Russian foreign trade
reports and reviews

Russian trade with the United Kingdom in 2018

by Russian Foreign Trade
based on data from the Federal Customs Service of Russia
The Report on Russia’s foreign trade in goods with the United Kingdom in 2018: exports, imports, products, dynamics.

Russia’s Trade with the United Kingdom

In 2018, Russia’s trade with the United Kingdom totaled $13,742,610,250, up 7.90% ($1,006,361,625) from 2017.

Russia’s exports to the United Kingdom in 2018 totaled $9,705,569,618, up 11.71% ($1,017,172,457) from 2017.

Russia’s imports from the United Kingdom in 2018 were $4,037,040,632, down 0.27% ($10,810,832) from 2017.

Russia’s trade surplus with the United Kingdom in 2018 was $5,668,528,986, a 22.15% increase ($1,027,983,289) over 2017.

The United Kingdom was Russia’s 15th largest trading partner in 2018 (down from 14th in 2017), accounting for 1.9971% of Russia’s total trade (down from 2.1807% in 2017).

The United Kingdom was Russia’s 13th largest export market in 2018 (down from 12th in 2017), accounting for 2.1570% of Russia’s total exports (down from 2.4332% in 2017).

The United Kingdom was Russia’s 13th largest supplier in 2018 (down from 12th in 2017), accounting for 1.6952% of Russia’s total imports (down from 1.7835% in 2017).

Russia’s Exports to the United Kingdom

The major share of Russian exports to the United Kingdom in 2018 (and in 2017) was accounted for the following product types:

  • Mineral products (HS codes 25-27) - 78.47% of Russia’s total exports to the United Kingdom (70.88% in 2017);
  • Precious metals and stones (HS code 71) - 9.40% of Russia’s total exports to the United Kingdom (18.49% in 2017);
  • Metals and products from them (HS codes 72-83) - 3.74% of Russia’s total exports to the United Kingdom (3.09% in 2017);
  • Chemical products (HS codes 28-40) - 3.67% of Russia’s total exports to the United Kingdom (3.27% in 2017);
  • Wood and wood products (HS codes 44-49) - 2.02% of Russia’s total exports to the United Kingdom (1.87% in 2017);
  • Machinery, equipment and vehicles (HS codes 84-90) - 1.08% of Russia’s total exports to the United Kingdom (0.90% in 2017).

The largest gains in Russia’s exports to the United Kingdom in 2018 over 2017 were recorded for the following product groups:

  • Mineral fuels, mineral oils and products of their distillation; bituminous substances; mineral waxes (HS code 27) - an increase of $1,464,089,225;
  • Copper and articles thereof (HS code 74) - an increase of $83,444,891;
  • Wood and articles of wood; wood charcoal (HS code 44) - an increase of $32,429,964;
  • Fertilizers (HS code 31) - an increase of $30,178,929.

The largest declines in Russia’s exports to the United Kingdom in 2018 over 2017 were recorded for the following product groups:

  • Natural or cultured pearls, precious or semi-precious stones,precious metals, metals clad with precious metal and articles thereof; imitation jewelry; coin (HS code 71) - a decrease of $694,918,829.
Russia’s exports to the United Kingdom in 2018 by product groups
HS
code
Name of product group Value of exports
in 2018,
US dollars ($)
Percent share in total export Value of exports
in 2017,
US dollars ($)
Percent change
in 2018
over 2017
01 Live animals 11,993 0.00 10011,893.00
03 Fish and crustaceans, molluscs and other aquatic invertebrates 22,358,494 0.23 16,416,23836.20
07 Edible vegetables and certain roots and tubers 1,695,851 0.02 3,552,110-52.26
08 Edible fruit and nuts; peel of citrus fruit or melons 0 0.00 74,418-100.00
09 Coffee, tea, maté and spices 266,863 0.00 133,76999.50
10 Cereals 1,909,458 0.02 4,835,554-60.51
11 Products of the milling industry; malt; starches; inulin; wheat gluten 94,152 0.00 14,069569.22
12 Oil seeds and oleaginous fruits; miscellaneous grains, seeds and fruits; industrial or medicinal plants; straw and fodder 96,021 0.00 87,8029.36
14 Vegetable plaiting materials; vegetable products not elsewhere specified or included 8,629 0.00 1,339544.44
15 Animal or vegetable fats and oils and their cleavage products prepared edible fats; animal or vegetable waxes 3,262,250 0.03 5,437,159-40.00
16 Preparations of meat, of fish or of crustaceans, molluscs or other aquatic invertebrates 2,031,293 0.02 1,461,77838.96
17 Sugars and sugar confectionery 303,534 0.00 365,265-16.90
18 Cocoa and cocoa preparations 3,365 0.00 61,506-94.53
19 Preparations of cereals, flour, starch or milk; bakers’ wares 934,173 0.01 149,888523.25
20 Preparations of vegetables, fruit, nuts or other parts of plants 542,131 0.01 376,77243.89
21 Miscellaneous edible preparations 2,084,887 0.02 155,4361,241.32
22 Beverages, spirits and vinegar 23,040,407 0.24 22,767,8061.20
23 Residues and waste from the food industries; prepared animal feed 21,349,965 0.22 15,776,95535.32
24 Tobacco and manufactured tobacco substitutes 0 0.00 53,734-100.00
25 Salt; sulfur; earths and stone; plastering materials, lime and cement 149,831 0.00 6,2612,293.08
26 Ores, slag and ash 52,924,608 0.55 59,651,048-11.28
27 Mineral fuels, mineral oils and products of their distillation; bituminous substances; mineral waxes 7,562,807,606 77.92 6,098,718,38124.01
28 Inorganic chemicals; organic or inorganic compounds of precious metals, of rare-earth metals,of radioactive elements or of isotopes 206,193,410 2.12 186,945,08610.30
29 Organic chemicals 31,994,335 0.33 14,340,641123.10
30 Pharmaceutical products 4,253,119 0.04 6,414,636-33.70
31 Fertilizers 57,368,816 0.59 27,189,887110.99
32 Tanning or dyeing extracts; dyes, pigments, paints, varnishes, putty and mastics 205,740 0.00 114,91879.03
33 Essential oils and resinoids; perfumery, cosmetic or toilet preparations 3,750,582 0.04 5,448,135-31.16
34 Soap, organic surface-active agents, washing preparations, lubricating preparations, artificial waxes, prepared waxes, polishing or scouring preparations, candles and similar articles, modeling pastes, "dental waxes" and dental preparations with a basis of plaster 948,450 0.01 3,395,185-72.06
35 Albuminoidal substances; modified starches; glues; enzymes 61,693 0.00 50,06123.24
37 Photographic or cinematographic goods 317 0.00 6,669-95.25
38 Miscellaneous chemical products 5,397,219 0.06 6,726,282-19.76
39 Plastics and articles thereof 36,544,858 0.38 19,877,42183.85
40 Rubber and articles thereof 9,008,037 0.09 13,505,609-33.30
42 Articles of leather; saddlery and harness; travel goods, handbags and similar containers; articles of animal gut (other than silkworm gut) 482,159 0.00 644,119-25.14
43 Furskins and artificial fur; manufactures thereof 1,114,282 0.01 3,380,356-67.04
44 Wood and articles of wood; wood charcoal 156,217,221 1.61 123,787,25726.20
45 Cork and articles of cork 8,566 0.00 0
47 Pulp of wood or of other fibrous cellulosic material; waste and scrap of paper or paperboard 3,495,502 0.04 1,331,580162.51
48 Paper and paperboard; articles of paper pulp, of paper or of paperboard 35,369,718 0.36 36,457,024-2.98
49 Printed books, newspapers, pictures and other products of the printing industry; manuscripts, typescripts and plans 516,347 0.01 513,7860.50
50 Silk 3,754 0.00 1532,353.59
51 Wool, fine or coarse animal hair; horsehair yarn and woven fabric 27,504 0.00 1,7831,442.57
52 Cotton 525 0.00 0
53 Other vegetable textile fibers; paper yarn and woven fabric of paper yarn 204 0.00 0
54 Man-made filaments 355 0.00 23749.79
55 Man-made staple fibers 5,233 0.00 30,322-82.74
56 Wadding, felt and nonwovens; special yarns, twine, cordage, ropes and cables and articles thereof 6,168 0.00 4,33642.25
57 Carpets and other textile floor coverings 9,036 0.00 26,976-66.50
58 Special woven fabrics; tufted textile fabrics; lace, tapestries; trimmings; embroidery 694 0.00 956-27.41
59 Impregnated, coated, covered or laminated textile fabrics; textile articles of a kind suitable for industrial use 3,741 0.00 0
61 Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, knitted or crocheted 1,228,592 0.01 1,218,9240.79
62 Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, not knitted or crocheted 3,934,185 0.04 3,966,286-0.81
63 Other made up textile articles; sets; worn clothing and worn textile articles; rags 301,916 0.00 437,923-31.06
64 Footwear, gaiters and the like; parts of such articles 562,647 0.01 591,645-4.90
65 Headgear and parts thereof 58,889 0.00 42,33639.10
66 Umbrellas, sun umbrellas, walking sticks, seatsticks, whips, riding-crops and parts thereof 2,502 0.00 1,198108.85
68 Articles of stone, plaster, cement, asbestos, mica or similar materials 7,689,803 0.08 5,043,64952.47
69 Ceramic products 1,568,045 0.02 1,724,246-9.06
70 Glass and glassware 8,420,672 0.09 6,203,31335.74
71 Natural or cultured pearls, precious or semi-precious stones,precious metals, metals clad with precious metal and articles thereof; imitation jewelry; coin 911,842,183 9.40 1,606,761,012-43.25
72 Iron and steel 115,991,523 1.20 107,740,3017.66
73 Articles of iron or steel 6,876,707 0.07 5,649,15621.73
74 Copper and articles thereof 149,603,984 1.54 66,159,093126.13
75 Nickel and articles thereof 58,048 0.00 1,181,311-95.09
76 Aluminum and articles thereof 37,340,757 0.38 29,080,33328.41
78 Lead and articles thereof 4,281,280 0.04 8,900,216-51.90
81 Other base metals; cermets; articles thereof 47,798,370 0.49 49,328,846-3.10
82 Tools, implements, cutlery, spoons and forks, of base metal; parts thereof of base metal 473,076 0.00 353,85633.69
83 Miscellaneous articles of base metal 403,202 0.00 258,04756.25
84 Nuclear reactors, boilers, machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof 44,309,027 0.46 37,788,90717.25
85 Electrical machinery and equipment and parts thereof; sound recorders and reproducers, television image and sound recorders and reproducers, and parts and accessories of such articles 17,256,838 0.18 17,248,5740.05
86 Railway or tramway locomotives, rolling-stock and parts thereof; railway or tramway track fixtures and fittings and parts thereof; mechanical (including electro-mechanical) traffic signalling equipment of all kinds 196,048 0.00 197,302-0.64
87 Vehicles other than railway or tramway rolling stock, and parts and accessories thereof 10,570,140 0.11 3,376,758213.03
89 Ships, boats and floating structures 10,270,038 0.11 476,4162,055.69
90 Optical, photographic, cinematographic, measuring, checking, precision, medical or surgical instruments and apparatus; parts and accessories thereof 22,647,604 0.23 18,718,09320.99
91 Clocks and watches and parts thereof 569,410 0.01 349,70762.82
92 Musical instruments; parts and accessories of such articles 111,954 0.00 44,352152.42
94 Furniture; bedding, mattresses, mattress supports, cushions and similar stuffed furnishings; lamps and lighting fittings, not elsewhere specified or included; illuminated sign illuminated nameplates and the like; prefabricated buildings 5,092,863 0.05 4,715,4148.00
95 Toys, games and sports requisites; parts and accessories thereof 3,765,771 0.04 2,138,59376.09
96 Miscellaneous manufactured articles 202,650 0.00 113,55778.46
97 Works of art, collectors’ pieces and antiques 396,328 0.00 46,126759.23
SS Classified 42,881,470 0.44 28 250 86851.79

Russia’s Imports from the United Kingdom

The major share of Russian imports from the United Kingdom in 2018 (and in 2017) was accounted for the following product types:

  • Machinery, equipment and vehicles (HS codes 84-90) - 48.15% of Russia’s total imports from the United Kingdom (47.35% in 2017);
  • Chemical products (HS codes 28-40) - 31.70% of Russia’s total imports from the United Kingdom (33.32% in 2017);
  • Food products and agricultural raw materials (HS codes 01-24) - 10.42% of Russia’s total imports from the United Kingdom (9.82% in 2017);
  • Metals and products from them (HS codes 72-83) - 3.17% of Russia’s total imports from the United Kingdom (3.31% in 2017);
  • Wood and wood products (HS codes 44-49) - 1.58% of Russia’s total imports from the United Kingdom (1.62% in 2017);
  • Textiles, textile products and footwear (HS codes 50-67) - 1.30% of Russia’s total imports from the United Kingdom (1.12% in 2017).

The largest gains in Russia’s imports from the United Kingdom in 2018 over 2017 were recorded for the following product groups:

  • Nuclear reactors, boilers, machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof (HS code 84) - an increase of $79,065,347;
  • Vehicles other than railway or tramway rolling stock, and parts and accessories thereof (HS code 87) - an increase of $50,216,484;
  • Organic chemicals (HS code 29) - an increase of $21,198,911;
  • Plastics and articles thereof (HS code 39) - an increase of $19,017,124;
  • Natural or cultured pearls, precious or semi-precious stones,precious metals, metals clad with precious metal and articles thereof; imitation jewelry; coin (HS code 71) - an increase of $13,468,402;
  • Inorganic chemicals; organic or inorganic compounds of precious metals, of rare-earth metals,of radioactive elements or of isotopes (HS code 28) - an increase of $12,756,767.

The largest declines in Russia’s imports from the United Kingdom in 2018 over 2017 were recorded for the following product groups:

  • Pharmaceutical products (HS code 30) - a decrease of $132,514,242;
  • Electrical machinery and equipment and parts thereof; sound recorders and reproducers, television image and sound recorders and reproducers, and parts and accessories of such articles (HS code 85) - a decrease of $70,469,573;
  • Ships, boats and floating structures (HS code 89) - a decrease of $17,418,718;
  • Optical, photographic, cinematographic, measuring, checking, precision, medical or surgical instruments and apparatus; parts and accessories thereof (HS code 90) - a decrease of $12,438,012.
Russia’s imports from the United Kingdom in 2018 by product groups
HS
code
Name of product group Value of imports in 2018,
US dollars ($)
Percent share in total import Value of imports in 2017,
US dollars ($)
Percent change
in 2018
over 2017
01 Live animals 3,764,776 0.09 2,011,21787.19
03 Fish and crustaceans, molluscs and other aquatic invertebrates 3,375 0.00 6,209-45.64
04 Dairy produce; birds eggs; natural honey; edible products of animal origin, not elsewhere specified or included 5,230,946 0.13 5,097,7272.61
05 Products of animal origin, not elsewhere specified or included 104,067 0.00 273,171-61.90
06 Live trees and other plants; bulbs, roots and the like; cut flowers and ornamental foliage 118,813 0.00 148,737-20.12
07 Edible vegetables and certain roots and tubers 82,782 0.00 542,406-84.74
09 Coffee, tea, maté and spices 5,915,187 0.15 5,261,45712.42
10 Cereals 2,758 0.00 8,078-65.86
11 Products of the milling industry; malt; starches; inulin; wheat gluten 581,541 0.01 385,14950.99
12 Oil seeds and oleaginous fruits; miscellaneous grains, seeds and fruits; industrial or medicinal plants; straw and fodder 1,213,153 0.03 987,08722.90
13 Lac; gums, resins and other vegetable saps and extracts 5,681,715 0.14 5,383,6475.54
14 Vegetable plaiting materials; vegetable products not elsewhere specified or included 0 0.00 3,625-100.00
15 Animal or vegetable fats and oils and their cleavage products prepared edible fats; animal or vegetable waxes 3,883,650 0.10 2,395,90362.10
17 Sugars and sugar confectionery 5,093,696 0.13 4,670,4199.06
18 Cocoa and cocoa preparations 4,753,472 0.12 3,690,93028.79
19 Preparations of cereals, flour, starch or milk; bakers’ wares 15,567,067 0.39 13,612,73814.36
20 Preparations of vegetables, fruit, nuts or other parts of plants 9,727,654 0.24 6,806,31742.92
21 Miscellaneous edible preparations 56,939,497 1.41 49,289,35015.52
22 Beverages, spirits and vinegar 259,925,593 6.44 249,493,6114.18
23 Residues and waste from the food industries; prepared animal feed 26,086,997 0.65 23,847,4279.39
24 Tobacco and manufactured tobacco substitutes 15,908,278 0.39 23,543,638-32.43
25 Salt; sulfur; earths and stone; plastering materials, lime and cement 4,273,670 0.11 6,977,744-38.75
26 Ores, slag and ash 27,972 0.00 42,251-33.80
27 Mineral fuels, mineral oils and products of their distillation; bituminous substances; mineral waxes 23,617,281 0.59 23,688,647-0.30
28 Inorganic chemicals; organic or inorganic compounds of precious metals, of rare-earth metals,of radioactive elements or of isotopes 28,746,484 0.71 15,989,71779.78
29 Organic chemicals 89,869,381 2.23 68,670,47030.87
30 Pharmaceutical products 460,239,193 11.40 592,753,435-22.36
31 Fertilizers 1,778,769 0.04 878,472102.48
32 Tanning or dyeing extracts; dyes, pigments, paints, varnishes, putty and mastics 86,812,987 2.15 94,329,007-7.97
33 Essential oils and resinoids; perfumery, cosmetic or toilet preparations 150,426,782 3.73 157,604,705-4.55
34 Soap, organic surface-active agents, washing preparations, lubricating preparations, artificial waxes, prepared waxes, polishing or scouring preparations, candles and similar articles, modeling pastes, "dental waxes" and dental preparations with a basis of plaster 65,702,654 1.63 56,949,28315.37
35 Albuminoidal substances; modified starches; glues; enzymes 10,620,210 0.26 9,041,35117.46
36 Explosives; pyrotechnic products; matches; pyrophoric alloys; certain combustible preparations 115,798 0.00 87,60632.18
37 Photographic or cinematographic goods 7,850,066 0.19 5,938,86332.18
38 Miscellaneous chemical products 139,130,631 3.45 133,483,1624.23
39 Plastics and articles thereof 183,922,638 4.56 164,905,51411.53
40 Rubber and articles thereof 54,333,327 1.35 47,995,03013.21
41 Raw hides and skins (other than furskins) and leather 171,529 0.00 469,453-63.46
42 Articles of leather; saddlery and harness; travel goods, handbags and similar containers; articles of animal gut (other than silkworm gut) 1,112,249 0.03 959,67915.90
43 Furskins and artificial fur; manufactures thereof 644,181 0.02 655,925-1.79
44 Wood and articles of wood; wood charcoal 983,310 0.02 1,297,811-24.23
45 Cork and articles of cork 18,880 0.00 4,625308.22
46 Manufactures of straw, of esparto or of other plaiting materials; basketware and wickerwork 29,241 0.00 14,512101.50
47 Pulp of wood or of other fibrous cellulosic material; waste and scrap of paper or paperboard 320 0.00 0
48 Paper and paperboard; articles of paper pulp, of paper or of paperboard 45,656,749 1.13 43,278,7465.49
49 Printed books, newspapers, pictures and other products of the printing industry; manuscripts, typescripts and plans 16,922,108 0.42 20,993,802-19.39
50 Silk 164,655 0.00 185,377-11.18
51 Wool, fine or coarse animal hair; horsehair yarn and woven fabric 586,662 0.01 717,524-18.24
52 Cotton 5,806,402 0.14 2,229,404160.45
53 Other vegetable textile fibers; paper yarn and woven fabric of paper yarn 219,072 0.01 233,767-6.29
54 Man-made filaments 9,609,195 0.24 6,634,69244.83
55 Man-made staple fibers 995,674 0.02 1,161,181-14.25
56 Wadding, felt and nonwovens; special yarns, twine, cordage, ropes and cables and articles thereof 4,181,088 0.10 3,433,76621.76
57 Carpets and other textile floor coverings 7,736,845 0.19 5,156,59650.04
58 Special woven fabrics; tufted textile fabrics; lace, tapestries; trimmings; embroidery 502,325 0.01 291,24772.47
59 Impregnated, coated, covered or laminated textile fabrics; textile articles of a kind suitable for industrial use 1,710,151 0.04 3,240,994-47.23
60 Knitted or crocheted fabrics 311,589 0.01 477,680-34.77
61 Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, knitted or crocheted 3,383,771 0.08 3,390,380-0.19
62 Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, not knitted or crocheted 4,357,715 0.11 4,106,1266.13
63 Other made up textile articles; sets; worn clothing and worn textile articles; rags 9,493,440 0.24 9,873,449-3.85
64 Footwear, gaiters and the like; parts of such articles 2,670,910 0.07 3,539,185-24.53
65 Headgear and parts thereof 630,200 0.02 580,0128.65
66 Umbrellas, sun umbrellas, walking sticks, seatsticks, whips, riding-crops and parts thereof 29,371 0.00 65,897-55.43
67 Prepared feathers and down and articles made of feathers or of down; artificial flowers; articles of human hair 81,373 0.00 82,596-1.48
68 Articles of stone, plaster, cement, asbestos, mica or similar materials 12,055,367 0.30 11,768,7782.44
69 Ceramic products 4,792,793 0.12 6,477,938-26.01
70 Glass and glassware 10,703,119 0.27 10,277,2354.14
71 Natural or cultured pearls, precious or semi-precious stones,precious metals, metals clad with precious metal and articles thereof; imitation jewelry; coin 34,194,193 0.85 20,725,79164.98
72 Iron and steel 12,935,782 0.32 12,662,0762.16
73 Articles of iron or steel 67,743,090 1.68 76,822,909-11.82
74 Copper and articles thereof 5,954,513 0.15 4,838,82623.06
75 Nickel and articles thereof 7,573,991 0.19 8,296,309-8.71
76 Aluminum and articles thereof 9,322,576 0.23 10,689,788-12.79
78 Lead and articles thereof 389,435 0.01 445,637-12.61
79 Zinc and articles thereof 444,718 0.01 273,86562.39
80 Tin and articles thereof 19,636 0.00 14,51335.30
81 Other base metals; cermets; articles thereof 6,805,413 0.17 4,001,53870.07
82 Tools, implements, cutlery, spoons and forks, of base metal; parts thereof of base metal 8,239,093 0.20 8,307,244-0.82
83 Miscellaneous articles of base metal 8,381,889 0.21 7,628,4199.88
84 Nuclear reactors, boilers, machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof 772,957,747 19.15 693,892,40011.39
85 Electrical machinery and equipment and parts thereof; sound recorders and reproducers, television image and sound recorders and reproducers, and parts and accessories of such articles 200,589,019 4.97 271,058,592-26.00
86 Railway or tramway locomotives, rolling-stock and parts thereof; railway or tramway track fixtures and fittings and parts thereof; mechanical (including electro-mechanical) traffic signalling equipment of all kinds 1,006,224 0.02 3,015,453-66.63
87 Vehicles other than railway or tramway rolling stock, and parts and accessories thereof 795,013,228 19.69 744,796,7446.74
89 Ships, boats and floating structures 18,335,693 0.45 35,754,411-48.72
90 Optical, photographic, cinematographic, measuring, checking, precision, medical or surgical instruments and apparatus; parts and accessories thereof 155,757,847 3.86 168,195,859-7.39
91 Clocks and watches and parts thereof 262,920 0.01 50,839417.16
92 Musical instruments; parts and accessories of such articles 218,731 0.01 196,77511.16
94 Furniture; bedding, mattresses, mattress supports, cushions and similar stuffed furnishings; lamps and lighting fittings, not elsewhere specified or included; illuminated sign illuminated nameplates and the like; prefabricated buildings 31,745,861 0.79 34,725,016-8.58
95 Toys, games and sports requisites; parts and accessories thereof 4,330,071 0.11 2,683,47661.36
96 Miscellaneous manufactured articles 4,066,710 0.10 3,638,76511.76
97 Works of art, collectors’ pieces and antiques 1,568,031 0.04 161,005873.90
SS Classified 15,571,077 0.39 16 582 737-6.10
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Russian foreign trade statistics
Source: Federal Customs Service of Russia