Russian foreign trade
reports and reviews

Russian trade in goods with Romania in Q3 2018

by Russian Foreign Trade
based on data from the Federal Customs Service of Russia
The Report on Russia’s foreign trade in goods with Romania in the third quarter of 2018: exports, imports, products, dynamics.

Russia’s Trade with Romania

In the 3rd quarter of 2018, Russia’s trade with Romania totaled $1,288,606,101, up 38.79% ($360,159,926) from the 3rd quarter of 2017.

Russia’s exports to Romania in the 3rd quarter of 2018 totaled $683,673,520, up 30.99% ($161,753,639) from the 3rd quarter of 2017.

Russia’s imports from Romania in the 3rd quarter of 2018 totaled $604,932,581, up 48.81% ($198,406,287) from the 3rd quarter of 2017.

Russia’s trade surplus with Romania in the 3rd quarter of 2018 was $78,740,939, a 31.76% decrease ($36,652,648) over the 3rd quarter of 2017.

Romania was Russia’s 27th largest trading partner in the 3rd quarter of 2018 (up from 31st in the 3rd quarter of 2017), accounting for 0.7489% of Russia’s total trade (up from 0.6351% in the 3rd quarter of 2017).

Romania was Russia’s 33rd largest export market in the 3rd quarter of 2018 (up from 34th in the 3rd quarter of 2017), accounting for 0.6094% of Russia’s total exports (down from 0.6114% in the 3rd quarter of 2017).

Romania was Russia’s 21st largest supplier in the 3rd quarter of 2018 (up from 30th in the 3rd quarter of 2017), accounting for 1.0103% of Russia’s total imports (up from 0.6683% in the 3rd quarter of 2017).

Russia’s Exports to Romania

The major share of Russian exports to Romania in the 3rd quarter of 2018 (and in the 3rd quarter of 2017) was accounted for the following product types:

  • Mineral products (HS codes 25-27) - 71.60% of Russia’s total exports to Romania (74.32% in the 3rd quarter of 2017);
  • Chemical products (HS codes 28-40) - 11.22% of Russia’s total exports to Romania (13.41% in the 3rd quarter of 2017);
  • Machinery, equipment and vehicles (HS codes 84-90) - 4.80% of Russia’s total exports to Romania (3.94% in the 3rd quarter of 2017);
  • Food products and agricultural raw materials (HS codes 01-24) - 3.94% of Russia’s total exports to Romania (0.72% in the 3rd quarter of 2017);
  • Wood and wood products (HS codes 44-49) - 3.47% of Russia’s total exports to Romania (3.88% in the 3rd quarter of 2017);
  • Metals and products from them (HS codes 72-83) - 3.47% of Russia’s total exports to Romania (2.07% in the 3rd quarter of 2017).

The largest gains in Russia’s exports to Romania in the 3rd quarter of 2018 over the 3rd quarter of 2017 were recorded for the following product groups:

  • Mineral fuels, mineral oils and products of their distillation; bituminous substances; mineral waxes (HS code 27) - an increase of $103,557,206;
  • Cereals (HS code 10) - an increase of $22,723,028;
  • Iron and steel (HS code 72) - an increase of $12,597,748;
  • Vehicles other than railway or tramway rolling stock, and parts and accessories thereof (HS code 87) - an increase of $5,696,145;
  • Nuclear reactors, boilers, machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof (HS code 84) - an increase of $4,482,161;
  • Fertilizers (HS code 31) - an increase of $4,041,205;
  • Rubber and articles thereof (HS code 40) - an increase of $3,444,449;
  • Wood and articles of wood; wood charcoal (HS code 44) - an increase of $2,996,380;
  • Electrical machinery and equipment and parts thereof; sound recorders and reproducers, television image and sound recorders and reproducers, and parts and accessories of such articles (HS code 85) - an increase of $2,718,475;
  • Articles of stone, plaster, cement, asbestos, mica or similar materials (HS code 68) - an increase of $2,352,277;
  • Tobacco and manufactured tobacco substitutes (HS code 24) - an increase of $2,278,090.

The largest declines in Russia’s exports to Romania in the 3rd quarter of 2018 over the 3rd quarter of 2017 were recorded for the following product groups:

  • Organic chemicals (HS code 29) - a decrease of $3,987,213.
Russia’s exports to Romania in the 3rd quarter of 2018 by product groups
HS
code
Name of product group Value of exports
in Q3 2018,
US dollars ($)
Percent share in total export Value of exports
in Q3 2017,
US dollars ($)
Percent change
in Q3 2018
over Q3 2017
05 Products of animal origin, not elsewhere specified or included 160,403 0.02 105,34652.26
07 Edible vegetables and certain roots and tubers 0 0.00 147,449-100.00
09 Coffee, tea, maté and spices 141,259 0.02 0
10 Cereals 24,023,940 3.51 1,300,9121,746.70
11 Products of the milling industry; malt; starches; inulin; wheat gluten 43,870 0.01 0
12 Oil seeds and oleaginous fruits; miscellaneous grains, seeds and fruits; industrial or medicinal plants; straw and fodder 50,755 0.01 2,043,354-97.52
13 Lac; gums, resins and other vegetable saps and extracts 3,177 0.00 0
15 Animal or vegetable fats and oils and their cleavage products prepared edible fats; animal or vegetable waxes 0 0.00 121-100.00
19 Preparations of cereals, flour, starch or milk; bakers’ wares 0 0.00 283-100.00
21 Miscellaneous edible preparations 197,949 0.03 107,13584.77
22 Beverages, spirits and vinegar 15,108 0.00 32,571-53.62
24 Tobacco and manufactured tobacco substitutes 2,278,090 0.33 0
25 Salt; sulfur; earths and stone; plastering materials, lime and cement 307,094 0.04 842,746-63.56
26 Ores, slag and ash 818,644 0.12 2,264,013-63.84
27 Mineral fuels, mineral oils and products of their distillation; bituminous substances; mineral waxes 488,364,424 71.43 384,807,21826.91
28 Inorganic chemicals; organic or inorganic compounds of precious metals, of rare-earth metals,of radioactive elements or of isotopes 6,473,000 0.95 4,764,37535.86
29 Organic chemicals 8,374,480 1.22 12,361,693-32.25
30 Pharmaceutical products 346,430 0.05 171,299102.24
31 Fertilizers 31,775,155 4.65 27,733,95014.57
32 Tanning or dyeing extracts; dyes, pigments, paints, varnishes, putty and mastics 48,362 0.01 32,11050.61
33 Essential oils and resinoids; perfumery, cosmetic or toilet preparations 743,377 0.11 1,022,770-27.32
34 Soap, organic surface-active agents, washing preparations, lubricating preparations, artificial waxes, prepared waxes, polishing or scouring preparations, candles and similar articles, modeling pastes, "dental waxes" and dental preparations with a basis of plaster 102,768 0.02 27,521273.42
35 Albuminoidal substances; modified starches; glues; enzymes 26,066 0.00 15,64766.59
36 Explosives; pyrotechnic products; matches; pyrophoric alloys; certain combustible preparations 0 0.00 21,250-100.00
38 Miscellaneous chemical products 353,402 0.05 307,05315.09
39 Plastics and articles thereof 3,273,945 0.48 1,802,18481.67
40 Rubber and articles thereof 25,177,759 3.68 21,733,31015.85
41 Raw hides and skins (other than furskins) and leather 188,967 0.03 35,806427.75
42 Articles of leather; saddlery and harness; travel goods, handbags and similar containers; articles of animal gut (other than silkworm gut) 308 0.00 12,915-97.62
44 Wood and articles of wood; wood charcoal 14,250,680 2.08 11,254,30026.62
46 Manufactures of straw, of esparto or of other plaiting materials; basketware and wickerwork 22 0.00 0
47 Pulp of wood or of other fibrous cellulosic material; waste and scrap of paper or paperboard 413,778 0.06 1,171,197-64.67
48 Paper and paperboard; articles of paper pulp, of paper or of paperboard 9,010,889 1.32 7,816,91015.27
49 Printed books, newspapers, pictures and other products of the printing industry; manuscripts, typescripts and plans 54,991 0.01 9045,983.08
52 Cotton 36,363 0.01 107,742-66.25
53 Other vegetable textile fibers; paper yarn and woven fabric of paper yarn 0 0.00 65,726-100.00
55 Man-made staple fibers 78,124 0.01 89,241-12.46
56 Wadding, felt and nonwovens; special yarns, twine, cordage, ropes and cables and articles thereof 212,929 0.03 1,214,709-82.47
58 Special woven fabrics; tufted textile fabrics; lace, tapestries; trimmings; embroidery 5 0.00 31-83.87
59 Impregnated, coated, covered or laminated textile fabrics; textile articles of a kind suitable for industrial use 15,232 0.00 2725,500.00
61 Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, knitted or crocheted 7,072 0.00 4,23766.91
62 Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, not knitted or crocheted 6,835 0.00 1783,739.89
63 Other made up textile articles; sets; worn clothing and worn textile articles; rags 4,276 0.00 0
64 Footwear, gaiters and the like; parts of such articles 2,807 0.00 515,403.92
65 Headgear and parts thereof 0 0.00 33-100.00
66 Umbrellas, sun umbrellas, walking sticks, seatsticks, whips, riding-crops and parts thereof 696 0.00 0
67 Prepared feathers and down and articles made of feathers or of down; artificial flowers; articles of human hair 3,705 0.00 0
68 Articles of stone, plaster, cement, asbestos, mica or similar materials 5,435,063 0.79 3,082,78676.30
69 Ceramic products 563,268 0.08 453,41624.23
70 Glass and glassware 2,060,660 0.30 1,824,73512.93
71 Natural or cultured pearls, precious or semi-precious stones,precious metals, metals clad with precious metal and articles thereof; imitation jewelry; coin 126,427 0.02 0
72 Iron and steel 20,503,075 3.00 7,905,327159.36
73 Articles of iron or steel 1,057,811 0.15 891,63618.64
74 Copper and articles thereof 1,484 0.00 1,627-8.79
75 Nickel and articles thereof 2,245 0.00 258,880.00
76 Aluminum and articles thereof 1,951,119 0.29 1,870,8014.29
78 Lead and articles thereof 434 0.00 0
79 Zinc and articles thereof 0 0.00 132-100.00
81 Other base metals; cermets; articles thereof 1,712 0.00 87,010-98.03
82 Tools, implements, cutlery, spoons and forks, of base metal; parts thereof of base metal 97,916 0.01 31,482211.02
83 Miscellaneous articles of base metal 79,831 0.01 28,554179.58
84 Nuclear reactors, boilers, machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof 15,257,869 2.23 10,775,70841.60
85 Electrical machinery and equipment and parts thereof; sound recorders and reproducers, television image and sound recorders and reproducers, and parts and accessories of such articles 6,911,360 1.01 4,192,88564.84
86 Railway or tramway locomotives, rolling-stock and parts thereof; railway or tramway track fixtures and fittings and parts thereof; mechanical (including electro-mechanical) traffic signalling equipment of all kinds 21,164 0.00 443,688-95.23
87 Vehicles other than railway or tramway rolling stock, and parts and accessories thereof 9,966,749 1.46 4,270,604133.38
89 Ships, boats and floating structures 0 0.00 29,965-100.00
90 Optical, photographic, cinematographic, measuring, checking, precision, medical or surgical instruments and apparatus; parts and accessories thereof 671,250 0.10 869,741-22.82
91 Clocks and watches and parts thereof 11,957 0.00 0
92 Musical instruments; parts and accessories of such articles 8,455 0.00 0
94 Furniture; bedding, mattresses, mattress supports, cushions and similar stuffed furnishings; lamps and lighting fittings, not elsewhere specified or included; illuminated sign illuminated nameplates and the like; prefabricated buildings 304,330 0.04 440,382-30.89
95 Toys, games and sports requisites; parts and accessories thereof 216,826 0.03 137,53357.65
96 Miscellaneous manufactured articles 1,035,379 0.15 1,135,282-8.80
SS Classified 0 0.00 28 000-100.00

Russia’s Imports from Romania

The major share of Russian imports from Romania in the 3rd quarter of 2018 (and in the 3rd quarter of 2017) was accounted for the following product types:

  • Machinery, equipment and vehicles (HS codes 84-90) - 72.22% of Russia’s total imports from Romania (55.20% in the 3rd quarter of 2017);
  • Chemical products (HS codes 28-40) - 11.93% of Russia’s total imports from Romania (22.45% in the 3rd quarter of 2017);
  • Textiles, textile products and footwear (HS codes 50-67) - 8.90% of Russia’s total imports from Romania (12.28% in the 3rd quarter of 2017);
  • Metals and products from them (HS codes 72-83) - 3.83% of Russia’s total imports from Romania (5.26% in the 3rd quarter of 2017);
  • Wood and wood products (HS codes 44-49) - 0.38% of Russia’s total imports from Romania (1.46% in the 3rd quarter of 2017).

The largest gains in Russia’s imports from Romania in the 3rd quarter of 2018 over the 3rd quarter of 2017 were recorded for the following product groups:

  • Ships, boats and floating structures (HS code 89) - an increase of $119,408,825;
  • Nuclear reactors, boilers, machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof (HS code 84) - an increase of $81,818,863;
  • Electrical machinery and equipment and parts thereof; sound recorders and reproducers, television image and sound recorders and reproducers, and parts and accessories of such articles (HS code 85) - an increase of $9,922,167;
  • Tools, implements, cutlery, spoons and forks, of base metal; parts thereof of base metal (HS code 82) - an increase of $4,547,239;
  • Furniture; bedding, mattresses, mattress supports, cushions and similar stuffed furnishings; lamps and lighting fittings, not elsewhere specified or included; illuminated sign illuminated nameplates and the like; prefabricated buildings (HS code 94) - an increase of $2,110,992.

The largest declines in Russia’s imports from Romania in the 3rd quarter of 2018 over the 3rd quarter of 2017 were recorded for the following product groups:

  • Pharmaceutical products (HS code 30) - a decrease of $8,562,152;
  • Essential oils and resinoids; perfumery, cosmetic or toilet preparations (HS code 33) - a decrease of $5,531,106;
  • Rubber and articles thereof (HS code 40) - a decrease of $4,746,009;
  • Paper and paperboard; articles of paper pulp, of paper or of paperboard (HS code 48) - a decrease of $2,806,202.
Russia’s imports from Romania in the 3rd quarter of 2018 by product groups
HS
code
Name of product group Value of imports in Q3 2018,
US dollars ($)
Percent share in total import Value of imports in Q3 2017,
US dollars ($)
Percent change
in Q3 2018
over Q3 2017
12 Oil seeds and oleaginous fruits; miscellaneous grains, seeds and fruits; industrial or medicinal plants; straw and fodder 1,183 0.00 1,06511.08
15 Animal or vegetable fats and oils and their cleavage products prepared edible fats; animal or vegetable waxes 338,592 0.06 78,671330.39
17 Sugars and sugar confectionery 17,931 0.00 68,311-73.75
18 Cocoa and cocoa preparations 93,222 0.02 146,074-36.18
19 Preparations of cereals, flour, starch or milk; bakers’ wares 129,184 0.02 80,01961.44
20 Preparations of vegetables, fruit, nuts or other parts of plants 269,075 0.04 201,60633.47
21 Miscellaneous edible preparations 369,989 0.06 202,16283.02
22 Beverages, spirits and vinegar 101,136 0.02 129,785-22.07
24 Tobacco and manufactured tobacco substitutes 161,220 0.03 212,222-24.03
25 Salt; sulfur; earths and stone; plastering materials, lime and cement 44,002 0.01 0
27 Mineral fuels, mineral oils and products of their distillation; bituminous substances; mineral waxes 3,686,011 0.61 3,681,0790.13
28 Inorganic chemicals; organic or inorganic compounds of precious metals, of rare-earth metals,of radioactive elements or of isotopes 456,689 0.08 229,20499.25
29 Organic chemicals 1,565,017 0.26 905,27272.88
30 Pharmaceutical products 26,949,466 4.45 35,511,618-24.11
31 Fertilizers 31,042 0.01 30,2672.56
32 Tanning or dyeing extracts; dyes, pigments, paints, varnishes, putty and mastics 737,420 0.12 1,139,579-35.29
33 Essential oils and resinoids; perfumery, cosmetic or toilet preparations 18,419,441 3.04 23,950,547-23.09
34 Soap, organic surface-active agents, washing preparations, lubricating preparations, artificial waxes, prepared waxes, polishing or scouring preparations, candles and similar articles, modeling pastes, "dental waxes" and dental preparations with a basis of plaster 215,088 0.04 141,01452.53
35 Albuminoidal substances; modified starches; glues; enzymes 26,514 0.00 0
38 Miscellaneous chemical products 137,054 0.02 95,92342.88
39 Plastics and articles thereof 10,600,051 1.75 11,479,138-7.66
40 Rubber and articles thereof 13,035,086 2.15 17,781,095-26.69
42 Articles of leather; saddlery and harness; travel goods, handbags and similar containers; articles of animal gut (other than silkworm gut) 1,371,707 0.23 1,235,84410.99
43 Furskins and artificial fur; manufactures thereof 59,072 0.01 67,774-12.84
44 Wood and articles of wood; wood charcoal 1,900,337 0.31 2,389,073-20.46
46 Manufactures of straw, of esparto or of other plaiting materials; basketware and wickerwork 42 0.00 0
48 Paper and paperboard; articles of paper pulp, of paper or of paperboard 83,980 0.01 2,890,182-97.09
49 Printed books, newspapers, pictures and other products of the printing industry; manuscripts, typescripts and plans 289,636 0.05 643,686-55.00
51 Wool, fine or coarse animal hair; horsehair yarn and woven fabric 87,711 0.01 38,585127.32
52 Cotton 1,033 0.00 11,221-90.79
53 Other vegetable textile fibers; paper yarn and woven fabric of paper yarn 224 0.00 0
54 Man-made filaments 291,112 0.05 287,6221.21
55 Man-made staple fibers 659,564 0.11 531,64624.06
56 Wadding, felt and nonwovens; special yarns, twine, cordage, ropes and cables and articles thereof 939,783 0.16 613,41053.21
57 Carpets and other textile floor coverings 83,907 0.01 9,408791.87
58 Special woven fabrics; tufted textile fabrics; lace, tapestries; trimmings; embroidery 314,875 0.05 157,54299.87
59 Impregnated, coated, covered or laminated textile fabrics; textile articles of a kind suitable for industrial use 1,283,645 0.21 1,041,69623.23
60 Knitted or crocheted fabrics 12,712 0.00 4,821163.68
61 Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, knitted or crocheted 7,930,150 1.31 6,859,09315.62
62 Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, not knitted or crocheted 22,799,334 3.77 21,540,6965.84
63 Other made up textile articles; sets; worn clothing and worn textile articles; rags 445,177 0.07 483,746-7.97
64 Footwear, gaiters and the like; parts of such articles 18,692,449 3.09 18,096,7833.29
65 Headgear and parts thereof 154,316 0.03 98,50656.66
67 Prepared feathers and down and articles made of feathers or of down; artificial flowers; articles of human hair 159,951 0.03 152,5294.87
68 Articles of stone, plaster, cement, asbestos, mica or similar materials 6,205 0.00 1,106461.03
69 Ceramic products 1,473,203 0.24 1,098,27834.14
70 Glass and glassware 1,358,324 0.22 1,336,9681.60
71 Natural or cultured pearls, precious or semi-precious stones,precious metals, metals clad with precious metal and articles thereof; imitation jewelry; coin 13,675 0.00 2,153535.16
72 Iron and steel 2,141,984 0.35 2,701,637-20.72
73 Articles of iron or steel 9,157,564 1.51 10,968,340-16.51
74 Copper and articles thereof 4,620 0.00 4,02914.67
76 Aluminum and articles thereof 869,730 0.14 1,377,373-36.86
78 Lead and articles thereof 0 0.00 5-100.00
79 Zinc and articles thereof 31,826 0.01 52,090-38.90
81 Other base metals; cermets; articles thereof 7,847 0.00 58,618-86.61
82 Tools, implements, cutlery, spoons and forks, of base metal; parts thereof of base metal 4,683,495 0.77 136,2563,337.28
83 Miscellaneous articles of base metal 6,297,788 1.04 6,078,4563.61
84 Nuclear reactors, boilers, machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof 146,529,462 24.22 64,710,599126.44
85 Electrical machinery and equipment and parts thereof; sound recorders and reproducers, television image and sound recorders and reproducers, and parts and accessories of such articles 56,825,728 9.39 46,903,56121.15
86 Railway or tramway locomotives, rolling-stock and parts thereof; railway or tramway track fixtures and fittings and parts thereof; mechanical (including electro-mechanical) traffic signalling equipment of all kinds 0 0.00 147,811-100.00
87 Vehicles other than railway or tramway rolling stock, and parts and accessories thereof 85,992,579 14.22 85,398,6980.70
89 Ships, boats and floating structures 139,074,506 22.99 19,665,681607.19
90 Optical, photographic, cinematographic, measuring, checking, precision, medical or surgical instruments and apparatus; parts and accessories thereof 8,463,241 1.40 7,582,05111.62
91 Clocks and watches and parts thereof 1,424 0.00 1,02638.79
92 Musical instruments; parts and accessories of such articles 9,098 0.00 56,621-83.93
94 Furniture; bedding, mattresses, mattress supports, cushions and similar stuffed furnishings; lamps and lighting fittings, not elsewhere specified or included; illuminated sign illuminated nameplates and the like; prefabricated buildings 5,803,565 0.96 3,692,57357.17
95 Toys, games and sports requisites; parts and accessories thereof 692,245 0.11 804,256-13.93
96 Miscellaneous manufactured articles 549,342 0.09 529,5943.73
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Russian foreign trade statistics
Source: Federal Customs Service of Russia