Russian foreign trade
reports and reviews

Russian trade with Mongolia in 2019

by Russian Foreign Trade
based on data from the Federal Customs Service of Russia
The Report on Russia’s foreign trade in goods with Mongolia in 2019: exports, imports, products, dynamics.

Russia’s Trade with Mongolia

In 2019, Russia’s trade with Mongolia totaled $1,768,212,493, up 7.17% ($118,311,959) from 2018.

Russia’s exports to Mongolia in 2019 totaled $1,734,609,949, up 7.97% ($127,973,798) from 2018.

Russia’s imports from Mongolia in 2019 were $33,602,544, down 22.33% ($9,661,839) from 2018.

Russia’s trade surplus with Mongolia in 2019 was $1,701,007,405, a 8.80% increase ($137,635,637) over 2018.

Mongolia was Russia’s 53rd largest trading partner in 2019 (down from 52nd in 2018), accounting for 0.2653% of Russia’s total trade (up from 0.2398% in 2018).

Mongolia was Russia’s 41st largest export market in 2019 (up from 44th in 2018), accounting for 0.4103% of Russia’s total exports (up from 0.3571% in 2018).

Mongolia was Russia’s 100th largest supplier in 2019 (down from 95th in 2018), accounting for 0.0138% of Russia’s total imports (down from 0.0182% in 2018).

Russia’s Exports to Mongolia

The major share of Russian exports to Mongolia in 2019 (and in 2018) was accounted for the following product types:

  • Mineral products (HS codes 25-27) - 65.51% of Russia’s total exports to Mongolia (63.80% in 2018);
  • Food products and agricultural raw materials (HS codes 01-24) - 10.95% of Russia’s total exports to Mongolia (13.48% in 2018);
  • Machinery, equipment and vehicles (HS codes 84-90) - 8.90% of Russia’s total exports to Mongolia (7.00% in 2018);
  • Chemical products (HS codes 28-40) - 6.34% of Russia’s total exports to Mongolia (6.82% in 2018);
  • Metals and products from them (HS codes 72-83) - 5.26% of Russia’s total exports to Mongolia (5.91% in 2018).

The largest gains in Russia’s exports to Mongolia in 2019 over 2018 were recorded for the following product groups:

  • Mineral fuels, mineral oils and products of their distillation; bituminous substances; mineral waxes (HS code 27) - an increase of $111,619,702;
  • Railway or tramway locomotives, rolling-stock and parts thereof; railway or tramway track fixtures and fittings and parts thereof; mechanical (including electro-mechanical) traffic signalling equipment of all kinds (HS code 86) - an increase of $23,014,025;
  • Nuclear reactors, boilers, machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof (HS code 84) - an increase of $20,879,039;
  • Oil seeds and oleaginous fruits; miscellaneous grains, seeds and fruits; industrial or medicinal plants; straw and fodder (HS code 12) - an increase of $14,804,827.

The largest declines in Russia’s exports to Mongolia in 2019 over 2018 were recorded for the following product groups:

  • Cereals (HS code 10) - a decrease of $44,283,600.
Russia’s exports to Mongolia in 2019 by product groups
HS
code
Name of product group Value of exports
in 2019,
US dollars ($)
Percent share in total export Value of exports
in 2018,
US dollars ($)
Percent change
in 2019
over 2018
01 Live animals 349,349 0.02 200,70074.07
02 Meat and edible meat offal 4,120,606 0.24 1,358,854203.24
03 Fish and crustaceans, molluscs and other aquatic invertebrates 27,037 0.00 17,52454.29
04 Dairy produce; birds eggs; natural honey; edible products of animal origin, not elsewhere specified or included 12,809,386 0.74 12,010,4726.65
05 Products of animal origin, not elsewhere specified or included 0 0.00 87-100.00
06 Live trees and other plants; bulbs, roots and the like; cut flowers and ornamental foliage 7,204 0.00 65,793-89.05
07 Edible vegetables and certain roots and tubers 352,631 0.02 506,517-30.38
08 Edible fruit and nuts; peel of citrus fruit or melons 2,551,409 0.15 2,337,9579.13
09 Coffee, tea, maté and spices 1,138,839 0.07 867,93531.21
10 Cereals 11,464,356 0.66 55,747,956-79.44
11 Products of the milling industry; malt; starches; inulin; wheat gluten 5,043,923 0.29 3,720,48035.57
12 Oil seeds and oleaginous fruits; miscellaneous grains, seeds and fruits; industrial or medicinal plants; straw and fodder 32,391,087 1.87 17,586,26084.18
13 Lac; gums, resins and other vegetable saps and extracts 79,614 0.00 5,0851,465.66
14 Vegetable plaiting materials; vegetable products not elsewhere specified or included 11 0.00 0
15 Animal or vegetable fats and oils and their cleavage products prepared edible fats; animal or vegetable waxes 18,806,018 1.08 20,789,203-9.54
16 Preparations of meat, of fish or of crustaceans, molluscs or other aquatic invertebrates 2,831,686 0.16 2,173,83630.26
17 Sugars and sugar confectionery 7,443,152 0.43 7,072,8395.24
18 Cocoa and cocoa preparations 25,775,772 1.49 25,269,8372.00
19 Preparations of cereals, flour, starch or milk; bakers’ wares 24,507,482 1.41 23,086,2566.16
20 Preparations of vegetables, fruit, nuts or other parts of plants 3,600,117 0.21 3,732,325-3.54
21 Miscellaneous edible preparations 20,308,192 1.17 19,617,6283.52
22 Beverages, spirits and vinegar 8,172,034 0.47 9,008,641-9.29
23 Residues and waste from the food industries; prepared animal feed 3,604,450 0.21 8,026,388-55.09
24 Tobacco and manufactured tobacco substitutes 4,601,403 0.27 3,400,29935.32
25 Salt; sulfur; earths and stone; plastering materials, lime and cement 1,703,540 0.10 2,047,738-16.81
27 Mineral fuels, mineral oils and products of their distillation; bituminous substances; mineral waxes 1,134,620,888 65.41 1,023,001,18610.91
28 Inorganic chemicals; organic or inorganic compounds of precious metals, of rare-earth metals,of radioactive elements or of isotopes 2,307,872 0.13 1,668,62438.31
29 Organic chemicals 6,214,473 0.36 9,680,034-35.80
30 Pharmaceutical products 12,856,321 0.74 13,660,151-5.88
31 Fertilizers 36,802,260 2.12 32,115,36314.59
32 Tanning or dyeing extracts; dyes, pigments, paints, varnishes, putty and mastics 3,486,115 0.20 3,674,577-5.13
33 Essential oils and resinoids; perfumery, cosmetic or toilet preparations 9,236,443 0.53 11,117,360-16.92
34 Soap, organic surface-active agents, washing preparations, lubricating preparations, artificial waxes, prepared waxes, polishing or scouring preparations, candles and similar articles, modeling pastes, "dental waxes" and dental preparations with a basis of plaster 9,357,390 0.54 10,727,403-12.77
35 Albuminoidal substances; modified starches; glues; enzymes 120,755 0.01 259,321-53.43
36 Explosives; pyrotechnic products; matches; pyrophoric alloys; certain combustible preparations 6,642,821 0.38 6,904,663-3.79
37 Photographic or cinematographic goods 2,496 0.00 2,4790.69
38 Miscellaneous chemical products 10,494,671 0.61 9,035,64516.15
39 Plastics and articles thereof 9,345,582 0.54 7,285,82628.27
40 Rubber and articles thereof 3,065,876 0.18 3,443,990-10.98
41 Raw hides and skins (other than furskins) and leather 1,584,447 0.09 1,449,0649.34
42 Articles of leather; saddlery and harness; travel goods, handbags and similar containers; articles of animal gut (other than silkworm gut) 76,075 0.00 16,813352.48
43 Furskins and artificial fur; manufactures thereof 1,118 0.00 7,482-85.06
44 Wood and articles of wood; wood charcoal 7,433,737 0.43 5,492,65735.34
45 Cork and articles of cork 3,399 0.00 8,503-60.03
46 Manufactures of straw, of esparto or of other plaiting materials; basketware and wickerwork 624 0.00 47730.82
47 Pulp of wood or of other fibrous cellulosic material; waste and scrap of paper or paperboard 2,443,145 0.14 2,193,65211.37
48 Paper and paperboard; articles of paper pulp, of paper or of paperboard 4,404,309 0.25 6,085,439-27.63
49 Printed books, newspapers, pictures and other products of the printing industry; manuscripts, typescripts and plans 251,238 0.01 167,28450.19
51 Wool, fine or coarse animal hair; horsehair yarn and woven fabric 104,378 0.01 242,811-57.01
52 Cotton 179,715 0.01 185,280-3.00
53 Other vegetable textile fibers; paper yarn and woven fabric of paper yarn 297 0.00 456-34.87
54 Man-made filaments 2,627 0.00 3,161-16.89
55 Man-made staple fibers 10,160 0.00 6,86448.02
56 Wadding, felt and nonwovens; special yarns, twine, cordage, ropes and cables and articles thereof 781,373 0.05 836,179-6.55
57 Carpets and other textile floor coverings 103,014 0.01 129,801-20.64
58 Special woven fabrics; tufted textile fabrics; lace, tapestries; trimmings; embroidery 2,186 0.00 14,101-84.50
59 Impregnated, coated, covered or laminated textile fabrics; textile articles of a kind suitable for industrial use 232,253 0.01 110,039111.06
60 Knitted or crocheted fabrics 2,162 0.00 479351.36
61 Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, knitted or crocheted 307,471 0.02 483,845-36.45
62 Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, not knitted or crocheted 649,290 0.04 784,704-17.26
63 Other made up textile articles; sets; worn clothing and worn textile articles; rags 172,419 0.01 139,16223.90
64 Footwear, gaiters and the like; parts of such articles 1,191,530 0.07 1,015,20917.37
65 Headgear and parts thereof 97,183 0.01 73,49332.23
66 Umbrellas, sun umbrellas, walking sticks, seatsticks, whips, riding-crops and parts thereof 1,488 0.00 731,938.36
67 Prepared feathers and down and articles made of feathers or of down; artificial flowers; articles of human hair 4,808 0.00 10,937-56.04
68 Articles of stone, plaster, cement, asbestos, mica or similar materials 10,986,293 0.63 9,647,47313.88
69 Ceramic products 1,678,645 0.10 1,283,04930.83
70 Glass and glassware 15,300,333 0.88 12,792,94619.60
71 Natural or cultured pearls, precious or semi-precious stones,precious metals, metals clad with precious metal and articles thereof; imitation jewelry; coin 308,415 0.02 78,031295.25
72 Iron and steel 66,529,133 3.84 69,720,574-4.58
73 Articles of iron or steel 18,948,140 1.09 21,194,362-10.60
74 Copper and articles thereof 1,089,888 0.06 309,614252.02
75 Nickel and articles thereof 189,539 0.01 21,675774.46
76 Aluminum and articles thereof 2,812,320 0.16 2,144,24831.16
78 Lead and articles thereof 26,682 0.00 9,237188.86
79 Zinc and articles thereof 35,140 0.00 22,27157.78
80 Tin and articles thereof 13,361 0.00 62,585-78.65
81 Other base metals; cermets; articles thereof 18,587 0.00 2380,713.04
82 Tools, implements, cutlery, spoons and forks, of base metal; parts thereof of base metal 796,563 0.05 800,728-0.52
83 Miscellaneous articles of base metal 703,996 0.04 730,899-3.68
84 Nuclear reactors, boilers, machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof 56,120,197 3.24 35,241,15859.25
85 Electrical machinery and equipment and parts thereof; sound recorders and reproducers, television image and sound recorders and reproducers, and parts and accessories of such articles 27,734,544 1.60 30,629,039-9.45
86 Railway or tramway locomotives, rolling-stock and parts thereof; railway or tramway track fixtures and fittings and parts thereof; mechanical (including electro-mechanical) traffic signalling equipment of all kinds 42,352,737 2.44 19,338,712119.00
87 Vehicles other than railway or tramway rolling stock, and parts and accessories thereof 25,229,336 1.45 24,853,5641.51
89 Ships, boats and floating structures 22,742 0.00 5,956281.83
90 Optical, photographic, cinematographic, measuring, checking, precision, medical or surgical instruments and apparatus; parts and accessories thereof 2,894,089 0.17 2,470,22017.16
91 Clocks and watches and parts thereof 8,226 0.00 2,129286.38
92 Musical instruments; parts and accessories of such articles 642 0.00 1,504-57.31
94 Furniture; bedding, mattresses, mattress supports, cushions and similar stuffed furnishings; lamps and lighting fittings, not elsewhere specified or included; illuminated sign illuminated nameplates and the like; prefabricated buildings 2,759,170 0.16 2,010,45837.24
95 Toys, games and sports requisites; parts and accessories thereof 251,075 0.01 201,65624.51
96 Miscellaneous manufactured articles 1,296,723 0.07 1,895,732-31.60
97 Works of art, collectors’ pieces and antiques 150,516 0.01 0
SS Classified 69,210 0.00 483 111-85.67

Russia’s Imports from Mongolia

The major share of Russian imports from Mongolia in 2019 (and in 2018) was accounted for the following product types:

  • Mineral products (HS codes 25-27) - 79.14% of Russia’s total imports from Mongolia (67.69% in 2018);
  • Textiles, textile products and footwear (HS codes 50-67) - 13.82% of Russia’s total imports from Mongolia (11.13% in 2018);
  • Food products and agricultural raw materials (HS codes 01-24) - 3.55% of Russia’s total imports from Mongolia (20.63% in 2018);
  • Machinery, equipment and vehicles (HS codes 84-90) - 1.82% of Russia’s total imports from Mongolia (0.05% in 2018).

The largest gains in Russia’s imports from Mongolia in 2019 over 2018 were recorded for the following product groups:

  • Nuclear reactors, boilers, machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof (HS code 84) - an increase of $305,721;
  • Furniture; bedding, mattresses, mattress supports, cushions and similar stuffed furnishings; lamps and lighting fittings, not elsewhere specified or included; illuminated sign illuminated nameplates and the like; prefabricated buildings (HS code 94) - an increase of $297,020;
  • Railway or tramway locomotives, rolling-stock and parts thereof; railway or tramway track fixtures and fittings and parts thereof; mechanical (including electro-mechanical) traffic signalling equipment of all kinds (HS code 86) - an increase of $245,627.

The largest declines in Russia’s imports from Mongolia in 2019 over 2018 were recorded for the following product groups:

  • Meat and edible meat offal (HS code 02) - a decrease of $6,841,705;
  • Salt; sulfur; earths and stone; plastering materials, lime and cement (HS code 25) - a decrease of $1,733,991;
  • Ores, slag and ash (HS code 26) - a decrease of $979,518;
  • Preparations of meat, of fish or of crustaceans, molluscs or other aquatic invertebrates (HS code 16) - a decrease of $938,181.
Russia’s imports from Mongolia in 2019 by product groups
HS
code
Name of product group Value of imports in 2019,
US dollars ($)
Percent share in total import Value of imports in 2018,
US dollars ($)
Percent change
in 2019
over 2018
02 Meat and edible meat offal 505,446 1.50 7,347,151-93.12
10 Cereals 1,509 0.00 21,788-93.07
13 Lac; gums, resins and other vegetable saps and extracts 1,344 0.00 0
16 Preparations of meat, of fish or of crustaceans, molluscs or other aquatic invertebrates 328,206 0.98 1,266,387-74.08
19 Preparations of cereals, flour, starch or milk; bakers’ wares 8,771 0.03 10,569-17.01
21 Miscellaneous edible preparations 114,584 0.34 111,6002.67
22 Beverages, spirits and vinegar 232,180 0.69 169,08437.32
23 Residues and waste from the food industries; prepared animal feed 525 0.00 0
25 Salt; sulfur; earths and stone; plastering materials, lime and cement 26,116,698 77.72 27,850,689-6.23
26 Ores, slag and ash 102,152 0.30 1,081,670-90.56
27 Mineral fuels, mineral oils and products of their distillation; bituminous substances; mineral waxes 373,164 1.11 352,5565.85
28 Inorganic chemicals; organic or inorganic compounds of precious metals, of rare-earth metals,of radioactive elements or of isotopes 253 0.00 0
33 Essential oils and resinoids; perfumery, cosmetic or toilet preparations 7,527 0.02 0
35 Albuminoidal substances; modified starches; glues; enzymes 0 0.00 440-100.00
38 Miscellaneous chemical products 280 0.00 0
39 Plastics and articles thereof 10,201 0.03 5,92472.20
40 Rubber and articles thereof 0 0.00 596-100.00
41 Raw hides and skins (other than furskins) and leather 35,305 0.11 0
42 Articles of leather; saddlery and harness; travel goods, handbags and similar containers; articles of animal gut (other than silkworm gut) 0 0.00 7,848-100.00
43 Furskins and artificial fur; manufactures thereof 0 0.00 26,611-100.00
44 Wood and articles of wood; wood charcoal 2,482 0.01 54,634-95.46
46 Manufactures of straw, of esparto or of other plaiting materials; basketware and wickerwork 614 0.00 0
48 Paper and paperboard; articles of paper pulp, of paper or of paperboard 1,674 0.00 2,767-39.50
49 Printed books, newspapers, pictures and other products of the printing industry; manuscripts, typescripts and plans 55,325 0.16 18,430200.19
51 Wool, fine or coarse animal hair; horsehair yarn and woven fabric 783,688 2.33 743,4795.41
56 Wadding, felt and nonwovens; special yarns, twine, cordage, ropes and cables and articles thereof 0 0.00 31-100.00
57 Carpets and other textile floor coverings 6,949 0.02 2,499178.07
59 Impregnated, coated, covered or laminated textile fabrics; textile articles of a kind suitable for industrial use 0 0.00 361-100.00
61 Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, knitted or crocheted 3,188,067 9.49 3,258,694-2.17
62 Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, not knitted or crocheted 150,367 0.45 212,139-29.12
63 Other made up textile articles; sets; worn clothing and worn textile articles; rags 99,194 0.30 174,565-43.18
64 Footwear, gaiters and the like; parts of such articles 275,031 0.82 218,32525.97
65 Headgear and parts thereof 139,667 0.42 204,215-31.61
68 Articles of stone, plaster, cement, asbestos, mica or similar materials 2,020 0.01 0
69 Ceramic products 0 0.00 300-100.00
72 Iron and steel 4,783 0.01 1925,073.68
73 Articles of iron or steel 41,970 0.12 3,6261,057.47
76 Aluminum and articles thereof 2,891 0.01 551424.68
82 Tools, implements, cutlery, spoons and forks, of base metal; parts thereof of base metal 253 0.00 297-14.81
83 Miscellaneous articles of base metal 8,603 0.03 1,092687.82
84 Nuclear reactors, boilers, machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof 324,551 0.97 18,8301,623.58
85 Electrical machinery and equipment and parts thereof; sound recorders and reproducers, television image and sound recorders and reproducers, and parts and accessories of such articles 37,248 0.11 2,7121,273.45
86 Railway or tramway locomotives, rolling-stock and parts thereof; railway or tramway track fixtures and fittings and parts thereof; mechanical (including electro-mechanical) traffic signalling equipment of all kinds 245,627 0.73 0
87 Vehicles other than railway or tramway rolling stock, and parts and accessories thereof 3,843 0.01 2051,774.63
90 Optical, photographic, cinematographic, measuring, checking, precision, medical or surgical instruments and apparatus; parts and accessories thereof 99 0.00 0
94 Furniture; bedding, mattresses, mattress supports, cushions and similar stuffed furnishings; lamps and lighting fittings, not elsewhere specified or included; illuminated sign illuminated nameplates and the like; prefabricated buildings 389,017 1.16 91,997322.86
96 Miscellaneous manufactured articles 436 0.00 1,702-74.38
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Russian foreign trade statistics
Source: Federal Customs Service of Russia