Russian foreign trade
reports and reviews

Russian trade with India in 2019

by Russian Foreign Trade
based on data from the Federal Customs Service of Russia
The Report on Russia’s foreign trade in goods with India in 2019: exports, imports, products, dynamics.

Russia’s Trade with India

In 2019, Russia’s trade with India totaled $11,229,894,864, up 2.30% ($252,956,414) from 2018.

Russia’s exports to India in 2019 were $7,308,100,979, down 5.73% ($444,208,352) from 2018.

Russia’s imports from India in 2019 totaled $3,921,793,885, up 21.62% ($697,164,766) from 2018.

Russia’s trade surplus with India in 2019 was $3,386,307,094, a 25.21% decrease ($1,141,373,118) over 2018.

India was Russia’s 16th largest trading partner in 2019 (up from 17th in 2018), accounting for 1.6848% of Russia’s total trade (up from 1.5952% in 2018).

India was Russia’s 14th largest export market in 2019 (up from 16th in 2018), accounting for 1.7286% of Russia’s total exports (up from 1.7229% in 2018).

India was Russia’s 15th largest supplier in 2019 (up from 19th in 2018), accounting for 1.6087% of Russia’s total imports (up from 1.3540% in 2018).

Russia’s Exports to India

The major share of Russian exports to India in 2019 (and in 2018) was accounted for the following product types:

  • Mineral products (HS codes 25-27) - 31.27% of Russia’s total exports to India (24.81% in 2018);
  • Machinery, equipment and vehicles (HS codes 84-90) - 21.33% of Russia’s total exports to India (27.09% in 2018);
  • Chemical products (HS codes 28-40) - 12.18% of Russia’s total exports to India (11.59% in 2018);
  • Precious metals and stones (HS code 71) - 10.48% of Russia’s total exports to India (13.88% in 2018);
  • Wood and wood products (HS codes 44-49) - 6.10% of Russia’s total exports to India (5.12% in 2018);
  • Metals and products from them (HS codes 72-83) - 4.14% of Russia’s total exports to India (4.08% in 2018);
  • Food products and agricultural raw materials (HS codes 01-24) - 3.19% of Russia’s total exports to India (0.86% in 2018).

The largest gains in Russia’s exports to India in 2019 over 2018 were recorded for the following product groups:

  • Mineral fuels, mineral oils and products of their distillation; bituminous substances; mineral waxes (HS code 27) - an increase of $342,033,111;
  • Animal or vegetable fats and oils and their cleavage products prepared edible fats; animal or vegetable waxes (HS code 15) - an increase of $142,567,209;
  • Printed books, newspapers, pictures and other products of the printing industry; manuscripts, typescripts and plans (HS code 49) - an increase of $67,556,916;
  • Optical, photographic, cinematographic, measuring, checking, precision, medical or surgical instruments and apparatus; parts and accessories thereof (HS code 90) - an increase of $48,091,280;
  • Fertilizers (HS code 31) - an increase of $34,489,040;
  • Edible vegetables and certain roots and tubers (HS code 07) - an increase of $24,152,497;
  • Articles of iron or steel (HS code 73) - an increase of $24,032,963.

The largest declines in Russia’s exports to India in 2019 over 2018 were recorded for the following product groups:

  • Natural or cultured pearls, precious or semi-precious stones,precious metals, metals clad with precious metal and articles thereof; imitation jewelry; coin (HS code 71) - a decrease of $309,513,126;
  • Nuclear reactors, boilers, machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof (HS code 84) - a decrease of $254,708,563;
  • Ships, boats and floating structures (HS code 89) - a decrease of $169,416,267;
  • Electrical machinery and equipment and parts thereof; sound recorders and reproducers, television image and sound recorders and reproducers, and parts and accessories of such articles (HS code 85) - a decrease of $154,322,499;
  • Iron and steel (HS code 72) - a decrease of $55,457,584;
  • Organic chemicals (HS code 29) - a decrease of $31,995,280;
  • Rubber and articles thereof (HS code 40) - a decrease of $30,276,950.
Russia’s exports to India in 2019 by product groups
HS
code
Name of product group Value of exports
in 2019,
US dollars ($)
Percent share in total export Value of exports
in 2018,
US dollars ($)
Percent change
in 2019
over 2018
02 Meat and edible meat offal 53,157 0.00 14,786259.51
04 Dairy produce; birds eggs; natural honey; edible products of animal origin, not elsewhere specified or included 3,213 0.00 0
05 Products of animal origin, not elsewhere specified or included 232,216 0.00 14,5311,498.07
07 Edible vegetables and certain roots and tubers 64,644,338 0.88 40,491,84159.65
09 Coffee, tea, maté and spices 4,387,598 0.06 4,275,9202.61
10 Cereals 15,974 0.00 0
12 Oil seeds and oleaginous fruits; miscellaneous grains, seeds and fruits; industrial or medicinal plants; straw and fodder 93,335 0.00 510,853-81.73
13 Lac; gums, resins and other vegetable saps and extracts 175 0.00 144,619-99.88
15 Animal or vegetable fats and oils and their cleavage products prepared edible fats; animal or vegetable waxes 163,394,430 2.24 20,827,221684.52
16 Preparations of meat, of fish or of crustaceans, molluscs or other aquatic invertebrates 19,066 0.00 21,192-10.03
17 Sugars and sugar confectionery 551 0.00 736-25.14
18 Cocoa and cocoa preparations 3,094 0.00 0
19 Preparations of cereals, flour, starch or milk; bakers’ wares 45,371 0.00 0
20 Preparations of vegetables, fruit, nuts or other parts of plants 0 0.00 698-100.00
21 Miscellaneous edible preparations 116,171 0.00 147,930-21.47
22 Beverages, spirits and vinegar 353,829 0.00 237,19849.17
25 Salt; sulfur; earths and stone; plastering materials, lime and cement 87,354,755 1.20 68,475,68827.57
26 Ores, slag and ash 639,334 0.01 0
27 Mineral fuels, mineral oils and products of their distillation; bituminous substances; mineral waxes 2,196,923,329 30.06 1,854,890,21818.44
28 Inorganic chemicals; organic or inorganic compounds of precious metals, of rare-earth metals,of radioactive elements or of isotopes 166,493,532 2.28 168,250,883-1.04
29 Organic chemicals 38,828,791 0.53 70,824,071-45.18
30 Pharmaceutical products 1,309,495 0.02 1,841,544-28.89
31 Fertilizers 344,493,721 4.71 310,004,68111.13
32 Tanning or dyeing extracts; dyes, pigments, paints, varnishes, putty and mastics 17,399,831 0.24 10,462,18666.31
33 Essential oils and resinoids; perfumery, cosmetic or toilet preparations 212,506 0.00 216,682-1.93
34 Soap, organic surface-active agents, washing preparations, lubricating preparations, artificial waxes, prepared waxes, polishing or scouring preparations, candles and similar articles, modeling pastes, "dental waxes" and dental preparations with a basis of plaster 4,061,760 0.06 1,605,107153.05
35 Albuminoidal substances; modified starches; glues; enzymes 523,824 0.01 1,426,964-63.29
36 Explosives; pyrotechnic products; matches; pyrophoric alloys; certain combustible preparations 8,249,031 0.11 6,385,20829.19
37 Photographic or cinematographic goods 16,652 0.00 11,12849.64
38 Miscellaneous chemical products 12,876,193 0.18 12,382,5783.99
39 Plastics and articles thereof 150,824,311 2.06 140,293,1887.51
40 Rubber and articles thereof 144,520,503 1.98 174,797,453-17.32
41 Raw hides and skins (other than furskins) and leather 7,722,320 0.11 9,222,639-16.27
42 Articles of leather; saddlery and harness; travel goods, handbags and similar containers; articles of animal gut (other than silkworm gut) 29,035 0.00 58,426-50.30
44 Wood and articles of wood; wood charcoal 18,965,764 0.26 17,552,8638.05
47 Pulp of wood or of other fibrous cellulosic material; waste and scrap of paper or paperboard 14,083,794 0.19 17,935,488-21.48
48 Paper and paperboard; articles of paper pulp, of paper or of paperboard 258,110,092 3.53 273,836,247-5.74
49 Printed books, newspapers, pictures and other products of the printing industry; manuscripts, typescripts and plans 154,988,979 2.12 87,432,06377.27
50 Silk 3,303 0.00 0
51 Wool, fine or coarse animal hair; horsehair yarn and woven fabric 4,998,028 0.07 4,135,29220.86
52 Cotton 27,410 0.00 7,089286.66
53 Other vegetable textile fibers; paper yarn and woven fabric of paper yarn 29,701 0.00 54,631-45.63
54 Man-made filaments 903,788 0.01 3,187,469-71.65
55 Man-made staple fibers 5,350 0.00 1,814194.93
56 Wadding, felt and nonwovens; special yarns, twine, cordage, ropes and cables and articles thereof 77,169 0.00 129,967-40.62
57 Carpets and other textile floor coverings 803 0.00 0
58 Special woven fabrics; tufted textile fabrics; lace, tapestries; trimmings; embroidery 4,880 0.00 1,590206.92
59 Impregnated, coated, covered or laminated textile fabrics; textile articles of a kind suitable for industrial use 8,153,706 0.11 14,096,871-42.16
60 Knitted or crocheted fabrics 20,831 0.00 0
61 Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, knitted or crocheted 55,028 0.00 112,698-51.17
62 Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, not knitted or crocheted 458,050 0.01 100,314356.62
63 Other made up textile articles; sets; worn clothing and worn textile articles; rags 697,565 0.01 176,462295.31
64 Footwear, gaiters and the like; parts of such articles 6,896 0.00 433,056-98.41
65 Headgear and parts thereof 1,428 0.00 1,797-20.53
66 Umbrellas, sun umbrellas, walking sticks, seatsticks, whips, riding-crops and parts thereof 200 0.00 18011.11
68 Articles of stone, plaster, cement, asbestos, mica or similar materials 3,482,562 0.05 2,732,04227.47
69 Ceramic products 366,984 0.01 527,491-30.43
70 Glass and glassware 2,344,624 0.03 2,600,475-9.84
71 Natural or cultured pearls, precious or semi-precious stones,precious metals, metals clad with precious metal and articles thereof; imitation jewelry; coin 766,223,395 10.48 1,075,736,521-28.77
72 Iron and steel 88,865,444 1.22 144,323,028-38.43
73 Articles of iron or steel 151,773,951 2.08 127,740,98818.81
74 Copper and articles thereof 13,035,869 0.18 2,385,162446.54
75 Nickel and articles thereof 14,634,961 0.20 6,045,029142.10
76 Aluminum and articles thereof 18,020,429 0.25 16,439,8459.61
78 Lead and articles thereof 1,819 0.00 93794.13
79 Zinc and articles thereof 88,539 0.00 18,547377.38
80 Tin and articles thereof 8,070 0.00 6,51723.83
81 Other base metals; cermets; articles thereof 11,587,908 0.16 15,047,434-22.99
82 Tools, implements, cutlery, spoons and forks, of base metal; parts thereof of base metal 1,159,260 0.02 3,065,117-62.18
83 Miscellaneous articles of base metal 3,588,853 0.05 952,473276.79
84 Nuclear reactors, boilers, machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof 843,055,137 11.54 1,097,763,700-23.20
85 Electrical machinery and equipment and parts thereof; sound recorders and reproducers, television image and sound recorders and reproducers, and parts and accessories of such articles 366,009,731 5.01 520,332,230-29.66
86 Railway or tramway locomotives, rolling-stock and parts thereof; railway or tramway track fixtures and fittings and parts thereof; mechanical (including electro-mechanical) traffic signalling equipment of all kinds 330,117 0.00 1,20027,409.75
87 Vehicles other than railway or tramway rolling stock, and parts and accessories thereof 9,536,856 0.13 20,898,717-54.37
89 Ships, boats and floating structures 34,265,486 0.47 203,681,753-83.18
90 Optical, photographic, cinematographic, measuring, checking, precision, medical or surgical instruments and apparatus; parts and accessories thereof 305,732,513 4.18 257,641,23318.67
91 Clocks and watches and parts thereof 45,483 0.00 33,53635.62
92 Musical instruments; parts and accessories of such articles 2,245 0.00 4,775-52.98
94 Furniture; bedding, mattresses, mattress supports, cushions and similar stuffed furnishings; lamps and lighting fittings, not elsewhere specified or included; illuminated sign illuminated nameplates and the like; prefabricated buildings 7,359,487 0.10 1,448,147408.20
95 Toys, games and sports requisites; parts and accessories thereof 224,436 0.00 239,116-6.14
96 Miscellaneous manufactured articles 136,363 0.00 195,526-30.26
97 Works of art, collectors’ pieces and antiques 1,964 0.00 0
SS Classified 788,784,287 10.79 935 415 732-15.68

Russia’s Imports from India

The major share of Russian imports from India in 2019 (and in 2018) was accounted for the following product types:

  • Machinery, equipment and vehicles (HS codes 84-90) - 31.51% of Russia’s total imports from India (25.26% in 2018);
  • Chemical products (HS codes 28-40) - 30.54% of Russia’s total imports from India (30.64% in 2018);
  • Food products and agricultural raw materials (HS codes 01-24) - 18.28% of Russia’s total imports from India (21.50% in 2018);
  • Textiles, textile products and footwear (HS codes 50-67) - 8.46% of Russia’s total imports from India (11.19% in 2018);
  • Metals and products from them (HS codes 72-83) - 5.77% of Russia’s total imports from India (5.88% in 2018);
  • Precious metals and stones (HS code 71) - 1.15% of Russia’s total imports from India (0.94% in 2018).

The largest gains in Russia’s imports from India in 2019 over 2018 were recorded for the following product groups:

  • Electrical machinery and equipment and parts thereof; sound recorders and reproducers, television image and sound recorders and reproducers, and parts and accessories of such articles (HS code 85) - an increase of $353,078,701;
  • Pharmaceutical products (HS code 30) - an increase of $118,368,406;
  • Nuclear reactors, boilers, machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof (HS code 84) - an increase of $79,391,508;
  • Organic chemicals (HS code 29) - an increase of $67,512,726;
  • Iron and steel (HS code 72) - an increase of $29,282,190;
  • Natural or cultured pearls, precious or semi-precious stones,precious metals, metals clad with precious metal and articles thereof; imitation jewelry; coin (HS code 71) - an increase of $14,894,499;
  • Miscellaneous edible preparations (HS code 21) - an increase of $14,744,645;
  • Ores, slag and ash (HS code 26) - an increase of $13,102,371.

The largest declines in Russia’s imports from India in 2019 over 2018 were recorded for the following product groups:

  • Vehicles other than railway or tramway rolling stock, and parts and accessories thereof (HS code 87) - a decrease of $18,360,675;
  • Coffee, tea, maté and spices (HS code 09) - a decrease of $16,618,599.
Russia’s imports from India in 2019 by product groups
HS
code
Name of product group Value of imports in 2019,
US dollars ($)
Percent share in total import Value of imports in 2018,
US dollars ($)
Percent change
in 2019
over 2018
02 Meat and edible meat offal 61,253,101 1.56 60,475,8631.29
03 Fish and crustaceans, molluscs and other aquatic invertebrates 96,849,098 2.47 88,388,1619.57
04 Dairy produce; birds eggs; natural honey; edible products of animal origin, not elsewhere specified or included 5,724,640 0.15 3,519,25062.67
05 Products of animal origin, not elsewhere specified or included 1,253 0.00 9,102-86.23
06 Live trees and other plants; bulbs, roots and the like; cut flowers and ornamental foliage 61,181 0.00 80,370-23.88
07 Edible vegetables and certain roots and tubers 28,254,115 0.72 27,948,3541.09
08 Edible fruit and nuts; peel of citrus fruit or melons 52,672,049 1.34 52,018,5741.26
09 Coffee, tea, maté and spices 127,961,047 3.26 144,579,646-11.49
10 Cereals 41,410,603 1.06 32,615,10326.97
11 Products of the milling industry; malt; starches; inulin; wheat gluten 15,298 0.00 28,783-46.85
12 Oil seeds and oleaginous fruits; miscellaneous grains, seeds and fruits; industrial or medicinal plants; straw and fodder 51,701,107 1.32 44,545,30716.06
13 Lac; gums, resins and other vegetable saps and extracts 55,433,446 1.41 53,301,7544.00
14 Vegetable plaiting materials; vegetable products not elsewhere specified or included 695,626 0.02 364,79390.69
15 Animal or vegetable fats and oils and their cleavage products prepared edible fats; animal or vegetable waxes 12,484,582 0.32 8,084,84454.42
16 Preparations of meat, of fish or of crustaceans, molluscs or other aquatic invertebrates 3,978,473 0.10 3,255,82222.20
17 Sugars and sugar confectionery 1,990,754 0.05 2,507,782-20.62
18 Cocoa and cocoa preparations 43,631 0.00 6,709550.34
19 Preparations of cereals, flour, starch or milk; bakers’ wares 759,109 0.02 1,001,238-24.18
20 Preparations of vegetables, fruit, nuts or other parts of plants 20,523,150 0.52 24,703,810-16.92
21 Miscellaneous edible preparations 79,532,322 2.03 64,787,67722.76
22 Beverages, spirits and vinegar 788,770 0.02 386,945103.85
23 Residues and waste from the food industries; prepared animal feed 809,949 0.02 1,131,872-28.44
24 Tobacco and manufactured tobacco substitutes 73,848,555 1.88 79,525,773-7.14
25 Salt; sulfur; earths and stone; plastering materials, lime and cement 3,167,616 0.08 3,781,834-16.24
26 Ores, slag and ash 13,305,229 0.34 202,8586,458.89
27 Mineral fuels, mineral oils and products of their distillation; bituminous substances; mineral waxes 6,592,715 0.17 7,736,953-14.79
28 Inorganic chemicals; organic or inorganic compounds of precious metals, of rare-earth metals,of radioactive elements or of isotopes 21,658,967 0.55 19,116,03213.30
29 Organic chemicals 282,211,456 7.20 214,698,73031.45
30 Pharmaceutical products 632,414,462 16.13 514,046,05623.03
31 Fertilizers 2,488 0.00 3,182-21.81
32 Tanning or dyeing extracts; dyes, pigments, paints, varnishes, putty and mastics 43,183,929 1.10 38,751,39211.44
33 Essential oils and resinoids; perfumery, cosmetic or toilet preparations 25,200,627 0.64 26,176,044-3.73
34 Soap, organic surface-active agents, washing preparations, lubricating preparations, artificial waxes, prepared waxes, polishing or scouring preparations, candles and similar articles, modeling pastes, "dental waxes" and dental preparations with a basis of plaster 5,716,786 0.15 4,706,13821.48
35 Albuminoidal substances; modified starches; glues; enzymes 1,423,217 0.04 899,59358.21
37 Photographic or cinematographic goods 79,510 0.00 267,300-70.25
38 Miscellaneous chemical products 68,973,580 1.76 63,832,0538.05
39 Plastics and articles thereof 56,353,790 1.44 46,469,77821.27
40 Rubber and articles thereof 60,621,869 1.55 58,923,0092.88
41 Raw hides and skins (other than furskins) and leather 12,440,939 0.32 12,747,867-2.41
42 Articles of leather; saddlery and harness; travel goods, handbags and similar containers; articles of animal gut (other than silkworm gut) 48,177,793 1.23 45,859,1405.06
43 Furskins and artificial fur; manufactures thereof 168,495 0.00 74,713125.52
44 Wood and articles of wood; wood charcoal 1,972,707 0.05 1,324,15748.98
45 Cork and articles of cork 16,403 0.00 17,730-7.48
46 Manufactures of straw, of esparto or of other plaiting materials; basketware and wickerwork 511,985 0.01 243,907109.91
48 Paper and paperboard; articles of paper pulp, of paper or of paperboard 2,763,302 0.07 3,363,421-17.84
49 Printed books, newspapers, pictures and other products of the printing industry; manuscripts, typescripts and plans 8,422,742 0.21 711,8981,083.14
50 Silk 191,560 0.00 143,80733.21
51 Wool, fine or coarse animal hair; horsehair yarn and woven fabric 164,865 0.00 8,6581,804.19
52 Cotton 6,949,173 0.18 11,775,321-40.99
53 Other vegetable textile fibers; paper yarn and woven fabric of paper yarn 4,750,405 0.12 4,865,905-2.37
54 Man-made filaments 17,142,645 0.44 17,914,892-4.31
55 Man-made staple fibers 13,950,469 0.36 22,108,354-36.90
56 Wadding, felt and nonwovens; special yarns, twine, cordage, ropes and cables and articles thereof 3,985,390 0.10 3,933,3821.32
57 Carpets and other textile floor coverings 12,793,932 0.33 14,659,825-12.73
58 Special woven fabrics; tufted textile fabrics; lace, tapestries; trimmings; embroidery 1,102,169 0.03 1,293,033-14.76
59 Impregnated, coated, covered or laminated textile fabrics; textile articles of a kind suitable for industrial use 750,525 0.02 812,393-7.62
60 Knitted or crocheted fabrics 4,566 0.00 2,51381.70
61 Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, knitted or crocheted 93,352,604 2.38 99,719,396-6.38
62 Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, not knitted or crocheted 93,311,841 2.38 96,030,137-2.83
63 Other made up textile articles; sets; worn clothing and worn textile articles; rags 18,331,628 0.47 24,080,592-23.87
64 Footwear, gaiters and the like; parts of such articles 64,019,270 1.63 63,017,6001.59
65 Headgear and parts thereof 349,996 0.01 315,38510.97
66 Umbrellas, sun umbrellas, walking sticks, seatsticks, whips, riding-crops and parts thereof 3,237 0.00 3,985-18.77
67 Prepared feathers and down and articles made of feathers or of down; artificial flowers; articles of human hair 456,917 0.01 3,02415,009.69
68 Articles of stone, plaster, cement, asbestos, mica or similar materials 18,495,508 0.47 19,333,763-4.34
69 Ceramic products 10,725,770 0.27 12,025,274-10.81
70 Glass and glassware 5,215,228 0.13 4,975,1564.83
71 Natural or cultured pearls, precious or semi-precious stones,precious metals, metals clad with precious metal and articles thereof; imitation jewelry; coin 45,151,482 1.15 30,256,98349.23
72 Iron and steel 116,184,239 2.96 86,902,04933.70
73 Articles of iron or steel 55,194,344 1.41 49,728,77310.99
74 Copper and articles thereof 10,400,578 0.27 7,882,26431.95
75 Nickel and articles thereof 1,390,121 0.04 934,56448.75
76 Aluminum and articles thereof 3,311,456 0.08 3,155,2464.95
78 Lead and articles thereof 14 0.00 1,290-98.91
79 Zinc and articles thereof 3,061 0.00 45,310-93.24
80 Tin and articles thereof 1,529 0.00 226,850.00
81 Other base metals; cermets; articles thereof 382,922 0.01 451,753-15.24
82 Tools, implements, cutlery, spoons and forks, of base metal; parts thereof of base metal 31,585,937 0.81 32,886,878-3.96
83 Miscellaneous articles of base metal 7,795,602 0.20 7,772,5650.30
84 Nuclear reactors, boilers, machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof 382,888,804 9.76 303,497,29626.16
85 Electrical machinery and equipment and parts thereof; sound recorders and reproducers, television image and sound recorders and reproducers, and parts and accessories of such articles 672,213,947 17.14 319,135,246110.64
86 Railway or tramway locomotives, rolling-stock and parts thereof; railway or tramway track fixtures and fittings and parts thereof; mechanical (including electro-mechanical) traffic signalling equipment of all kinds 50,357 0.00 128,964-60.95
87 Vehicles other than railway or tramway rolling stock, and parts and accessories thereof 136,827,351 3.49 155,188,026-11.83
90 Optical, photographic, cinematographic, measuring, checking, precision, medical or surgical instruments and apparatus; parts and accessories thereof 43,922,221 1.12 36,644,06219.86
91 Clocks and watches and parts thereof 197,047 0.01 223,779-11.95
92 Musical instruments; parts and accessories of such articles 48,919 0.00 30,43660.73
94 Furniture; bedding, mattresses, mattress supports, cushions and similar stuffed furnishings; lamps and lighting fittings, not elsewhere specified or included; illuminated sign illuminated nameplates and the like; prefabricated buildings 6,141,367 0.16 7,756,374-20.82
95 Toys, games and sports requisites; parts and accessories thereof 12,304,794 0.31 11,207,3859.79
96 Miscellaneous manufactured articles 16,408,113 0.42 16,178,2251.42
97 Works of art, collectors’ pieces and antiques 1,171 0.00 0
SS Classified 1,168,345 0.03 377 917209.15
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Russian foreign trade statistics
Source: Federal Customs Service of Russia