Russian foreign trade
reports and reviews

Russian trade with Romania in 2017

by Russian Foreign Trade
based on data from the Federal Customs Service of Russia
The Report on Russia’s foreign trade in goods with Romania in 2017: exports, imports, products, dynamics.

Russia’s Trade with Romania

In 2017, Russia’s trade with Romania totaled $3,885,468,087, up 26.30% ($809,012,975) from 2016.

Russia’s exports to Romania in 2017 totaled $2,267,708,044, up 22.88% ($422,222,683) from 2016.

Russia’s imports from Romania in 2017 totaled $1,617,760,043, up 31.42% ($386,790,292) from 2016.

Russia’s trade surplus with Romania in 2017 was $649,948,001, a 5.77% increase ($35,432,391) over 2016.

Romania was Russia’s 32nd largest trading partner in 2017 (down from 30th in 2016), accounting for 0.6653% of Russia’s total trade (up from 0.6577% in 2016).

Romania was Russia’s 33rd largest export market in 2017 (up from 35th in 2016), accounting for 0.6351% of Russia’s total exports (down from 0.6464% in 2016).

Romania was Russia’s 30th largest supplier in 2017 (down from 29th in 2016), accounting for 0.7128% of Russia’s total imports (up from 0.6754% in 2016).

Russia’s Exports to Romania

The major share of Russian exports to Romania in 2017 (and in 2016) was accounted for the following product types:

  • Mineral products (HS codes 25-27) - 77.40% of Russia’s total exports to Romania (75.89% in 2016);
  • Chemical products (HS codes 28-40) - 10.43% of Russia’s total exports to Romania (11.08% in 2016);
  • Machinery, equipment and vehicles (HS codes 84-90) - 4.08% of Russia’s total exports to Romania (2.77% in 2016);
  • Wood and wood products (HS codes 44-49) - 3.58% of Russia’s total exports to Romania (3.77% in 2016);
  • Metals and products from them (HS codes 72-83) - 2.83% of Russia’s total exports to Romania (2.92% in 2016);
  • Food products and agricultural raw materials (HS codes 01-24) - 0.38% of Russia’s total exports to Romania (1.83% in 2016).

The largest gains in Russia’s exports to Romania in 2017 over 2016 were recorded for the following product groups:

  • Mineral fuels, mineral oils and products of their distillation; bituminous substances; mineral waxes (HS code 27) - an increase of $353,622,880;
  • Rubber and articles thereof (HS code 40) - an increase of $26,417,698;
  • Organic chemicals (HS code 29) - an increase of $15,075,591;
  • Iron and steel (HS code 72) - an increase of $13,891,028;
  • Vehicles other than railway or tramway rolling stock, and parts and accessories thereof (HS code 87) - an increase of $13,112,035;
  • Nuclear reactors, boilers, machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof (HS code 84) - an increase of $10,493,897;
  • Wood and articles of wood; wood charcoal (HS code 44) - an increase of $10,280,448;
  • Ores, slag and ash (HS code 26) - an increase of $9,707,496;
  • Electrical machinery and equipment and parts thereof; sound recorders and reproducers, television image and sound recorders and reproducers, and parts and accessories of such articles (HS code 85) - an increase of $8,255,225;
  • Ships, boats and floating structures (HS code 89) - an increase of $7,546,153.

The largest declines in Russia’s exports to Romania in 2017 over 2016 were recorded for the following product groups:

  • Cereals (HS code 10) - a decrease of $21,364,093;
  • Fertilizers (HS code 31) - a decrease of $17,238,308;
  • Salt; sulfur; earths and stone; plastering materials, lime and cement (HS code 25) - a decrease of $8,542,623.
Russia’s exports to Romania in 2017 by product groups
HS
code
Name of product group Value of exports
in 2017,
US dollars ($)
Percent share in total export Value of exports
in 2016,
US dollars ($)
Percent change
in 2017
over 2016
04 Dairy produce; birds eggs; natural honey; edible products of animal origin, not elsewhere specified or included 0 0.00 117-100.00
05 Products of animal origin, not elsewhere specified or included 428,762 0.02 24,8711,623.94
07 Edible vegetables and certain roots and tubers 147,449 0.01 606,375-75.68
09 Coffee, tea, maté and spices 48,993 0.00 25,56991.61
10 Cereals 2,663,859 0.12 24,027,952-88.91
11 Products of the milling industry; malt; starches; inulin; wheat gluten 164,269 0.01 541,822-69.68
12 Oil seeds and oleaginous fruits; miscellaneous grains, seeds and fruits; industrial or medicinal plants; straw and fodder 4,535,824 0.20 2,553,65377.62
13 Lac; gums, resins and other vegetable saps and extracts 0 0.00 39,157-100.00
15 Animal or vegetable fats and oils and their cleavage products prepared edible fats; animal or vegetable waxes 121 0.00 16,149-99.25
19 Preparations of cereals, flour, starch or milk; bakers’ wares 283 0.00 11,495-97.54
20 Preparations of vegetables, fruit, nuts or other parts of plants 17,254 0.00 35,102-50.85
21 Miscellaneous edible preparations 423,044 0.02 238,45977.41
22 Beverages, spirits and vinegar 171,908 0.01 203,562-15.55
23 Residues and waste from the food industries; prepared animal feed 2,225 0.00 2,657-16.26
24 Tobacco and manufactured tobacco substitutes 30,580 0.00 5,370,114-99.43
25 Salt; sulfur; earths and stone; plastering materials, lime and cement 11,759,646 0.52 20,302,269-42.08
26 Ores, slag and ash 18,505,479 0.82 8,797,983110.34
27 Mineral fuels, mineral oils and products of their distillation; bituminous substances; mineral waxes 1,725,006,658 76.07 1,371,383,77825.79
28 Inorganic chemicals; organic or inorganic compounds of precious metals, of rare-earth metals,of radioactive elements or of isotopes 15,562,609 0.69 9,133,74270.39
29 Organic chemicals 40,130,922 1.77 25,055,33160.17
30 Pharmaceutical products 748,543 0.03 1,019,058-26.55
31 Fertilizers 82,939,822 3.66 100,178,130-17.21
32 Tanning or dyeing extracts; dyes, pigments, paints, varnishes, putty and mastics 159,577 0.01 87,74181.87
33 Essential oils and resinoids; perfumery, cosmetic or toilet preparations 3,855,303 0.17 3,286,46817.31
34 Soap, organic surface-active agents, washing preparations, lubricating preparations, artificial waxes, prepared waxes, polishing or scouring preparations, candles and similar articles, modeling pastes, "dental waxes" and dental preparations with a basis of plaster 131,258 0.01 222,795-41.09
35 Albuminoidal substances; modified starches; glues; enzymes 44,657 0.00 4,198963.77
36 Explosives; pyrotechnic products; matches; pyrophoric alloys; certain combustible preparations 42,500 0.00 39,8006.78
38 Miscellaneous chemical products 1,045,955 0.05 1,062,192-1.53
39 Plastics and articles thereof 10,248,292 0.45 9,247,29210.82
40 Rubber and articles thereof 81,579,615 3.60 55,161,91747.89
41 Raw hides and skins (other than furskins) and leather 257,579 0.01 48952,574.64
42 Articles of leather; saddlery and harness; travel goods, handbags and similar containers; articles of animal gut (other than silkworm gut) 92,842 0.00 55,70166.68
44 Wood and articles of wood; wood charcoal 49,073,347 2.16 38,792,89926.50
47 Pulp of wood or of other fibrous cellulosic material; waste and scrap of paper or paperboard 3,441,445 0.15 5,618,751-38.75
48 Paper and paperboard; articles of paper pulp, of paper or of paperboard 28,626,979 1.26 25,015,47714.44
49 Printed books, newspapers, pictures and other products of the printing industry; manuscripts, typescripts and plans 84,464 0.00 57,11047.90
51 Wool, fine or coarse animal hair; horsehair yarn and woven fabric 0 0.00 286-100.00
52 Cotton 233,759 0.01 291,330-19.76
53 Other vegetable textile fibers; paper yarn and woven fabric of paper yarn 89,161 0.00 21,244319.70
54 Man-made filaments 28,045 0.00 79,382-64.67
55 Man-made staple fibers 136,143 0.01 54,778148.54
56 Wadding, felt and nonwovens; special yarns, twine, cordage, ropes and cables and articles thereof 3,294,263 0.15 1,229,139168.01
57 Carpets and other textile floor coverings 193 0.00 18,868-98.98
58 Special woven fabrics; tufted textile fabrics; lace, tapestries; trimmings; embroidery 77 0.00 1,853-95.84
59 Impregnated, coated, covered or laminated textile fabrics; textile articles of a kind suitable for industrial use 36,787 0.00 9,572284.32
61 Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, knitted or crocheted 33,563 0.00 1,9861,589.98
62 Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, not knitted or crocheted 14,899 0.00 10,25345.31
63 Other made up textile articles; sets; worn clothing and worn textile articles; rags 63,601 0.00 9,537566.89
64 Footwear, gaiters and the like; parts of such articles 12,340 0.00 20,925-41.03
65 Headgear and parts thereof 65 0.00 96-32.29
68 Articles of stone, plaster, cement, asbestos, mica or similar materials 8,676,954 0.38 7,720,94412.38
69 Ceramic products 1,494,692 0.07 683,521118.68
70 Glass and glassware 9,900,995 0.44 5,547,80178.47
72 Iron and steel 55,303,310 2.44 41,412,28233.54
73 Articles of iron or steel 3,718,959 0.16 9,393,703-60.41
74 Copper and articles thereof 22,271 0.00 66,415-66.47
75 Nickel and articles thereof 3,947 0.00 0
76 Aluminum and articles thereof 3,966,859 0.17 1,044,902279.64
78 Lead and articles thereof 8 0.00 13,577-99.94
79 Zinc and articles thereof 132 0.00 623-78.81
80 Tin and articles thereof 0 0.00 11,351-100.00
81 Other base metals; cermets; articles thereof 420,158 0.02 724,511-42.01
82 Tools, implements, cutlery, spoons and forks, of base metal; parts thereof of base metal 543,248 0.02 220,513146.36
83 Miscellaneous articles of base metal 262,965 0.01 966,847-72.80
84 Nuclear reactors, boilers, machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof 42,636,082 1.88 32,142,18532.65
85 Electrical machinery and equipment and parts thereof; sound recorders and reproducers, television image and sound recorders and reproducers, and parts and accessories of such articles 17,974,678 0.79 9,719,45384.94
86 Railway or tramway locomotives, rolling-stock and parts thereof; railway or tramway track fixtures and fittings and parts thereof; mechanical (including electro-mechanical) traffic signalling equipment of all kinds 447,067 0.02 78,533469.27
87 Vehicles other than railway or tramway rolling stock, and parts and accessories thereof 20,942,491 0.92 7,830,456167.45
89 Ships, boats and floating structures 7,546,153 0.33 0
90 Optical, photographic, cinematographic, measuring, checking, precision, medical or surgical instruments and apparatus; parts and accessories thereof 3,011,113 0.13 1,364,784120.63
91 Clocks and watches and parts thereof 32,570 0.00 0
92 Musical instruments; parts and accessories of such articles 12,033 0.00 17,560-31.47
94 Furniture; bedding, mattresses, mattress supports, cushions and similar stuffed furnishings; lamps and lighting fittings, not elsewhere specified or included; illuminated sign illuminated nameplates and the like; prefabricated buildings 1,360,243 0.06 626,302117.19
95 Toys, games and sports requisites; parts and accessories thereof 301,536 0.01 183,74364.11
96 Miscellaneous manufactured articles 3,140,963 0.14 1,304,595140.76
97 Works of art, collectors’ pieces and antiques 5,767 0.00 10,907-47.13
SS Classified 67,891 0.00 14 430 429-99.53

Russia’s Imports from Romania

The major share of Russian imports from Romania in 2017 (and in 2016) was accounted for the following product types:

  • Machinery, equipment and vehicles (HS codes 84-90) - 54.64% of Russia’s total imports from Romania (53.67% in 2016);
  • Chemical products (HS codes 28-40) - 21.14% of Russia’s total imports from Romania (20.44% in 2016);
  • Textiles, textile products and footwear (HS codes 50-67) - 8.49% of Russia’s total imports from Romania (8.90% in 2016);
  • Food products and agricultural raw materials (HS codes 01-24) - 5.71% of Russia’s total imports from Romania (5.74% in 2016);
  • Metals and products from them (HS codes 72-83) - 5.56% of Russia’s total imports from Romania (6.28% in 2016);
  • Wood and wood products (HS codes 44-49) - 1.26% of Russia’s total imports from Romania (1.74% in 2016).

The largest gains in Russia’s imports from Romania in 2017 over 2016 were recorded for the following product groups:

  • Nuclear reactors, boilers, machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof (HS code 84) - an increase of $102,014,572;
  • Electrical machinery and equipment and parts thereof; sound recorders and reproducers, television image and sound recorders and reproducers, and parts and accessories of such articles (HS code 85) - an increase of $57,291,565;
  • Pharmaceutical products (HS code 30) - an increase of $36,190,347;
  • Vehicles other than railway or tramway rolling stock, and parts and accessories thereof (HS code 87) - an increase of $33,876,024;
  • Oil seeds and oleaginous fruits; miscellaneous grains, seeds and fruits; industrial or medicinal plants; straw and fodder (HS code 12) - an increase of $25,282,158;
  • Essential oils and resinoids; perfumery, cosmetic or toilet preparations (HS code 33) - an increase of $24,535,230;
  • Ships, boats and floating structures (HS code 89) - an increase of $23,081,500;
  • Rubber and articles thereof (HS code 40) - an increase of $14,091,770;
  • Footwear, gaiters and the like; parts of such articles (HS code 64) - an increase of $12,437,909;
  • Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, not knitted or crocheted (HS code 62) - an increase of $11,977,703;
  • Plastics and articles thereof (HS code 39) - an increase of $11,267,457;
  • Optical, photographic, cinematographic, measuring, checking, precision, medical or surgical instruments and apparatus; parts and accessories thereof (HS code 90) - an increase of $6,859,608;
  • Miscellaneous articles of base metal (HS code 83) - an increase of $5,709,199;
  • Furniture; bedding, mattresses, mattress supports, cushions and similar stuffed furnishings; lamps and lighting fittings, not elsewhere specified or included; illuminated sign illuminated nameplates and the like; prefabricated buildings (HS code 94) - an increase of $4,947,498.

The largest declines in Russia’s imports from Romania in 2017 over 2016 were recorded for the following product groups:

  • No product groups with a substantial decrease.
Russia’s imports from Romania in 2017 by product groups
HS
code
Name of product group Value of imports in 2017,
US dollars ($)
Percent share in total import Value of imports in 2016,
US dollars ($)
Percent change
in 2017
over 2016
06 Live trees and other plants; bulbs, roots and the like; cut flowers and ornamental foliage 51 0.00 367-86.10
09 Coffee, tea, maté and spices 1,216 0.00 0
10 Cereals 39,925,940 2.47 43,835,254-8.92
12 Oil seeds and oleaginous fruits; miscellaneous grains, seeds and fruits; industrial or medicinal plants; straw and fodder 48,158,811 2.98 22,876,653110.52
15 Animal or vegetable fats and oils and their cleavage products prepared edible fats; animal or vegetable waxes 404,681 0.03 96,983317.27
17 Sugars and sugar confectionery 368,616 0.02 279,45331.91
18 Cocoa and cocoa preparations 353,736 0.02 190,26985.91
19 Preparations of cereals, flour, starch or milk; bakers’ wares 348,892 0.02 621,311-43.85
20 Preparations of vegetables, fruit, nuts or other parts of plants 899,249 0.06 844,7636.45
21 Miscellaneous edible preparations 645,423 0.04 857,959-24.77
22 Beverages, spirits and vinegar 409,717 0.03 375,3179.17
24 Tobacco and manufactured tobacco substitutes 815,785 0.05 636,30528.21
25 Salt; sulfur; earths and stone; plastering materials, lime and cement 0 0.00 20,308-100.00
27 Mineral fuels, mineral oils and products of their distillation; bituminous substances; mineral waxes 13,576,018 0.84 10,775,44825.99
28 Inorganic chemicals; organic or inorganic compounds of precious metals, of rare-earth metals,of radioactive elements or of isotopes 2,107,968 0.13 706,842198.22
29 Organic chemicals 3,608,080 0.22 2,123,37669.92
30 Pharmaceutical products 138,380,512 8.55 102,190,16535.41
31 Fertilizers 86,946 0.01 137,719-36.87
32 Tanning or dyeing extracts; dyes, pigments, paints, varnishes, putty and mastics 3,622,921 0.22 2,300,63157.48
33 Essential oils and resinoids; perfumery, cosmetic or toilet preparations 93,816,892 5.80 69,281,66235.41
34 Soap, organic surface-active agents, washing preparations, lubricating preparations, artificial waxes, prepared waxes, polishing or scouring preparations, candles and similar articles, modeling pastes, "dental waxes" and dental preparations with a basis of plaster 413,210 0.03 239,22172.73
35 Albuminoidal substances; modified starches; glues; enzymes 0 0.00 427-100.00
38 Miscellaneous chemical products 443,039 0.03 525,747-15.73
39 Plastics and articles thereof 39,382,004 2.43 28,114,54740.08
40 Rubber and articles thereof 60,073,758 3.71 45,981,98830.65
41 Raw hides and skins (other than furskins) and leather 0 0.00 100,120-100.00
42 Articles of leather; saddlery and harness; travel goods, handbags and similar containers; articles of animal gut (other than silkworm gut) 5,693,768 0.35 6,066,527-6.14
43 Furskins and artificial fur; manufactures thereof 136,491 0.01 84,38761.74
44 Wood and articles of wood; wood charcoal 7,672,912 0.47 6,068,67126.43
46 Manufactures of straw, of esparto or of other plaiting materials; basketware and wickerwork 299 0.00 15790.45
48 Paper and paperboard; articles of paper pulp, of paper or of paperboard 10,590,952 0.65 14,687,662-27.89
49 Printed books, newspapers, pictures and other products of the printing industry; manuscripts, typescripts and plans 2,066,569 0.13 681,625203.18
51 Wool, fine or coarse animal hair; horsehair yarn and woven fabric 297,543 0.02 35,451739.31
52 Cotton 27,587 0.00 22,97420.08
53 Other vegetable textile fibers; paper yarn and woven fabric of paper yarn 143 0.00 0
54 Man-made filaments 1,218,147 0.08 1,101,45110.59
55 Man-made staple fibers 2,036,485 0.13 1,489,89736.69
56 Wadding, felt and nonwovens; special yarns, twine, cordage, ropes and cables and articles thereof 1,436,946 0.09 486,503195.36
57 Carpets and other textile floor coverings 36,125 0.00 41,749-13.47
58 Special woven fabrics; tufted textile fabrics; lace, tapestries; trimmings; embroidery 664,814 0.04 475,04439.95
59 Impregnated, coated, covered or laminated textile fabrics; textile articles of a kind suitable for industrial use 3,660,980 0.23 2,807,41130.40
60 Knitted or crocheted fabrics 33,430 0.00 24,76534.99
61 Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, knitted or crocheted 21,227,182 1.31 20,523,5943.43
62 Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, not knitted or crocheted 63,634,368 3.93 51,656,66523.19
63 Other made up textile articles; sets; worn clothing and worn textile articles; rags 1,766,472 0.11 1,832,173-3.59
64 Footwear, gaiters and the like; parts of such articles 40,866,842 2.53 28,428,93343.75
65 Headgear and parts thereof 350,521 0.02 248,46841.07
67 Prepared feathers and down and articles made of feathers or of down; artificial flowers; articles of human hair 170,993 0.01 387,038-55.82
68 Articles of stone, plaster, cement, asbestos, mica or similar materials 36,581 0.00 16,055127.85
69 Ceramic products 5,024,517 0.31 4,887,7482.80
70 Glass and glassware 5,464,165 0.34 3,831,35342.62
71 Natural or cultured pearls, precious or semi-precious stones,precious metals, metals clad with precious metal and articles thereof; imitation jewelry; coin 4,416 0.00 1,967124.50
72 Iron and steel 9,234,233 0.57 4,806,86492.11
73 Articles of iron or steel 48,045,755 2.97 46,160,2854.08
74 Copper and articles thereof 18,375 0.00 14,88823.42
76 Aluminum and articles thereof 5,927,356 0.37 5,472,5538.31
78 Lead and articles thereof 9 0.00 0
79 Zinc and articles thereof 253,751 0.02 217,11216.88
81 Other base metals; cermets; articles thereof 264,509 0.02 291,266-9.19
82 Tools, implements, cutlery, spoons and forks, of base metal; parts thereof of base metal 680,645 0.04 503,86935.08
83 Miscellaneous articles of base metal 25,510,794 1.58 19,801,59528.83
84 Nuclear reactors, boilers, machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof 263,249,064 16.27 161,234,49263.27
85 Electrical machinery and equipment and parts thereof; sound recorders and reproducers, television image and sound recorders and reproducers, and parts and accessories of such articles 190,788,640 11.79 133,497,07542.92
86 Railway or tramway locomotives, rolling-stock and parts thereof; railway or tramway track fixtures and fittings and parts thereof; mechanical (including electro-mechanical) traffic signalling equipment of all kinds 154,773 0.01 0
87 Vehicles other than railway or tramway rolling stock, and parts and accessories thereof 343,132,647 21.21 309,256,62310.95
89 Ships, boats and floating structures 60,209,000 3.72 37,127,50062.17
90 Optical, photographic, cinematographic, measuring, checking, precision, medical or surgical instruments and apparatus; parts and accessories thereof 26,406,772 1.63 19,547,16435.09
91 Clocks and watches and parts thereof 6,273 0.00 21,914-71.37
92 Musical instruments; parts and accessories of such articles 131,912 0.01 115,91113.80
94 Furniture; bedding, mattresses, mattress supports, cushions and similar stuffed furnishings; lamps and lighting fittings, not elsewhere specified or included; illuminated sign illuminated nameplates and the like; prefabricated buildings 17,029,076 1.05 12,081,57840.95
95 Toys, games and sports requisites; parts and accessories thereof 2,247,328 0.14 831,975170.12
96 Miscellaneous manufactured articles 2,506,418 0.15 985,984154.20
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Russian foreign trade statistics
Source: Federal Customs Service of Russia