Russian foreign trade
reports and reviews

Russian trade with North Korea in 2011

by Russian Foreign Trade
based on data from the Federal Customs Service of Russia
The Report on Russia’s foreign trade in goods with North Korea in 2011: exports, imports, products, dynamics.

Russia’s Trade with North Korea

In 2011, Russia’s trade with North Korea totaled $113,700,505, up 15.41% ($15,183,213) from 2010.

Russia’s exports to North Korea in 2011 totaled $99,190,614, up 20.77% ($17,057,924) from 2010.

Russia’s imports from North Korea in 2011 were $14,509,891, down 11.44% ($1,874,711) from 2010.

Russia’s trade surplus with North Korea in 2011 was $84,680,723, a 28.80% increase ($18,932,635) over 2010.

North Korea was Russia’s 115th largest trading partner in 2011 (down from 109th in 2010), accounting for 0.0138% of Russia’s total trade (down from 0.0157% in 2010).

North Korea was Russia’s 98th largest export market in 2011 (down from 95th in 2010), accounting for 0.0192% of Russia’s total exports (down from 0.0207% in 2010).

North Korea was Russia’s 121st largest supplier in 2011 (down from 104th in 2010), accounting for 0.0047% of Russia’s total imports (down from 0.0072% in 2010).

Russia’s Exports to North Korea

The major share of Russian exports to North Korea in 2011 (and in 2010) was accounted for the following product types:

  • Mineral products (HS codes 25-27) - 40.62% of Russia’s total exports to North Korea (34.39% in 2010);
  • Food products and agricultural raw materials (HS codes 01-24) - 22.50% of Russia’s total exports to North Korea (0.75% in 2010);
  • Metals and products from them (HS codes 72-83) - 10.42% of Russia’s total exports to North Korea (3.11% in 2010);
  • Machinery, equipment and vehicles (HS codes 84-90) - 9.55% of Russia’s total exports to North Korea (6.40% in 2010);
  • Wood and wood products (HS codes 44-49) - 6.30% of Russia’s total exports to North Korea (8.44% in 2010);
  • Chemical products (HS codes 28-40) - 3.36% of Russia’s total exports to North Korea (2.44% in 2010).

The largest gains in Russia’s exports to North Korea in 2011 over 2010 were recorded for the following product groups:

  • Cereals (HS code 10) - an increase of $14,932,401;
  • Mineral fuels, mineral oils and products of their distillation; bituminous substances; mineral waxes (HS code 27) - an increase of $10,782,589;
  • Articles of iron or steel (HS code 73) - an increase of $4,391,484;
  • Products of the milling industry; malt; starches; inulin; wheat gluten (HS code 11) - an increase of $4,304,148;
  • Articles of stone, plaster, cement, asbestos, mica or similar materials (HS code 68) - an increase of $4,126,996;
  • Iron and steel (HS code 72) - an increase of $3,182,960;
  • Electrical machinery and equipment and parts thereof; sound recorders and reproducers, television image and sound recorders and reproducers, and parts and accessories of such articles (HS code 85) - an increase of $2,408,574;
  • Furniture; bedding, mattresses, mattress supports, cushions and similar stuffed furnishings; lamps and lighting fittings, not elsewhere specified or included; illuminated sign illuminated nameplates and the like; prefabricated buildings (HS code 94) - an increase of $2,350,597;
  • Vehicles other than railway or tramway rolling stock, and parts and accessories thereof (HS code 87) - an increase of $2,296,288;
  • Fish and crustaceans, molluscs and other aquatic invertebrates (HS code 03) - an increase of $2,269,695;
  • Salt; sulfur; earths and stone; plastering materials, lime and cement (HS code 25) - an increase of $1,265,298;
  • Ships, boats and floating structures (HS code 89) - an increase of $860,000;
  • Miscellaneous chemical products (HS code 38) - an increase of $650,375;
  • Rubber and articles thereof (HS code 40) - an increase of $602,237;
  • Wood and articles of wood; wood charcoal (HS code 44) - an increase of $508,188;
  • Pharmaceutical products (HS code 30) - an increase of $361,393.

The largest declines in Russia’s exports to North Korea in 2011 over 2010 were recorded for the following product groups:

  • Nuclear reactors, boilers, machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof (HS code 84) - a decrease of $1,187,554;
  • Pulp of wood or of other fibrous cellulosic material; waste and scrap of paper or paperboard (HS code 47) - a decrease of $884,972;
  • Inorganic chemicals; organic or inorganic compounds of precious metals, of rare-earth metals,of radioactive elements or of isotopes (HS code 28) - a decrease of $344,640;
  • Plastics and articles thereof (HS code 39) - a decrease of $327,528.
Russia’s exports to North Korea in 2011 by product groups
HS
code
Name of product group Value of exports
in 2011,
US dollars ($)
Percent share in total export Value of exports
in 2010,
US dollars ($)
Percent change
in 2011
over 2010
01 Live animals 0 0.00 120,859-100.00
03 Fish and crustaceans, molluscs and other aquatic invertebrates 2,269,695 2.29 0
04 Dairy produce; birds eggs; natural honey; edible products of animal origin, not elsewhere specified or included 391 0.00 0
05 Products of animal origin, not elsewhere specified or included 0 0.00 10,277-100.00
07 Edible vegetables and certain roots and tubers 58 0.00 0
08 Edible fruit and nuts; peel of citrus fruit or melons 76 0.00 0
09 Coffee, tea, maté and spices 153 0.00 0
10 Cereals 14,942,548 15.06 10,147147,160.75
11 Products of the milling industry; malt; starches; inulin; wheat gluten 4,719,893 4.76 415,7451,035.29
15 Animal or vegetable fats and oils and their cleavage products prepared edible fats; animal or vegetable waxes 240,310 0.24 15,8821,413.10
16 Preparations of meat, of fish or of crustaceans, molluscs or other aquatic invertebrates 2,544 0.00 0
17 Sugars and sugar confectionery 569 0.00 3,509-83.78
19 Preparations of cereals, flour, starch or milk; bakers’ wares 14,934 0.02 27,200-45.10
20 Preparations of vegetables, fruit, nuts or other parts of plants 441 0.00 0
21 Miscellaneous edible preparations 27,572 0.03 0
22 Beverages, spirits and vinegar 98,975 0.10 14,464584.29
25 Salt; sulfur; earths and stone; plastering materials, lime and cement 2,069,217 2.09 803,919157.39
27 Mineral fuels, mineral oils and products of their distillation; bituminous substances; mineral waxes 38,221,563 38.53 27,438,97439.30
28 Inorganic chemicals; organic or inorganic compounds of precious metals, of rare-earth metals,of radioactive elements or of isotopes 9,094 0.01 353,734-97.43
29 Organic chemicals 369,862 0.37 156,316136.61
30 Pharmaceutical products 361,393 0.36 0
31 Fertilizers 725,955 0.73 568,93027.60
32 Tanning or dyeing extracts; dyes, pigments, paints, varnishes, putty and mastics 47,575 0.05 22,257113.75
34 Soap, organic surface-active agents, washing preparations, lubricating preparations, artificial waxes, prepared waxes, polishing or scouring preparations, candles and similar articles, modeling pastes, "dental waxes" and dental preparations with a basis of plaster 214,558 0.22 222,193-3.44
35 Albuminoidal substances; modified starches; glues; enzymes 408 0.00 0
37 Photographic or cinematographic goods 0 0.00 300-100.00
38 Miscellaneous chemical products 730,006 0.74 79,631816.74
39 Plastics and articles thereof 72,107 0.07 399,635-81.96
40 Rubber and articles thereof 802,119 0.81 199,882301.30
42 Articles of leather; saddlery and harness; travel goods, handbags and similar containers; articles of animal gut (other than silkworm gut) 2,975 0.00 0
43 Furskins and artificial fur; manufactures thereof 4 0.00 0
44 Wood and articles of wood; wood charcoal 3,879,711 3.91 3,371,52315.07
47 Pulp of wood or of other fibrous cellulosic material; waste and scrap of paper or paperboard 839,102 0.85 1,724,074-51.33
48 Paper and paperboard; articles of paper pulp, of paper or of paperboard 1,528,907 1.54 1,825,643-16.25
49 Printed books, newspapers, pictures and other products of the printing industry; manuscripts, typescripts and plans 361 0.00 8,379-95.69
52 Cotton 17 0.00 0
53 Other vegetable textile fibers; paper yarn and woven fabric of paper yarn 1,024 0.00 0
55 Man-made staple fibers 288,985 0.29 0
56 Wadding, felt and nonwovens; special yarns, twine, cordage, ropes and cables and articles thereof 64,653 0.07 45,44442.27
58 Special woven fabrics; tufted textile fabrics; lace, tapestries; trimmings; embroidery 593 0.00 0
59 Impregnated, coated, covered or laminated textile fabrics; textile articles of a kind suitable for industrial use 153,200 0.15 15698,105.13
61 Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, knitted or crocheted 6,015 0.01 817,325.93
62 Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, not knitted or crocheted 38,996 0.04 26214,783.97
63 Other made up textile articles; sets; worn clothing and worn textile articles; rags 21,643 0.02 3267,534.38
64 Footwear, gaiters and the like; parts of such articles 10,084 0.01 0
65 Headgear and parts thereof 1,058 0.00 541,859.26
68 Articles of stone, plaster, cement, asbestos, mica or similar materials 4,186,268 4.22 59,2726,962.81
69 Ceramic products 118 0.00 0
70 Glass and glassware 3,643 0.00 37,439-90.27
72 Iron and steel 3,993,158 4.03 810,198392.86
73 Articles of iron or steel 6,107,140 6.16 1,715,656255.97
74 Copper and articles thereof 65,223 0.07 0
76 Aluminum and articles thereof 42,810 0.04 19,500119.54
78 Lead and articles thereof 25 0.00 0
80 Tin and articles thereof 112 0.00 0
82 Tools, implements, cutlery, spoons and forks, of base metal; parts thereof of base metal 96,334 0.10 4,6891,954.47
83 Miscellaneous articles of base metal 30,039 0.03 3,132859.10
84 Nuclear reactors, boilers, machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof 1,394,566 1.41 2,582,120-45.99
85 Electrical machinery and equipment and parts thereof; sound recorders and reproducers, television image and sound recorders and reproducers, and parts and accessories of such articles 3,317,086 3.34 908,512265.11
86 Railway or tramway locomotives, rolling-stock and parts thereof; railway or tramway track fixtures and fittings and parts thereof; mechanical (including electro-mechanical) traffic signalling equipment of all kinds 443,864 0.45 546,354-18.76
87 Vehicles other than railway or tramway rolling stock, and parts and accessories thereof 3,388,452 3.42 1,092,164210.25
89 Ships, boats and floating structures 860,000 0.87 0
90 Optical, photographic, cinematographic, measuring, checking, precision, medical or surgical instruments and apparatus; parts and accessories thereof 68,859 0.07 123,271-44.14
91 Clocks and watches and parts thereof 146 0.00 7789.61
94 Furniture; bedding, mattresses, mattress supports, cushions and similar stuffed furnishings; lamps and lighting fittings, not elsewhere specified or included; illuminated sign illuminated nameplates and the like; prefabricated buildings 2,401,363 2.42 50,7664,630.26
95 Toys, games and sports requisites; parts and accessories thereof 0 0.00 63-100.00
96 Miscellaneous manufactured articles 3,064 0.00 4,380-30.05
SS Classified 9,000 0.01 36 335 595-99.98

Russia’s Imports from North Korea

The major share of Russian imports from North Korea in 2011 (and in 2010) was accounted for the following product types:

  • Machinery, equipment and vehicles (HS codes 84-90) - 31.74% of Russia’s total imports from North Korea (44.86% in 2010);
  • Chemical products (HS codes 28-40) - 21.24% of Russia’s total imports from North Korea (11.15% in 2010);
  • Mineral products (HS codes 25-27) - 20.89% of Russia’s total imports from North Korea (28.45% in 2010);
  • Textiles, textile products and footwear (HS codes 50-67) - 15.21% of Russia’s total imports from North Korea (6.21% in 2010);
  • Metals and products from them (HS codes 72-83) - 3.10% of Russia’s total imports from North Korea (4.84% in 2010);
  • Wood and wood products (HS codes 44-49) - 1.10% of Russia’s total imports from North Korea (0.58% in 2010).

The largest gains in Russia’s imports from North Korea in 2011 over 2010 were recorded for the following product groups:

  • Miscellaneous chemical products (HS code 38) - an increase of $2,057,749;
  • Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, not knitted or crocheted (HS code 62) - an increase of $1,786,020;
  • Miscellaneous manufactured articles (HS code 96) - an increase of $185,212;
  • Musical instruments; parts and accessories of such articles (HS code 92) - an increase of $162,327;
  • Vehicles other than railway or tramway rolling stock, and parts and accessories thereof (HS code 87) - an increase of $130,301;
  • Tools, implements, cutlery, spoons and forks, of base metal; parts thereof of base metal (HS code 82) - an increase of $86,431;
  • Cotton (HS code 52) - an increase of $80,404;
  • Paper and paperboard; articles of paper pulp, of paper or of paperboard (HS code 48) - an increase of $71,774;
  • Ships, boats and floating structures (HS code 89) - an increase of $48,443;
  • Organic chemicals (HS code 29) - an increase of $43,602.

The largest declines in Russia’s imports from North Korea in 2011 over 2010 were recorded for the following product groups:

  • Electrical machinery and equipment and parts thereof; sound recorders and reproducers, television image and sound recorders and reproducers, and parts and accessories of such articles (HS code 85) - a decrease of $2,472,135;
  • Salt; sulfur; earths and stone; plastering materials, lime and cement (HS code 25) - a decrease of $1,619,753;
  • Nuclear reactors, boilers, machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof (HS code 84) - a decrease of $424,466;
  • Iron and steel (HS code 72) - a decrease of $381,177;
  • Knitted or crocheted fabrics (HS code 60) - a decrease of $370,125;
  • Inorganic chemicals; organic or inorganic compounds of precious metals, of rare-earth metals,of radioactive elements or of isotopes (HS code 28) - a decrease of $240,402;
  • Man-made staple fibers (HS code 55) - a decrease of $180,853;
  • Essential oils and resinoids; perfumery, cosmetic or toilet preparations (HS code 33) - a decrease of $167,161;
  • Plastics and articles thereof (HS code 39) - a decrease of $142,926;
  • Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, knitted or crocheted (HS code 61) - a decrease of $122,205;
  • Tanning or dyeing extracts; dyes, pigments, paints, varnishes, putty and mastics (HS code 32) - a decrease of $118,955;
  • Articles of iron or steel (HS code 73) - a decrease of $89,049;
  • Rubber and articles thereof (HS code 40) - a decrease of $85,773;
  • Optical, photographic, cinematographic, measuring, checking, precision, medical or surgical instruments and apparatus; parts and accessories thereof (HS code 90) - a decrease of $67,204;
  • Photographic or cinematographic goods (HS code 37) - a decrease of $50,331;
  • Articles of stone, plaster, cement, asbestos, mica or similar materials (HS code 68) - a decrease of $48,316;
  • Man-made filaments (HS code 54) - a decrease of $48,132;
  • Glass and glassware (HS code 70) - a decrease of $45,347.
Russia’s imports from North Korea in 2011 by product groups
HS
code
Name of product group Value of imports in 2011,
US dollars ($)
Percent share in total import Value of imports in 2010,
US dollars ($)
Percent change
in 2011
over 2010
07 Edible vegetables and certain roots and tubers 0 0.00 67-100.00
08 Edible fruit and nuts; peel of citrus fruit or melons 617 0.00 0
10 Cereals 12,638 0.09 0
19 Preparations of cereals, flour, starch or milk; bakers’ wares 1,333 0.01 19,980-93.33
25 Salt; sulfur; earths and stone; plastering materials, lime and cement 3,030,437 20.89 4,650,190-34.83
27 Mineral fuels, mineral oils and products of their distillation; bituminous substances; mineral waxes 0 0.00 10,977-100.00
28 Inorganic chemicals; organic or inorganic compounds of precious metals, of rare-earth metals,of radioactive elements or of isotopes 90,996 0.63 331,398-72.54
29 Organic chemicals 43,602 0.30 0
32 Tanning or dyeing extracts; dyes, pigments, paints, varnishes, putty and mastics 8,700 0.06 127,655-93.18
33 Essential oils and resinoids; perfumery, cosmetic or toilet preparations 55,869 0.39 223,030-74.95
34 Soap, organic surface-active agents, washing preparations, lubricating preparations, artificial waxes, prepared waxes, polishing or scouring preparations, candles and similar articles, modeling pastes, "dental waxes" and dental preparations with a basis of plaster 4,976 0.03 41,070-87.88
35 Albuminoidal substances; modified starches; glues; enzymes 0 0.00 3,410-100.00
36 Explosives; pyrotechnic products; matches; pyrophoric alloys; certain combustible preparations 0 0.00 820-100.00
37 Photographic or cinematographic goods 0 0.00 50,331-100.00
38 Miscellaneous chemical products 2,057,749 14.18 0
39 Plastics and articles thereof 740,177 5.10 883,103-16.18
40 Rubber and articles thereof 79,714 0.55 165,487-51.83
42 Articles of leather; saddlery and harness; travel goods, handbags and similar containers; articles of animal gut (other than silkworm gut) 16,666 0.11 12,84029.80
44 Wood and articles of wood; wood charcoal 1,245 0.01 0
48 Paper and paperboard; articles of paper pulp, of paper or of paperboard 157,794 1.09 86,02083.44
49 Printed books, newspapers, pictures and other products of the printing industry; manuscripts, typescripts and plans 346 0.00 8,642-96.00
52 Cotton 80,404 0.55 0
54 Man-made filaments 0 0.00 48,132-100.00
55 Man-made staple fibers 362 0.00 181,215-99.80
56 Wadding, felt and nonwovens; special yarns, twine, cordage, ropes and cables and articles thereof 1,615 0.01 4,462-63.81
58 Special woven fabrics; tufted textile fabrics; lace, tapestries; trimmings; embroidery 5 0.00 0
59 Impregnated, coated, covered or laminated textile fabrics; textile articles of a kind suitable for industrial use 354 0.00 0
60 Knitted or crocheted fabrics 37,670 0.26 407,795-90.76
61 Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, knitted or crocheted 57,819 0.40 180,024-67.88
62 Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, not knitted or crocheted 1,966,459 13.55 180,439989.82
63 Other made up textile articles; sets; worn clothing and worn textile articles; rags 32,265 0.22 10,806198.58
64 Footwear, gaiters and the like; parts of such articles 0 0.00 2,830-100.00
65 Headgear and parts thereof 29,377 0.20 1,4211,967.35
68 Articles of stone, plaster, cement, asbestos, mica or similar materials 10,387 0.07 58,703-82.31
69 Ceramic products 0 0.00 212-100.00
70 Glass and glassware 9,032 0.06 54,379-83.39
71 Natural or cultured pearls, precious or semi-precious stones,precious metals, metals clad with precious metal and articles thereof; imitation jewelry; coin 187 0.00 419-55.37
72 Iron and steel 454 0.00 381,631-99.88
73 Articles of iron or steel 274,056 1.89 363,105-24.52
74 Copper and articles thereof 0 0.00 8,918-100.00
76 Aluminum and articles thereof 53,279 0.37 11,406367.11
82 Tools, implements, cutlery, spoons and forks, of base metal; parts thereof of base metal 105,386 0.73 18,955455.98
83 Miscellaneous articles of base metal 15,957 0.11 9,00277.26
84 Nuclear reactors, boilers, machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof 1,596,885 11.01 2,021,351-21.00
85 Electrical machinery and equipment and parts thereof; sound recorders and reproducers, television image and sound recorders and reproducers, and parts and accessories of such articles 1,129,951 7.79 3,602,086-68.63
86 Railway or tramway locomotives, rolling-stock and parts thereof; railway or tramway track fixtures and fittings and parts thereof; mechanical (including electro-mechanical) traffic signalling equipment of all kinds 52,002 0.36 11,604348.14
87 Vehicles other than railway or tramway rolling stock, and parts and accessories thereof 247,799 1.71 117,498110.90
89 Ships, boats and floating structures 1,335,739 9.21 1,287,2963.76
90 Optical, photographic, cinematographic, measuring, checking, precision, medical or surgical instruments and apparatus; parts and accessories thereof 243,133 1.68 310,337-21.66
91 Clocks and watches and parts thereof 70 0.00 362-80.66
92 Musical instruments; parts and accessories of such articles 403,533 2.78 241,20667.30
94 Furniture; bedding, mattresses, mattress supports, cushions and similar stuffed furnishings; lamps and lighting fittings, not elsewhere specified or included; illuminated sign illuminated nameplates and the like; prefabricated buildings 30,260 0.21 12,272146.58
95 Toys, games and sports requisites; parts and accessories thereof 222,753 1.54 213,2694.45
96 Miscellaneous manufactured articles 213,659 1.47 28,447651.08
SS Classified 56,180 0.39 0
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Russian foreign trade statistics
Source: Federal Customs Service of Russia