Russian foreign trade
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Russian trade in goods with Romania in Q1 2018

by Russian Foreign Trade
based on data from the Federal Customs Service of Russia
The Report on Russia’s foreign trade in goods with Romania in the first quarter of 2018: exports, imports, products, dynamics.

Russia’s Trade with Romania

In the 1st quarter of 2018, Russia’s trade with Romania totaled $1,263,209,550, up 29.43% ($287,257,064) from the 1st quarter of 2017.

Russia’s exports to Romania in the 1st quarter of 2018 totaled $857,361,709, up 41.33% ($250,735,974) from the 1st quarter of 2017.

Russia’s imports from Romania in the 1st quarter of 2018 totaled $405,847,841, up 9.89% ($36,521,090) from the 1st quarter of 2017.

Russia’s trade surplus with Romania in the 1st quarter of 2018 was $451,513,868, a 90.27% increase ($214,214,884) over the 1st quarter of 2017.

Romania was Russia’s 28th largest trading partner in the 1st quarter of 2018 (up from 30th in the 1st quarter of 2017), accounting for 0.8014% of Russia’s total trade (up from 0.7592% in the 1st quarter of 2017).

Romania was Russia’s 29th largest export market in the 1st quarter of 2018 (up from 32nd in the 1st quarter of 2017), accounting for 0.8322% of Russia’s total exports (up from 0.7279% in the 1st quarter of 2017).

Romania was Russia’s 29th largest supplier in the 1st quarter of 2018 (down from 28th in the 1st quarter of 2017), accounting for 0.7432% of Russia’s total imports (down from 0.8168% in the 1st quarter of 2017).

Russia’s Exports to Romania

The major share of Russian exports to Romania in the 1st quarter of 2018 (and in the 1st quarter of 2017) was accounted for the following product types:

  • Mineral products (HS codes 25-27) - 80.55% of Russia’s total exports to Romania (81.05% in the 1st quarter of 2017);
  • Chemical products (HS codes 28-40) - 9.22% of Russia’s total exports to Romania (8.64% in the 1st quarter of 2017);
  • Machinery, equipment and vehicles (HS codes 84-90) - 3.74% of Russia’s total exports to Romania (3.69% in the 1st quarter of 2017);
  • Metals and products from them (HS codes 72-83) - 2.65% of Russia’s total exports to Romania (2.30% in the 1st quarter of 2017);
  • Wood and wood products (HS codes 44-49) - 2.38% of Russia’s total exports to Romania (2.84% in the 1st quarter of 2017).

The largest gains in Russia’s exports to Romania in the 1st quarter of 2018 over the 1st quarter of 2017 were recorded for the following product groups:

  • Mineral fuels, mineral oils and products of their distillation; bituminous substances; mineral waxes (HS code 27) - an increase of $197,803,162;
  • Fertilizers (HS code 31) - an increase of $15,530,920;
  • Rubber and articles thereof (HS code 40) - an increase of $9,605,902;
  • Vehicles other than railway or tramway rolling stock, and parts and accessories thereof (HS code 87) - an increase of $7,620,419;
  • Electrical machinery and equipment and parts thereof; sound recorders and reproducers, television image and sound recorders and reproducers, and parts and accessories of such articles (HS code 85) - an increase of $4,957,979;
  • Salt; sulfur; earths and stone; plastering materials, lime and cement (HS code 25) - an increase of $4,804,178;
  • Iron and steel (HS code 72) - an increase of $4,647,403;
  • Nuclear reactors, boilers, machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof (HS code 84) - an increase of $3,904,848;
  • Paper and paperboard; articles of paper pulp, of paper or of paperboard (HS code 48) - an increase of $3,673,295;
  • Articles of iron or steel (HS code 73) - an increase of $2,919,266;
  • Glass and glassware (HS code 70) - an increase of $2,573,695.

The largest declines in Russia’s exports to Romania in the 1st quarter of 2018 over the 1st quarter of 2017 were recorded for the following product groups:

  • Ships, boats and floating structures (HS code 89) - a decrease of $7,507,774;
  • Ores, slag and ash (HS code 26) - a decrease of $3,681,316.
Russia’s exports to Romania in the 1st quarter of 2018 by product groups
HS
code
Name of product group Value of exports
in Q1 2018,
US dollars ($)
Percent share in total export Value of exports
in Q1 2017,
US dollars ($)
Percent change
in Q1 2018
over Q1 2017
05 Products of animal origin, not elsewhere specified or included 135,702 0.02 30,743341.41
07 Edible vegetables and certain roots and tubers 21,846 0.00 0
09 Coffee, tea, maté and spices 0 0.00 14,705-100.00
10 Cereals 2,030,463 0.24 1,362,94748.98
11 Products of the milling industry; malt; starches; inulin; wheat gluten 17,283 0.00 64,194-73.08
12 Oil seeds and oleaginous fruits; miscellaneous grains, seeds and fruits; industrial or medicinal plants; straw and fodder 102,603 0.01 1,460,508-92.97
20 Preparations of vegetables, fruit, nuts or other parts of plants 0 0.00 17,254-100.00
21 Miscellaneous edible preparations 87,374 0.01 67,04930.31
22 Beverages, spirits and vinegar 40,473 0.00 38,8564.16
23 Residues and waste from the food industries; prepared animal feed 5,316 0.00 2,225138.92
24 Tobacco and manufactured tobacco substitutes 229,998 0.03 0
25 Salt; sulfur; earths and stone; plastering materials, lime and cement 5,575,994 0.65 771,816622.45
26 Ores, slag and ash 0 0.00 3,681,316-100.00
27 Mineral fuels, mineral oils and products of their distillation; bituminous substances; mineral waxes 685,003,572 79.90 487,200,41040.60
28 Inorganic chemicals; organic or inorganic compounds of precious metals, of rare-earth metals,of radioactive elements or of isotopes 3,951,597 0.46 3,653,0638.17
29 Organic chemicals 9,672,450 1.13 9,538,8781.40
30 Pharmaceutical products 128,600 0.01 230,973-44.32
31 Fertilizers 37,679,766 4.39 22,148,84670.12
32 Tanning or dyeing extracts; dyes, pigments, paints, varnishes, putty and mastics 61,725 0.01 48,30127.79
33 Essential oils and resinoids; perfumery, cosmetic or toilet preparations 996,830 0.12 878,47813.47
34 Soap, organic surface-active agents, washing preparations, lubricating preparations, artificial waxes, prepared waxes, polishing or scouring preparations, candles and similar articles, modeling pastes, "dental waxes" and dental preparations with a basis of plaster 138,602 0.02 37,360270.99
35 Albuminoidal substances; modified starches; glues; enzymes 14,674 0.00 14,2103.27
36 Explosives; pyrotechnic products; matches; pyrophoric alloys; certain combustible preparations 45,056 0.01 0
38 Miscellaneous chemical products 309,107 0.04 265,57616.39
39 Plastics and articles thereof 2,497,889 0.29 1,636,06252.68
40 Rubber and articles thereof 23,586,310 2.75 13,980,40868.71
41 Raw hides and skins (other than furskins) and leather 112,900 0.01 50,594123.15
42 Articles of leather; saddlery and harness; travel goods, handbags and similar containers; articles of animal gut (other than silkworm gut) 814 0.00 18,797-95.67
44 Wood and articles of wood; wood charcoal 10,729,429 1.25 11,207,782-4.27
47 Pulp of wood or of other fibrous cellulosic material; waste and scrap of paper or paperboard 222,261 0.03 259,433-14.33
48 Paper and paperboard; articles of paper pulp, of paper or of paperboard 9,414,310 1.10 5,741,01563.98
49 Printed books, newspapers, pictures and other products of the printing industry; manuscripts, typescripts and plans 20,119 0.00 1,898960.01
52 Cotton 51,082 0.01 45,05613.37
53 Other vegetable textile fibers; paper yarn and woven fabric of paper yarn 52 0.00 0
55 Man-made staple fibers 30,052 0.00 21,73138.29
56 Wadding, felt and nonwovens; special yarns, twine, cordage, ropes and cables and articles thereof 130,850 0.02 690,689-81.06
57 Carpets and other textile floor coverings 182 0.00 192-5.21
58 Special woven fabrics; tufted textile fabrics; lace, tapestries; trimmings; embroidery 232 0.00 27759.26
59 Impregnated, coated, covered or laminated textile fabrics; textile articles of a kind suitable for industrial use 229 0.00 35,777-99.36
61 Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, knitted or crocheted 15,947 0.00 10,35554.00
62 Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, not knitted or crocheted 15,432 0.00 1,964685.74
63 Other made up textile articles; sets; worn clothing and worn textile articles; rags 71,616 0.01 0
64 Footwear, gaiters and the like; parts of such articles 3,201 0.00 3,654-12.40
65 Headgear and parts thereof 22 0.00 0
66 Umbrellas, sun umbrellas, walking sticks, seatsticks, whips, riding-crops and parts thereof 744 0.00 0
67 Prepared feathers and down and articles made of feathers or of down; artificial flowers; articles of human hair 19,990 0.00 0
68 Articles of stone, plaster, cement, asbestos, mica or similar materials 2,314,907 0.27 1,165,97398.54
69 Ceramic products 368,422 0.04 215,13671.25
70 Glass and glassware 5,430,630 0.63 2,856,93590.09
72 Iron and steel 17,220,189 2.01 12,572,78636.96
73 Articles of iron or steel 3,821,288 0.45 902,022323.64
74 Copper and articles thereof 1,731 0.00 1191,354.62
75 Nickel and articles thereof 266 0.00 15868.35
76 Aluminum and articles thereof 1,436,680 0.17 387,603270.66
78 Lead and articles thereof 32 0.00 0
81 Other base metals; cermets; articles thereof 76,310 0.01 74,6692.20
82 Tools, implements, cutlery, spoons and forks, of base metal; parts thereof of base metal 46,546 0.01 2,6031,688.17
83 Miscellaneous articles of base metal 125,268 0.01 8,7961,324.15
84 Nuclear reactors, boilers, machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof 11,783,501 1.37 7,878,65349.56
85 Electrical machinery and equipment and parts thereof; sound recorders and reproducers, television image and sound recorders and reproducers, and parts and accessories of such articles 7,354,875 0.86 2,396,896206.85
86 Railway or tramway locomotives, rolling-stock and parts thereof; railway or tramway track fixtures and fittings and parts thereof; mechanical (including electro-mechanical) traffic signalling equipment of all kinds 437,810 0.05 0
87 Vehicles other than railway or tramway rolling stock, and parts and accessories thereof 11,657,034 1.36 4,036,615188.78
89 Ships, boats and floating structures 5,994 0.00 7,513,768-99.92
90 Optical, photographic, cinematographic, measuring, checking, precision, medical or surgical instruments and apparatus; parts and accessories thereof 816,494 0.10 559,77345.86
91 Clocks and watches and parts thereof 0 0.00 13,046-100.00
92 Musical instruments; parts and accessories of such articles 0 0.00 1,963-100.00
94 Furniture; bedding, mattresses, mattress supports, cushions and similar stuffed furnishings; lamps and lighting fittings, not elsewhere specified or included; illuminated sign illuminated nameplates and the like; prefabricated buildings 416,501 0.05 253,46564.32
95 Toys, games and sports requisites; parts and accessories thereof 48,092 0.01 61,145-21.35
96 Miscellaneous manufactured articles 826,445 0.10 450,57883.42
SS Classified 0 0.00 39 891-100.00

Russia’s Imports from Romania

The major share of Russian imports from Romania in the 1st quarter of 2018 (and in the 1st quarter of 2017) was accounted for the following product types:

  • Machinery, equipment and vehicles (HS codes 84-90) - 53.26% of Russia’s total imports from Romania (50.76% in the 1st quarter of 2017);
  • Chemical products (HS codes 28-40) - 21.67% of Russia’s total imports from Romania (19.96% in the 1st quarter of 2017);
  • Textiles, textile products and footwear (HS codes 50-67) - 8.56% of Russia’s total imports from Romania (8.70% in the 1st quarter of 2017);
  • Food products and agricultural raw materials (HS codes 01-24) - 7.80% of Russia’s total imports from Romania (10.72% in the 1st quarter of 2017);
  • Metals and products from them (HS codes 72-83) - 4.84% of Russia’s total imports from Romania (5.63% in the 1st quarter of 2017);
  • Wood and wood products (HS codes 44-49) - 0.71% of Russia’s total imports from Romania (1.46% in the 1st quarter of 2017).

The largest gains in Russia’s imports from Romania in the 1st quarter of 2018 over the 1st quarter of 2017 were recorded for the following product groups:

  • Vehicles other than railway or tramway rolling stock, and parts and accessories thereof (HS code 87) - an increase of $19,790,951;
  • Pharmaceutical products (HS code 30) - an increase of $10,553,709;
  • Electrical machinery and equipment and parts thereof; sound recorders and reproducers, television image and sound recorders and reproducers, and parts and accessories of such articles (HS code 85) - an increase of $6,971,067;
  • Optical, photographic, cinematographic, measuring, checking, precision, medical or surgical instruments and apparatus; parts and accessories thereof (HS code 90) - an increase of $5,506,748;
  • Essential oils and resinoids; perfumery, cosmetic or toilet preparations (HS code 33) - an increase of $3,240,634;
  • Plastics and articles thereof (HS code 39) - an increase of $2,876,150;
  • Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, not knitted or crocheted (HS code 62) - an increase of $1,845,259;
  • Miscellaneous articles of base metal (HS code 83) - an increase of $1,679,599;
  • Mineral fuels, mineral oils and products of their distillation; bituminous substances; mineral waxes (HS code 27) - an increase of $1,321,688.

The largest declines in Russia’s imports from Romania in the 1st quarter of 2018 over the 1st quarter of 2017 were recorded for the following product groups:

  • Oil seeds and oleaginous fruits; miscellaneous grains, seeds and fruits; industrial or medicinal plants; straw and fodder (HS code 12) - a decrease of $8,963,444;
  • Paper and paperboard; articles of paper pulp, of paper or of paperboard (HS code 48) - a decrease of $3,597,854;
  • Nuclear reactors, boilers, machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof (HS code 84) - a decrease of $2,943,053;
  • Articles of iron or steel (HS code 73) - a decrease of $2,722,308;
  • Rubber and articles thereof (HS code 40) - a decrease of $1,425,027;
  • Inorganic chemicals; organic or inorganic compounds of precious metals, of rare-earth metals,of radioactive elements or of isotopes (HS code 28) - a decrease of $1,321,557.
Russia’s imports from Romania in the 1st quarter of 2018 by product groups
HS
code
Name of product group Value of imports in Q1 2018,
US dollars ($)
Percent share in total import Value of imports in Q1 2017,
US dollars ($)
Percent change
in Q1 2018
over Q1 2017
10 Cereals 21,836,298 5.38 21,319,6042.42
12 Oil seeds and oleaginous fruits; miscellaneous grains, seeds and fruits; industrial or medicinal plants; straw and fodder 8,598,249 2.12 17,561,693-51.04
15 Animal or vegetable fats and oils and their cleavage products prepared edible fats; animal or vegetable waxes 132,199 0.03 96,48537.02
17 Sugars and sugar confectionery 51,032 0.01 42,20120.93
18 Cocoa and cocoa preparations 146,767 0.04 26,871446.19
19 Preparations of cereals, flour, starch or milk; bakers’ wares 335,550 0.08 43,074679.01
20 Preparations of vegetables, fruit, nuts or other parts of plants 251,148 0.06 174,03344.31
21 Miscellaneous edible preparations 19,705 0.00 53,018-62.83
22 Beverages, spirits and vinegar 60,537 0.01 141,327-57.17
24 Tobacco and manufactured tobacco substitutes 234,405 0.06 146,59659.90
25 Salt; sulfur; earths and stone; plastering materials, lime and cement 27,132 0.01 0
27 Mineral fuels, mineral oils and products of their distillation; bituminous substances; mineral waxes 3,608,491 0.89 2,286,80357.80
28 Inorganic chemicals; organic or inorganic compounds of precious metals, of rare-earth metals,of radioactive elements or of isotopes 110,487 0.03 1,432,044-92.28
29 Organic chemicals 730,227 0.18 983,541-25.76
30 Pharmaceutical products 39,043,626 9.62 28,489,91737.04
31 Fertilizers 31,754 0.01 1,5062,008.50
32 Tanning or dyeing extracts; dyes, pigments, paints, varnishes, putty and mastics 1,072,488 0.26 693,39054.67
33 Essential oils and resinoids; perfumery, cosmetic or toilet preparations 21,408,732 5.28 18,168,09817.84
34 Soap, organic surface-active agents, washing preparations, lubricating preparations, artificial waxes, prepared waxes, polishing or scouring preparations, candles and similar articles, modeling pastes, "dental waxes" and dental preparations with a basis of plaster 159,071 0.04 32,575388.32
38 Miscellaneous chemical products 75,699 0.02 76,149-0.59
39 Plastics and articles thereof 10,617,779 2.62 7,741,62937.15
40 Rubber and articles thereof 14,677,297 3.62 16,102,324-8.85
42 Articles of leather; saddlery and harness; travel goods, handbags and similar containers; articles of animal gut (other than silkworm gut) 1,479,191 0.36 1,634,863-9.52
43 Furskins and artificial fur; manufactures thereof 8,855 0.00 5,48461.47
44 Wood and articles of wood; wood charcoal 2,376,433 0.59 1,574,77850.91
46 Manufactures of straw, of esparto or of other plaiting materials; basketware and wickerwork 40 0.00 103-61.17
48 Paper and paperboard; articles of paper pulp, of paper or of paperboard 49,751 0.01 3,647,605-98.64
49 Printed books, newspapers, pictures and other products of the printing industry; manuscripts, typescripts and plans 475,127 0.12 159,083198.67
51 Wool, fine or coarse animal hair; horsehair yarn and woven fabric 228,369 0.06 134,27070.08
52 Cotton 3,882 0.00 4,054-4.24
53 Other vegetable textile fibers; paper yarn and woven fabric of paper yarn 527 0.00 0
54 Man-made filaments 306,413 0.08 235,85929.91
55 Man-made staple fibers 386,262 0.10 350,10810.33
56 Wadding, felt and nonwovens; special yarns, twine, cordage, ropes and cables and articles thereof 550,598 0.14 142,387286.69
57 Carpets and other textile floor coverings 7,279 0.00 7,408-1.74
58 Special woven fabrics; tufted textile fabrics; lace, tapestries; trimmings; embroidery 178,731 0.04 29,967496.43
59 Impregnated, coated, covered or laminated textile fabrics; textile articles of a kind suitable for industrial use 1,516,745 0.37 790,34691.91
60 Knitted or crocheted fabrics 0 0.00 4,147-100.00
61 Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, knitted or crocheted 4,739,476 1.17 5,126,377-7.55
62 Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, not knitted or crocheted 17,541,910 4.32 15,696,65111.76
63 Other made up textile articles; sets; worn clothing and worn textile articles; rags 410,517 0.10 438,089-6.29
64 Footwear, gaiters and the like; parts of such articles 8,844,546 2.18 9,171,735-3.57
65 Headgear and parts thereof 21,922 0.01 13,21565.89
66 Umbrellas, sun umbrellas, walking sticks, seatsticks, whips, riding-crops and parts thereof 461 0.00 0
67 Prepared feathers and down and articles made of feathers or of down; artificial flowers; articles of human hair 0 0.00 3,928-100.00
68 Articles of stone, plaster, cement, asbestos, mica or similar materials 414 0.00 5,074-91.84
69 Ceramic products 1,281,716 0.32 960,35533.46
70 Glass and glassware 1,536,475 0.38 1,215,44726.41
71 Natural or cultured pearls, precious or semi-precious stones,precious metals, metals clad with precious metal and articles thereof; imitation jewelry; coin 2,109 0.00 297,172.41
72 Iron and steel 1,955,644 0.48 1,552,25125.99
73 Articles of iron or steel 9,021,332 2.22 11,743,640-23.18
74 Copper and articles thereof 26,222 0.01 6,921278.88
76 Aluminum and articles thereof 967,795 0.24 1,335,386-27.53
78 Lead and articles thereof 0 0.00 3-100.00
79 Zinc and articles thereof 65,257 0.02 76,162-14.32
81 Other base metals; cermets; articles thereof 1,405 0.00 107,409-98.69
82 Tools, implements, cutlery, spoons and forks, of base metal; parts thereof of base metal 178,500 0.04 222,418-19.75
83 Miscellaneous articles of base metal 7,424,555 1.83 5,744,95629.24
84 Nuclear reactors, boilers, machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof 59,836,199 14.74 62,779,252-4.69
85 Electrical machinery and equipment and parts thereof; sound recorders and reproducers, television image and sound recorders and reproducers, and parts and accessories of such articles 49,473,073 12.19 42,502,00616.40
87 Vehicles other than railway or tramway rolling stock, and parts and accessories thereof 95,730,161 23.59 75,939,21026.06
89 Ships, boats and floating structures 612,909 0.15 1,259,033-51.32
90 Optical, photographic, cinematographic, measuring, checking, precision, medical or surgical instruments and apparatus; parts and accessories thereof 10,492,281 2.59 4,985,533110.45
91 Clocks and watches and parts thereof 2,611 0.00 4,992-47.70
92 Musical instruments; parts and accessories of such articles 45,778 0.01 19,230138.06
94 Furniture; bedding, mattresses, mattress supports, cushions and similar stuffed furnishings; lamps and lighting fittings, not elsewhere specified or included; illuminated sign illuminated nameplates and the like; prefabricated buildings 4,133,681 1.02 3,578,18315.52
95 Toys, games and sports requisites; parts and accessories thereof 132,534 0.03 129,0602.69
96 Miscellaneous manufactured articles 571,482 0.14 376,86651.64
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Russian foreign trade statistics
Source: Federal Customs Service of Russia