Russian foreign trade
reports and reviews

Russian trade in goods with Romania in Q4 2019

by Russian Foreign Trade
based on data from the Federal Customs Service of Russia
The Report on Russia’s foreign trade in goods with Romania in the fourth quarter of 2019: exports, imports, products, dynamics.

Russia’s Trade with Romania

In the 4th quarter of 2019, Russia’s trade with Romania was $1,164,960,205, down 8.58% ($109,284,621) from the 4th quarter of 2018.

Russia’s exports to Romania in the 4th quarter of 2019 were $800,539,070, down 7.92% ($68,850,222) from the 4th quarter of 2018.

Russia’s imports from Romania in the 4th quarter of 2019 were $364,421,135, down 9.99% ($40,434,399) from the 4th quarter of 2018.

Russia’s trade surplus with Romania in the 4th quarter of 2019 was $436,117,935, a 6.12% decrease ($28,415,823) over the 4th quarter of 2018.

Romania was Russia’s 33rd largest trading partner in the 4th quarter of 2019 (down from 31st in the 4th quarter of 2018), accounting for 0.6477% of Russia’s total trade (down from 0.6820% in the 4th quarter of 2018).

Romania was Russia’s 31st largest export market in the 4th quarter of 2019 (up from 33rd in the 4th quarter of 2018), accounting for 0.7158% of Russia’s total exports (up from 0.6983% in the 4th quarter of 2018).

Romania was Russia’s 32nd largest supplier in the 4th quarter of 2019 (down from 31st in the 4th quarter of 2018), accounting for 0.5357% of Russia’s total imports (down from 0.6494% in the 4th quarter of 2018).

Russia’s Exports to Romania

The major share of Russian exports to Romania in the 4th quarter of 2019 (and in the 4th quarter of 2018) was accounted for the following product types:

  • Mineral products (HS codes 25-27) - 78.67% of Russia’s total exports to Romania (77.90% in the 4th quarter of 2018);
  • Chemical products (HS codes 28-40) - 10.64% of Russia’s total exports to Romania (9.19% in the 4th quarter of 2018);
  • Machinery, equipment and vehicles (HS codes 84-90) - 4.32% of Russia’s total exports to Romania (5.97% in the 4th quarter of 2018);
  • Wood and wood products (HS codes 44-49) - 2.23% of Russia’s total exports to Romania (2.36% in the 4th quarter of 2018);
  • Metals and products from them (HS codes 72-83) - 1.98% of Russia’s total exports to Romania (3.06% in the 4th quarter of 2018);
  • Food products and agricultural raw materials (HS codes 01-24) - 1.16% of Russia’s total exports to Romania (0.58% in the 4th quarter of 2018).

The largest gains in Russia’s exports to Romania in the 4th quarter of 2019 over the 4th quarter of 2018 were recorded for the following product groups:

  • Fertilizers (HS code 31) - an increase of $14,116,388;
  • Oil seeds and oleaginous fruits; miscellaneous grains, seeds and fruits; industrial or medicinal plants; straw and fodder (HS code 12) - an increase of $8,505,255;
  • Electrical machinery and equipment and parts thereof; sound recorders and reproducers, television image and sound recorders and reproducers, and parts and accessories of such articles (HS code 85) - an increase of $4,901,315.

The largest declines in Russia’s exports to Romania in the 4th quarter of 2019 over the 4th quarter of 2018 were recorded for the following product groups:

  • Mineral fuels, mineral oils and products of their distillation; bituminous substances; mineral waxes (HS code 27) - a decrease of $38,731,629;
  • Nuclear reactors, boilers, machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof (HS code 84) - a decrease of $15,202,770;
  • Iron and steel (HS code 72) - a decrease of $9,945,542;
  • Ores, slag and ash (HS code 26) - a decrease of $8,617,327;
  • Vehicles other than railway or tramway rolling stock, and parts and accessories thereof (HS code 87) - a decrease of $7,400,327;
  • Organic chemicals (HS code 29) - a decrease of $5,100,477;
  • Rubber and articles thereof (HS code 40) - a decrease of $2,933,390;
  • Cereals (HS code 10) - a decrease of $2,509,607;
  • Wood and articles of wood; wood charcoal (HS code 44) - a decrease of $2,483,372.
Russia’s exports to Romania in the 4th quarter of 2019 by product groups
HS
code
Name of product group Value of exports
in Q4 2019,
US dollars ($)
Percent share in total export Value of exports
in Q4 2018,
US dollars ($)
Percent change
in Q4 2019
over Q4 2018
05 Products of animal origin, not elsewhere specified or included 26,977 0.00 146,612-81.60
07 Edible vegetables and certain roots and tubers 47,120 0.01 494,560-90.47
09 Coffee, tea, maté and spices 40,227 0.01 15,499159.55
10 Cereals 0 0.00 2,509,607-100.00
11 Products of the milling industry; malt; starches; inulin; wheat gluten 162,085 0.02 103,65656.37
12 Oil seeds and oleaginous fruits; miscellaneous grains, seeds and fruits; industrial or medicinal plants; straw and fodder 8,573,403 1.07 68,14812,480.56
13 Lac; gums, resins and other vegetable saps and extracts 2,960 0.00 3,018-1.92
15 Animal or vegetable fats and oils and their cleavage products prepared edible fats; animal or vegetable waxes 142,740 0.02 0
16 Preparations of meat, of fish or of crustaceans, molluscs or other aquatic invertebrates 0 0.00 119,019-100.00
17 Sugars and sugar confectionery 4,465 0.00 1,209269.31
18 Cocoa and cocoa preparations 82,204 0.01 22,668262.64
19 Preparations of cereals, flour, starch or milk; bakers’ wares 8,994 0.00 27,144-66.87
21 Miscellaneous edible preparations 89,298 0.01 39,941123.57
22 Beverages, spirits and vinegar 75,841 0.01 27,526175.52
24 Tobacco and manufactured tobacco substitutes 0 0.00 1,448,397-100.00
25 Salt; sulfur; earths and stone; plastering materials, lime and cement 4,606,467 0.58 4,663,343-1.22
26 Ores, slag and ash 8,089 0.00 8,625,416-99.91
27 Mineral fuels, mineral oils and products of their distillation; bituminous substances; mineral waxes 625,192,994 78.10 663,924,623-5.83
28 Inorganic chemicals; organic or inorganic compounds of precious metals, of rare-earth metals,of radioactive elements or of isotopes 6,359,500 0.79 7,114,940-10.62
29 Organic chemicals 6,859,625 0.86 11,960,102-42.65
30 Pharmaceutical products 272,228 0.03 52,705416.51
31 Fertilizers 45,493,029 5.68 31,376,64144.99
32 Tanning or dyeing extracts; dyes, pigments, paints, varnishes, putty and mastics 47,359 0.01 25,10988.61
33 Essential oils and resinoids; perfumery, cosmetic or toilet preparations 1,241,468 0.16 619,037100.55
34 Soap, organic surface-active agents, washing preparations, lubricating preparations, artificial waxes, prepared waxes, polishing or scouring preparations, candles and similar articles, modeling pastes, "dental waxes" and dental preparations with a basis of plaster 264,441 0.03 162,79362.44
35 Albuminoidal substances; modified starches; glues; enzymes 18,744 0.00 13,74636.36
36 Explosives; pyrotechnic products; matches; pyrophoric alloys; certain combustible preparations 19,900 0.00 20,845-4.53
38 Miscellaneous chemical products 216,072 0.03 368,614-41.38
39 Plastics and articles thereof 2,552,172 0.32 3,443,994-25.89
40 Rubber and articles thereof 21,844,154 2.73 24,777,544-11.84
41 Raw hides and skins (other than furskins) and leather 153,738 0.02 133,50115.16
42 Articles of leather; saddlery and harness; travel goods, handbags and similar containers; articles of animal gut (other than silkworm gut) 52,518 0.01 24221,601.65
44 Wood and articles of wood; wood charcoal 10,467,423 1.31 12,950,795-19.18
46 Manufactures of straw, of esparto or of other plaiting materials; basketware and wickerwork 11 0.00 56-80.36
47 Pulp of wood or of other fibrous cellulosic material; waste and scrap of paper or paperboard 0 0.00 66,851-100.00
48 Paper and paperboard; articles of paper pulp, of paper or of paperboard 7,399,147 0.92 7,448,957-0.67
49 Printed books, newspapers, pictures and other products of the printing industry; manuscripts, typescripts and plans 2,138 0.00 48,586-95.60
52 Cotton 30,419 0.00 0
53 Other vegetable textile fibers; paper yarn and woven fabric of paper yarn 21,217 0.00 56,024-62.13
54 Man-made filaments 23,387 0.00 31,564-25.91
55 Man-made staple fibers 0 0.00 14,294-100.00
56 Wadding, felt and nonwovens; special yarns, twine, cordage, ropes and cables and articles thereof 182,949 0.02 261,268-29.98
57 Carpets and other textile floor coverings 62,082 0.01 0
59 Impregnated, coated, covered or laminated textile fabrics; textile articles of a kind suitable for industrial use 1,903 0.00 25,992-92.68
61 Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, knitted or crocheted 8,945 0.00 3,310170.24
62 Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, not knitted or crocheted 17,539 0.00 5,862199.20
63 Other made up textile articles; sets; worn clothing and worn textile articles; rags 241,902 0.03 68,351253.91
64 Footwear, gaiters and the like; parts of such articles 196,235 0.02 1,84310,547.59
67 Prepared feathers and down and articles made of feathers or of down; artificial flowers; articles of human hair 388 0.00 6,544-94.07
68 Articles of stone, plaster, cement, asbestos, mica or similar materials 1,626,724 0.20 2,948,082-44.82
69 Ceramic products 392,620 0.05 363,7347.94
70 Glass and glassware 2,668,642 0.33 2,605,1202.44
71 Natural or cultured pearls, precious or semi-precious stones,precious metals, metals clad with precious metal and articles thereof; imitation jewelry; coin 5,510 0.00 6,722-18.03
72 Iron and steel 14,353,482 1.79 24,299,024-40.93
73 Articles of iron or steel 896,906 0.11 1,191,109-24.70
74 Copper and articles thereof 2,284 0.00 5,041-54.69
75 Nickel and articles thereof 1,537 0.00 58,947-97.39
76 Aluminum and articles thereof 366,858 0.05 653,789-43.89
78 Lead and articles thereof 42 0.00 1,162-96.39
81 Other base metals; cermets; articles thereof 5,873 0.00 956,082.11
82 Tools, implements, cutlery, spoons and forks, of base metal; parts thereof of base metal 126,319 0.02 294,257-57.07
83 Miscellaneous articles of base metal 77,981 0.01 104,742-25.55
84 Nuclear reactors, boilers, machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof 11,032,810 1.38 26,235,580-57.95
85 Electrical machinery and equipment and parts thereof; sound recorders and reproducers, television image and sound recorders and reproducers, and parts and accessories of such articles 14,469,961 1.81 9,568,64651.22
86 Railway or tramway locomotives, rolling-stock and parts thereof; railway or tramway track fixtures and fittings and parts thereof; mechanical (including electro-mechanical) traffic signalling equipment of all kinds 51,837 0.01 81,273-36.22
87 Vehicles other than railway or tramway rolling stock, and parts and accessories thereof 7,512,852 0.94 14,913,179-49.62
89 Ships, boats and floating structures 231,848 0.03 0
90 Optical, photographic, cinematographic, measuring, checking, precision, medical or surgical instruments and apparatus; parts and accessories thereof 1,275,247 0.16 1,131,81212.67
92 Musical instruments; parts and accessories of such articles 0 0.00 6,929-100.00
94 Furniture; bedding, mattresses, mattress supports, cushions and similar stuffed furnishings; lamps and lighting fittings, not elsewhere specified or included; illuminated sign illuminated nameplates and the like; prefabricated buildings 700,017 0.09 447,75356.34
95 Toys, games and sports requisites; parts and accessories thereof 347,957 0.04 34,219916.85
96 Miscellaneous manufactured articles 1,274,634 0.16 1,137,58112.05
SS Classified 2,632 0.00 0

Russia’s Imports from Romania

The major share of Russian imports from Romania in the 4th quarter of 2019 (and in the 4th quarter of 2018) was accounted for the following product types:

  • Machinery, equipment and vehicles (HS codes 84-90) - 50.56% of Russia’s total imports from Romania (59.91% in the 4th quarter of 2018);
  • Chemical products (HS codes 28-40) - 27.01% of Russia’s total imports from Romania (20.01% in the 4th quarter of 2018);
  • Textiles, textile products and footwear (HS codes 50-67) - 8.55% of Russia’s total imports from Romania (8.80% in the 4th quarter of 2018);
  • Food products and agricultural raw materials (HS codes 01-24) - 4.93% of Russia’s total imports from Romania (1.90% in the 4th quarter of 2018);
  • Metals and products from them (HS codes 72-83) - 3.90% of Russia’s total imports from Romania (5.00% in the 4th quarter of 2018);
  • Precious metals and stones (HS code 71) - 1.02% of Russia’s total imports from Romania (0.03% in the 4th quarter of 2018).

The largest gains in Russia’s imports from Romania in the 4th quarter of 2019 over the 4th quarter of 2018 were recorded for the following product groups:

  • Pharmaceutical products (HS code 30) - an increase of $11,917,557;
  • Oil seeds and oleaginous fruits; miscellaneous grains, seeds and fruits; industrial or medicinal plants; straw and fodder (HS code 12) - an increase of $6,914,465;
  • Tobacco and manufactured tobacco substitutes (HS code 24) - an increase of $6,091,060;
  • Essential oils and resinoids; perfumery, cosmetic or toilet preparations (HS code 33) - an increase of $4,354,676;
  • Rubber and articles thereof (HS code 40) - an increase of $3,857,568;
  • Natural or cultured pearls, precious or semi-precious stones,precious metals, metals clad with precious metal and articles thereof; imitation jewelry; coin (HS code 71) - an increase of $3,585,811;
  • Electrical machinery and equipment and parts thereof; sound recorders and reproducers, television image and sound recorders and reproducers, and parts and accessories of such articles (HS code 85) - an increase of $2,088,462.

The largest declines in Russia’s imports from Romania in the 4th quarter of 2019 over the 4th quarter of 2018 were recorded for the following product groups:

  • Nuclear reactors, boilers, machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof (HS code 84) - a decrease of $32,488,902;
  • Ships, boats and floating structures (HS code 89) - a decrease of $20,428,831;
  • Vehicles other than railway or tramway rolling stock, and parts and accessories thereof (HS code 87) - a decrease of $7,729,296;
  • Cereals (HS code 10) - a decrease of $3,246,166;
  • Articles of iron or steel (HS code 73) - a decrease of $2,812,800;
  • Plastics and articles thereof (HS code 39) - a decrease of $2,402,857;
  • Miscellaneous articles of base metal (HS code 83) - a decrease of $2,375,976;
  • Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, not knitted or crocheted (HS code 62) - a decrease of $2,287,369;
  • Mineral fuels, mineral oils and products of their distillation; bituminous substances; mineral waxes (HS code 27) - a decrease of $1,576,272;
  • Iron and steel (HS code 72) - a decrease of $1,505,832;
  • Footwear, gaiters and the like; parts of such articles (HS code 64) - a decrease of $1,470,444.
Russia’s imports from Romania in the 4th quarter of 2019 by product groups
HS
code
Name of product group Value of imports in Q4 2019,
US dollars ($)
Percent share in total import Value of imports in Q4 2018,
US dollars ($)
Percent change
in Q4 2019
over Q4 2018
06 Live trees and other plants; bulbs, roots and the like; cut flowers and ornamental foliage 84 0.00 0
10 Cereals 2,941,451 0.81 6,187,617-52.46
12 Oil seeds and oleaginous fruits; miscellaneous grains, seeds and fruits; industrial or medicinal plants; straw and fodder 6,916,272 1.90 1,807382,648.87
15 Animal or vegetable fats and oils and their cleavage products prepared edible fats; animal or vegetable waxes 42,391 0.01 162,094-73.85
17 Sugars and sugar confectionery 7,375 0.00 128,599-94.27
18 Cocoa and cocoa preparations 115,407 0.03 83,71737.85
19 Preparations of cereals, flour, starch or milk; bakers’ wares 13,460 0.00 60,859-77.88
20 Preparations of vegetables, fruit, nuts or other parts of plants 284,271 0.08 294,412-3.44
21 Miscellaneous edible preparations 1,273,084 0.35 564,950125.34
22 Beverages, spirits and vinegar 109,166 0.03 66,09265.17
24 Tobacco and manufactured tobacco substitutes 6,246,478 1.71 155,4183,919.15
25 Salt; sulfur; earths and stone; plastering materials, lime and cement 0 0.00 30,473-100.00
27 Mineral fuels, mineral oils and products of their distillation; bituminous substances; mineral waxes 578,140 0.16 2,154,412-73.16
28 Inorganic chemicals; organic or inorganic compounds of precious metals, of rare-earth metals,of radioactive elements or of isotopes 231,022 0.06 217,9745.99
29 Organic chemicals 526,129 0.14 1,004,785-47.64
30 Pharmaceutical products 50,697,525 13.91 38,779,96830.73
31 Fertilizers 17,729 0.00 33,392-46.91
32 Tanning or dyeing extracts; dyes, pigments, paints, varnishes, putty and mastics 554,475 0.15 418,96832.34
33 Essential oils and resinoids; perfumery, cosmetic or toilet preparations 23,590,079 6.47 19,235,40322.64
34 Soap, organic surface-active agents, washing preparations, lubricating preparations, artificial waxes, prepared waxes, polishing or scouring preparations, candles and similar articles, modeling pastes, "dental waxes" and dental preparations with a basis of plaster 166,724 0.05 166,4450.17
35 Albuminoidal substances; modified starches; glues; enzymes 11,573 0.00 11,785-1.80
38 Miscellaneous chemical products 158,626 0.04 98,13261.65
39 Plastics and articles thereof 7,453,729 2.05 9,856,586-24.38
40 Rubber and articles thereof 15,032,101 4.12 11,174,53334.52
41 Raw hides and skins (other than furskins) and leather 121,821 0.03 19,612521.16
42 Articles of leather; saddlery and harness; travel goods, handbags and similar containers; articles of animal gut (other than silkworm gut) 1,873,880 0.51 1,378,56235.93
43 Furskins and artificial fur; manufactures thereof 62,605 0.02 7,861696.40
44 Wood and articles of wood; wood charcoal 2,385,125 0.65 1,979,46020.49
46 Manufactures of straw, of esparto or of other plaiting materials; basketware and wickerwork 48 0.00 82-41.46
48 Paper and paperboard; articles of paper pulp, of paper or of paperboard 70,217 0.02 238,546-70.56
49 Printed books, newspapers, pictures and other products of the printing industry; manuscripts, typescripts and plans 211,991 0.06 413,854-48.78
51 Wool, fine or coarse animal hair; horsehair yarn and woven fabric 103,274 0.03 104,664-1.33
52 Cotton 12,039 0.00 1,719600.35
53 Other vegetable textile fibers; paper yarn and woven fabric of paper yarn 958 0.00 0
54 Man-made filaments 493,900 0.14 322,15953.31
55 Man-made staple fibers 458,003 0.13 730,921-37.34
56 Wadding, felt and nonwovens; special yarns, twine, cordage, ropes and cables and articles thereof 127,534 0.03 237,016-46.19
57 Carpets and other textile floor coverings 6,658 0.00 52,889-87.41
58 Special woven fabrics; tufted textile fabrics; lace, tapestries; trimmings; embroidery 264,549 0.07 674,499-60.78
59 Impregnated, coated, covered or laminated textile fabrics; textile articles of a kind suitable for industrial use 1,200,901 0.33 1,330,998-9.77
60 Knitted or crocheted fabrics 23,749 0.01 13,18380.15
61 Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, knitted or crocheted 5,877,734 1.61 5,797,3831.39
62 Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, not knitted or crocheted 12,381,868 3.40 14,669,237-15.59
63 Other made up textile articles; sets; worn clothing and worn textile articles; rags 463,293 0.13 604,200-23.32
64 Footwear, gaiters and the like; parts of such articles 9,513,843 2.61 10,984,287-13.39
65 Headgear and parts thereof 133,833 0.04 96,18239.15
66 Umbrellas, sun umbrellas, walking sticks, seatsticks, whips, riding-crops and parts thereof 148 0.00 0
67 Prepared feathers and down and articles made of feathers or of down; artificial flowers; articles of human hair 101,931 0.03 16,693510.62
68 Articles of stone, plaster, cement, asbestos, mica or similar materials 76,227 0.02 7,460921.81
69 Ceramic products 1,249,975 0.34 1,906,606-34.44
70 Glass and glassware 1,154,370 0.32 1,388,828-16.88
71 Natural or cultured pearls, precious or semi-precious stones,precious metals, metals clad with precious metal and articles thereof; imitation jewelry; coin 3,722,819 1.02 137,0082,617.23
72 Iron and steel 1,472,333 0.40 2,978,165-50.56
73 Articles of iron or steel 6,080,151 1.67 8,892,951-31.63
74 Copper and articles thereof 4,454 0.00 8,143-45.30
75 Nickel and articles thereof 654,815 0.18 6,18210,492.28
76 Aluminum and articles thereof 746,165 0.20 805,155-7.33
78 Lead and articles thereof 2 0.00 0
79 Zinc and articles thereof 28,052 0.01 39,378-28.76
81 Other base metals; cermets; articles thereof 9,872 0.00 8,30718.84
82 Tools, implements, cutlery, spoons and forks, of base metal; parts thereof of base metal 173,310 0.05 96,93478.79
83 Miscellaneous articles of base metal 5,044,152 1.38 7,420,128-32.02
84 Nuclear reactors, boilers, machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof 47,517,359 13.04 80,006,261-40.61
85 Electrical machinery and equipment and parts thereof; sound recorders and reproducers, television image and sound recorders and reproducers, and parts and accessories of such articles 58,547,514 16.07 56,459,0523.70
86 Railway or tramway locomotives, rolling-stock and parts thereof; railway or tramway track fixtures and fittings and parts thereof; mechanical (including electro-mechanical) traffic signalling equipment of all kinds 1,219 0.00 1,735-29.74
87 Vehicles other than railway or tramway rolling stock, and parts and accessories thereof 70,045,534 19.22 77,774,830-9.94
89 Ships, boats and floating structures 474,702 0.13 20,903,533-97.73
90 Optical, photographic, cinematographic, measuring, checking, precision, medical or surgical instruments and apparatus; parts and accessories thereof 7,649,713 2.10 7,389,4753.52
91 Clocks and watches and parts thereof 15 0.00 553-97.29
92 Musical instruments; parts and accessories of such articles 68,110 0.02 138,487-50.82
94 Furniture; bedding, mattresses, mattress supports, cushions and similar stuffed furnishings; lamps and lighting fittings, not elsewhere specified or included; illuminated sign illuminated nameplates and the like; prefabricated buildings 5,525,419 1.52 6,367,225-13.22
95 Toys, games and sports requisites; parts and accessories thereof 886,672 0.24 821,5447.93
96 Miscellaneous manufactured articles 416,307 0.11 735,166-43.37
SS Classified 14,681 0.00 0
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Russian foreign trade statistics
Source: Federal Customs Service of Russia