 148,290 0.04 71208,759.15
95 Toys, games and sports requisites; parts and accessories thereof 52,430 0.01 1,4303,566.43
96 Miscellaneous manufactured articles 354,658 0.10 247,59343.24
SS Classified 27,751 0.01 16 93363.89

Russia’s Imports from Saudi Arabia

The major share of Russian imports from Saudi Arabia in 2016 (and in 2015) was accounted for the following product types:

  • Chemical products (HS codes 28-40) - 95.71% of Russia’s total imports from Saudi Arabia (93.12% in 2015);
  • Textiles, textile products and footwear (HS codes 50-67) - 2.70% of Russia’s total imports from Saudi Arabia (2.78% in 2015);
  • Machinery, equipment and vehicles (HS codes 84-90) - 0.81% of Russia’s total imports from Saudi Arabia (2.04% in 2015);
  • Wood and wood products (HS codes 44-49) - 0.22% of Russia’s total imports from Saudi Arabia (1.76% in 2015).

The largest gains in Russia’s imports from Saudi Arabia in 2016 over 2015 were recorded for the following product groups:

  • Organic chemicals (HS code 29) - an increase of $11,410,943;
  • Miscellaneous chemical products (HS code 38) - an increase of $1,877,265;
  • Articles of stone, plaster, cement, asbestos, mica or similar materials (HS code 68) - an increase of $501,645.

The largest declines in Russia’s imports from Saudi Arabia in 2016 over 2015 were recorded for the following product groups:

  • Plastics and articles thereof (HS code 39) - a decrease of $20,205,982;
  • Pharmaceutical products (HS code 30) - a decrease of $2,691,121;
  • Paper and paperboard; articles of paper pulp, of paper or of paperboard (HS code 48) - a decrease of $2,416,418;
  • Nuclear reactors, boilers, machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof (HS code 84) - a decrease of $1,976,678;
  • Man-made filaments (HS code 54) - a decrease of $516,631.
Russia’s imports from Saudi Arabia in 2016 by product groups
HS
code
Name of product group Value of imports in 2016,
US dollars ($)
Percent share in total import Value of imports in 2015,
US dollars ($)
Percent change
in 2016
over 2015
08 Edible fruit and nuts; peel of citrus fruit or melons 150,565 0.11 207,778-27.54
12 Oil seeds and oleaginous fruits; miscellaneous grains, seeds and fruits; industrial or medicinal plants; straw and fodder 18,754 0.01 0
15 Animal or vegetable fats and oils and their cleavage products prepared edible fats; animal or vegetable waxes 8,891 0.01 0
17 Sugars and sugar confectionery 746 0.00 6,095-87.76
18 Cocoa and cocoa preparations 3,891 0.00 8,137-52.18
19 Preparations of cereals, flour, starch or milk; bakers’ wares 3,289 0.00 2,26944.95
20 Preparations of vegetables, fruit, nuts or other parts of plants 1,314 0.00 7,342-82.10
21 Miscellaneous edible preparations 49 0.00 52-5.77
22 Beverages, spirits and vinegar 68,112 0.05 117,427-42.00
29 Organic chemicals 23,646,370 16.80 12,235,42793.26
30 Pharmaceutical products 606,112 0.43 3,297,233-81.62
32 Tanning or dyeing extracts; dyes, pigments, paints, varnishes, putty and mastics 4,109,628 2.92 4,399,232-6.58
33 Essential oils and resinoids; perfumery, cosmetic or toilet preparations 63,497 0.05 82,036-22.60
34 Soap, organic surface-active agents, washing preparations, lubricating preparations, artificial waxes, prepared waxes, polishing or scouring preparations, candles and similar articles, modeling pastes, "dental waxes" and dental preparations with a basis of plaster 0 0.00 21,112-100.00
38 Miscellaneous chemical products 2,385,891 1.69 508,626369.09
39 Plastics and articles thereof 103,918,503 73.83 124,124,485-16.28
40 Rubber and articles thereof 138 0.00 9348.39
48 Paper and paperboard; articles of paper pulp, of paper or of paperboard 313,246 0.22 2,729,664-88.52
49 Printed books, newspapers, pictures and other products of the printing industry; manuscripts, typescripts and plans 0 0.00 559-100.00
54 Man-made filaments 3,801,015 2.70 4,317,646-11.97
56 Wadding, felt and nonwovens; special yarns, twine, cordage, ropes and cables and articles thereof 0 0.00 253-100.00
58 Special woven fabrics; tufted textile fabrics; lace, tapestries; trimmings; embroidery 0 0.00 5-100.00
63 Other made up textile articles; sets; worn clothing and worn textile articles; rags 0 0.00 260-100.00
68 Articles of stone, plaster, cement, asbestos, mica or similar materials 501,963 0.36 318157,750.00
73 Articles of iron or steel 7,968 0.01 3,133154.32
75 Nickel and articles thereof 2,814 0.00 0
81 Other base metals; cermets; articles thereof 70 0.00 0
82 Tools, implements, cutlery, spoons and forks, of base metal; parts thereof of base metal 0 0.00 108,448-100.00
83 Miscellaneous articles of base metal 0 0.00 9-100.00
84 Nuclear reactors, boilers, machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof 1,141,385 0.81 3,118,063-63.39
85 Electrical machinery and equipment and parts thereof; sound recorders and reproducers, television image and sound recorders and reproducers, and parts and accessories of such articles 725 0.00 53,398-98.64
87 Vehicles other than railway or tramway rolling stock, and parts and accessories thereof 3,793 0.00 459726.36
90 Optical, photographic, cinematographic, measuring, checking, precision, medical or surgical instruments and apparatus; parts and accessories thereof 25 0.00 0
96 Miscellaneous manufactured articles 3,510 0.00 1,303169.38

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Russian foreign trade statistics
Source: Federal Customs Service of Russia