Russian foreign trade
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Russian trade in goods with Afghanistan in Q1 2021

by Russian Foreign Trade
based on data from the Federal Customs Service of Russia
The Report on Russia’s foreign trade in goods with Afghanistan in the first quarter of 2021: exports, imports, products, dynamics.

Russia’s Trade with Afghanistan

In the 1st quarter of 2021, Russia’s trade with Afghanistan totaled $24,805,647, up 9.88% ($2,229,808) from the 1st quarter of 2020.

Russia’s exports to Afghanistan in the 1st quarter of 2021 totaled $23,810,400, up 13.00% ($2,739,196) from the 1st quarter of 2020.

Russia’s imports from Afghanistan in the 1st quarter of 2021 were $995,247, down 33.85% ($509,388) from the 1st quarter of 2020.

Russia’s trade surplus with Afghanistan in the 1st quarter of 2021 was $22,815,153, a 16.60% increase ($3,248,584) over the 1st quarter of 2020.

Afghanistan was Russia’s 118th largest trading partner in the 1st quarter of 2021 (down from 113th in the 1st quarter of 2020), accounting for 0.0160% of Russia’s total trade (up from 0.0159% in the 1st quarter of 2020).

Afghanistan was Russia’s 102nd largest export market in the 1st quarter of 2021 (down from 99th in the 1st quarter of 2020), accounting for 0.0258% of Russia’s total exports (up from 0.0237% in the 1st quarter of 2020).

Afghanistan was Russia’s 129th largest supplier in the 1st quarter of 2021 (down from 122nd in the 1st quarter of 2020), accounting for 0.0016% of Russia’s total imports (down from 0.0028% in the 1st quarter of 2020).

Russia’s Exports to Afghanistan

The major share of Russian exports to Afghanistan in the 1st quarter of 2021 (and in the 1st quarter of 2020) was accounted for the following product types:

  • Food products and agricultural raw materials (HS codes 01-24) - 55.24% of Russia’s total exports to Afghanistan (37.51% in the 1st quarter of 2020);
  • Wood and wood products (HS codes 44-49) - 26.77% of Russia’s total exports to Afghanistan (38.61% in the 1st quarter of 2020);
  • Mineral products (HS codes 25-27) - 8.99% of Russia’s total exports to Afghanistan (18.77% in the 1st quarter of 2020);
  • Machinery, equipment and vehicles (HS codes 84-90) - 2.01% of Russia’s total exports to Afghanistan (0.79% in the 1st quarter of 2020);
  • Chemical products (HS codes 28-40) - 1.24% of Russia’s total exports to Afghanistan (2.42% in the 1st quarter of 2020);
  • Metals and products from them (HS codes 72-83) - 1.02% of Russia’s total exports to Afghanistan (0.02% in the 1st quarter of 2020).

The largest gains in Russia’s exports to Afghanistan in the 1st quarter of 2021 over the 1st quarter of 2020 were recorded for the following product groups:

  • Animal or vegetable fats and oils and their cleavage products prepared edible fats; animal or vegetable waxes (HS code 15) - an increase of $4,640,378;
  • Cocoa and cocoa preparations (HS code 18) - an increase of $351,701;
  • Nuclear reactors, boilers, machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof (HS code 84) - an increase of $276,097;
  • Preparations of cereals, flour, starch or milk; bakers’ wares (HS code 19) - an increase of $224,386;
  • Products of the milling industry; malt; starches; inulin; wheat gluten (HS code 11) - an increase of $168,395;
  • Articles of iron or steel (HS code 73) - an increase of $155,694;
  • Rubber and articles thereof (HS code 40) - an increase of $95,698;
  • Iron and steel (HS code 72) - an increase of $76,395;
  • Sugars and sugar confectionery (HS code 17) - an increase of $71,888.

The largest declines in Russia’s exports to Afghanistan in the 1st quarter of 2021 over the 1st quarter of 2020 were recorded for the following product groups:

  • Mineral fuels, mineral oils and products of their distillation; bituminous substances; mineral waxes (HS code 27) - a decrease of $1,814,655;
  • Wood and articles of wood; wood charcoal (HS code 44) - a decrease of $1,451,942;
  • Explosives; pyrotechnic products; matches; pyrophoric alloys; certain combustible preparations (HS code 36) - a decrease of $330,000;
  • Paper and paperboard; articles of paper pulp, of paper or of paperboard (HS code 48) - a decrease of $309,407;
  • Tobacco and manufactured tobacco substitutes (HS code 24) - a decrease of $115,580;
  • Edible vegetables and certain roots and tubers (HS code 07) - a decrease of $87,728.
Russia’s exports to Afghanistan in the 1st quarter of 2021 by product groups
HS
code
Name of product group Value of exports
in Q1 2021,
US dollars ($)
Percent share in total export Value of exports
in Q1 2020,
US dollars ($)
Percent change
in Q1 2021
over Q1 2020
07 Edible vegetables and certain roots and tubers 0 0.00 87,728-100.00
10 Cereals 9,910 0.04 0
11 Products of the milling industry; malt; starches; inulin; wheat gluten 168,395 0.71 0
15 Animal or vegetable fats and oils and their cleavage products prepared edible fats; animal or vegetable waxes 11,863,284 49.82 7,222,90664.25
17 Sugars and sugar confectionery 79,725 0.33 7,837917.29
18 Cocoa and cocoa preparations 691,024 2.90 339,323103.65
19 Preparations of cereals, flour, starch or milk; bakers’ wares 264,527 1.11 40,141558.99
20 Preparations of vegetables, fruit, nuts or other parts of plants 2,592 0.01 0
21 Miscellaneous edible preparations 72,529 0.30 89,916-19.34
24 Tobacco and manufactured tobacco substitutes 0 0.00 115,580-100.00
27 Mineral fuels, mineral oils and products of their distillation; bituminous substances; mineral waxes 2,141,429 8.99 3,956,084-45.87
30 Pharmaceutical products 101,931 0.43 100,7241.20
32 Tanning or dyeing extracts; dyes, pigments, paints, varnishes, putty and mastics 433 0.00 0
33 Essential oils and resinoids; perfumery, cosmetic or toilet preparations 26,727 0.11 17,62251.67
34 Soap, organic surface-active agents, washing preparations, lubricating preparations, artificial waxes, prepared waxes, polishing or scouring preparations, candles and similar articles, modeling pastes, "dental waxes" and dental preparations with a basis of plaster 16,304 0.07 1,715850.67
36 Explosives; pyrotechnic products; matches; pyrophoric alloys; certain combustible preparations 0 0.00 330,000-100.00
39 Plastics and articles thereof 0 0.00 6,761-100.00
40 Rubber and articles thereof 149,631 0.63 53,933177.44
44 Wood and articles of wood; wood charcoal 5,657,357 23.76 7,109,299-20.42
48 Paper and paperboard; articles of paper pulp, of paper or of paperboard 716,815 3.01 1,026,222-30.15
57 Carpets and other textile floor coverings 74 0.00 0
59 Impregnated, coated, covered or laminated textile fabrics; textile articles of a kind suitable for industrial use 12,339 0.05 9921,143.85
63 Other made up textile articles; sets; worn clothing and worn textile articles; rags 0 0.00 22-100.00
68 Articles of stone, plaster, cement, asbestos, mica or similar materials 0 0.00 50,880-100.00
72 Iron and steel 76,395 0.32 0
73 Articles of iron or steel 159,814 0.67 4,1203,778.98
76 Aluminum and articles thereof 6,304 0.03 0
83 Miscellaneous articles of base metal 515 0.00 0
84 Nuclear reactors, boilers, machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof 360,650 1.51 84,553326.54
85 Electrical machinery and equipment and parts thereof; sound recorders and reproducers, television image and sound recorders and reproducers, and parts and accessories of such articles 71,979 0.30 74,086-2.84
87 Vehicles other than railway or tramway rolling stock, and parts and accessories thereof 33,013 0.14 0
90 Optical, photographic, cinematographic, measuring, checking, precision, medical or surgical instruments and apparatus; parts and accessories thereof 11,952 0.05 7,86951.89
96 Miscellaneous manufactured articles 2,969 0.01 0
SS Classified 1,111,783 4.67 342 891224.24

Russia’s Imports from Afghanistan

The major share of Russian imports from Afghanistan in the 1st quarter of 2021 (and in the 1st quarter of 2020) was accounted for the following product types:

  • Food products and agricultural raw materials (HS codes 01-24) - 90.14% of Russia’s total imports from Afghanistan (95.21% in the 1st quarter of 2020).

The largest gains in Russia’s imports from Afghanistan in the 1st quarter of 2021 over the 1st quarter of 2020 were recorded for the following product groups:

  • Furskins and artificial fur; manufactures thereof (HS code 43) - an increase of $24,108;
  • Oil seeds and oleaginous fruits; miscellaneous grains, seeds and fruits; industrial or medicinal plants; straw and fodder (HS code 12) - an increase of $22,594.

The largest declines in Russia’s imports from Afghanistan in the 1st quarter of 2021 over the 1st quarter of 2020 were recorded for the following product groups:

  • Edible fruit and nuts; peel of citrus fruit or melons (HS code 08) - a decrease of $559,122.
Russia’s imports from Afghanistan in the 1st quarter of 2021 by product groups
HS
code
Name of product group Value of imports in Q1 2021,
US dollars ($)
Percent share in total import Value of imports in Q1 2020,
US dollars ($)
Percent change
in Q1 2021
over Q1 2020
08 Edible fruit and nuts; peel of citrus fruit or melons 873,460 87.76 1,432,582-39.03
09 Coffee, tea, maté and spices 1,050 0.11 0
12 Oil seeds and oleaginous fruits; miscellaneous grains, seeds and fruits; industrial or medicinal plants; straw and fodder 22,594 2.27 0
39 Plastics and articles thereof 3 0.00 0
43 Furskins and artificial fur; manufactures thereof 96,161 9.66 72,05333.46
84 Nuclear reactors, boilers, machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof 1,590 0.16 0
85 Electrical machinery and equipment and parts thereof; sound recorders and reproducers, television image and sound recorders and reproducers, and parts and accessories of such articles 334 0.03 0
87 Vehicles other than railway or tramway rolling stock, and parts and accessories thereof 55 0.01 0
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Russian foreign trade statistics
Source: Federal Customs Service of Russia