Russian foreign trade
reports and reviews

Russian trade with Japan in 2021

by Russian Foreign Trade
based on data from the Federal Customs Service of Russia
The Report on Russia’s foreign trade in goods with Japan in 2021: exports, imports, products, dynamics.

Russia’s Trade with Japan

In 2021, Russia’s trade with Japan totaled $19,874,082,971, up 22.92% ($3,705,207,302) from 2020.

Russia’s exports to Japan in 2021 totaled $10,747,570,472, up 18.69% ($1,692,451,482) from 2020.

Russia’s imports from Japan in 2021 totaled $9,126,512,499, up 28.29% ($2,012,755,820) from 2020.

Russia’s trade surplus with Japan in 2021 was $1,621,057,973, a 16.50% decrease ($320,304,338) over 2020.

Japan was Russia’s 13th largest trading partner in 2021 (down from 11th in 2020), accounting for 2.5317% of Russia’s total trade (down from 2.8475% in 2020).

Japan was Russia’s 12th largest export market in 2021 (just as in 2020), accounting for 2.1863% of Russia’s total exports (down from 2.6918% in 2020).

Japan was Russia’s 8th largest supplier in 2021 (just as in 2020), accounting for 3.1104% of Russia’s total imports (up from 3.0738% in 2020).

Russia’s Exports to Japan

The major share of Russian exports to Japan in 2021 (and in 2020) was accounted for the following product types:

  • Mineral products (HS codes 25-27) - 61.49% of Russia’s total exports to Japan (70.23% in 2020);
  • Metals and products from them (HS codes 72-83) - 12.74% of Russia’s total exports to Japan (7.90% in 2020);
  • Precious metals and stones (HS code 71) - 10.85% of Russia’s total exports to Japan (12.05% in 2020);
  • Food products and agricultural raw materials (HS codes 01-24) - 6.64% of Russia’s total exports to Japan (3.16% in 2020);
  • Wood and wood products (HS codes 44-49) - 5.90% of Russia’s total exports to Japan (4.44% in 2020);
  • Chemical products (HS codes 28-40) - 1.61% of Russia’s total exports to Japan (1.41% in 2020).

The largest gains in Russia’s exports to Japan in 2021 over 2020 were recorded for the following product groups:

  • Aluminum and articles thereof (HS code 76) - an increase of $443,043,024;
  • Fish and crustaceans, molluscs and other aquatic invertebrates (HS code 03) - an increase of $398,081,675;
  • Wood and articles of wood; wood charcoal (HS code 44) - an increase of $218,397,764;
  • Mineral fuels, mineral oils and products of their distillation; bituminous substances; mineral waxes (HS code 27) - an increase of $212,177,923;
  • Iron and steel (HS code 72) - an increase of $203,790,305;
  • Natural or cultured pearls, precious or semi-precious stones,precious metals, metals clad with precious metal and articles thereof; imitation jewelry; coin (HS code 71) - an increase of $68,260,946;
  • Pharmaceutical products (HS code 30) - an increase of $35,093,324.

The largest declines in Russia’s exports to Japan in 2021 over 2020 were recorded for the following product groups:

  • No product groups with a substantial decrease.
Russia’s exports to Japan in 2021 by product groups
HS
code
Name of product group Value of exports
in 2021,
US dollars ($)
Percent share in total export Value of exports
in 2020,
US dollars ($)
Percent change
in 2021
over 2020
01 Live animals 13,302 0.00 0
02 Meat and edible meat offal 354,980 0.00 429,588-17.37
03 Fish and crustaceans, molluscs and other aquatic invertebrates 648,837,661 6.04 250,755,986158.75
04 Dairy produce; birds eggs; natural honey; edible products of animal origin, not elsewhere specified or included 82,721 0.00 63,16630.96
05 Products of animal origin, not elsewhere specified or included 286,464 0.00 894,428-67.97
06 Live trees and other plants; bulbs, roots and the like; cut flowers and ornamental foliage 17,795 0.00 9,52786.78
07 Edible vegetables and certain roots and tubers 1,468,867 0.01 1,190,93823.34
08 Edible fruit and nuts; peel of citrus fruit or melons 37,944 0.00 0
09 Coffee, tea, maté and spices 74,174 0.00 38,99390.22
10 Cereals 28,384,794 0.26 17,271,62964.34
11 Products of the milling industry; malt; starches; inulin; wheat gluten 1,887,471 0.02 736,620156.23
12 Oil seeds and oleaginous fruits; miscellaneous grains, seeds and fruits; industrial or medicinal plants; straw and fodder 1,884,217 0.02 1,942,251-2.99
14 Vegetable plaiting materials; vegetable products not elsewhere specified or included 0 0.00 1-100.00
15 Animal or vegetable fats and oils and their cleavage products prepared edible fats; animal or vegetable waxes 6,907,273 0.06 1,830,267277.39
16 Preparations of meat, of fish or of crustaceans, molluscs or other aquatic invertebrates 943,263 0.01 833,84813.12
17 Sugars and sugar confectionery 58,708 0.00 257,908-77.24
18 Cocoa and cocoa preparations 1,803,901 0.02 405,205345.18
19 Preparations of cereals, flour, starch or milk; bakers’ wares 479,478 0.00 157,248204.92
20 Preparations of vegetables, fruit, nuts or other parts of plants 77,865 0.00 12,052546.08
21 Miscellaneous edible preparations 485,677 0.00 403,50820.36
22 Beverages, spirits and vinegar 952,619 0.01 404,018135.79
23 Residues and waste from the food industries; prepared animal feed 617,478 0.01 2,79821,968.55
24 Tobacco and manufactured tobacco substitutes 13,501,238 0.13 8,382,48161.06
25 Salt; sulfur; earths and stone; plastering materials, lime and cement 6,257,761 0.06 4,191,80349.29
26 Ores, slag and ash 103,850,229 0.97 107,557,572-3.45
27 Mineral fuels, mineral oils and products of their distillation; bituminous substances; mineral waxes 6,459,792,807 60.10 6,247,614,8843.40
28 Inorganic chemicals; organic or inorganic compounds of precious metals, of rare-earth metals,of radioactive elements or of isotopes 17,209,001 0.16 11,879,56044.86
29 Organic chemicals 71,770,609 0.67 87,160,941-17.66
30 Pharmaceutical products 35,213,376 0.33 120,05229,231.77
31 Fertilizers 15,256,141 0.14 11,092,63137.53
32 Tanning or dyeing extracts; dyes, pigments, paints, varnishes, putty and mastics 44,241 0.00 3,8071,062.10
33 Essential oils and resinoids; perfumery, cosmetic or toilet preparations 2,767,617 0.03 2,090,74332.37
34 Soap, organic surface-active agents, washing preparations, lubricating preparations, artificial waxes, prepared waxes, polishing or scouring preparations, candles and similar articles, modeling pastes, "dental waxes" and dental preparations with a basis of plaster 132,126 0.00 22,192495.38
35 Albuminoidal substances; modified starches; glues; enzymes 8,928 0.00 2,397272.47
38 Miscellaneous chemical products 1,244,012 0.01 1,590,898-21.80
39 Plastics and articles thereof 1,159,983 0.01 404,122187.04
40 Rubber and articles thereof 27,541,385 0.26 13,319,778106.77
42 Articles of leather; saddlery and harness; travel goods, handbags and similar containers; articles of animal gut (other than silkworm gut) 33,806 0.00 18,24185.33
43 Furskins and artificial fur; manufactures thereof 2,408 0.00 0
44 Wood and articles of wood; wood charcoal 584,797,771 5.44 366,400,00759.61
47 Pulp of wood or of other fibrous cellulosic material; waste and scrap of paper or paperboard 45,208,781 0.42 35,061,20228.94
48 Paper and paperboard; articles of paper pulp, of paper or of paperboard 196,333 0.00 213,550-8.06
49 Printed books, newspapers, pictures and other products of the printing industry; manuscripts, typescripts and plans 608,978 0.01 250,160143.44
50 Silk 136 0.00 0
52 Cotton 0 0.00 2,317-100.00
54 Man-made filaments 0 0.00 129,034-100.00
55 Man-made staple fibers 146 0.00 0
56 Wadding, felt and nonwovens; special yarns, twine, cordage, ropes and cables and articles thereof 5,961 0.00 85,826-93.05
57 Carpets and other textile floor coverings 1,822 0.00 437316.93
58 Special woven fabrics; tufted textile fabrics; lace, tapestries; trimmings; embroidery 22,777 0.00 7,952186.43
59 Impregnated, coated, covered or laminated textile fabrics; textile articles of a kind suitable for industrial use 139,507 0.00 145,482-4.11
60 Knitted or crocheted fabrics 853 0.00 1,745-51.12
61 Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, knitted or crocheted 436,555 0.00 297,36146.81
62 Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, not knitted or crocheted 181,209 0.00 144,69625.23
63 Other made up textile articles; sets; worn clothing and worn textile articles; rags 1,484,735 0.01 677,980118.99
64 Footwear, gaiters and the like; parts of such articles 1,361,818 0.01 935,31145.60
65 Headgear and parts thereof 10,602 0.00 9,26614.42
68 Articles of stone, plaster, cement, asbestos, mica or similar materials 84,601 0.00 364,418-76.78
69 Ceramic products 166,815 0.00 83,349100.14
70 Glass and glassware 1,748,108 0.02 1,218,49543.46
71 Natural or cultured pearls, precious or semi-precious stones,precious metals, metals clad with precious metal and articles thereof; imitation jewelry; coin 1,159,426,564 10.79 1,091,165,6186.26
72 Iron and steel 341,725,524 3.18 137,935,219147.74
73 Articles of iron or steel 1,203,979 0.01 864,94939.20
74 Copper and articles thereof 5,941 0.00 496,706-98.80
75 Nickel and articles thereof 1,285,225 0.01 3,636,851-64.66
76 Aluminum and articles thereof 1,001,877,182 9.32 558,834,15879.28
81 Other base metals; cermets; articles thereof 14,445,498 0.13 13,857,1504.25
82 Tools, implements, cutlery, spoons and forks, of base metal; parts thereof of base metal 113,687 0.00 28,332301.27
83 Miscellaneous articles of base metal 11,145 0.00 12,081-7.75
84 Nuclear reactors, boilers, machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof 53,467,823 0.50 48,396,97710.48
85 Electrical machinery and equipment and parts thereof; sound recorders and reproducers, television image and sound recorders and reproducers, and parts and accessories of such articles 4,696,860 0.04 2,076,655126.17
86 Railway or tramway locomotives, rolling-stock and parts thereof; railway or tramway track fixtures and fittings and parts thereof; mechanical (including electro-mechanical) traffic signalling equipment of all kinds 0 0.00 57,604-100.00
87 Vehicles other than railway or tramway rolling stock, and parts and accessories thereof 3,624,342 0.03 3,964,023-8.57
89 Ships, boats and floating structures 8,589,988 0.08 10,250,716-16.20
90 Optical, photographic, cinematographic, measuring, checking, precision, medical or surgical instruments and apparatus; parts and accessories thereof 3,243,886 0.03 2,871,67612.96
91 Clocks and watches and parts thereof 127,112 0.00 101,22925.57
92 Musical instruments; parts and accessories of such articles 378,359 0.00 107,505251.95
94 Furniture; bedding, mattresses, mattress supports, cushions and similar stuffed furnishings; lamps and lighting fittings, not elsewhere specified or included; illuminated sign illuminated nameplates and the like; prefabricated buildings 1,347,316 0.01 782,08972.27
95 Toys, games and sports requisites; parts and accessories thereof 394,938 0.00 274,88043.68
96 Miscellaneous manufactured articles 259,078 0.00 32,086707.45
97 Works of art, collectors’ pieces and antiques 2,396 0.00 941154.62
SS Classified 0 0.00 250 876-100.00

Russia’s Imports from Japan

The major share of Russian imports from Japan in 2021 (and in 2020) was accounted for the following product types:

  • Machinery, equipment and vehicles (HS codes 84-90) - 78.54% of Russia’s total imports from Japan (77.08% in 2020);
  • Chemical products (HS codes 28-40) - 13.59% of Russia’s total imports from Japan (14.18% in 2020);
  • Metals and products from them (HS codes 72-83) - 3.04% of Russia’s total imports from Japan (3.38% in 2020).

The largest gains in Russia’s imports from Japan in 2021 over 2020 were recorded for the following product groups:

  • Vehicles other than railway or tramway rolling stock, and parts and accessories thereof (HS code 87) - an increase of $971,900,978;
  • Nuclear reactors, boilers, machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof (HS code 84) - an increase of $593,930,448;
  • Electrical machinery and equipment and parts thereof; sound recorders and reproducers, television image and sound recorders and reproducers, and parts and accessories of such articles (HS code 85) - an increase of $105,505,341;
  • Rubber and articles thereof (HS code 40) - an increase of $94,713,871;
  • Optical, photographic, cinematographic, measuring, checking, precision, medical or surgical instruments and apparatus; parts and accessories thereof (HS code 90) - an increase of $52,639,055;
  • Plastics and articles thereof (HS code 39) - an increase of $30,479,888;
  • Organic chemicals (HS code 29) - an increase of $28,271,312.

The largest declines in Russia’s imports from Japan in 2021 over 2020 were recorded for the following product groups:

  • Ships, boats and floating structures (HS code 89) - a decrease of $45,415,035.
Russia’s imports from Japan in 2021 by product groups
HS
code
Name of product group Value of imports in 2021,
US dollars ($)
Percent share in total import Value of imports in 2020,
US dollars ($)
Percent change
in 2021
over 2020
02 Meat and edible meat offal 1,462,931 0.02 761,96491.99
03 Fish and crustaceans, molluscs and other aquatic invertebrates 10,054,637 0.11 9,413,5266.81
06 Live trees and other plants; bulbs, roots and the like; cut flowers and ornamental foliage 43,473 0.00 33,71828.93
07 Edible vegetables and certain roots and tubers 126,861 0.00 174,496-27.30
08 Edible fruit and nuts; peel of citrus fruit or melons 33,135 0.00 23,93038.47
09 Coffee, tea, maté and spices 3,485,859 0.04 2,842,36022.64
10 Cereals 656,247 0.01 673,279-2.53
11 Products of the milling industry; malt; starches; inulin; wheat gluten 189,390 0.00 172,3529.89
12 Oil seeds and oleaginous fruits; miscellaneous grains, seeds and fruits; industrial or medicinal plants; straw and fodder 635,490 0.01 319,32999.01
13 Lac; gums, resins and other vegetable saps and extracts 1,085,144 0.01 1,108,323-2.09
14 Vegetable plaiting materials; vegetable products not elsewhere specified or included 104,508 0.00 57,29482.41
15 Animal or vegetable fats and oils and their cleavage products prepared edible fats; animal or vegetable waxes 275,409 0.00 227,76620.92
16 Preparations of meat, of fish or of crustaceans, molluscs or other aquatic invertebrates 128,597 0.00 72,30077.87
17 Sugars and sugar confectionery 2,023,704 0.02 1,396,25844.94
18 Cocoa and cocoa preparations 1,372,419 0.02 762,69379.94
19 Preparations of cereals, flour, starch or milk; bakers’ wares 1,105,201 0.01 842,12631.24
20 Preparations of vegetables, fruit, nuts or other parts of plants 734,159 0.01 396,08385.35
21 Miscellaneous edible preparations 34,651,813 0.38 31,483,56710.06
22 Beverages, spirits and vinegar 11,683,850 0.13 8,176,92542.89
23 Residues and waste from the food industries; prepared animal feed 924,761 0.01 439,571110.38
24 Tobacco and manufactured tobacco substitutes 0 0.00 1,970,031-100.00
25 Salt; sulfur; earths and stone; plastering materials, lime and cement 458,335 0.01 65,842596.11
26 Ores, slag and ash 391,206 0.00 414,738-5.67
27 Mineral fuels, mineral oils and products of their distillation; bituminous substances; mineral waxes 63,582,014 0.70 57,148,57711.26
28 Inorganic chemicals; organic or inorganic compounds of precious metals, of rare-earth metals,of radioactive elements or of isotopes 8,949,862 0.10 8,514,0925.12
29 Organic chemicals 157,397,695 1.72 129,126,38321.89
30 Pharmaceutical products 155,425,717 1.70 138,005,04112.62
31 Fertilizers 17,397 0.00 28,694-39.37
32 Tanning or dyeing extracts; dyes, pigments, paints, varnishes, putty and mastics 22,043,318 0.24 18,064,58122.03
33 Essential oils and resinoids; perfumery, cosmetic or toilet preparations 54,330,440 0.60 39,700,18036.85
34 Soap, organic surface-active agents, washing preparations, lubricating preparations, artificial waxes, prepared waxes, polishing or scouring preparations, candles and similar articles, modeling pastes, "dental waxes" and dental preparations with a basis of plaster 34,145,224 0.37 29,374,13716.24
35 Albuminoidal substances; modified starches; glues; enzymes 2,606,200 0.03 2,223,04117.24
36 Explosives; pyrotechnic products; matches; pyrophoric alloys; certain combustible preparations 0 0.00 102-100.00
37 Photographic or cinematographic goods 66,918,364 0.73 56,241,16918.98
38 Miscellaneous chemical products 88,089,273 0.97 63,560,18638.59
39 Plastics and articles thereof 166,352,439 1.82 135,872,55122.43
40 Rubber and articles thereof 482,831,015 5.29 388,117,14424.40
42 Articles of leather; saddlery and harness; travel goods, handbags and similar containers; articles of animal gut (other than silkworm gut) 323,685 0.00 219,67647.35
43 Furskins and artificial fur; manufactures thereof 9,205 0.00 6,20248.42
44 Wood and articles of wood; wood charcoal 871,328 0.01 985,962-11.63
45 Cork and articles of cork 23,828 0.00 14,80660.93
46 Manufactures of straw, of esparto or of other plaiting materials; basketware and wickerwork 8,936 0.00 6561,262.20
48 Paper and paperboard; articles of paper pulp, of paper or of paperboard 9,876,702 0.11 5,591,23076.65
49 Printed books, newspapers, pictures and other products of the printing industry; manuscripts, typescripts and plans 928,944 0.01 1,244,100-25.33
50 Silk 26,204 0.00 73,227-64.22
51 Wool, fine or coarse animal hair; horsehair yarn and woven fabric 4,745 0.00 13,289-64.29
52 Cotton 79,558 0.00 31,576151.96
53 Other vegetable textile fibers; paper yarn and woven fabric of paper yarn 1,027 0.00 0
54 Man-made filaments 12,491,049 0.14 14,164,092-11.81
55 Man-made staple fibers 29,070,124 0.32 28,449,2932.18
56 Wadding, felt and nonwovens; special yarns, twine, cordage, ropes and cables and articles thereof 8,072,200 0.09 9,470,194-14.76
57 Carpets and other textile floor coverings 1,163,064 0.01 1,023,42513.64
58 Special woven fabrics; tufted textile fabrics; lace, tapestries; trimmings; embroidery 127,450 0.00 80,51258.30
59 Impregnated, coated, covered or laminated textile fabrics; textile articles of a kind suitable for industrial use 4,050,050 0.04 2,017,900100.71
60 Knitted or crocheted fabrics 1,076,090 0.01 977,05110.14
61 Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, knitted or crocheted 1,098,513 0.01 1,157,328-5.08
62 Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, not knitted or crocheted 3,413,789 0.04 2,674,72927.63
63 Other made up textile articles; sets; worn clothing and worn textile articles; rags 1,479,642 0.02 1,428,9793.55
64 Footwear, gaiters and the like; parts of such articles 77,823 0.00 89,297-12.85
65 Headgear and parts thereof 1,539,105 0.02 1,401,5419.82
66 Umbrellas, sun umbrellas, walking sticks, seatsticks, whips, riding-crops and parts thereof 27,610 0.00 5,188432.19
67 Prepared feathers and down and articles made of feathers or of down; artificial flowers; articles of human hair 3,882 0.00 3,7284.13
68 Articles of stone, plaster, cement, asbestos, mica or similar materials 17,205,022 0.19 14,025,96222.67
69 Ceramic products 6,854,799 0.08 5,159,44532.86
70 Glass and glassware 31,027,844 0.34 24,215,87828.13
71 Natural or cultured pearls, precious or semi-precious stones,precious metals, metals clad with precious metal and articles thereof; imitation jewelry; coin 13,821,000 0.15 8,189,95568.76
72 Iron and steel 5,797,191 0.06 6,627,236-12.52
73 Articles of iron or steel 161,368,507 1.77 140,576,03514.79
74 Copper and articles thereof 2,719,405 0.03 4,057,685-32.98
75 Nickel and articles thereof 593,465 0.01 453,57330.84
76 Aluminum and articles thereof 5,176,986 0.06 5,623,700-7.94
78 Lead and articles thereof 1,405 0.00 1,10127.61
79 Zinc and articles thereof 32,804 0.00 29,36911.70
80 Tin and articles thereof 44,982 0.00 19,600129.50
81 Other base metals; cermets; articles thereof 960,414 0.01 2,394,061-59.88
82 Tools, implements, cutlery, spoons and forks, of base metal; parts thereof of base metal 51,791,433 0.57 43,044,77920.32
83 Miscellaneous articles of base metal 48,671,548 0.53 37,576,34629.53
84 Nuclear reactors, boilers, machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof 2,091,597,440 22.92 1,497,666,99239.66
85 Electrical machinery and equipment and parts thereof; sound recorders and reproducers, television image and sound recorders and reproducers, and parts and accessories of such articles 636,460,114 6.97 530,954,77319.87
86 Railway or tramway locomotives, rolling-stock and parts thereof; railway or tramway track fixtures and fittings and parts thereof; mechanical (including electro-mechanical) traffic signalling equipment of all kinds 21,852 0.00 405,171-94.61
87 Vehicles other than railway or tramway rolling stock, and parts and accessories thereof 3,763,234,331 41.23 2,791,333,35334.82
89 Ships, boats and floating structures 83,829,422 0.92 129,244,457-35.14
90 Optical, photographic, cinematographic, measuring, checking, precision, medical or surgical instruments and apparatus; parts and accessories thereof 586,640,090 6.43 534,001,0359.86
91 Clocks and watches and parts thereof 4,302,557 0.05 2,321,06485.37
92 Musical instruments; parts and accessories of such articles 6,570,627 0.07 8,626,173-23.83
94 Furniture; bedding, mattresses, mattress supports, cushions and similar stuffed furnishings; lamps and lighting fittings, not elsewhere specified or included; illuminated sign illuminated nameplates and the like; prefabricated buildings 39,539,234 0.43 29,902,93732.23
95 Toys, games and sports requisites; parts and accessories thereof 15,274,827 0.17 10,293,27648.40
96 Miscellaneous manufactured articles 94,771,822 1.04 87,651,2938.12
97 Works of art, collectors’ pieces and antiques 21,403 0.00 74,906-71.43
SS Classified 0 0.00 358 194-100.00
Russian foreign trade statistics
Source: Federal Customs Service of Russia