Russian foreign trade
reports and reviews

Russian trade in goods with Romania in Q2 2021

by Russian Foreign Trade
based on data from the Federal Customs Service of Russia
The Report on Russia’s foreign trade in goods with Romania in the second quarter of 2021: exports, imports, products, dynamics.

Russia’s Trade with Romania

In the 2nd quarter of 2021, Russia’s trade with Romania totaled $1,050,309,552, up 59.42% ($391,489,283) from the 2nd quarter of 2020.

Russia’s exports to Romania in the 2nd quarter of 2021 totaled $663,446,526, up 44.12% ($203,106,264) from the 2nd quarter of 2020.

Russia’s imports from Romania in the 2nd quarter of 2021 totaled $386,863,026, up 94.91% ($188,383,019) from the 2nd quarter of 2020.

Russia’s trade surplus with Romania in the 2nd quarter of 2021 was $276,583,500, a 5.62% increase ($14,723,245) over the 2nd quarter of 2020.

Romania was Russia’s 35th largest trading partner in the 2nd quarter of 2021 (up from 36th in the 2nd quarter of 2020), accounting for 0.5550% of Russia’s total trade (up from 0.5400% in the 2nd quarter of 2020).

Romania was Russia’s 35th largest export market in the 2nd quarter of 2021 (down from 27th in the 2nd quarter of 2020), accounting for 0.5768% of Russia’s total exports (down from 0.6584% in the 2nd quarter of 2020).

Romania was Russia’s 34th largest supplier in the 2nd quarter of 2021 (up from 42nd in the 2nd quarter of 2020), accounting for 0.5212% of Russia’s total imports (up from 0.3810% in the 2nd quarter of 2020).

Russia’s Exports to Romania

The major share of Russian exports to Romania in the 2nd quarter of 2021 (and in the 2nd quarter of 2020) was accounted for the following product types:

  • Mineral products (HS codes 25-27) - 68.86% of Russia’s total exports to Romania (71.94% in the 2nd quarter of 2020);
  • Chemical products (HS codes 28-40) - 15.67% of Russia’s total exports to Romania (12.44% in the 2nd quarter of 2020);
  • Wood and wood products (HS codes 44-49) - 4.21% of Russia’s total exports to Romania (3.75% in the 2nd quarter of 2020);
  • Machinery, equipment and vehicles (HS codes 84-90) - 4.20% of Russia’s total exports to Romania (2.63% in the 2nd quarter of 2020);
  • Metals and products from them (HS codes 72-83) - 4.11% of Russia’s total exports to Romania (6.13% in the 2nd quarter of 2020);
  • Precious metals and stones (HS code 71) - 1.14% of Russia’s total exports to Romania (0.68% in the 2nd quarter of 2020);
  • Food products and agricultural raw materials (HS codes 01-24) - 0.09% of Russia’s total exports to Romania (1.02% in the 2nd quarter of 2020).

The largest gains in Russia’s exports to Romania in the 2nd quarter of 2021 over the 2nd quarter of 2020 were recorded for the following product groups:

  • Mineral fuels, mineral oils and products of their distillation; bituminous substances; mineral waxes (HS code 27) - an increase of $124,225,938;
  • Fertilizers (HS code 31) - an increase of $22,572,173;
  • Rubber and articles thereof (HS code 40) - an increase of $15,159,393;
  • Ships, boats and floating structures (HS code 89) - an increase of $10,401,386;
  • Wood and articles of wood; wood charcoal (HS code 44) - an increase of $6,173,492;
  • Ores, slag and ash (HS code 26) - an increase of $5,462,625;
  • Nuclear reactors, boilers, machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof (HS code 84) - an increase of $4,811,652;
  • Natural or cultured pearls, precious or semi-precious stones,precious metals, metals clad with precious metal and articles thereof; imitation jewelry; coin (HS code 71) - an increase of $4,453,118;
  • Paper and paperboard; articles of paper pulp, of paper or of paperboard (HS code 48) - an increase of $4,061,747;
  • Organic chemicals (HS code 29) - an increase of $4,014,265;
  • Plastics and articles thereof (HS code 39) - an increase of $2,444,020;
  • Inorganic chemicals; organic or inorganic compounds of precious metals, of rare-earth metals,of radioactive elements or of isotopes (HS code 28) - an increase of $2,205,433.

The largest declines in Russia’s exports to Romania in the 2nd quarter of 2021 over the 2nd quarter of 2020 were recorded for the following product groups:

  • Oil seeds and oleaginous fruits; miscellaneous grains, seeds and fruits; industrial or medicinal plants; straw and fodder (HS code 12) - a decrease of $4,215,876;
  • Salt; sulfur; earths and stone; plastering materials, lime and cement (HS code 25) - a decrease of $4,000,975;
  • Iron and steel (HS code 72) - a decrease of $2,008,541.
Russia’s exports to Romania in the 2nd quarter of 2021 by product groups
HS
code
Name of product group Value of exports
in Q2 2021,
US dollars ($)
Percent share in total export Value of exports
in Q2 2020,
US dollars ($)
Percent change
in Q2 2021
over Q2 2020
01 Live animals 677 0.00 0
05 Products of animal origin, not elsewhere specified or included 242,716 0.04 59,506307.88
07 Edible vegetables and certain roots and tubers 17,420 0.00 0
09 Coffee, tea, maté and spices 0 0.00 21,468-100.00
11 Products of the milling industry; malt; starches; inulin; wheat gluten 51,234 0.01 103,268-50.39
12 Oil seeds and oleaginous fruits; miscellaneous grains, seeds and fruits; industrial or medicinal plants; straw and fodder 15,243 0.00 4,231,119-99.64
14 Vegetable plaiting materials; vegetable products not elsewhere specified or included 965 0.00 0
15 Animal or vegetable fats and oils and their cleavage products prepared edible fats; animal or vegetable waxes 89 0.00 71,406-99.88
17 Sugars and sugar confectionery 165,523 0.02 0
18 Cocoa and cocoa preparations 0 0.00 4,773-100.00
19 Preparations of cereals, flour, starch or milk; bakers’ wares 0 0.00 12,543-100.00
21 Miscellaneous edible preparations 110,751 0.02 202,234-45.24
22 Beverages, spirits and vinegar 18,346 0.00 10,37276.88
25 Salt; sulfur; earths and stone; plastering materials, lime and cement 321,812 0.05 4,322,787-92.56
26 Ores, slag and ash 5,462,625 0.82 0
27 Mineral fuels, mineral oils and products of their distillation; bituminous substances; mineral waxes 451,074,587 67.99 326,848,64938.01
28 Inorganic chemicals; organic or inorganic compounds of precious metals, of rare-earth metals,of radioactive elements or of isotopes 4,411,938 0.67 2,206,50599.95
29 Organic chemicals 8,438,703 1.27 4,424,43890.73
30 Pharmaceutical products 13,986 0.00 147,536-90.52
31 Fertilizers 60,935,579 9.18 38,363,40658.84
32 Tanning or dyeing extracts; dyes, pigments, paints, varnishes, putty and mastics 110,990 0.02 34,147225.04
33 Essential oils and resinoids; perfumery, cosmetic or toilet preparations 1,131,417 0.17 1,011,43811.86
34 Soap, organic surface-active agents, washing preparations, lubricating preparations, artificial waxes, prepared waxes, polishing or scouring preparations, candles and similar articles, modeling pastes, "dental waxes" and dental preparations with a basis of plaster 235,507 0.04 162,37245.04
35 Albuminoidal substances; modified starches; glues; enzymes 10,755 0.00 13,973-23.03
36 Explosives; pyrotechnic products; matches; pyrophoric alloys; certain combustible preparations 25,030 0.00 0
38 Miscellaneous chemical products 324,215 0.05 151,098114.57
39 Plastics and articles thereof 7,319,609 1.10 4,875,58950.13
40 Rubber and articles thereof 21,024,852 3.17 5,865,459258.45
41 Raw hides and skins (other than furskins) and leather 33,581 0.01 0
42 Articles of leather; saddlery and harness; travel goods, handbags and similar containers; articles of animal gut (other than silkworm gut) 21,156 0.00 3495,961.89
44 Wood and articles of wood; wood charcoal 16,191,630 2.44 10,018,13861.62
46 Manufactures of straw, of esparto or of other plaiting materials; basketware and wickerwork 0 0.00 10-100.00
47 Pulp of wood or of other fibrous cellulosic material; waste and scrap of paper or paperboard 490,676 0.07 114,159329.82
48 Paper and paperboard; articles of paper pulp, of paper or of paperboard 11,196,791 1.69 7,135,04456.93
49 Printed books, newspapers, pictures and other products of the printing industry; manuscripts, typescripts and plans 26,104 0.00 7,476249.17
52 Cotton 52,758 0.01 0
53 Other vegetable textile fibers; paper yarn and woven fabric of paper yarn 0 0.00 19,083-100.00
54 Man-made filaments 9,011 0.00 143,419-93.72
55 Man-made staple fibers 74,025 0.01 0
56 Wadding, felt and nonwovens; special yarns, twine, cordage, ropes and cables and articles thereof 517,198 0.08 137,850275.19
57 Carpets and other textile floor coverings 98,070 0.01 58016,808.62
58 Special woven fabrics; tufted textile fabrics; lace, tapestries; trimmings; embroidery 251 0.00 50402.00
59 Impregnated, coated, covered or laminated textile fabrics; textile articles of a kind suitable for industrial use 78,563 0.01 12,768515.31
60 Knitted or crocheted fabrics 257 0.00 0
61 Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, knitted or crocheted 9,438 0.00 9,887-4.54
62 Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, not knitted or crocheted 41,607 0.01 8,732376.49
63 Other made up textile articles; sets; worn clothing and worn textile articles; rags 327,184 0.05 437,279-25.18
64 Footwear, gaiters and the like; parts of such articles 2,696 0.00 0
65 Headgear and parts thereof 577 0.00 0
67 Prepared feathers and down and articles made of feathers or of down; artificial flowers; articles of human hair 7,195 0.00 1,175512.34
68 Articles of stone, plaster, cement, asbestos, mica or similar materials 2,882,026 0.43 1,680,83571.46
69 Ceramic products 1,167,524 0.18 653,62678.62
70 Glass and glassware 2,323,720 0.35 1,289,18480.25
71 Natural or cultured pearls, precious or semi-precious stones,precious metals, metals clad with precious metal and articles thereof; imitation jewelry; coin 7,574,662 1.14 3,121,544142.66
72 Iron and steel 24,165,845 3.64 26,174,386-7.67
73 Articles of iron or steel 1,483,664 0.22 1,291,35814.89
74 Copper and articles thereof 75,755 0.01 1,6274,556.12
75 Nickel and articles thereof 790 0.00 2,651-70.20
76 Aluminum and articles thereof 1,059,986 0.16 433,178144.70
78 Lead and articles thereof 28 0.00 1947.37
79 Zinc and articles thereof 1 0.00 0
81 Other base metals; cermets; articles thereof 6,151 0.00 1833,261.20
82 Tools, implements, cutlery, spoons and forks, of base metal; parts thereof of base metal 215,436 0.03 262,384-17.89
83 Miscellaneous articles of base metal 255,952 0.04 40,893525.91
84 Nuclear reactors, boilers, machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof 8,105,198 1.22 3,293,546146.09
85 Electrical machinery and equipment and parts thereof; sound recorders and reproducers, television image and sound recorders and reproducers, and parts and accessories of such articles 5,142,371 0.78 5,665,593-9.24
86 Railway or tramway locomotives, rolling-stock and parts thereof; railway or tramway track fixtures and fittings and parts thereof; mechanical (including electro-mechanical) traffic signalling equipment of all kinds 34,480 0.01 1,203,921-97.14
87 Vehicles other than railway or tramway rolling stock, and parts and accessories thereof 3,659,962 0.55 1,790,197104.44
89 Ships, boats and floating structures 10,416,511 1.57 15,12568,769.49
90 Optical, photographic, cinematographic, measuring, checking, precision, medical or surgical instruments and apparatus; parts and accessories thereof 497,606 0.08 131,958277.09
91 Clocks and watches and parts thereof 13,830 0.00 1498,685.71
94 Furniture; bedding, mattresses, mattress supports, cushions and similar stuffed furnishings; lamps and lighting fittings, not elsewhere specified or included; illuminated sign illuminated nameplates and the like; prefabricated buildings 1,914,421 0.29 733,852160.87
95 Toys, games and sports requisites; parts and accessories thereof 137,656 0.02 7,6721,694.26
96 Miscellaneous manufactured articles 1,665,485 0.25 1,355,93122.83
97 Works of art, collectors’ pieces and antiques 4,129 0.00 0
SS Classified 0 0.00 500-100.00

Russia’s Imports from Romania

The major share of Russian imports from Romania in the 2nd quarter of 2021 (and in the 2nd quarter of 2020) was accounted for the following product types:

  • Machinery, equipment and vehicles (HS codes 84-90) - 65.70% of Russia’s total imports from Romania (55.35% in the 2nd quarter of 2020);
  • Chemical products (HS codes 28-40) - 17.61% of Russia’s total imports from Romania (30.26% in the 2nd quarter of 2020);
  • Textiles, textile products and footwear (HS codes 50-67) - 5.32% of Russia’s total imports from Romania (3.37% in the 2nd quarter of 2020);
  • Metals and products from them (HS codes 72-83) - 4.12% of Russia’s total imports from Romania (4.43% in the 2nd quarter of 2020);
  • Food products and agricultural raw materials (HS codes 01-24) - 3.29% of Russia’s total imports from Romania (2.43% in the 2nd quarter of 2020).

The largest gains in Russia’s imports from Romania in the 2nd quarter of 2021 over the 2nd quarter of 2020 were recorded for the following product groups:

  • Vehicles other than railway or tramway rolling stock, and parts and accessories thereof (HS code 87) - an increase of $56,644,598;
  • Electrical machinery and equipment and parts thereof; sound recorders and reproducers, television image and sound recorders and reproducers, and parts and accessories of such articles (HS code 85) - an increase of $41,635,465;
  • Nuclear reactors, boilers, machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof (HS code 84) - an increase of $29,510,824;
  • Ships, boats and floating structures (HS code 89) - an increase of $10,309,573;
  • Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, not knitted or crocheted (HS code 62) - an increase of $8,244,943;
  • Optical, photographic, cinematographic, measuring, checking, precision, medical or surgical instruments and apparatus; parts and accessories thereof (HS code 90) - an increase of $6,211,276;
  • Oil seeds and oleaginous fruits; miscellaneous grains, seeds and fruits; industrial or medicinal plants; straw and fodder (HS code 12) - an increase of $5,917,194;
  • Plastics and articles thereof (HS code 39) - an increase of $5,814,793;
  • Rubber and articles thereof (HS code 40) - an increase of $4,714,168;
  • Miscellaneous articles of base metal (HS code 83) - an increase of $3,321,650;
  • Furniture; bedding, mattresses, mattress supports, cushions and similar stuffed furnishings; lamps and lighting fittings, not elsewhere specified or included; illuminated sign illuminated nameplates and the like; prefabricated buildings (HS code 94) - an increase of $3,317,198;
  • Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, knitted or crocheted (HS code 61) - an increase of $2,895,184;
  • Cereals (HS code 10) - an increase of $2,505,613;
  • Organic chemicals (HS code 29) - an increase of $1,856,895;
  • Footwear, gaiters and the like; parts of such articles (HS code 64) - an increase of $1,478,840;
  • Articles of iron or steel (HS code 73) - an increase of $1,354,481;
  • Iron and steel (HS code 72) - an increase of $1,336,853;
  • Wood and articles of wood; wood charcoal (HS code 44) - an increase of $1,161,233.

The largest declines in Russia’s imports from Romania in the 2nd quarter of 2021 over the 2nd quarter of 2020 were recorded for the following product groups:

  • Pharmaceutical products (HS code 30) - a decrease of $4,705,820;
  • Tobacco and manufactured tobacco substitutes (HS code 24) - a decrease of $1,215,476.
Russia’s imports from Romania in the 2nd quarter of 2021 by product groups
HS
code
Name of product group Value of imports in Q2 2021,
US dollars ($)
Percent share in total import Value of imports in Q2 2020,
US dollars ($)
Percent change
in Q2 2021
over Q2 2020
09 Coffee, tea, maté and spices 1,233 0.00 0
10 Cereals 3,571,838 0.92 1,066,225235.00
11 Products of the milling industry; malt; starches; inulin; wheat gluten 38,400 0.01 0
12 Oil seeds and oleaginous fruits; miscellaneous grains, seeds and fruits; industrial or medicinal plants; straw and fodder 7,018,664 1.81 1,101,470537.21
15 Animal or vegetable fats and oils and their cleavage products prepared edible fats; animal or vegetable waxes 23,269 0.01 0
17 Sugars and sugar confectionery 47,082 0.01 4,679906.24
18 Cocoa and cocoa preparations 128,865 0.03 31,663306.99
19 Preparations of cereals, flour, starch or milk; bakers’ wares 18,257 0.00 48,240-62.15
20 Preparations of vegetables, fruit, nuts or other parts of plants 81,106 0.02 62,62229.52
21 Miscellaneous edible preparations 1,169,850 0.30 732,05759.80
22 Beverages, spirits and vinegar 145,633 0.04 72,486100.91
24 Tobacco and manufactured tobacco substitutes 496,097 0.13 1,711,573-71.02
25 Salt; sulfur; earths and stone; plastering materials, lime and cement 15,567 0.00 0
27 Mineral fuels, mineral oils and products of their distillation; bituminous substances; mineral waxes 1,336,542 0.35 697,85891.52
28 Inorganic chemicals; organic or inorganic compounds of precious metals, of rare-earth metals,of radioactive elements or of isotopes 130,007 0.03 232,442-44.07
29 Organic chemicals 2,688,748 0.70 831,853223.22
30 Pharmaceutical products 26,660,734 6.89 31,366,554-15.00
31 Fertilizers 18,194 0.00 42,176-56.86
32 Tanning or dyeing extracts; dyes, pigments, paints, varnishes, putty and mastics 545,734 0.14 370,26747.39
33 Essential oils and resinoids; perfumery, cosmetic or toilet preparations 12,399,282 3.21 12,334,2250.53
34 Soap, organic surface-active agents, washing preparations, lubricating preparations, artificial waxes, prepared waxes, polishing or scouring preparations, candles and similar articles, modeling pastes, "dental waxes" and dental preparations with a basis of plaster 684,422 0.18 207,306230.15
35 Albuminoidal substances; modified starches; glues; enzymes 29,581 0.01 2,4821,091.82
36 Explosives; pyrotechnic products; matches; pyrophoric alloys; certain combustible preparations 40,342 0.01 0
38 Miscellaneous chemical products 359,440 0.09 642,500-44.06
39 Plastics and articles thereof 10,358,480 2.68 4,543,687127.98
40 Rubber and articles thereof 14,192,333 3.67 9,478,16549.74
41 Raw hides and skins (other than furskins) and leather 0 0.00 52,692-100.00
42 Articles of leather; saddlery and harness; travel goods, handbags and similar containers; articles of animal gut (other than silkworm gut) 1,479,137 0.38 599,863146.58
43 Furskins and artificial fur; manufactures thereof 19,702 0.01 0
44 Wood and articles of wood; wood charcoal 2,696,171 0.70 1,534,93875.65
46 Manufactures of straw, of esparto or of other plaiting materials; basketware and wickerwork 0 0.00 72-100.00
48 Paper and paperboard; articles of paper pulp, of paper or of paperboard 114,840 0.03 75,37352.36
49 Printed books, newspapers, pictures and other products of the printing industry; manuscripts, typescripts and plans 110,777 0.03 262,681-57.83
51 Wool, fine or coarse animal hair; horsehair yarn and woven fabric 88,478 0.02 136,418-35.14
52 Cotton 12,956 0.00 11,9838.12
53 Other vegetable textile fibers; paper yarn and woven fabric of paper yarn 796 0.00 0
54 Man-made filaments 170,471 0.04 106,88259.49
55 Man-made staple fibers 150,224 0.04 19,742660.94
56 Wadding, felt and nonwovens; special yarns, twine, cordage, ropes and cables and articles thereof 356,142 0.09 206,29072.64
57 Carpets and other textile floor coverings 7,576 0.00 1,977283.21
58 Special woven fabrics; tufted textile fabrics; lace, tapestries; trimmings; embroidery 413,635 0.11 15,7582,524.92
59 Impregnated, coated, covered or laminated textile fabrics; textile articles of a kind suitable for industrial use 609,134 0.16 405,63050.17
60 Knitted or crocheted fabrics 5,687 0.00 6,382-10.89
61 Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, knitted or crocheted 3,727,575 0.96 832,391347.82
62 Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, not knitted or crocheted 11,786,917 3.05 3,541,974232.78
63 Other made up textile articles; sets; worn clothing and worn textile articles; rags 616,995 0.16 288,635113.76
64 Footwear, gaiters and the like; parts of such articles 2,542,721 0.66 1,063,881139.00
65 Headgear and parts thereof 29,464 0.01 15,47490.41
67 Prepared feathers and down and articles made of feathers or of down; artificial flowers; articles of human hair 61,475 0.02 32,51689.06
68 Articles of stone, plaster, cement, asbestos, mica or similar materials 14,309 0.00 6,142132.97
69 Ceramic products 708,483 0.18 552,15328.31
70 Glass and glassware 838,185 0.22 888,806-5.70
71 Natural or cultured pearls, precious or semi-precious stones,precious metals, metals clad with precious metal and articles thereof; imitation jewelry; coin 3,125 0.00 0
72 Iron and steel 2,977,133 0.77 1,640,28081.50
73 Articles of iron or steel 5,444,380 1.41 4,089,89933.12
74 Copper and articles thereof 37,344 0.01 1,4702,440.41
75 Nickel and articles thereof 3,760 0.00 1820,788.89
76 Aluminum and articles thereof 1,160,329 0.30 384,400201.85
79 Zinc and articles thereof 34,048 0.01 9,531257.23
81 Other base metals; cermets; articles thereof 6,368 0.00 5,45816.67
82 Tools, implements, cutlery, spoons and forks, of base metal; parts thereof of base metal 419,537 0.11 124,369237.33
83 Miscellaneous articles of base metal 5,850,990 1.51 2,529,340131.32
84 Nuclear reactors, boilers, machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof 72,821,547 18.82 43,310,72368.14
85 Electrical machinery and equipment and parts thereof; sound recorders and reproducers, television image and sound recorders and reproducers, and parts and accessories of such articles 76,414,668 19.75 34,779,203119.71
87 Vehicles other than railway or tramway rolling stock, and parts and accessories thereof 84,267,379 21.78 27,622,781205.06
89 Ships, boats and floating structures 10,309,573 2.66 0
90 Optical, photographic, cinematographic, measuring, checking, precision, medical or surgical instruments and apparatus; parts and accessories thereof 10,348,550 2.67 4,137,274150.13
91 Clocks and watches and parts thereof 10,196 0.00 1,851450.84
92 Musical instruments; parts and accessories of such articles 93,012 0.02 74,68124.55
94 Furniture; bedding, mattresses, mattress supports, cushions and similar stuffed furnishings; lamps and lighting fittings, not elsewhere specified or included; illuminated sign illuminated nameplates and the like; prefabricated buildings 6,590,307 1.70 3,273,109101.35
95 Toys, games and sports requisites; parts and accessories thereof 913,838 0.24 156,490483.96
96 Miscellaneous manufactured articles 395,392 0.10 99,947295.60
Russian foreign trade statistics
Source: Federal Customs Service of Russia