Russian foreign trade
reports and reviews

Russian trade in goods with Romania in Q3 2020

by Russian Foreign Trade
based on data from the Federal Customs Service of Russia
The Report on Russia’s foreign trade in goods with Romania in the third quarter of 2020: exports, imports, products, dynamics.

Russia’s Trade with Romania

In the 3rd quarter of 2020, Russia’s trade with Romania was $636,606,237, down 44.64% ($513,407,984) from the 3rd quarter of 2019.

Russia’s exports to Romania in the 3rd quarter of 2020 were $299,683,177, down 62.00% ($489,040,670) from the 3rd quarter of 2019.

Russia’s imports from Romania in the 3rd quarter of 2020 were $336,923,060, down 6.74% ($24,367,314) from the 3rd quarter of 2019.

Russia’s trade balance with Romania went from a surplus of $427,433,473 in the 3rd quarter of 2019, to a deficit of $37,239,883 in the 3rd quarter of 2020.

Romania was Russia’s 35th largest trading partner in the 3rd quarter of 2020 (down from 30th in the 3rd quarter of 2019), accounting for 0.4661% of Russia’s total trade (down from 0.6933% in the 3rd quarter of 2019).

Romania was Russia’s 43rd largest export market in the 3rd quarter of 2020 (down from 30th in the 3rd quarter of 2019), accounting for 0.3810% of Russia’s total exports (down from 0.7634% in the 3rd quarter of 2019).

Romania was Russia’s 33rd largest supplier in the 3rd quarter of 2020 (down from 32nd in the 3rd quarter of 2019), accounting for 0.5817% of Russia’s total imports (up from 0.5776% in the 3rd quarter of 2019).

Russia’s Exports to Romania

The major share of Russian exports to Romania in the 3rd quarter of 2020 (and in the 3rd quarter of 2019) was accounted for the following product types:

  • Mineral products (HS codes 25-27) - 46.22% of Russia’s total exports to Romania (76.39% in the 3rd quarter of 2019);
  • Chemical products (HS codes 28-40) - 22.28% of Russia’s total exports to Romania (12.89% in the 3rd quarter of 2019);
  • Metals and products from them (HS codes 72-83) - 9.97% of Russia’s total exports to Romania (2.84% in the 3rd quarter of 2019);
  • Wood and wood products (HS codes 44-49) - 7.68% of Russia’s total exports to Romania (2.75% in the 3rd quarter of 2019);
  • Machinery, equipment and vehicles (HS codes 84-90) - 6.73% of Russia’s total exports to Romania (3.35% in the 3rd quarter of 2019);
  • Food products and agricultural raw materials (HS codes 01-24) - 3.92% of Russia’s total exports to Romania (0.20% in the 3rd quarter of 2019).

The largest gains in Russia’s exports to Romania in the 3rd quarter of 2020 over the 3rd quarter of 2019 were recorded for the following product groups:

  • Cereals (HS code 10) - an increase of $7,989,401;
  • Iron and steel (HS code 72) - an increase of $6,759,930;
  • Oil seeds and oleaginous fruits; miscellaneous grains, seeds and fruits; industrial or medicinal plants; straw and fodder (HS code 12) - an increase of $2,645,581;
  • Pulp of wood or of other fibrous cellulosic material; waste and scrap of paper or paperboard (HS code 47) - an increase of $1,136,804.

The largest declines in Russia’s exports to Romania in the 3rd quarter of 2020 over the 3rd quarter of 2019 were recorded for the following product groups:

  • Mineral fuels, mineral oils and products of their distillation; bituminous substances; mineral waxes (HS code 27) - a decrease of $463,478,379;
  • Fertilizers (HS code 31) - a decrease of $14,824,550;
  • Rubber and articles thereof (HS code 40) - a decrease of $10,201,891;
  • Organic chemicals (HS code 29) - a decrease of $5,593,951;
  • Inorganic chemicals; organic or inorganic compounds of precious metals, of rare-earth metals,of radioactive elements or of isotopes (HS code 28) - a decrease of $4,358,750;
  • Natural or cultured pearls, precious or semi-precious stones,precious metals, metals clad with precious metal and articles thereof; imitation jewelry; coin (HS code 71) - a decrease of $3,794,247;
  • Vehicles other than railway or tramway rolling stock, and parts and accessories thereof (HS code 87) - a decrease of $3,728,816;
  • Nuclear reactors, boilers, machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof (HS code 84) - a decrease of $2,264,311;
  • Glass and glassware (HS code 70) - a decrease of $1,005,752.
Russia’s exports to Romania in the 3rd quarter of 2020 by product groups
HS
code
Name of product group Value of exports
in Q3 2020,
US dollars ($)
Percent share in total export Value of exports
in Q3 2019,
US dollars ($)
Percent change
in Q3 2020
over Q3 2019
05 Products of animal origin, not elsewhere specified or included 11,737 0.00 242,278-95.16
07 Edible vegetables and certain roots and tubers 266,222 0.09 102,879158.77
10 Cereals 8,647,585 2.89 658,1841,213.86
11 Products of the milling industry; malt; starches; inulin; wheat gluten 24,410 0.01 136,862-82.16
12 Oil seeds and oleaginous fruits; miscellaneous grains, seeds and fruits; industrial or medicinal plants; straw and fodder 2,693,502 0.90 47,9215,520.71
15 Animal or vegetable fats and oils and their cleavage products prepared edible fats; animal or vegetable waxes 42 0.00 52-19.23
18 Cocoa and cocoa preparations 35,964 0.01 17,856101.41
19 Preparations of cereals, flour, starch or milk; bakers’ wares 2,279 0.00 44,620-94.89
21 Miscellaneous edible preparations 72,619 0.02 44,30163.92
22 Beverages, spirits and vinegar 4,149 0.00 8,204-49.43
23 Residues and waste from the food industries; prepared animal feed 0 0.00 6,590-100.00
24 Tobacco and manufactured tobacco substitutes 0 0.00 242,416-100.00
25 Salt; sulfur; earths and stone; plastering materials, lime and cement 332,885 0.11 839,216-60.33
26 Ores, slag and ash 0 0.00 1,902-100.00
27 Mineral fuels, mineral oils and products of their distillation; bituminous substances; mineral waxes 138,189,803 46.11 601,668,182-77.03
28 Inorganic chemicals; organic or inorganic compounds of precious metals, of rare-earth metals,of radioactive elements or of isotopes 2,149,605 0.72 6,508,355-66.97
29 Organic chemicals 5,695,120 1.90 11,289,071-49.55
30 Pharmaceutical products 19,005 0.01 103,730-81.68
31 Fertilizers 36,947,594 12.33 51,772,144-28.63
32 Tanning or dyeing extracts; dyes, pigments, paints, varnishes, putty and mastics 88,749 0.03 76,76815.61
33 Essential oils and resinoids; perfumery, cosmetic or toilet preparations 929,265 0.31 1,181,367-21.34
34 Soap, organic surface-active agents, washing preparations, lubricating preparations, artificial waxes, prepared waxes, polishing or scouring preparations, candles and similar articles, modeling pastes, "dental waxes" and dental preparations with a basis of plaster 313,997 0.10 172,30582.23
35 Albuminoidal substances; modified starches; glues; enzymes 29,379 0.01 2,1561,262.66
36 Explosives; pyrotechnic products; matches; pyrophoric alloys; certain combustible preparations 21,250 0.01 0
38 Miscellaneous chemical products 200,469 0.07 239,308-16.23
39 Plastics and articles thereof 3,684,327 1.23 3,394,0708.55
40 Rubber and articles thereof 16,697,198 5.57 26,899,089-37.93
41 Raw hides and skins (other than furskins) and leather 0 0.00 123,587-100.00
42 Articles of leather; saddlery and harness; travel goods, handbags and similar containers; articles of animal gut (other than silkworm gut) 52,405 0.02 4,2641,129.01
44 Wood and articles of wood; wood charcoal 14,287,982 4.77 14,411,628-0.86
46 Manufactures of straw, of esparto or of other plaiting materials; basketware and wickerwork 13 0.00 31-58.06
47 Pulp of wood or of other fibrous cellulosic material; waste and scrap of paper or paperboard 1,157,842 0.39 21,0385,403.57
48 Paper and paperboard; articles of paper pulp, of paper or of paperboard 7,571,421 2.53 7,198,7765.18
49 Printed books, newspapers, pictures and other products of the printing industry; manuscripts, typescripts and plans 6,037 0.00 57,395-89.48
52 Cotton 129,840 0.04 30,218329.68
53 Other vegetable textile fibers; paper yarn and woven fabric of paper yarn 28,751 0.01 8334,539.76
56 Wadding, felt and nonwovens; special yarns, twine, cordage, ropes and cables and articles thereof 200,887 0.07 203,024-1.05
57 Carpets and other textile floor coverings 23,457 0.01 26,782-12.42
58 Special woven fabrics; tufted textile fabrics; lace, tapestries; trimmings; embroidery 24 0.00 62-61.29
59 Impregnated, coated, covered or laminated textile fabrics; textile articles of a kind suitable for industrial use 21,115 0.01 6,506224.55
61 Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, knitted or crocheted 17,583 0.01 3,888352.24
62 Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, not knitted or crocheted 3,508 0.00 5,660-38.02
63 Other made up textile articles; sets; worn clothing and worn textile articles; rags 199,081 0.07 178,27511.67
64 Footwear, gaiters and the like; parts of such articles 0 0.00 7,526-100.00
65 Headgear and parts thereof 0 0.00 24-100.00
68 Articles of stone, plaster, cement, asbestos, mica or similar materials 2,843,387 0.95 2,068,33237.47
69 Ceramic products 1,103,874 0.37 503,034119.44
70 Glass and glassware 2,044,550 0.68 3,050,302-32.97
71 Natural or cultured pearls, precious or semi-precious stones,precious metals, metals clad with precious metal and articles thereof; imitation jewelry; coin 63,752 0.02 3,857,999-98.35
72 Iron and steel 27,445,050 9.16 20,685,12032.68
73 Articles of iron or steel 1,998,102 0.67 1,432,47239.49
74 Copper and articles thereof 3,337 0.00 772332.25
75 Nickel and articles thereof 1,625 0.00 5,765-71.81
76 Aluminum and articles thereof 188,193 0.06 126,13849.20
78 Lead and articles thereof 0 0.00 3-100.00
81 Other base metals; cermets; articles thereof 327 0.00 5,845-94.41
82 Tools, implements, cutlery, spoons and forks, of base metal; parts thereof of base metal 27,770 0.01 41,096-32.43
83 Miscellaneous articles of base metal 201,138 0.07 66,552202.23
84 Nuclear reactors, boilers, machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof 6,121,957 2.04 8,386,268-27.00
85 Electrical machinery and equipment and parts thereof; sound recorders and reproducers, television image and sound recorders and reproducers, and parts and accessories of such articles 9,389,829 3.13 10,185,316-7.81
86 Railway or tramway locomotives, rolling-stock and parts thereof; railway or tramway track fixtures and fittings and parts thereof; mechanical (including electro-mechanical) traffic signalling equipment of all kinds 289,297 0.10 114,424152.83
87 Vehicles other than railway or tramway rolling stock, and parts and accessories thereof 3,403,364 1.14 7,132,180-52.28
89 Ships, boats and floating structures 667,712 0.22 0
90 Optical, photographic, cinematographic, measuring, checking, precision, medical or surgical instruments and apparatus; parts and accessories thereof 310,937 0.10 608,900-48.93
91 Clocks and watches and parts thereof 14,121 0.00 17,519-19.40
92 Musical instruments; parts and accessories of such articles 809 0.00 0
94 Furniture; bedding, mattresses, mattress supports, cushions and similar stuffed furnishings; lamps and lighting fittings, not elsewhere specified or included; illuminated sign illuminated nameplates and the like; prefabricated buildings 1,306,805 0.44 548,309138.33
95 Toys, games and sports requisites; parts and accessories thereof 46,001 0.02 201,443-77.16
96 Miscellaneous manufactured articles 1,454,139 0.49 1,704,008-14.66
97 Works of art, collectors’ pieces and antiques 0 0.00 3,457-100.00

Russia’s Imports from Romania

The major share of Russian imports from Romania in the 3rd quarter of 2020 (and in the 3rd quarter of 2019) was accounted for the following product types:

  • Machinery, equipment and vehicles (HS codes 84-90) - 61.25% of Russia’s total imports from Romania (55.74% in the 3rd quarter of 2019);
  • Chemical products (HS codes 28-40) - 18.41% of Russia’s total imports from Romania (22.87% in the 3rd quarter of 2019);
  • Textiles, textile products and footwear (HS codes 50-67) - 9.65% of Russia’s total imports from Romania (11.88% in the 3rd quarter of 2019);
  • Metals and products from them (HS codes 72-83) - 5.35% of Russia’s total imports from Romania (3.71% in the 3rd quarter of 2019);
  • Food products and agricultural raw materials (HS codes 01-24) - 1.47% of Russia’s total imports from Romania (1.05% in the 3rd quarter of 2019).

The largest gains in Russia’s imports from Romania in the 3rd quarter of 2020 over the 3rd quarter of 2019 were recorded for the following product groups:

  • Nuclear reactors, boilers, machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof (HS code 84) - an increase of $5,588,730;
  • Electrical machinery and equipment and parts thereof; sound recorders and reproducers, television image and sound recorders and reproducers, and parts and accessories of such articles (HS code 85) - an increase of $3,214,473;
  • Ships, boats and floating structures (HS code 89) - an increase of $2,619,328;
  • Tools, implements, cutlery, spoons and forks, of base metal; parts thereof of base metal (HS code 82) - an increase of $2,406,952;
  • Iron and steel (HS code 72) - an increase of $1,367,766;
  • Miscellaneous edible preparations (HS code 21) - an increase of $1,232,466.

The largest declines in Russia’s imports from Romania in the 3rd quarter of 2020 over the 3rd quarter of 2019 were recorded for the following product groups:

  • Pharmaceutical products (HS code 30) - a decrease of $12,335,156;
  • Essential oils and resinoids; perfumery, cosmetic or toilet preparations (HS code 33) - a decrease of $6,900,674;
  • Footwear, gaiters and the like; parts of such articles (HS code 64) - a decrease of $6,830,347;
  • Vehicles other than railway or tramway rolling stock, and parts and accessories thereof (HS code 87) - a decrease of $6,025,006;
  • Rubber and articles thereof (HS code 40) - a decrease of $2,209,039;
  • Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, knitted or crocheted (HS code 61) - a decrease of $1,219,597;
  • Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, not knitted or crocheted (HS code 62) - a decrease of $1,105,612;
  • Mineral fuels, mineral oils and products of their distillation; bituminous substances; mineral waxes (HS code 27) - a decrease of $1,083,449.
Russia’s imports from Romania in the 3rd quarter of 2020 by product groups
HS
code
Name of product group Value of imports in Q3 2020,
US dollars ($)
Percent share in total import Value of imports in Q3 2019,
US dollars ($)
Percent change
in Q3 2020
over Q3 2019
12 Oil seeds and oleaginous fruits; miscellaneous grains, seeds and fruits; industrial or medicinal plants; straw and fodder 0 0.00 10,366-100.00
15 Animal or vegetable fats and oils and their cleavage products prepared edible fats; animal or vegetable waxes 13,651 0.00 123,723-88.97
17 Sugars and sugar confectionery 244 0.00 4,367-94.41
18 Cocoa and cocoa preparations 167,749 0.05 68,251145.78
19 Preparations of cereals, flour, starch or milk; bakers’ wares 50,026 0.01 33,39449.81
20 Preparations of vegetables, fruit, nuts or other parts of plants 191,785 0.06 207,441-7.55
21 Miscellaneous edible preparations 2,010,284 0.60 777,818158.45
22 Beverages, spirits and vinegar 114,211 0.03 132,220-13.62
24 Tobacco and manufactured tobacco substitutes 2,400,110 0.71 2,424,215-0.99
25 Salt; sulfur; earths and stone; plastering materials, lime and cement 0 0.00 8,448-100.00
27 Mineral fuels, mineral oils and products of their distillation; bituminous substances; mineral waxes 687,494 0.20 1,770,943-61.18
28 Inorganic chemicals; organic or inorganic compounds of precious metals, of rare-earth metals,of radioactive elements or of isotopes 192,354 0.06 356,950-46.11
29 Organic chemicals 623,939 0.19 744,109-16.15
30 Pharmaceutical products 25,260,636 7.50 37,595,792-32.81
31 Fertilizers 24,775 0.01 17,31643.08
32 Tanning or dyeing extracts; dyes, pigments, paints, varnishes, putty and mastics 605,714 0.18 638,308-5.11
33 Essential oils and resinoids; perfumery, cosmetic or toilet preparations 13,627,999 4.04 20,528,673-33.61
34 Soap, organic surface-active agents, washing preparations, lubricating preparations, artificial waxes, prepared waxes, polishing or scouring preparations, candles and similar articles, modeling pastes, "dental waxes" and dental preparations with a basis of plaster 126,585 0.04 102,59223.39
35 Albuminoidal substances; modified starches; glues; enzymes 4,946 0.00 22,954-78.45
38 Miscellaneous chemical products 488,083 0.14 218,139123.75
39 Plastics and articles thereof 8,820,291 2.62 7,941,09711.07
40 Rubber and articles thereof 12,244,248 3.63 14,453,287-15.28
41 Raw hides and skins (other than furskins) and leather 0 0.00 51,636-100.00
42 Articles of leather; saddlery and harness; travel goods, handbags and similar containers; articles of animal gut (other than silkworm gut) 1,908,402 0.57 1,914,786-0.33
43 Furskins and artificial fur; manufactures thereof 81,385 0.02 74,3109.52
44 Wood and articles of wood; wood charcoal 1,473,154 0.44 1,885,339-21.86
46 Manufactures of straw, of esparto or of other plaiting materials; basketware and wickerwork 241 0.00 0
48 Paper and paperboard; articles of paper pulp, of paper or of paperboard 111,446 0.03 296,875-62.46
49 Printed books, newspapers, pictures and other products of the printing industry; manuscripts, typescripts and plans 440,460 0.13 101,267334.95
51 Wool, fine or coarse animal hair; horsehair yarn and woven fabric 62,988 0.02 43,41745.08
52 Cotton 6,855 0.00 1,013576.70
53 Other vegetable textile fibers; paper yarn and woven fabric of paper yarn 142 0.00 0
54 Man-made filaments 301,660 0.09 278,0418.49
55 Man-made staple fibers 96,812 0.03 703,279-86.23
56 Wadding, felt and nonwovens; special yarns, twine, cordage, ropes and cables and articles thereof 97,660 0.03 126,336-22.70
57 Carpets and other textile floor coverings 5,752 0.00 4,45729.06
58 Special woven fabrics; tufted textile fabrics; lace, tapestries; trimmings; embroidery 261,793 0.08 159,32264.32
59 Impregnated, coated, covered or laminated textile fabrics; textile articles of a kind suitable for industrial use 495,535 0.15 1,067,653-53.59
60 Knitted or crocheted fabrics 0 0.00 12,767-100.00
61 Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, knitted or crocheted 6,157,209 1.83 7,376,806-16.53
62 Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, not knitted or crocheted 18,796,097 5.58 19,901,709-5.56
63 Other made up textile articles; sets; worn clothing and worn textile articles; rags 233,586 0.07 550,920-57.60
64 Footwear, gaiters and the like; parts of such articles 5,565,127 1.65 12,395,474-55.10
65 Headgear and parts thereof 139,050 0.04 100,63538.17
67 Prepared feathers and down and articles made of feathers or of down; artificial flowers; articles of human hair 286,505 0.09 186,27753.81
68 Articles of stone, plaster, cement, asbestos, mica or similar materials 20,379 0.01 19,0856.78
69 Ceramic products 778,845 0.23 1,472,332-47.10
70 Glass and glassware 1,163,550 0.35 1,009,20615.29
71 Natural or cultured pearls, precious or semi-precious stones,precious metals, metals clad with precious metal and articles thereof; imitation jewelry; coin 2,174 0.00 901,411-99.76
72 Iron and steel 3,656,016 1.09 2,288,25059.77
73 Articles of iron or steel 5,879,020 1.74 5,122,88114.76
74 Copper and articles thereof 19,117 0.01 5,318259.48
76 Aluminum and articles thereof 618,695 0.18 635,632-2.66
78 Lead and articles thereof 0 0.00 2-100.00
79 Zinc and articles thereof 24,601 0.01 23,3295.45
81 Other base metals; cermets; articles thereof 5,277 0.00 6,022-12.37
82 Tools, implements, cutlery, spoons and forks, of base metal; parts thereof of base metal 2,507,954 0.74 101,0022,383.07
83 Miscellaneous articles of base metal 5,300,265 1.57 5,206,4451.80
84 Nuclear reactors, boilers, machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof 67,817,225 20.13 62,228,4958.98
85 Electrical machinery and equipment and parts thereof; sound recorders and reproducers, television image and sound recorders and reproducers, and parts and accessories of such articles 57,194,945 16.98 53,980,4725.95
86 Railway or tramway locomotives, rolling-stock and parts thereof; railway or tramway track fixtures and fittings and parts thereof; mechanical (including electro-mechanical) traffic signalling equipment of all kinds 0 0.00 1,471-100.00
87 Vehicles other than railway or tramway rolling stock, and parts and accessories thereof 70,023,208 20.78 76,048,214-7.92
89 Ships, boats and floating structures 3,012,346 0.89 393,018666.47
90 Optical, photographic, cinematographic, measuring, checking, precision, medical or surgical instruments and apparatus; parts and accessories thereof 8,305,912 2.47 8,729,190-4.85
91 Clocks and watches and parts thereof 252 0.00 429-41.26
92 Musical instruments; parts and accessories of such articles 26,683 0.01 66,612-59.94
94 Furniture; bedding, mattresses, mattress supports, cushions and similar stuffed furnishings; lamps and lighting fittings, not elsewhere specified or included; illuminated sign illuminated nameplates and the like; prefabricated buildings 5,183,458 1.54 6,129,161-15.43
95 Toys, games and sports requisites; parts and accessories thereof 933,316 0.28 1,276,072-26.86
96 Miscellaneous manufactured articles 272,839 0.08 233,60316.80
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Russian foreign trade statistics
Source: Federal Customs Service of Russia