Russian foreign trade
reports and reviews

Russian trade with Spain in 2016

by Russian Foreign Trade
based on data from the Federal Customs Service of Russia
The Report on Russia’s foreign trade in goods with Spain in 2016: exports, imports, products, dynamics.

Russia’s Trade with Spain

In 2016, Russia’s trade with Spain was $4,426,791,849, down 19.62% ($1,080,392,284) from 2015.

Russia’s exports to Spain in 2016 were $1,953,086,297, down 27.20% ($729,754,900) from 2015.

Russia’s imports from Spain in 2016 were $2,473,705,552, down 12.41% ($350,637,384) from 2015.

Russia’s trade deficit with Spain in 2016 was $520,619,255, a 267.92% increase ($379,117,516) over 2015.

Spain was Russia’s 21st largest trading partner in 2016 (down from 20th in 2015), accounting for 0.9464% of Russia’s total trade (down from 1.0464% in 2015).

Spain was Russia’s 33rd largest export market in 2016 (down from 24th in 2015), accounting for 0.6841% of Russia’s total exports (down from 0.7808% in 2015).

Spain was Russia’s 17th largest supplier in 2016 (just as in 2015), accounting for 1.3572% of Russia’s total imports (down from 1.5461% in 2015).

Russia’s Exports to Spain

The major share of Russian exports to Spain in 2016 (and in 2015) was accounted for the following product types:

  • Mineral products (HS codes 25-27) - 72.36% of Russia’s total exports to Spain (61.31% in 2015);
  • Metals and products from them (HS codes 72-83) - 15.64% of Russia’s total exports to Spain (15.93% in 2015);
  • Chemical products (HS codes 28-40) - 4.87% of Russia’s total exports to Spain (3.69% in 2015);
  • Food products and agricultural raw materials (HS codes 01-24) - 3.87% of Russia’s total exports to Spain (3.19% in 2015).

The largest gains in Russia’s exports to Spain in 2016 over 2015 were recorded for the following product groups:

  • Animal or vegetable fats and oils and their cleavage products prepared edible fats; animal or vegetable waxes (HS code 15) - an increase of $7,852,051.

The largest declines in Russia’s exports to Spain in 2016 over 2015 were recorded for the following product groups:

  • Mineral fuels, mineral oils and products of their distillation; bituminous substances; mineral waxes (HS code 27) - a decrease of $213,907,159;
  • Iron and steel (HS code 72) - a decrease of $125,146,150;
  • Residues and waste from the food industries; prepared animal feed (HS code 23) - a decrease of $18,728,634;
  • Ores, slag and ash (HS code 26) - a decrease of $17,508,191;
  • Nuclear reactors, boilers, machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof (HS code 84) - a decrease of $13,330,640.
Russia’s exports to Spain in 2016 by product groups
HS
code
Name of product group Value of exports
in 2016,
US dollars ($)
Percent share in total export Value of exports
in 2015,
US dollars ($)
Percent change
in 2016
over 2015
03 Fish and crustaceans, molluscs and other aquatic invertebrates 7,745,053 0.40 7,919,974-2.21
05 Products of animal origin, not elsewhere specified or included 273,573 0.01 18,5361,375.90
07 Edible vegetables and certain roots and tubers 437,828 0.02 144,610202.76
09 Coffee, tea, maté and spices 875 0.00 116,669-99.25
10 Cereals 29,998,149 1.54 30,940,381-3.05
11 Products of the milling industry; malt; starches; inulin; wheat gluten 32,927 0.00 0
12 Oil seeds and oleaginous fruits; miscellaneous grains, seeds and fruits; industrial or medicinal plants; straw and fodder 3,001,686 0.15 2,651,20213.22
15 Animal or vegetable fats and oils and their cleavage products prepared edible fats; animal or vegetable waxes 15,274,051 0.78 7,422,000105.79
16 Preparations of meat, of fish or of crustaceans, molluscs or other aquatic invertebrates 0 0.00 95-100.00
17 Sugars and sugar confectionery 8,294,433 0.42 7,388,35112.26
18 Cocoa and cocoa preparations 559,143 0.03 562,034-0.51
19 Preparations of cereals, flour, starch or milk; bakers’ wares 281,275 0.01 152,74884.14
20 Preparations of vegetables, fruit, nuts or other parts of plants 1,095 0.00 108,131-98.99
21 Miscellaneous edible preparations 520,976 0.03 247,858110.19
22 Beverages, spirits and vinegar 284,092 0.01 348,610-18.51
23 Residues and waste from the food industries; prepared animal feed 8,801,163 0.45 27,529,797-68.03
25 Salt; sulfur; earths and stone; plastering materials, lime and cement 360,335 0.02 669,570-46.18
26 Ores, slag and ash 0 0.00 17,508,191-100.00
27 Mineral fuels, mineral oils and products of their distillation; bituminous substances; mineral waxes 1,412,897,495 72.34 1,626,804,654-13.15
28 Inorganic chemicals; organic or inorganic compounds of precious metals, of rare-earth metals,of radioactive elements or of isotopes 15,292,921 0.78 15,034,5041.72
29 Organic chemicals 12,549,292 0.64 14,981,012-16.23
31 Fertilizers 37,056,774 1.90 41,009,356-9.64
32 Tanning or dyeing extracts; dyes, pigments, paints, varnishes, putty and mastics 309,198 0.02 124,027149.30
33 Essential oils and resinoids; perfumery, cosmetic or toilet preparations 787,447 0.04 648,03421.51
34 Soap, organic surface-active agents, washing preparations, lubricating preparations, artificial waxes, prepared waxes, polishing or scouring preparations, candles and similar articles, modeling pastes, "dental waxes" and dental preparations with a basis of plaster 72,021 0.00 4,2401,598.61
35 Albuminoidal substances; modified starches; glues; enzymes 619 0.00 148318.24
37 Photographic or cinematographic goods 5,202 0.00 2,074150.82
38 Miscellaneous chemical products 320,059 0.02 1,048,636-69.48
39 Plastics and articles thereof 4,581,701 0.23 5,682,651-19.37
40 Rubber and articles thereof 24,058,860 1.23 20,356,49118.19
41 Raw hides and skins (other than furskins) and leather 18,401,190 0.94 24,204,191-23.98
42 Articles of leather; saddlery and harness; travel goods, handbags and similar containers; articles of animal gut (other than silkworm gut) 8,249 0.00 96,582-91.46
43 Furskins and artificial fur; manufactures thereof 296,979 0.02 3,5828,190.87
44 Wood and articles of wood; wood charcoal 8,803,350 0.45 6,758,47530.26
46 Manufactures of straw, of esparto or of other plaiting materials; basketware and wickerwork 68 0.00 0
47 Pulp of wood or of other fibrous cellulosic material; waste and scrap of paper or paperboard 29,577 0.00 189,611-84.40
48 Paper and paperboard; articles of paper pulp, of paper or of paperboard 7,173,212 0.37 5,981,39919.93
49 Printed books, newspapers, pictures and other products of the printing industry; manuscripts, typescripts and plans 78,783 0.00 102,903-23.44
51 Wool, fine or coarse animal hair; horsehair yarn and woven fabric 0 0.00 90,459-100.00
52 Cotton 0 0.00 13,218-100.00
53 Other vegetable textile fibers; paper yarn and woven fabric of paper yarn 96,555 0.00 131,862-26.78
54 Man-made filaments 1,803,849 0.09 2,465,974-26.85
55 Man-made staple fibers 0 0.00 2,740-100.00
56 Wadding, felt and nonwovens; special yarns, twine, cordage, ropes and cables and articles thereof 2,518,565 0.13 2,426,4673.80
57 Carpets and other textile floor coverings 2,319 0.00 1023,090.00
58 Special woven fabrics; tufted textile fabrics; lace, tapestries; trimmings; embroidery 457 0.00 79478.48
59 Impregnated, coated, covered or laminated textile fabrics; textile articles of a kind suitable for industrial use 130 0.00 12,606-98.97
60 Knitted or crocheted fabrics 1,807 0.00 0
61 Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, knitted or crocheted 351,007 0.02 716,907-51.04
62 Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, not knitted or crocheted 736,882 0.04 1,460,523-49.55
63 Other made up textile articles; sets; worn clothing and worn textile articles; rags 1,398,391 0.07 836,07967.26
64 Footwear, gaiters and the like; parts of such articles 260,822 0.01 126,805105.69
65 Headgear and parts thereof 417 0.00 2,331-82.11
66 Umbrellas, sun umbrellas, walking sticks, seatsticks, whips, riding-crops and parts thereof 108 0.00 1,027-89.48
68 Articles of stone, plaster, cement, asbestos, mica or similar materials 242,034 0.01 432,930-44.09
69 Ceramic products 291,138 0.01 192,38751.33
70 Glass and glassware 4,542,862 0.23 544,751733.93
71 Natural or cultured pearls, precious or semi-precious stones,precious metals, metals clad with precious metal and articles thereof; imitation jewelry; coin 45,371 0.00 308,366-85.29
72 Iron and steel 260,082,857 13.32 385,229,007-32.49
73 Articles of iron or steel 1,948,534 0.10 1,505,92129.39
74 Copper and articles thereof 528 0.00 202,369-99.74
75 Nickel and articles thereof 2,658 0.00 4,147-35.91
76 Aluminum and articles thereof 34,729,675 1.78 34,069,4061.94
78 Lead and articles thereof 173,711 0.01 105,06865.33
79 Zinc and articles thereof 0 0.00 412-100.00
81 Other base metals; cermets; articles thereof 2,181,559 0.11 1,236,15976.48
82 Tools, implements, cutlery, spoons and forks, of base metal; parts thereof of base metal 14,249 0.00 56,663-74.85
83 Miscellaneous articles of base metal 6,416,361 0.33 4,966,88929.18
84 Nuclear reactors, boilers, machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof 4,924,188 0.25 18,254,828-73.03
85 Electrical machinery and equipment and parts thereof; sound recorders and reproducers, television image and sound recorders and reproducers, and parts and accessories of such articles 3,024,107 0.15 2,465,97322.63
86 Railway or tramway locomotives, rolling-stock and parts thereof; railway or tramway track fixtures and fittings and parts thereof; mechanical (including electro-mechanical) traffic signalling equipment of all kinds 704,838 0.04 622,65313.20
87 Vehicles other than railway or tramway rolling stock, and parts and accessories thereof 529,946 0.03 522,3541.45
89 Ships, boats and floating structures 4,091 0.00 2,016,496-99.80
90 Optical, photographic, cinematographic, measuring, checking, precision, medical or surgical instruments and apparatus; parts and accessories thereof 1,194,432 0.06 1,101,1208.47
91 Clocks and watches and parts thereof 0 0.00 16,532-100.00
92 Musical instruments; parts and accessories of such articles 10,877 0.00 0
94 Furniture; bedding, mattresses, mattress supports, cushions and similar stuffed furnishings; lamps and lighting fittings, not elsewhere specified or included; illuminated sign illuminated nameplates and the like; prefabricated buildings 3,499,835 0.18 3,102,28812.81
95 Toys, games and sports requisites; parts and accessories thereof 312,318 0.02 351,106-11.05
96 Miscellaneous manufactured articles 20,212 0.00 15,60529.52
97 Works of art, collectors’ pieces and antiques 34,122 0.00 37,475-8.95
SS Classified 2,394,834 0.12 350 431 878-99.32

Russia’s Imports from Spain

The major share of Russian imports from Spain in 2016 (and in 2015) was accounted for the following product types:

  • Machinery, equipment and vehicles (HS codes 84-90) - 34.13% of Russia’s total imports from Spain (44.45% in 2015);
  • Chemical products (HS codes 28-40) - 29.61% of Russia’s total imports from Spain (24.89% in 2015);
  • Food products and agricultural raw materials (HS codes 01-24) - 17.98% of Russia’s total imports from Spain (14.48% in 2015);
  • Metals and products from them (HS codes 72-83) - 6.01% of Russia’s total imports from Spain (5.51% in 2015);
  • Textiles, textile products and footwear (HS codes 50-67) - 2.69% of Russia’s total imports from Spain (1.95% in 2015);
  • Wood and wood products (HS codes 44-49) - 1.78% of Russia’s total imports from Spain (1.69% in 2015).

The largest gains in Russia’s imports from Spain in 2016 over 2015 were recorded for the following product groups:

  • Vehicles other than railway or tramway rolling stock, and parts and accessories thereof (HS code 87) - an increase of $33,789,185;
  • Beverages, spirits and vinegar (HS code 22) - an increase of $25,349,052;
  • Pharmaceutical products (HS code 30) - an increase of $20,397,409;
  • Miscellaneous chemical products (HS code 38) - an increase of $14,200,629;
  • Live trees and other plants; bulbs, roots and the like; cut flowers and ornamental foliage (HS code 06) - an increase of $13,875,365;
  • Animal or vegetable fats and oils and their cleavage products prepared edible fats; animal or vegetable waxes (HS code 15) - an increase of $9,784,569.

The largest declines in Russia’s imports from Spain in 2016 over 2015 were recorded for the following product groups:

  • Ships, boats and floating structures (HS code 89) - a decrease of $240,867,204;
  • Nuclear reactors, boilers, machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof (HS code 84) - a decrease of $150,165,779;
  • Railway or tramway locomotives, rolling-stock and parts thereof; railway or tramway track fixtures and fittings and parts thereof; mechanical (including electro-mechanical) traffic signalling equipment of all kinds (HS code 86) - a decrease of $29,065,737;
  • Electrical machinery and equipment and parts thereof; sound recorders and reproducers, television image and sound recorders and reproducers, and parts and accessories of such articles (HS code 85) - a decrease of $25,952,404;
  • Plastics and articles thereof (HS code 39) - a decrease of $20,125,687;
  • Ceramic products (HS code 69) - a decrease of $18,338,390;
  • Miscellaneous edible preparations (HS code 21) - a decrease of $11,662,254;
  • Articles of iron or steel (HS code 73) - a decrease of $8,600,563.
Russia’s imports from Spain in 2016 by product groups
HS
code
Name of product group Value of imports in 2016,
US dollars ($)
Percent share in total import Value of imports in 2015,
US dollars ($)
Percent change
in 2016
over 2015
01 Live animals 65,008 0.00 88,596-26.62
04 Dairy produce; birds eggs; natural honey; edible products of animal origin, not elsewhere specified or included 3,648,453 0.15 7,420,086-50.83
05 Products of animal origin, not elsewhere specified or included 6,138 0.00 2,540141.65
06 Live trees and other plants; bulbs, roots and the like; cut flowers and ornamental foliage 24,745,323 1.00 10,869,958127.65
08 Edible fruit and nuts; peel of citrus fruit or melons 182,698 0.01 221,634-17.57
09 Coffee, tea, maté and spices 3,535,716 0.14 2,907,68621.60
10 Cereals 1,034,865 0.04 40,3392,465.42
11 Products of the milling industry; malt; starches; inulin; wheat gluten 2,317,159 0.09 1,910,22821.30
12 Oil seeds and oleaginous fruits; miscellaneous grains, seeds and fruits; industrial or medicinal plants; straw and fodder 16,096,191 0.65 14,024,10314.78
13 Lac; gums, resins and other vegetable saps and extracts 5,045,562 0.20 6,787,290-25.66
14 Vegetable plaiting materials; vegetable products not elsewhere specified or included 357 0.00 7,207-95.05
15 Animal or vegetable fats and oils and their cleavage products prepared edible fats; animal or vegetable waxes 44,370,777 1.79 34,586,20828.29
16 Preparations of meat, of fish or of crustaceans, molluscs or other aquatic invertebrates 2,511,844 0.10 5,181,302-51.52
17 Sugars and sugar confectionery 4,439,169 0.18 4,172,3256.40
18 Cocoa and cocoa preparations 15,154,145 0.61 21,503,846-29.53
19 Preparations of cereals, flour, starch or milk; bakers’ wares 4,463,766 0.18 5,669,417-21.27
20 Preparations of vegetables, fruit, nuts or other parts of plants 123,797,231 5.00 116,408,1656.35
21 Miscellaneous edible preparations 11,717,558 0.47 23,379,812-49.88
22 Beverages, spirits and vinegar 153,416,509 6.20 128,067,45719.79
23 Residues and waste from the food industries; prepared animal feed 16,389,810 0.66 13,506,66821.35
24 Tobacco and manufactured tobacco substitutes 11,768,957 0.48 12,099,346-2.73
25 Salt; sulfur; earths and stone; plastering materials, lime and cement 4,375,794 0.18 3,069,20742.57
26 Ores, slag and ash 1,351 0.00 0
27 Mineral fuels, mineral oils and products of their distillation; bituminous substances; mineral waxes 6,767,436 0.27 9,793,713-30.90
28 Inorganic chemicals; organic or inorganic compounds of precious metals, of rare-earth metals,of radioactive elements or of isotopes 23,647,919 0.96 16,336,41944.76
29 Organic chemicals 36,280,214 1.47 40,680,262-10.82
30 Pharmaceutical products 239,332,303 9.68 218,934,8949.32
31 Fertilizers 6,139,800 0.25 4,724,93529.94
32 Tanning or dyeing extracts; dyes, pigments, paints, varnishes, putty and mastics 75,863,556 3.07 76,993,054-1.47
33 Essential oils and resinoids; perfumery, cosmetic or toilet preparations 75,516,772 3.05 69,873,0738.08
34 Soap, organic surface-active agents, washing preparations, lubricating preparations, artificial waxes, prepared waxes, polishing or scouring preparations, candles and similar articles, modeling pastes, "dental waxes" and dental preparations with a basis of plaster 19,943,909 0.81 18,938,5975.31
35 Albuminoidal substances; modified starches; glues; enzymes 4,769,835 0.19 3,307,90844.19
36 Explosives; pyrotechnic products; matches; pyrophoric alloys; certain combustible preparations 1,872,082 0.08 1,884,686-0.67
37 Photographic or cinematographic goods 504,134 0.02 506,548-0.48
38 Miscellaneous chemical products 64,822,500 2.62 50,621,87128.05
39 Plastics and articles thereof 99,691,676 4.03 119,817,363-16.80
40 Rubber and articles thereof 84,044,098 3.40 80,338,8664.61
41 Raw hides and skins (other than furskins) and leather 120,554 0.00 112,3107.34
42 Articles of leather; saddlery and harness; travel goods, handbags and similar containers; articles of animal gut (other than silkworm gut) 7,742,679 0.31 7,251,6966.77
43 Furskins and artificial fur; manufactures thereof 358,186 0.01 238,10250.43
44 Wood and articles of wood; wood charcoal 5,710,393 0.23 6,403,725-10.83
45 Cork and articles of cork 364,177 0.01 629,758-42.17
46 Manufactures of straw, of esparto or of other plaiting materials; basketware and wickerwork 375 0.00 29825.84
47 Pulp of wood or of other fibrous cellulosic material; waste and scrap of paper or paperboard 112,108 0.00 124,575-10.01
48 Paper and paperboard; articles of paper pulp, of paper or of paperboard 36,394,407 1.47 38,301,216-4.98
49 Printed books, newspapers, pictures and other products of the printing industry; manuscripts, typescripts and plans 1,494,860 0.06 2,335,854-36.00
50 Silk 9,019 0.00 6813,163.24
51 Wool, fine or coarse animal hair; horsehair yarn and woven fabric 1,052 0.00 13,930-92.45
52 Cotton 3,796,183 0.15 2,176,46074.42
53 Other vegetable textile fibers; paper yarn and woven fabric of paper yarn 33,666 0.00 11,515192.37
54 Man-made filaments 1,511,982 0.06 751,248101.26
55 Man-made staple fibers 7,068,134 0.29 3,311,793113.42
56 Wadding, felt and nonwovens; special yarns, twine, cordage, ropes and cables and articles thereof 3,385,054 0.14 2,791,16321.28
57 Carpets and other textile floor coverings 220,580 0.01 173,57727.08
58 Special woven fabrics; tufted textile fabrics; lace, tapestries; trimmings; embroidery 1,173,766 0.05 351,054234.35
59 Impregnated, coated, covered or laminated textile fabrics; textile articles of a kind suitable for industrial use 2,570,421 0.10 2,288,35412.33
60 Knitted or crocheted fabrics 1,265,316 0.05 876,81344.31
61 Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, knitted or crocheted 4,350,104 0.18 4,094,0986.25
62 Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, not knitted or crocheted 10,458,241 0.42 10,232,7202.20
63 Other made up textile articles; sets; worn clothing and worn textile articles; rags 4,042,409 0.16 3,386,20419.38
64 Footwear, gaiters and the like; parts of such articles 26,478,103 1.07 24,529,3897.94
65 Headgear and parts thereof 112,210 0.00 69,63661.14
66 Umbrellas, sun umbrellas, walking sticks, seatsticks, whips, riding-crops and parts thereof 6,170 0.00 5,29916.44
67 Prepared feathers and down and articles made of feathers or of down; artificial flowers; articles of human hair 136,170 0.01 12,494989.88
68 Articles of stone, plaster, cement, asbestos, mica or similar materials 7,561,849 0.31 8,581,055-11.88
69 Ceramic products 82,673,272 3.34 101,011,662-18.15
70 Glass and glassware 9,998,283 0.40 10,317,548-3.09
71 Natural or cultured pearls, precious or semi-precious stones,precious metals, metals clad with precious metal and articles thereof; imitation jewelry; coin 8,559,203 0.35 7,101,16220.53
72 Iron and steel 39,671,886 1.60 39,402,2830.68
73 Articles of iron or steel 63,976,469 2.59 72,577,032-11.85
74 Copper and articles thereof 2,392,685 0.10 1,338,31178.78
75 Nickel and articles thereof 9,072,094 0.37 3,338,903171.71
76 Aluminum and articles thereof 11,514,210 0.47 14,074,884-18.19
79 Zinc and articles thereof 94,371 0.00 73,08829.12
80 Tin and articles thereof 0 0.00 45-100.00
81 Other base metals; cermets; articles thereof 17,778 0.00 1,3831,185.47
82 Tools, implements, cutlery, spoons and forks, of base metal; parts thereof of base metal 7,339,321 0.30 12,036,313-39.02
83 Miscellaneous articles of base metal 14,567,425 0.59 12,657,07815.09
84 Nuclear reactors, boilers, machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof 275,734,764 11.15 425,900,543-35.26
85 Electrical machinery and equipment and parts thereof; sound recorders and reproducers, television image and sound recorders and reproducers, and parts and accessories of such articles 165,808,030 6.70 191,760,434-13.53
86 Railway or tramway locomotives, rolling-stock and parts thereof; railway or tramway track fixtures and fittings and parts thereof; mechanical (including electro-mechanical) traffic signalling equipment of all kinds 21,767,791 0.88 50,833,528-57.18
87 Vehicles other than railway or tramway rolling stock, and parts and accessories thereof 290,879,248 11.76 257,090,06313.14
89 Ships, boats and floating structures 62,840,281 2.54 303,707,485-79.31
90 Optical, photographic, cinematographic, measuring, checking, precision, medical or surgical instruments and aptdparatus; parts and accessories thereof 27,145,919 1.10 26,024,5724.31
91 Clocks and watches and parts thereof 146,094 0.01 79,03684.84
92 Musical instruments; parts and accessories of such articles 189,842 0.01 112,63668.54
94 Furniture; bedding, mattresses, mattress supports, cushions and similar stuffed furnishings; lamps and lighting fittings, not elsewhere specified or included; illuminated sign illuminated nameplates and the like; prefabricated buildings 42,613,912 1.72 37,538,29013.52
95 Toys, games and sports requisites; parts and accessories thereof 9,635,319 0.39 5,384,31478.95
96 Miscellaneous manufactured articles 10,231,572 0.41 5,617,95482.12
97 Works of art, collectors’ pieces and antiques 195,001 0.01 931,711-79.07
SS Classified 1,881,999 0.08 1 702 66510.53

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Russian foreign trade statistics
Source: Federal Customs Service of Russia